Linked Open Data for the Food and Agriculture Country Profiles
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  • Introduction about FAO Geopolitical ontology Definition: a mechanism to describe, manage and exchange data related to geopolitical entities objectives to provide the most updated geopolitical information (names, codes, statistics, relationships, etc) to track historical changes in geopolitical information; to improve information management and facilitate standardized data sharing of geopolitical information. Associated services module maker Web services Various use cases in FAO and outside FAO Community efforts Wikipedia (2540 views in March, 2011) LinkedIn ( 96 experts on Country information)

Linked Open Data for the Food and Agriculture Country Profiles Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Linked Open Data for the Food and Agriculture Country Profiles Soonho Kim, Virginie Viollier, and Marta Iglesias Sucasas Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 2011 Semantic Technology Conference
  • 2. Agenda
    • About FAO
    • FAO Country Profiles
    • Contribute to the Linked Open Data (LOD) cloud
    • Exploit LOD resources
    • Expose FAO Country Profiles data in Resource Description Framework-in-attributes (RDFa)
    • Conclusions and next steps
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 3. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
    • Established in 1945
    • One of the major agencies of the UN system
    • Counts 192 member countries.
    • HQ is in Rome and has more than 100 decentralized offices around the world.
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 4. Knowledge organization
    • Article 1 of FAO’s Constitution:
      • “ The Organization shall collect, analyse, interpret and disseminate information relating to nutrition, food and agriculture”
    • FAO experts’ knowledge network:
      • Agronomists, foresters, fisheries and livestock specialists, nutritionists, economists, statisticians, ICT and IM professionals.
    • FAO Internet knowledge in numbers:
      • 2.3 million monthly visits
      • 3 million web pages, 100 000 documents, hundreds of DBs and information systems
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 5. FAO Country Profiles
    • launched in 2002
    • a fast and reliable way to access country-specific information produced by FAO from a single entry point
    • Data sources: FAO, FAO-partnership and non-FAO
    • Average 250,000 monthly visits
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 6. FAO Country Profiles in LOD
    • Contributes to the LOD cloud with a Resource Description Framework (RDF) version of FAO’s country-based reference data
    • Exploits the LOD resources to provide enhanced country profiles in Food and Agriculture.
    • Exposes FAO Country Profiles data in RDFa to improve search and reuse
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 7. Contribute to the LOD cloud
    • Embracing the W3C LOD initiatives
    • Releasing the FAO geopolitical ontology in RDF format
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 8. FAO geopolitical ontology
    • A mechanism to describe, manage and exchange data related to geopolitical entities
    • provide the most updated geopolitical information (names, codes, statistics, historical changes, and so on)
    • Associated services
      • Module maker
      • Web Services
    • Various use cases inside and outside FAO
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 9. Use cases of FAO geopolitical ontology FAO Country Profiles (key statistics) FAO Country Profiles
  • 10. Use cases of FAO geopolitical ontology
    • FAO Country Profiles (land borders and groups)
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 11. FAO geopolitical ontology in LOD
    • RDF/XML format
    • 22,495 triples
    • 195 links to DBPedia
    • RDF dump
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 12. Architecture to implement FAO Country Profiles
  • 13. Demo
    • http:// www.fao.org/countryprofiles/geoinfo/geopolitical/resource
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 14. Exploit LOD resources
    • Exploring LOD’s large and interoperable information base
    • Integrating appropriate LOD resources into FAO Country Profiles
      • Covering most of countries
      • Updating in regular basis
      • Providing RDF representation
      • Including interesting content in the context of FAO Country Profiles
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 15. Global Hunger Index (GHI)
    • A multidimensional overview of global hunger
    http://www.ifpri.org/publication/2010-global-hunger-index FAO Country Profiles
  • 16. Global Hunger Index dataset in LOD
    • Modeled in a RDF data Cube multi-measure model
    • Provides the GHI of about 130 countries
    • Identified with ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code
    • URIs containing year and ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code (i.e. GHI of India in 2010 http://data.ifpri.org/rdf/ghi/2010/qb/#observation- 2010 - IN )
    http://data.ifpri.org/rdf/ghi/ FAO Country Profiles
  • 17. GHI in FAO Country Profiles http://www.fao.org/countryprofiles/index.asp?lang=en&ISO3=IND FAO Country Profiles
  • 18. Expose FAO Country Profiles data in RDFa
    • Embedding RDF triples within FAO Country Profiles pages
    • Examples:
      • Describing country official name in the selected language (rdf:label)
      • Linking to FAO geopolitical ontology (owl:sameAs)
      • Mapping AGROVOC keywords (skos:closeMatch)
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 19. Describing the official name of country http://www.fao.org/countryprofiles/index.asp?lang=en&iso3=HND&paia=10 FAO Country Profiles
  • 20. Linking to the FAO geopolitical ontology http://www.fao.org/countryprofiles/index.asp?lang=en&iso3=HND&paia=10 FAO Country Profiles
  • 21. Mapping AGROVOC keywords http://www.fao.org/countryprofiles/index.asp?lang=en&iso3=HND&paia=10 FAO Country Profiles
  • 22. Conclusions
    • Contributes to the LOD cloud with a RDF version of FAO’s country-based reference data
    • Exploits the LOD resources to provide enhanced country profiles in Food and Agriculture.
    • Exposes FAO Country Profiles data in RDFa to improve search and reuse
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 23. Next steps
    • Continue to provide high quality country information
    • Add more LOD resources
    • Include the FAO geopolitical ontology in the LOD cloud
    • Expand the FAO geopolitical ontology with more data
    • Provide a SPARQL end-point
    FAO Country Profiles
  • 24. Thanks for your attention
    • More information at:
      • http:// www.fao.org/countryprofiles
      • [email_address]
      • Questions?
    FAO Country Profiles