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Anatomy muskuloskeletal system (jaringan otot)
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Anatomy muskuloskeletal system (jaringan otot)

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anatomi tulang

anatomi tulang

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  • 1. MUSKULOSKELETAL SYSTEM JARINGAN OTOT RANGKA Ns. Arief Yanto, S. Kep 1
  • 2. REGIO SCAPULARIS DAN DELTOID 2 • M. trapezius • M. supraspinatus • M. infraspinatus • M. teres mayor dan minor • M. latissimus dorsi • M. deltoidea
  • 3. REGIO PECTORIS 3 • M. Pectoralis mayor • M. Pectoralis minor
  • 4. 4 REGIO AXILARIS • M. serratus anterior • M. subscapularis REGIO BRACHII • M. Brachialis • M. Biceps brachii
  • 5. 5
  • 6. 6
  • 7. REGIO ANTEBRACHII 7 • Flexor Compartment Superficial layer: Pronator Teres; Flexor Carpi Radialis, Palmaris Longus, Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Intermediate layer: Flexor Digitorum Superficialis Deep layer: Flexor Policis Longus, Flexor Digitorum Profundus Very deep layer: Pronator Quadratus • Extensor Compartment Superficial layer: Brachioradialis, Ext. Carpi Radialis Longus; Ext. Carpi Radialis Brevis, Ext. Digitorum, Ext. Digiti Minimi, Ext. Carpi Ulnaris, Anconeus Deep layer: Abductor Pollicis Longus, Extensor Pollicis Brevis,Extensor Pollicis Longus, Extensor Indicis, Supinator
  • 8. 8
  • 9. 9
  • 10. 10
  • 11. REGIO HAND (PALMARIS) 11 Superficial fascia: Palmaris Brevis • 1st layer: Abductor Pollicis Brevis & Flexor Pollicis Brevis, Flexor Digiti Minimi (brevis) & Abductor Digiti Minimi • 2nd layer: Lumbricals (from long tendons) • 3rd layer: Opponens Pollicis, Adductor Pollicis, Opponens Digiti Minimi • 4th layer: 3 Palmar Interossei & 4 Dorsal Interossei
  • 12. 12
  • 13. 13
  • 14. REGIO FEMORIS 14 • Anterior Compartment of Thigh: Sartorius, Rectus Femoris, Vastus Lateralis/Medialis/Intermedius (Quadriceps), Pectineus • Medial Compartment of Thigh: Gracilis, Adductor Longus, Adductor Brevis,Adductor Magnus, Obturator Externus • Posterior Compartment of Thigh : Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus,Biceps Femoris
  • 15. 15
  • 16. REGIO CRURIS 16 Anterior Compartment: Tibialis Anterior, Extensor Hallucis Longus, Extensor Digitorum Longus, Peroneus Tertius Lateral Compartment: Peroneus Longus, Peroneus Brevis Posterior Compartment • Superficial layer: Gastrocnemius → Tendo Calcaneus (‘Achilles’ Tendon) Plantaris • Intermediate layer: Soleus • Deep layer: Popliteus, Flexor Digitorum Longus, Flexor Hallucis Longus • Very deep layer: Tibialis posterior
  • 17. 17
  • 18. REGIO PEDIS 18 Intrisic Muscles of Dorsum > Extensor Digitorum (&Hallucis ) Brevis Intrinsic Muscles of Sole > 1st layer: Abductor Hallucis, Flexor Digitorum Brevis, Abductor Digiti minimi > 2nd layer: Flexor Accesorius (Quadratus Plantae) 4 Lumbricals 3rd layer: Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis 4th layer: 3 Plantar Interossei 4 Dorsal Interossei
  • 19. 19
  • 20. 20
  • 21. REGIO CRANIUM 21 Muscles of mastication: masseter, temporalis, lateral & medial pterygoids Muscles of facial expression • Muscles of Scalp: Occipitofrontalis • Muscles of eyelids: Orbicularis Oculi • Muscles of Cheeks & Lips: Buccinator, Orbicularis Oris
  • 22. 22
  • 23. REGIO THORAKOLUMBAL 23 Superficial group (attach the upper limb to the vertebral column) : 1st layer : Trapezius, Latissimus Dorsi 2nd layer: Levator Scapulae, Rhomboideus Minor, Rhomboideus Major Intermediate Group (attach to ribs for respiration) : Serratus Posterior – Superior & Inferior Deep Group (ie. “Intrinsic” Muscles of Back) : Splenius, Erector Spinae (Sacrospinalis), Transversospinalis, Semispinalis, Multifidus, Rotatores, Interspinals, Intertransversarii, Levators Costarum, Suboccipital Muscles
  • 24. 24