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The Agricultural Ontology Service and its Vision

The Agricultural Ontology Service and its Vision



Author: Johannes Keizer

Author: Johannes Keizer
Organization: Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN



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    The Agricultural Ontology Service and its Vision The Agricultural Ontology Service and its Vision Presentation Transcript

      • The Agricultural Ontology Service and its Vision
      • Johannes Keizer,
      • Food and Agricultural Organization of the UN
    • World Food Summit 1996 Reducing Hunger and Poverty in the World by 50% in 2015 "The Rome Declaration calls upon us to reduce by half the number of chronically undernourished people on the Earth by the year 2015 .... If each of us gives his or her best I believe that we can meet and even exceed the target we have set for ourselves.""The Rome Declaration calls upon us to reduce by half the number of chronically undernourished people on the Earth by the year 2015 .... If each of us gives his or her best I believe that we can meet and even exceed the target we have set for ourselves.“ "We have the possibility to do it. We have the knowledge. We have the resources. And with the Rome Declaration and the Plan of Action, we've shown that we have the will." Our Division’s Goal: Combating Hunger with Information
    • Different Knowledge Needs let us imagine a researcher in Colombo, who working on the consequences of irrigation for land deterioration A researcher at IWMI who needs information on Irrigation and Land Deterioriation working simultaneously on different sources The Extension Worker who every week needs to compose information sheets from many different sources The Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture who needs Legal Information on Pesticide Regulations A library that wants to set up a new portal on sustainable fishery livelihoods
    • And many sources……. ICAR NAL CABI DLML CAAS Libraries CGIAR Research DBs FAO WHO Websites GeoNW GIS Services USDA Gov.Archives University Resources University Resources University Resources Land Deterioriation Farmer questions Pesticide Regulations new web portal
    • Solutions... (tried) Portals Aggregators/Subject Gateways Harvesters how many empty shells are out there ? simple accumulation does not solve the problem, no data coherence what happens when the project money finishes? searching 10.000.000 records in simple DC is not better than full text searching
      • Tim Berners Lee: The web is like a big relational database without relations
      • And more: New databases are added every day without considering existing content and interoperability
    • ©Berners-Lee .........the big picture
    • ...starting with a small example © Salokhe AQUASTAT AGRIS AGRIPPA new dataset service 2 common exchange layer service etc. AQUASTAT AGRIS AGRIPPA new database services
    • ©Liang/Sini/Salokhe ......a middle layer with semantic standards is needed Shared layer of interoperability Distributed Datasets Bibliographic Data GIS Data Genetic Data … … Aggregated Database View Subject specific Portals Information System (n) News feed service Common exchange layer (Vocabularies,Ontologies, RDF/XML)
    • Ingredients for Realization Subject Vocabularies Ontologies -AGROVOC -other thesauri -Country Ontology -Fishery Ontologies -Application Ontologies (Agris) Agreed Exchange Schemas The Agricultural Ontology Service - standard NS - AgMES NS -AGRIS AP -other APs
    • ©Liang/Sini/Salokhe Data
      • 2000
      • Brussels meeting and AGstandards (AgMES) initiative
      • 2001
      • Launch of the Agricultural Ontology Service
      • 2002
      • AOS Workshops
      • 2003
      • Release of AgMES NameSpace as first AOS element
      • Metadata Elements for Document Like Objects
      • 2004
      • AGRIS Application Profile for ARD publications
      • 2005
      • Implementation of AGRIS AP in various bibliographical databases
      • 4 new language versions of AGROVOC
      • Booming downloads of AGROVOC as a de facto Standard
      • AIMS website released
      • 2006
      • AGRIS repository in AGRIS AP XML published
      • AGROVOC OWL Model ready and coding of AGV - concept server started
      • Grant from the EU for a system of fishery ontologies in a 4 years project
      • Ontologies for geopolitical and organization Information started
      • ConceptPaper to transform the AGRIS repository in an Ontology
    • The Vision - a semantic space in the web
      • Network of Data and Service Providers with agreed procedures and standards – and common ontological layers
      • Data Provider: exposes institutional open archives of data and information
      • Development Agencies and NGOs
      • Research Institutions
      • Industry Information Centres
      • Service Provider: provides services based on these institutional open archives
      • Libraries and other traditional Aggregators
      • Thematic or Regional Centres of Excellence
      • The data providers themselves
    • .......development is not quick enough .......FAO cannot be the only driving force .......big innovations need high initial input BUT......... time costs
    • AOS – a “business model”
      • A consortium of Information Providers and Consumers providing a clearinghouse for semantic standards in the area of Agriculture, Food Security and Rural Development
      • One stop access to agreed standards (Ontologies, Metadataschemas, Vocabularies…)
      • Establishment of mechanisms to agree on common standards and procedures
      • Collaborative efforts in maintaining standards
      • Registration and documentation of common standards (namespaces, application profiles, protocols)
      • Organization of seminars and workshops to further develop and promote the use of semantic standards
      • Participation in semantic web activities to get funding for specific projects
    • Partners
      • Development Agencies and NGOs
      • Agricultural Faculties
      • IARs (CG-network)
      • Industry Research and Marketing Departments
      • Publishers
      • Important Agricultural Libraries
      • Organizations from Related Areas (UNEPS EnOS)
      • Other interested academic partners outside the subject area
    • Legal construction
      • Consortium like the W3C?
      • Informal agreements through simple exchange of Letters with FAO as handling agent?
      • ???
      • Invitation to discuss this in the closing session
    • Thank you
      • Stefano Anibaldi { Stefano.Anibaldi @fao.org}
      • Marta Iglesias { Marta . Iglesias @fao.org}
      • Gudrun Johannsen { Gudrun . Johannsen @fao.org}
      • Stefka Kaloyanova { Stefka . Kaloyanova @fao.org}
      • Irene Onyancha {Irene.Onyancha@fao.org}
      • Gauri Salokhe {Gauri.Salokhe@fao.org}
      • Margherita Sini { Margherita . Sini @fao.org}
      • Imma Subirats {Imma.Subirats@fao.org}
      Johannes Keizer {Johannes.Keizer@fao.org} and my team at FAO and credits to Dagobert Soergel, Anita Liang, Boris Lauser, Chang Chun, Asanee Kawtrakul, Caterina Caracciolo, Maria Grazia Bovo, Wang Zhong, Ze Li, Jai Haravu, ARD Prasad and many others