The European Union 2
The European Union
Enlargement
Enlargement <ul><li>Increase in the membership of the EU, May 2004, from 15 – 25 members </li></ul><ul><li>More states wan...
Enlargement <ul><li>Enlargement brings new countries with new problems </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty, unemployment, regional e...
Constitution <ul><li>The enlargement of the EU has necessitated negotiating a new Constitution – not just for now but to c...
The Role of the EU
The Role of the EU <ul><li>What should the role of the EU be? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling economies and the free market...
Poverty
Poverty in the EU <ul><li>Impact of a Europe-wide ageing population – pensions, health care </li></ul><ul><li>Discriminati...
Unemployment
Unemployment in the EU <ul><li>Several members with unemployment problems </li></ul><ul><li>Fiscal, supply side and moneta...
Unemployment in the EU <ul><li>Policies that affect the labour market could help protect some but cause problems to others...
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The European Union

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The European Union

  1. 1. The European Union 2
  2. 2. The European Union
  3. 3. Enlargement
  4. 4. Enlargement <ul><li>Increase in the membership of the EU, May 2004, from 15 – 25 members </li></ul><ul><li>More states wanting to join – Turkey, Ukraine, Croatia, Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater challenges? </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Enlargement <ul><li>Enlargement brings new countries with new problems </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty, unemployment, regional economic problems, different cultures and different employment regimes present problems to EU policy makers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Constitution <ul><li>The enlargement of the EU has necessitated negotiating a new Constitution – not just for now but to cater for future expansion of the EU </li></ul><ul><li>Decision making – how should it be made and by who? Voting rights of members? Majority voting? Vetoes? </li></ul><ul><li>Subsidiarity – the principle that decision making should be made as far as possible at local level rather than the EU legislating for all </li></ul><ul><li>But: </li></ul><ul><li>Economic impact – EU already dominates legislation in a wide variety of areas </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Role of the EU
  8. 8. The Role of the EU <ul><li>What should the role of the EU be? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling economies and the free market to operate more efficiently? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislating to correct market failure? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acting as a benevolent dictator for the common European good? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two key areas of EU policy with regard to the Social Agenda: </li></ul>
  9. 9. Poverty
  10. 10. Poverty in the EU <ul><li>Impact of a Europe-wide ageing population – pensions, health care </li></ul><ul><li>Discrimination – against ethnic minorities, women, the elderly, disabled </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing the extent of welfare provision – incentives v protection (safety net) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing a minimum income scheme – the lessons of the CAP? </li></ul>The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) was successful in raising agricultural output across Europe but at a huge cost to EU taxpayers. Could intervention by the EU in relation to minimum income schemes have the same results; is such intervention desirable and do the ends justify the means? Copyright: Stock.Xchng
  11. 11. Unemployment
  12. 12. Unemployment in the EU <ul><li>Several members with unemployment problems </li></ul><ul><li>Fiscal, supply side and monetary policies can be used by the EU to combat such problems </li></ul><ul><li>What are the consequences? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Unemployment in the EU <ul><li>Policies that affect the labour market could help protect some but cause problems to others </li></ul><ul><li>Will such intervention lead to a less flexible labour market? </li></ul><ul><li>Will this limit the freedoms provided by the single market to encourage free movement of labour across the Union? </li></ul><ul><li>Will it lead to government failure on a Europe-wide scale? </li></ul>

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