Most of the vitamins have been artificially synthesized. Some of vitamins are soluble in water and others are fat-soluble. Some vitamins are synthesized in the body. Some members of vitamin B complex are synthesized by microorganisms in the intestinal tract. Vitamins are partly destroyed and are partly excreted. Vitamins can be stored in the body to some extent, for example the fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the liver and subcutaneous tissue. Vitamins can perform their work in very small quantities. Hence, the total daily requirement is usually very small.
VITAMIN A •It can be found in many fruits, vegetables, eggs, whole milk, butter, fortified margarine, meat. •It can also be made in a laboratory.FUNCTION •reduce complications of diseases such as malaria, HIV, measles. •maintaining clear skinLACK OF •blindness, • cataracts,VITAMIN A •decreased immuneEXCESS OF •birth defects, •liver abnormalities,VITAMIN A •central nervous system disorders, • increase osteoporosis
VITAMIN B •vitamin B is a list of multiple vitamins like B1, B2, B6, B12. •Rich sources of vitamin B include whole grains, fish and seafood, leafy green veggies, dairy goods like milk and yogurt, beans and peas and so onFUNCTION • Vitamin B aids in creating energy the body utilises to execute its activities. • Vitamin B also takes part actively in making red blood cells that carry oxygen to different parts of your body.LACK OF •dry skin, •dry lips,VITAMIN B •nausea, insomnia, • tired.EXCESS OF •Excess of B group vitamins are very rare since the vitamin is excreted through urine.VITAMIN B •When injected, allergic reactions like sweating, shortness of breath, itching. • Long term overdosage has been reported to cause headache. •Extremely large doses may result in death.
VITAMIN C Vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin, meaning that your body doesnt store it. Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) assists the body in the production of collagen, a basic component of connective tissues. Foods loaded in vitamin C, aside from citrus fruits are: orange, lime, tomatoes, broccoli, cabbage and strawberries.FUNCTION • it provides help in bracing your gums and muscles also aids in healing injuries. •vitamin C for the growth and repair of tissues in all parts of your body.LACK OF •muscle weakness, •bleeding gums,VITAMIN C •loss of teeth, • and bleeding under the skin, as well as tiredness and depression, •causes wounds to heal slowly.EXCESS OF •.High doses can cause kidney stones, •diarrhea and nausea.VITAMIN C
Vitamin D •It can be found in small amounts in a few foods, including fatty fish such as herring, mackerel, sardines and tuna. •To make vitamin D more available, it is added to dairy products, juices, and cerealsFUNCTION •It works towards bracing your bones and teeth. •Prevention of osteoporosis •It is also used for boosting the immune systemLACK OF •Cause skin cancer • DiabetesVITAMIN D •Depression, and •FatigueEXCESS OF •Weakness •Weight lossVITAMIN D •Nausea
VITAMIN E •Vitamin E is a fat-soluble vitamin with antioxidant properties. •sources of vitamin E are: whole grains, eg wheat and oats, leafy green vegetables, egg yolks, nuts, poultry and so on.FUNCTION •It looks after your lungs and •also aids in formation of red blood cells.LACK OF •Loss of muscle mass • Abnormal eye movementsVITAMIN E • Unsteady walking • BarrenEXCESS OF •excess vitamin E intake can cause muscle weakness • fatigue, nausea and diarrheaVITAMIN E •increase your risk of bleeding
VITAMIN K •Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin, so your body stores it in fat tissue and the liver •The "K" comes from its German name, Koagulationsvitamin. sources of vitamin k leafy green veggies, dairy goods, like milk and yogurt, pork for example.FUNCTION •It is best known for its role in helping blood clot, or coagulate,LACK OF •Difficult for blood to clot when cut and •bleeding in the bodyVITAMIN KEXCESS OF •Diarrhea •NauseaVITAMIN K •Vomiting • Anemia •But over time, these symptoms progress into liver damage and, if an infant is getting large doses, that infant is at risk of getting brain damage.
There are 13 essential vitamins and each one has a special role to play within the body, helping to regulate the processes such as cell growth and repair, reproduction and digestion Vitamins can perform their work in very small quantities. Hence, the total daily requirement is usually very small.