GENERAL OVERVIEW: PROJECT BACKGROUND SCENARIO PLANNING 101 HOW DO REGIONS GROW? THE 4D ANALYSIS
Building on the LRTP: “ The combination of inadequate revenue for transportation improvements & local land use policies that promote decentralized growth are threatening the sustainability of our region.” Study Area Region at a Cross-Roads:
Rapid and Decentralized Growth
Significant Land Available for Development
Regional vs. Local Interests
Inadequate Revenue to Meet Needs
What is scenario planning? Scenario planning provides a forum, process, set of tools, and measurable outcomes for communities of all sizes to contemplate future possibilities. Study Area Regional Applications:
“ We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used to create them.” -- Albert Einstein
Study Area Portland, OR Miami, FL Houston, TX Los Angles, CA
Growth patterns & intensities observed in a region are influenced by:
Study Area Decentralized Growth Pattern: Decentralized growth (a.k.a. suburban sprawl) favors single use, low-density development that is generally isolated, or not well connected. Typical residential neighborhood and suburban commercial center surrounding an interchange under a decentralized growth scenario (e.g., Houston, TX or Los Angeles, CA).
Study Area Centers, Corridors, Open Space: Growth directed into discrete centers, linked by one or more regional transportation corridors, encourages compact development, economic vitality, and environmental stewardship. Land surrounding compact centers remains green and generally reserved for rural preservation, agriculture activities, and open space. The typical development pattern assumed for a compact town center within a centers, corridors, and open space growth scenario (e.g., BCDCOG Region, Charleston, SC).
Study Area Compact Metropolitan Center: Compact metropolitan centers manage growth by promoting planned, compact, and orderly development patterns. These patterns are efficiently served by public facilities and services while preserving agriculture activities and open space outside of the defined development boundary. The typical development pattern assumed in a compact metropolitan center growth scenario (e.g., Portland, OR or Miami-Dade County, FL).
Study Area Reorganizing growth patterns in the region has the potential to result in more efficient and cost-effective infrastructure, improved quality-of-life, and increased environmental stewardship. A successful transformation in the region will require evaluation of the 4Ds commonly associated with the relationship between land use, urban design, transportation, utilities, and fiscal spending. The 4Ds:
Study Area The “regional scan” will communicate how land is organized, used, and supported by public facilities and services. It also will serve as the baseline for measuring impacts associated with future year growth scenarios. What is it? What is covered?
Other plans’ guidance
Study Area Community assessments will be made in each local jurisdiction to identify the community’s stated vision and values toward development. What is it? What is addressed?
Review of local plans &
Study Area The term “place” is generally thought of as the look or feel of a development or neighborhood, that which sets it apart from other areas. Place types have their own unique setting, land use pattern, visual qualities, and characteristics of development. Place-Making Elements:
Study Area A place type palette will be used to identify and describe different development patterns, types, and intensities prevalent in the region. The palette will include a full range of place types that people may choose from for building future growth scenarios considered for the region. Place Type Palette:
Study Area “ Base Year” “ Future Year” Traditional Approach… Stakeholders carry forward current trends to a pre-defined future planning horizon (i.e., business-as-usual).
Study Area Scenario Planning Approach… “ Base Year” “ Future Year Alternatives” Stakeholders consider several plausible futures for a region assuming a pre-defined planning horizon.
Study Area B C D Scenario Planning Approach… Stakeholders evaluate competing development alternatives and establish a common vision for regional policies and decision-making related to new growth and anticipated changes in the region. A
Study Area Scenario Planning Software Development Chip Game Regional TDM Focus Area Studies Project Website Growth Forecasts Scenario Planning Toolbox:
Study Area CommunityViz ® Software: What is it? A decision-based software that evaluates competing future year growth scenarios under consideration for a region. Benefits:
Local calibration features
Public involvement tool
Becomes new planning tool for GWRC, FAMPO, and member jurisdictions
Study Area CommunityViz ® Software: Who is using it?
Study Area Development Chip Game: What is it? The development chip game is a hands-on, interactive opportunity that participants use to express their desire as to the region’s future. In a workshop setting, participants prepare a plan representing their vision of the region based on their values. Trade-offs from scenarios are measured and evaluated to inform participants about the potential regional impacts created as a result of local (participant) land use decisions.
Study Area Several growth scenarios will be considered for the region to highlight the trade-offs associated with competing growth patterns and intensities. Build Growth Scenarios: Key Features:
Scenarios will be developed at each sub-region & then combined for the region (scenario quilting)
Scenarios will build on ideas generated during development chip games held in each community
Scenarios will be different enough to pose real alternative choices for meeting the region’s goals
Study Area Evaluate the Alternatives…Reality Check!
PROJECT DELIVERABLES: REGIONAL SCENARIO PLANNING STUDY COMMUNITYVIZ ® TRAINING