Age

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Age

  1. 1. REPRESENTATION OF AGE How is age represented in this image?LO: To micro analyse TV drama through the representation of age TV DRAMA Monday 31st October 2011
  2. 2. Q: What is a stereotype?A: An oversimplifiedrepresentation of a social group
  3. 3. Positive and negative representations of youth and old age
  4. 4. YOUTH OLD AGEPOSITIVES Active Wise Sociable Authoritative Innocent Well educated Strong Freedom Long future ahead Wealth Adventurous Stability FunNEGATIVES Lazy Weak Vulnerable Rebellious Fragile Rude Mentally incompetent Hormonal Not in control of their own bodies Vulnerable Lonely Dependent Naive Boring Dependent Unwilling to try new things
  5. 5. MISE EN SCENE CINEMATOGRAPHYCostume, make up Close up, extreme close up/long shot,Lighting - high key, low key, interior, mid shot, two shot, POV, high/low/cantedexterior, artificial, back lighting angle, over the shoulder,composition, framing, rule of thirds, power points,Production Design deep/shallow focus, depth of field,Props tracking, panning, zooming, tilting,Performance (body language, facial craningexpressions)SpaceSOUND EDITINGSound bridge, motif, non- Fast/slow pace, long/short takes,diegetic/diegetic, ambient, fade, dissolve, cut, transition,instrumental, soundtrack, tone, 180 degree rule,tempo, dialogue, sound effects, montage/continuity editing,foley, match on action, eyeline match,synchronous/asynchronous, cross cutting/parallel editing,incidental, music score simultaneous action
  6. 6. MISE EN SCENE CINEMATOGRAPHYCostume Close up, extreme close up/longLighting shot, mid shot, two shot, POV, high/low/canted angle, over theProduction Design shoulder,composition, framing,Props rule of thirds, power points,Performance (body language, deep/shallow focus, depth offacial expressions) field, tracking, panning,Space zooming, tilting, craningSOUND EDITING How would these represent Superior or inferiorSound bridge, motif, non- Fast/slow pace, qualities?diegetic/diegetic, long/short takes, fade,ambient, instrumental, dissolve, cut, transition,soundtrack, tone, tempo, 180 degree rule,dialogue, sound effects, montage/continuityfoley editing, match on action, eyeline match,cross cutting/parallel editing, simultaneous action
  7. 7. MISE EN SCENE CINEMATOGRAPHY EDITING AGE SOUND1. Who is being represented in this clip?2. Are they being represented as superior or inferior? (Support this answer with evidence from the next question)3. Pick one point from each micro element to comment on how this social group is being represented.EXT: How does this clip construct a stereotypical representation of this social group?
  8. 8. In the clip there are two different age groups being represented i.e. the youthfuldaughter, her older boyfriend and parents. Youth is being presented throughmise en scene. For instance the girl’s costume is jeans and hooped earringsusually worn by young girls. Whereas her boyfriend who is much older wasdressed more maturely as he was wearing a blazer and a formal/casual topwith jeans. However her father was wearing a brightly coloured patterned shirtand trousers yet his costume seemed less mature compared to his daughter’sboyfriend. Thus using a stereotypical view on older people as they are seen asmature
  9. 9. P.E.E.• Now write a PEE for at least two points• From your notes• Point – your comment about the area of representatione.g. Youth is represented through diegetic sound.• Evidence – your micro element that tells us thise.g. The dialogue is colloquial.• Explain – link the twoe.g. This conforms to a stereotypical view of young teenagers, that they are rebellious in speaking their own language.
  10. 10. Is this a typical representation of age?
  11. 11. How could age be represented through sound? The type of background music used would helprepresent age e.g. a teen show would use current music from the music charts.
  12. 12. How could age be represented through mise en scene? Age could be represented by the type of costume thecharacter e.g. a middle-aged man would wear suit. Thedécor of teenagers room would be very cluttered with posters and photos. Whereas a middle-age person would have minimalistic styled room.
  13. 13. How could age be represented through cinematography?
  14. 14. How could age be represented through editing?
  15. 15. January paper - Section A TV DRAMA
  16. 16. Marking Criteria Terminology Frequent and Accurate use of 10 media terminology Use of Examples Consistent evidence from the extract offered. Offers frequent relevant examples from the extract 20Analysis/Explanation Clear analysis of how the technical aspects are used to construct the particular representation 20 Understanding of the constructed nature of representation
  17. 17. Strong ResponsesUse note taking effectively and were well practiced in working undertimed conditions.Understood the constructed nature of representation and were ableto explore this through all four micro elementsUsed media terminology frequently. Selected the most relevant examples form the extract and analysedhow the technical aspects constructed age.Could see the range of representations rather than ‘old’ and ‘young’Considered whether these representation were conformed to orsubverted stereotypesWeak ResponsesDescribed the action rather than analysedFocused primarily on one area and neglect othersStray from the relevant question- discuss gender/social class etcWere concerned with TV Drama as genre rather than focus onrepresentationUse terminology rarely or inaccuratelyWrite a short response, intro and conclusion included
  18. 18. P.E.E.• Now write a PEE for at least two points• From your notes• Point – your comment about the area of representatione.g. Youth is represented through diegetic sound.• Evidence – your micro element that tells us thise.g. The dialogue is colloquial.• Explain – link the twoe.g. This conforms to a stereotypical view of young teenagers, that they are rebellious in speaking their own language.
  19. 19. Editing SoundWeakest area of analysis. Some candidates Was tackled well by some but too muchmaking no reference at all. focus on dialogue.Stronger responses discussed the use 180- Clear distinction between diegetic anddegree rule and continuity editing. non-diegetic sound by some candidates. These candidates also referred to eyelinematches, shot reverse shot, simultaneous Need to address use of music in moreaction and use of ellipsis. detail-tempo, pace, sound bridges and linkAlso some discussed the pace of editing to specifically to representation.represent ageMise-en-scene CinematographyOften very well discussed but at times too Well handled by most with the mostmuch focus on this area. Some entirely confident use of terminology in thisfocused on mise-en-scene area.Concentration on clothing and props butlittle exploration of lighting. Problems for some in just identifying camera shots/angle/position and not linking this to the construction ofMust link to how it constructs representation.representation.
  20. 20. 1. List four sub genres of TV Drama2. Define the term ‘representation’3. Define ‘stereotype’4. Sum up the typical representation of old age in three words5. Sum up the typical representation of youth in three words
  21. 21. Answers1. Medical, Police, Teen, Period.2. The description or portrayal of someone or something in a particular way or as being of a certain nature.3. A widely held but fixed and oversimplified image or idea of a particular type of person or thing.4. Wise, authoritative, fragile.5. Naïve, rebellious, active.

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