Presenter: Dr Farha Yesmin.
 The year 1980 marked the beginning of globalization.
 But the economic growth across the developing world was
slower an...
 The Millennium Summit was held from 6-8 September 2000 at
the United Nations headquarters in New York City under the
fra...
 The delegates at this summit agreed on the following
eight chapters:
 Values and Principles
 Peace, Security and Disar...
 It occupies a position of central importance in the
Millennium Development Goals.
 In fact, it can accurately be descri...
 Target 1(A):
Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of
people whose income is less than one dollar a day.
Indicato...
 The World Bank have confirmed that the world
reached the MDG target five years ahead of the
2015 deadline.
 In developi...
 As per the poverty estimates of 2011-12, the Poverty
Head Count Ratio (PHCR) is 21.9% thus India has already
achieved th...
 Poverty Gap Ratio has shown decline both in
rural and urban area between 2004-05 and 2010-
2011.
2004-2005 2010-2011
Rur...
 Target 1(B):
Achieve full and productive employment and
decent work for all, including women and young
people.
 Indicat...
 From 2007 to 2012, the developed regions registered a
1.7 percentage point drop in the employment-to
population ratio. A...
 Target 1(C) :
Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of
people who suffer from Hunger.
Indicators:
1. Prevalence o...
 India is going slow in eliminating the effect of
malnourishment.
 The proportion of underweight children has
declined f...
 Education is one of the first and foremost stepping
stones in nation building.
 Literacy can pave the way for reduction...
 TARGET 2(A): Ensure that, by 2015, children
everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to
complete a full course of ...
Universal primary education has already been
achieved….
 DISE 2010-11 reports Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) at Primary
level ...
 The MDGs recognise the centrality of gender
equality in the development agenda.
 TARGET 3(A) :
Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary
education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of
ed...
 Gender parity is closest to being achieved at
the primary level.
 Globally, 40 out of 100 wage earning jobs in
the non-...
 The gender parity in Primary education reached
the target value of 1 in 2008-09 itself.
 The female: male literacy rate...
 The percentage share of females in wage
employment in the non- agricultural sector, stood at
18.6% in 2009-10 (NSS)
 It...
 The Proportion of seats held by women in
National Parliament is 11.21% in 2013 against
the target of 50% in 2015.
 As o...
 TARGET 5(A) :
Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the
Under- Five Morality Rate
Indicators:
5.1 Under-five mort...
 Since 1990, the child mortality rate has dropped by 41
per cent.
 Still, 6.9 million children under age five died in 20...
(Source: Lancet)
1990 Current MDG TARGET
IN 2015
Infant Mortality
Rate
80 42
(SRS ,2013)
26.7
Neonatal
Mortality rate
53 29
(SRS,2012)
<20
...
 Given to reduce U5MR to 42 per thousand live
births by 2015, India tends to reach 50 by 2015 as
per the historical trend...
 As per the historical trend IMR is likely to miss the
2015 target.
 The proportion of one-year old (12-23
months) children immunised against measles
is at 74.1% in 2009 (UNICEF &GOI- Cover...
 Deaths due to pregnancy and child birth are
potential threats to women in the
reproductive age groups.
 Maternal death ...
 TARGET 5(A) :
Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and
2015, the maternal mortality ratio.
 Indicators:
5.1 Maternal ...
 Maternal mortality has declined by nearly
half since 1990, but falls far short of the
MDG target.
 At the historical pace of decrease, India tends to
reach MMR of 140 per 100,000 live births by
2015, against the target ...
 With the existing rate of increase in deliveries by
skilled personnel, the achievement for 2015 is
likely to be 62% only...
 7 States namely, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Jammu
&Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh,Orissa,
Rajasthan,Sikkim and Tamil Nadu are...
 Target 5.B:
Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive
health
 Indicators:
5.3 Contraceptive prevalence rate
5....
 TARGET 6(A):
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the
spread of HIV/AIDS
 Indicators:
6.1 HIV prevalence among popu...
 Target 6.B:
Achieve, by 2010, universal access to
treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who
need it
 Indicators:
6.5 Pro...
 The HIV epidemic in India continues to decline at the
national level with an overall reduction in adult HIV
prevalence, ...
 TARGET 6(C):
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the
incidence of malaria and other major diseases
 Indicators:
6....
 Between 2000 and 2010, mortality rates from malaria
fell by more than 25 per cent globally.
 By 2011, 50 of 99 countrie...
 TARGET 7(A):
Integrate the principal of sustainable development into
country policies and programmes and reverse the los...
 TARGET 7(C):
Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without
sustainable access to safe drinking water and
basic sanita...
 More than 2.1 billion people have gained access
to improved drinking water sources since
1990, exceeding the MDG target....
 The proportion of households without access to safe
drinking water sources from its 1990 level of about 34%
to the order...
 TARGET 18 :
In cooperation with the private sector, make
available the benefits of new
technologies, especially informat...
 Enormous progress has been made towards achieving the
Millennium Development Goals, (MDGs)
 After 2015, efforts to achi...
THANK YOU
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Millennium Development Goals

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Mdg

  1. 1. Presenter: Dr Farha Yesmin.
  2. 2.  The year 1980 marked the beginning of globalization.  But the economic growth across the developing world was slower and unequal.  The year 1990 began a “decade of conferences”  World Summit for Children, New York, 1990 (UNICEF)  World Conference on Basic Education for All,Jomtien,1990(UNESCO)  United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, 1992  World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna, 1993 (OHCHR)  International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo, 1994 (UN-DESA and UNFPA)  Fourth World Conference on Women, 1995, Beijing (United Nations)  World Summit for Social Development, Copenhagen, 1995 (United Nations)
  3. 3.  The Millennium Summit was held from 6-8 September 2000 at the United Nations headquarters in New York City under the framework of the 55th General Assembly of the United Nations  Its purpose was to discuss the role of the United Nations at the turn of the 21st century and was attended by 189 member states of United nations.  At this meeting, world leaders adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration.
  4. 4.  The delegates at this summit agreed on the following eight chapters:  Values and Principles  Peace, Security and Disarmament  Development and Poverty Eradication  Protecting our Common Environment  Human Rights, Democracy and Good Governance  Protecting the Vulnerable  Meeting the Special Needs of Africa  Strengthening the United Nations  In September 2001, the 8 MDGs based on the above eight chapters were approved by the 56th UN General Assembly to be achieved by 2015.
  5. 5.  It occupies a position of central importance in the Millennium Development Goals.  In fact, it can accurately be described as the backdrop for all other unmet needs addressed in the Millennium Declaration.
  6. 6.  Target 1(A): Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day. Indicators: 1.1 Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day 1.2 Poverty gap ratio 1.3 Share of poorest quintile in national consumption
  7. 7.  The World Bank have confirmed that the world reached the MDG target five years ahead of the 2015 deadline.  In developing regions, the proportion of people living on less than $1.25 a day fell from 47 per cent in 1990 to 22 per cent in 2010.  Despite this impressive achievement at the global level, In sub-Saharan Africa, almost half the population live on less than $1.25 a day.
  8. 8.  As per the poverty estimates of 2011-12, the Poverty Head Count Ratio (PHCR) is 21.9% thus India has already achieved the target.  All States, except Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh,Manipur, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh are likely to achieve the national level MDG target by 2015.
  9. 9.  Poverty Gap Ratio has shown decline both in rural and urban area between 2004-05 and 2010- 2011. 2004-2005 2010-2011 Rural 9.22 5.05 Urban 6.08 2.7  Share of Poorest Quintile in National Consumption has not changed between 1990 and 2010 . 1993-1994 2009-2010 Rural 9.6 9.8 Urban 8 7.1
  10. 10.  Target 1(B): Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people.  Indicators: 1.4 Growth rate of GDP per person employed. 1.5 Employment-to-population ratio. 1.6 Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day. 1.7 Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment.
  11. 11.  From 2007 to 2012, the developed regions registered a 1.7 percentage point drop in the employment-to population ratio. And the developing regions experienced a decline of 0.9 percentage points.  The gender gap in employment persists, with a 24.8 percentage point difference between men and women.  The number of workers living in extreme poverty has declined dramatically over the past decade. In developing regions, the working poor constituted 15.1 per cent of the employed labour force in 2012, down from 48.2 per cent in 1991.
  12. 12.  Target 1(C) : Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from Hunger. Indicators: 1. Prevalence of underweight children under 5 years of age. 2. Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption.
  13. 13.  India is going slow in eliminating the effect of malnourishment.  The proportion of underweight children has declined from about 43% to about 40%.(NFHS-III)  At the historical rate of decline, it is expected to come down to about 33% by 2015 against the target value of 26%.  10 States(Mizoram, Sikkim,Manipur, Kerala, Goa, Punjab, Nagaland,J ammu & Kashmir , Delhi, and Tamil Nadu) have already achieved the all India MDG target and four more States(Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka,Maharashtra Uttarakhand)are
  14. 14.  Education is one of the first and foremost stepping stones in nation building.  Literacy can pave the way for reduction in population growth, child mortality and poverty, and facilitate in attaining gender parity, sustainable and holistic growth.
  15. 15.  TARGET 2(A): Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling Indicators : 2.1 Net enrolment ratio in primary education. 2.2 Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5. 2.3 Literacy rate of 15–24 year-olds.
  16. 16. Universal primary education has already been achieved….  DISE 2010-11 reports Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) at Primary level as 99.89.  The DISE shows apparent survival rate at Primary level of 82 for 2010-11.  According to the trend exhibited during 1991 -2001 (1991: 61.9% and 2001: 76.4 %), India is likely to attain 100% Youth literacy (Literacy rate of 15-24 year olds) by 2015.
  17. 17.  The MDGs recognise the centrality of gender equality in the development agenda.
  18. 18.  TARGET 3(A) : Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015 Indicators: 3.1 Ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education 3.2 Ratio of literate women to men, 15–24 years old 3.3 Share of women in wage employment in the non- agricultural sector 3. 4 Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament
  19. 19.  Gender parity is closest to being achieved at the primary level.  Globally, 40 out of 100 wage earning jobs in the non-agricultural sector are held by women.  As of 31 January 2013, the average share of women members in parliaments worldwide was just over 20 per cent.
  20. 20.  The gender parity in Primary education reached the target value of 1 in 2008-09 itself.  The female: male literacy rate in the age group 15- 24 years tends to reach 1 by 2015.
  21. 21.  The percentage share of females in wage employment in the non- agricultural sector, stood at 18.6% in 2009-10 (NSS)  It is projected that with the historical rate of progression, the share of women in wage employment can at best reach a level of about 23.1% by 2015 which is much below target of 50%.  In 2011-12, the State of Manipur (41.6%) has reported the highest percentage share of women in wage employment in non-agricultural sector, followed by Tripura(33.8%), Tamil Nadu (32.5%), Kerala (30.8%) and Meghalaya (30%).  The lowest percentage share of women in wage employment in non-agricultural sector was reported in Bihar (6.1%), Damn & Diu (6.6%), Jharkhand (9.1%), Uttarakhand (9.1%) and Uttar Pradesh (10%).
  22. 22.  The Proportion of seats held by women in National Parliament is 11.21% in 2013 against the target of 50% in 2015.  As on December 2013, India, has only 62 women representatives out of 543 members in Lok Sabha, while there are 28 female MPs in the 242- member Rajya Sabha.
  23. 23.  TARGET 5(A) : Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the Under- Five Morality Rate Indicators: 5.1 Under-five mortality rate 5.2 Infant mortality rate 5.3 Proportion of 1 year-old children immunized against measles
  24. 24.  Since 1990, the child mortality rate has dropped by 41 per cent.  Still, 6.9 million children under age five died in 2011— mostly from preventable diseases.  In sub-Saharan Africa, one in nine children die before age five,more than 16 times the average for developed regions. “Efforts must be redoubled to meet the global target”
  25. 25. (Source: Lancet)
  26. 26. 1990 Current MDG TARGET IN 2015 Infant Mortality Rate 80 42 (SRS ,2013) 26.7 Neonatal Mortality rate 53 29 (SRS,2012) <20 U5M Rate 125(GOI)/ 115(UNICEF) 52 (SRS 2012)) 42(GOI)/ 38(UNICEF)
  27. 27.  Given to reduce U5MR to 42 per thousand live births by 2015, India tends to reach 50 by 2015 as per the historical trend, missing the target by 8 percentage points.
  28. 28.  As per the historical trend IMR is likely to miss the 2015 target.
  29. 29.  The proportion of one-year old (12-23 months) children immunised against measles is at 74.1% in 2009 (UNICEF &GOI- Coverage Evaluation Survey 2009)  As per the historical trend, India is expected cover about 89% children in the age group 12-23 months for immunisation against measles by 2015 and thus likely to fall short of universal immunisation by about 11 percentage points.
  30. 30.  Deaths due to pregnancy and child birth are potential threats to women in the reproductive age groups.  Maternal death is an important indicator of the reach of effective clinical health services to the poor, and is in turn act as one of the composite measure to assess the country’s progress.
  31. 31.  TARGET 5(A) : Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio.  Indicators: 5.1 Maternal mortality ratio 5.2 Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel
  32. 32.  Maternal mortality has declined by nearly half since 1990, but falls far short of the MDG target.
  33. 33.  At the historical pace of decrease, India tends to reach MMR of 140 per 100,000 live births by 2015, against the target of 109.
  34. 34.  With the existing rate of increase in deliveries by skilled personnel, the achievement for 2015 is likely to be 62% only, which is far short of the targeted universal coverage.
  35. 35.  7 States namely, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Jammu &Kashmir, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh,Orissa, Rajasthan,Sikkim and Tamil Nadu are likely to reach universal coverage or close to it by the year 2015.
  36. 36.  Target 5.B: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health  Indicators: 5.3 Contraceptive prevalence rate 5.4 Adolescent birth rate 5.5 Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit and at least four visits) 5.6 Unmet need for family planning
  37. 37.  TARGET 6(A): Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS  Indicators: 6.1 HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years. 6.2 Condom use at last high-risk sex. 6.3 Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS. 6.4 Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non orphans aged 10-14 years.
  38. 38.  Target 6.B: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it  Indicators: 6.5 Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs
  39. 39.  The HIV epidemic in India continues to decline at the national level with an overall reduction in adult HIV prevalence, HIV incidence (new infections) and AIDS related mortality in the country.  Declines in adult HIV prevalence and new HIV infections are sustained in most of the states including all the high prevalence states of South India and North East.  Also, rising trends in HIV prevalence, number of People Living with HIV (PLHIV) and new HIV infections have been noted in some low prevalence states over the last few years.
  40. 40.  TARGET 6(C): Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases  Indicators: 6.1 Prevalence and death rates associated with malaria 6.2 Proportion of population in malaria-risk areas using effective malaria prevention and treatment measures 6.3 Prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis 6.4 Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under DOTS
  41. 41.  Between 2000 and 2010, mortality rates from malaria fell by more than 25 per cent globally.  By 2011, 50 of 99 countries with ongoing malaria transmission were on track to reduce their malaria case incidence rates by 75 per cent by 2015.  Current levels of insecticide-treated bed net use by children are still well below the target of universal coverage.  Successful treatment of tuberculosis is exceeding global targets, but more work lies ahead
  42. 42.  TARGET 7(A): Integrate the principal of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources.  Indicators: 25. Proportion of land area covered by forest 26. Ratio of area protected to maintain biological diversity to surface area 27. Energy use (kg oil equivalent) per $1 GDP (PPP) 28. Carbon dioxide emissions per capita and consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs. 29. Proportion of population using solid fuels
  43. 43.  TARGET 7(C): Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation  Indicators: 7.8 Proportion of population with sustainable access to an improved water source, urban and rural 7.9 Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation, urban and rural  TARGET 7(D) : By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
  44. 44.  More than 2.1 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water sources since 1990, exceeding the MDG target.  In 1990, just under half (49 per cent) of the global population had improved sanitation. Coverage must extend to 75 per cent to meet the target, up from the current level of 64 per cent.  Between 2000 and 2010, over 200 million slum dwellers gained access to improved water sources,sanitation facilities, durable housing or sufficient living space, thereby exceeding the 100 million MDG target.
  45. 45.  The proportion of households without access to safe drinking water sources from its 1990 level of about 34% to the order of 17%, to be reached by 2015, has already been attained by 2007-08, much before the target timeline.  Given the 1990 level for households without any sanitation facility at 76%, India is required to reduce the proportion of households having no access to improved sanitation to 38% by 2015.  The NSS 2008-09 reports that, 49.2% households are not having sanitation facility. It is expected that at the historical rate of decline, India may achieve to reduce the proportion of households without any sanitation to about 43% by 2015 missing the target by about 5 percentage points.
  46. 46.  TARGET 18 : In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications.  Indicators: Telephone lines and cellular subscribers per 100 population Personal computers in use per 100 population and Internet users per 100 population Internet users per 100 population
  47. 47.  Enormous progress has been made towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals, (MDGs)  After 2015, efforts to achieve a world of prosperity, equity, freedom, dignity and peace will continue unabated  The UN is working with governments, civil society and other partners to build on the momentum generated by the MDGs and carry on with an ambitious post-2015 development agenda.  At the September 2010 MDG Summit, UN Member States initiated steps towards advancing the development agenda beyond 2015 and are now leading a process of open, inclusive consultations on the post-2015 agenda. Civil society organizations from all over the world have also begun to engage in the post-2015 process, while academia and other research institutions, including think tanks, are particularly active.
  48. 48. THANK YOU

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