Creatures of the Sea Mrs. Trager's 8th Grade Internet Class
Chocolate Chip Starfish!! By. Braydan West
Scientific Name: Protoreaster nodosus
Chocolate Chip Starfish can be found in the Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean and the Red Sea.
They live in warm oceans or seas.
They live in shallow tidal pools
Or reefs up to 100 feet deep.
They feed on bacteria or the remains of dead fish or other animals.
Starfish do not have mouths on the top of their bodies.
Their mouths are on the bottom of their bodies.
They cover their food with their bodies and push their food with their stomachs.
Grow up from 5 to 25 inches long.
This is a picture of a Chocolate Chip Starfish!!
Pisano , Jaclyn. "Chocolate Chip Starfish." (2004): n. pag. Web. 8 Feb 2011. <http://www.microscopy-uk.org.uk/mag/artnov04macro/jpstarfish.html>. "Chocolate Chip Starfish." Chocolate Chip Starfish . Web. 8 Feb 2011. <http://www.richard-seaman.com/Wallpaper/Nature/Underwater/Invertebrates/SeaStars/GhavutuStarFish.jpg>.
Sea Turtles By Eva Sorensen
They are Beautiful
They are Endangered
They are Graceful
They eat Jellyfish, seaweed, shrimp, crabs, algae, and small mollusks.
The eggs are layed into the sand of close beaches
There are 7 different types of Sea Turtle
Most live in warm waters
Loggerhead Sea Turtles live in cold waters
They all weigh at least 100 lbs.
They spend their entire life in the sea, except for when going to lay eggs
Badskin-Salzberg, Anita and Allen. "Sea Turtles." The following is a sample of the book: Turtles. N.p., n.d. WSeydenham S. R., Thomas. "Sea Turtles." animals. N.p., 2008. Web. 10 Feb 2011.
<http://www.kidcyber.com.au/topics/turtlesea.htm>. eb. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.herpdigest.org/turtles/seaturt.htm>.
"Save the Sea Turtle foundation." Turtle blog. N.p., 2009. Web. 11 Feb 2011. <http://savetheseaturtle.org/?p=285>.
How to help them:
Don't release balloons into the atomosphere
Don't turn beach lights on
Adopt a Sea Turtle nest
Donate to local marine specialists
Mandarin Fish By Lily McNeil
Mandarin Fish are part of the dragonets species
They are one of the coral reef’s fish with the most variety of color. They have psychedelic colors. Although they are very colorful they still are hard to find
They live in groups from just two fish to up to five.
They can usually be found right before sundown.
Their scientific name is Synchiropus Splendidus.
They usually consume are mysids, amiphods, isopods, and benthic copepods.
Mandarin fish do not have scales.
The male is larger and more colorful than the female.
The male also has long spikes along his dorsal fin for protection.
"Mandarin Fish." New Approach To Dive 9/18/2006: 3. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.zerobar.org/mandarin-fish/>.
Sewell, Terry. "Mandarin Fish ." Fishbowl DC. Media Bistro, 4/5/10. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.mediabistro.com/fishbowldc/>.
Peacock Mantis Shrimp
Is found in the Pacific Ocean including Hawaii
It is not considered endangered
They live on coral reefs
They eat things like: clams, snails and crabs
It has the speed of 50-75mph
They can break aquarium glass
They are known as the harlequin mantis or a shrimp or painted mantis shrimp
They are predators
Peacock mantis shrimp is a hard pet to keep and not a lot of people have them as pets
The best way to feed the Peacock Mantis Shrimp is by feeding it live crabs
They are about a foot in a half in length
And are very interesting to watch smash everything
By Sandra Murillo
"Peacock Mantis Shrimp." Home | Oceana North America . Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://na.oceana.org/en/explore/creatures/peacock-mantis-shrimp>. "Peacock Mantis Shrimp." Home | Oceana North America . Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://na.oceana.org/en/explore/creatures/peacock-mantis-shrimp>. Web. 09 Feb. 2011. <http://animals.jrank.org/pages/1760/Mantis-Shrimps-Stomatopoda-PEACOCK-MANTIS-SHRIMP-Odontodactylus-scyllarus-SPECIES-ACCOUNTS.html>.
The dumbo octopus or grimpoteuthis is one of the rarest species of octopus. They move by jet propulsion, using their eight arms, and, or moving their elephant-earl-like-flaps. By using all of these different methods of movement, the dumbo octopus can hover or swim. They eat copepods bivalves and crustaceans. An interesting fact about dumbo octopi is that they eat their prey whole. This kind of octopus can dive farther than any other octopus. They are seen most frequently at depths of 3,000-4,000 meters below sea level, but have been seen up 7,000 meters below sea level.
By: Rory Cole
Beccary, . "Dumbo Octopus with elephant ears." Nature's Crusaders . N.p., 09/26/08. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://naturescrusaders.wordpress.com/2008/10/26/dumbo-an-octopus-with-elephant-ears/>.
The Puffer Fish By Haylee Pettit
They puff up because they swallow large amounts of water and Their elastic stomachs blow up like a balloon .
There are more than 120 specimens of puffer fish in the world.
Their size ranges from 1 inch to over 2 feet
Puffer fish do not have scales
They have pointy and tough skin
Puffer Fish have 4 sharp pointy teeth
The have teeth that are used for eating algae, clams, mussels and other shell fish with their birdlike beaks.
Some Puffer fish are poisonous
Poisonous puffers are believed to get their deadly toxin from the bacteria in the animals they eat.
Laughlin, Chris. " Pufferfish Tetraodontidae." National Geographic . National Geographic, n.d. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/pufferfish.html>.
The Stingray by Valeria Morse
Its scientific name is Dasytidae
Many have teeth so they can crunch mollusks like clams, oysters, and mussels.
They live in the shallows of a temperate sea.
Its mouth, nostrils, and gills are positioned on its underbelly.
Their appearance usually copies the seafloors shading, helping it hide from predatory sharks and larger rays.
They spend the majority of their time inactive, hiding in the sand.
They will swim close to divers and snorkelers without fear.
Their tail has a poisonous barb, but is only used to protect themselves.
Their tail is used to move around in the water, but its main purpose is for protection.
Only animal in the animal kingdom where the male is pregnant
Sea Horse life- grow up, attract mates, and give birth
Largest collection of Charismatic animal
The sea horse looks like a combination of animals-head like a horse, tail like a monkey and pouches like a kangaroo
Baby seahorses live in males protective pouch
Scientist don't know how may seahorses there are in the world
Smallest seahorse is 1/2 inch long know as the Satomi's Pygmy Seahorses
Largest seahorse is the Potbelly and can be up to 14 inches long
Katja Peller Information Citations: "The Secret Lives of Seahorses ." Monterey Bay Aquarium . Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation, n.d. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/efc/seahorse.aspx>. "Seahorse Exhibit Animals ." Monterey Bay Aquarium . Monterey Bay Aquarium Foundation, n.d. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <https://www.montereybayaquarium.org/efc/efc_seahorse/seahorse_animals.aspx>. Picture Citation: Dwarf Seahorse." Monterey Bay Aquarium . Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://www.montereybayaquarium.org/efc/seahorse.aspx>.
The lion fish has red and white stripes, it also has long pectoral fins the lion fish is poisonous.
deadly the side affects of getting bitten are troubles breathing and nausea.
The usually live reefs and crevices.
A very big lion fish can grow up to 15 inches.
The regular size is about 12 inches.
The lion fish is food in some countries like Japan.
They are worth a lot more as pet fish or fish in a aquarium
The lion fish has many other nicknames.
("http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/lionfish/") "Lion Fish." http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_eats_the_lionfish . N.p., 1/15/2010. Web. 8 Feb 2011. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_eats_the_lionfish "Travel into the world." Travel into the world Starfish (2008): 1. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://travelintospain.blogspot.com/2008/09/under-indian-ocean-world.html> By Evan Dahms
Freshwater Jellyfish By: Nora Jones
Diameter is 5-25mm
Whitish or green tinge
Short tentacles help with feeding
Long tentacles help with swimming
Total number of tentacles is 50 to 500
Have been seen throughout the United States
These animals do not harm humans
Small fish can be paralyzed by their stings
I nformation Citation: McKercher, Liz, Danny O'Connell, Pam Fuller, and Jim Liebig. United States. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species-Craspedacusta sowerbyi . , Aug 19, 2009. Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://nas.er.usgs.gov/queries/FactSheet.aspx?speciesID=1068>. Picture Citation: "Tiny Jellyfish thrive in Moscow River." RT.com . Web. 9 Feb 2011. <http://rt.com/news/sci-tech/tiny-jellyfish-thrive-moscow/>.
Portuguese Man of War by Cormac Heneghan
Biology- found in tropic locations
Polyps- Organism that can not survive independently
Polyp #1 gas filled object at the top
Polyp #2 tentacles
stuns prey and brings food to digestive polyp
Polyp #3 digestive
Polyp #4 reproductive
Tentacles up too 165 ft. 30 ft. is average
Effects of sting
Burning, stinging, welts, difficulty with reathing, cardiac arrest
*Commonly seen in Caribbean and south Atlantic coral reefs *approximately one inch long *Feeds on corals *When alive it appears to be yellow orange with black Spots on the back *Member of the octopus, oyster family. *Seen in places from North Carolina to Florida. *Lives and feeds on Gorgonian corals *Is toxic " ocean-census-flamingo-tongue-snail." The daily green . Web. 11 Feb 2011. <http://www.thedailygreen.com/environmental-news/latest/squid-octopus-pictures>. Nahabedian, Sarah, James B. Wood, and Melissa Parr. Marine Invertebrates of Bermuda . Sarah Nahabedian, 2-10-11. Web. 10 Feb 2011. <http://www.thecephalopodpage.org/MarineInvertebrateZoology/Cyphomagibbosum1.html>.