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  • Emphasize that there are several Windows XP Editions (products), but none of them is a true network server operating system. Windows XP Professional is the focus of this chapter.
  • Ask the students if they find the Windows XP user interface visually appealing and easy to navigate. Why or why not? Windows XP is now over a decade old. Do any find the interface out-dated? Does it lack features that they now look for in any computing device they use?
  • Step-by-Step 5.01 Installing Windows XP Professional . If you have done any special preparation work for this exercise, as suggested in the beginning of the Instructor’s Manual under Preparing for Class, be sure to include appropriate instructions to the students before they begin this exercise. If the classroom computers have a version of Windows 7 that supports Windows XP Mode, consider replacing this exercise with one in which you install and configure Windows XP Mode. You may have already guided them through this in Chapter 3. In this Step-by-Step exercise, students will do a clean installation of Windows XP Professional. Draw the students’ attention to the bulleted list at the beginning of the exercise. Have them write down the information they need to the right of this list next to the description of each item. These include the Product ID code, a unique computer name, the name of the work group, a password for the Administrator account, and the IP configuration information (unless they will keep the default and use DHCP).
  • Guide the students through using Windows Update to hasten the updating of the new Windows XP installation. Windows Update is accessible through a shortcut on the Start Menu. Ideally, this requires high-speed Internet access. If it is not practical to allow all the students to update their computers at once, demonstrate it for them. If you have placed a copy of the appropriate service pack in a network share, instruct the students on the steps required to connect and initiate the installation of the service pack.
  • If you acquired an application, as recommended in the Class Preparation Notes at the beginning of this Chapter IM, then demonstrate installing that application. If you are using a suite, such as OpenOffice, install two or more applications, using one to demonstrate removing an application (the next discussion). Then use another application from the suite to demonstrate customizing an application for users. One customization change you could show is changing the default location where an application saves data.
  • Step-by-Step 5.02 Using the Display Applet . This Step-by-Step exercise guides the students through using the Display Applet. Also, at this point, we assume that the student computers only have a single account, Administrator, because they do not create additional user accounts until later in the textbook. Therefore, they will have logged on as Administrator, and will not run into problems when they explore the Advanced options
  • Consider demonstrating adding a local printer. This does not require a physical printer.
  • Windows supports long names for folders and files, but that does not mean that you should make directory and file names LONG.
  • If the Security tab is not visible in the properties dialog box for files or folders, open the Tools menu, and choose Folder Options. On the View tab, scroll to the bottom of the Advanced Settings and clear (click) the check box next to "Use Simple File Sharing." Click OK to apply the change, and the Security tab will be visible in the properties dialog box for any folder or file on an NTFS volume, as well as in the properties dialog box for a printer.
  • Step-by-Step 5.03 Creating User Accounts and a Password Reset Disk in Windows XP . This exercise is important because it shows how to create user accounts in the two Windows XP Professional account administration tools, User Accounts and Local Users and Groups. Additionally, it has them create a password reset disk for their account. Ideally, students will have an opportunity to complete this exercise. If not, demonstrate it for them as this is an important exercise. The password reset disk is simply and aptly named. Students should understand that it requires resetting of the password. If password policy allows reuse of recent passwords, the students will be able to reset to the old password.
  • Step-by-Step 5.04 Viewing Permissions on Personal Folders . Ideally, students will complete this exercise themselves in Windows XP Professional.
  • If the Security tab is not visible in the printer properties dialog box, open the Tools menu, and choose Folder Options. On the View tab, scroll to the bottom of the Advanced Settings and clear (click) the check box next to "Use Simple File Sharing." Click OK to apply the change, and the Security tab will be visible in the properties dialog box for any folder or file on an NTFS volume, as well as in the properties dialog box for a printer. These are the same instructions given earlier for making the security tab visible in a file or folder properties dialog box.
  • The Windows XP Help and Support Center is always available, whether a computer connects to the Internet or not. However, it will search the Microsoft site for solutions when the computer is connected to the Internet. If possible, take students on a search for solutions for some intermediate Windows XP Professional problems. For instance, have them research how to change their printing preferences for the newly installed printer.
  • The Windows Backup program is named NTBACKUP.EXE, and can be started from Start | Run | ntbackup . Point out to students that Windows Backup will not back up to a writable CD or DVD, but they can achieve a similar result by backing up to a folder on the local computer, and then copying the resulting backup files to a writable CD or DVD. Another strategy that works well for those of us who have one or more external "Firewire" (IEEE 1394) or USB hard disk drives, is to back up directly to the external drive. Then it is easy to connect the hard disk drive to another computer and run the Windows Backup restore option.
  • Step-by-Step 5.05 Explore the Backup Program (NTBACKUP) . This exercise walks the students through a tour of the Backup Utility. Automated System Recovery wizard replaces the former Emergency Repair disk. They will use the Backup page of the Backup Utility as well as the Automated System Recovery wizard.

Survey of Operating Systems Ch05 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 5 Windows XP Professional McGraw-Hill
  • 2. Learning Outcomes
    • Describe Windows XP Professional benefits and features
    • Install and configure Windows XP Professional
    • Manage Windows XP Professional
    • Secure Windows XP Professional
    • Troubleshoot common Windows XP Professional problems
  • 3. Windows XP Overview
    • Windows XP Editions
      • Windows XP Professional
      • Windows XP Home Edition
      • Windows XP Media Center Edition
      • Windows XP Tablet PC Edition
      • Windows XP Embedded
      • Windows XP 64-bit Edition
  • 4. The Windows XP desktop (with the default Bliss wallpaper
  • 5. Windows XP Overview
    • The End of the Road for Windows XP
      • October 22, 2010: last day to buy PC with XP installed
      • One year after introduction of Windows 7
      • July 13, 2010: supported ended for SP2
      • April 2014: support ends for SP3
      • 64-bit version did not have a third service pack
  • 6. Windows XP Overview
    • Windows XP’s Features & Benefits
      • Easy-to-use Desktop
      • Security
      • Stability and Compatibility
      • Recovery Tools
        • Last Known Good (LKG) Configuration
        • Task Manager
        • Recovery Console
        • Safe Mode
        • Device Manager
        • System Restore
        • Automated System Recovery (ASR)
  • 7. A shortcut for the AVG program
  • 8. Figure 5-1 The Windows XP Start menu
  • 9. Figure 5-2 The Windows XP All Programs menu
  • 10. Figure 5-3 Select “List my most recently opened documents” on the Advanced page of the Customize Start menu dialog box
  • 11. Figure 5-4 The Compatibility page allows you to select settings that enable an older program to run
  • 12. Check out your file system
  • 13. Installing Windows XP
    • Preparing to Install Windows XP
      • Prepare the computer
        • Verify computer meets hardware minimums
        • Verify hardware compatibility
        • Consider creating a virtual machine for the installation
  • 14. Table 5-1
  • 15. Installing Windows XP
    • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.)
      • Clean Installation
        • Avoid inheriting problems from a previous installation
        • If necessary, have Windows Setup repartition and format the disk to ensure all is clean, including the MBR
        • Downside: a manual clean installation is a lot of work because you need to install all the necessary programs and configure it
  • 16. Installing Windows XP
    • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.)
      • Scripted Installation
        • Clean installation variation
        • Used in large organizations where many desktops are identical
        • Training and time to configure and test required
  • 17. Installing Windows XP
    • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.)
      • Image
        • Clean installation variation
        • Image is an exact duplicate of an entire hard drive including OS and all installed software
        • Also used in large organizations where many desktops are identical
        • Imaging software
          • Symantec’s Norton Ghost
          • Paragon’s Hard Disk Manager
  • 18. Installing Windows XP
    • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.)
      • Preparing to Boot into Windows XP Setup
        • Windows XP CD is bootable
        • Over-the network installation requires preparation
          • Copy contents of the i386 folder (from CD) to network
          • Boot up client computer, connect to network share, run WINNT.EXE
  • 19. Installing Windows XP
    • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.)
      • Registration versus Activation
        • Registration
          • Optional
          • Owner information
        • Activation
          • Microsoft Product Activation (MPA)
          • Combats software piracy
          • Mandatory within 30 days of installing Windows
        • How to Activate
          • Automated online
          • Verbally over the phone
  • 20. The activate Windows XP reminder balloon message
  • 21. Figure 5-5 Activation will take just seconds with an Internet connection
  • 22. Installing Windows XP
    • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.)
      • Reactivation
        • Changes to hardware detected during recalculations of the hardware hash
        • If one of the components from which the hardware hash was generated is replaced or significantly changed, it will require reactivation
        • You may need to call Microsoft and explain the need to reactivate
        • Installing on a second computer triggers reactivation
  • 23. Installing Windows XP
    • Getting Down to Business: The Installation
      • Windows Setup wizard will guide users through the process
      • Manual, clean installation takes about an hour
      • The installation program will wait for user input if it is required
  • 24. Step-by-Step 5.01 Installing Windows XP Professional Installing Windows XP
  • 25. Post-Installation Tasks
    • Verifying Network Access
      • Verify communication with other computers
      • Open My Network Places and see if other computers are visible
    • Install Virtual Machine Additions (if applicable)
    • Install Updates
  • 26. Figure 5-6 Osborne work group with one computer showing
  • 27. Figure 5-7 Microsoft Windows Network with three work groups or domains showing
  • 28. Figure 5-8 Microsoft Virtual PC 2007 installing Virtual Machine Additions
  • 29. Figure 5-9 Windows Update balloon message
  • 30. Figure 5-10 Choosing to enable automatic updates
  • 31. Figure 5-11 Continue updating until there are no more updates to install
  • 32. Managing Windows XP Professional
    • Creating New Partitions in Windows XP
      • If you did not use entire physical disk
      • If you add another hard drive
      • Good partitioning strategy
        • One partition for the OS and installed applications
        • One partition for data
  • 33. Managing Windows XP Professional
    • Creating New Partitions in Windows XP (cont.)
      • Create a partition
        • Log on as an administrator
        • Open Computer Management console
        • Open Storage node and click Disk Management
        • Unpartitioned space is labeled “Unallocated”
        • Recommendation: change optical drive letter
        • Use New Partition wizard to partition space
  • 34.  
  • 35.  
  • 36.  
  • 37.  
  • 38. Managing Windows XP Professional
    • Installing and Removing Applications
      • Most applications have installation programs
      • Use a program’s uninstall if available
      • If no uninstall, use Add or Remove Programs
  • 39. Figure 5-12 Add or Remove Programs
  • 40. Managing Windows XP Professional
    • Managing Windows XP Components
      • To add or remove a Windows component, use the Windows Components wizard from the Add or Remove Programs applet in Control Panel
      • To add Windows components you will need the CD or a location where the source files are located
      • No CD needed to remove Windows components
  • 41. Add or Remove Components wizard showing the details of accessories and utilities
  • 42. Managing Windows XP Professional
    • Preparing the Desktop for Users
      • Customizing Display Settings
        • Set screen resolution in Display applet
  • 43. Step-by-Step 5.02 Using the Display Applet Managing Windows XP Professional
  • 44. Managing Windows XP Professional
    • Adding a Local Printer
      • Attach a physical printer
      • Install the correct driver (creating a printer)
      • Both plug-and-play and non-plug-and-play
      • Use Add Printer Wizard for a non-plug-and-play printer
  • 45. Add Printer wizard
  • 46. Managing Windows XP Professional
    • Simple File Management in Windows XP
      • Organizing data files using Windows Explorer
      • Configure Windows Explorer to your preferences
      • Customize view by clicking the folder icon (toggle)
      • The Windows XP Default File Hierarchy
        • Windows folder contains the Windows installation
        • Documents and Settings folder
  • 47. Figure 5-13 Windows Explorer displaying the task pane
  • 48. Figure 5-14 Windows Explorer displaying the folders pane
  • 49. Figure 5-15 The default folder hierarchy for Windows XP
  • 50. Figure F-16 Each user has a folder with the user’s logon name
  • 51. Figure F-17 The My Documents shortcut on the Start menu
  • 52. Managing Windows XP Professional
    • Simple File Management in Windows XP (cont.)
      • Naming Folders and Files
        • Short and meaningful
          • Example: JaneM-H2011
        • Creating the folder structure
          • Open My Documents
          • Right-click right pane
          • Select New | Folder
          • Enter new name
  • 53. Create a new folder
  • 54. Create a folder structure to organize your files
  • 55. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Required Logon
      • Logon is mandatory
      • User account in a security accounts database
        • Local accounts database or
        • Network-based security database (Active Directory)
      • Automatic logon
        • Defeats security of required logon
        • Not secure – only OK if no security needed
  • 56. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • NTFS
      • File and folder permissions
        • Access control list (ACL)
        • Access control entry (ACE)
        • View on Security tab of Properties
      • File and folder encryption
  • 57. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Code Signing/Driver Signing
      • Digital Signature
      • Drive signing
  • 58. Figure 5-18 Signed network card driver
  • 59. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Windows XP Account Management
      • If computer is member of domain, account management at domain level
      • If computer is stand-alone or member of work group, account management is at the computer level
  • 60. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Windows XP Account Management (cont.)
      • Simple Account Management in Windows XP Professional
        • User Accounts Control Panel Applet
          • Hides the complete list of accounts
          • Computer administrator account type = member of local Administrators group
          • Limited account = member of Local Users group and NOT a member of local Administrators group
          • Guest account for users who do not have local accounts
  • 61. Windows XP Professional User Accounts
  • 62. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Windows XP Account Management (cont.)
      • Advanced Account Management
        • Computer Management console | Local Users and Groups
          • Used by knowledgeable administrator
          • Reveals all existing users and groups
          • Right-click My Computer and select Manage
          • Also in All Programs | Administrator Tools
  • 63. Figure 5-19 The Windows XP Computer Management console
  • 64. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Windows XP Account Management (cont.)
      • Creating a New User
        • Create one limited account
        • Create an additional account that is a member of the local Administrators group (in addition to Administrator)
        • Windows XP Professional makes this mandatory
        • Create a Password Reset Disk
  • 65. Step-by-Step 5.03 Creating User Accounts and a Password Reset Disk in Windows XP Managing Windows XP Professional
  • 66. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Applying Security to Files, Folders, and Printers
      • Securing Files and Folders on an NTFS Drive
        • Permissions Assigned to Personal Folders
        • NTFS Permission Inheritance
        • Inherited through folder hierarchy
        • Cannot alter inherited permission
        • Block inheritance and assign new permission
  • 67. Figure 5-20 The list of permissions for a folder
  • 68. Step-by-Step 5.04 Viewing Permissions on Personal Folders Managing Windows XP Professional
  • 69. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Applying Security to Files, Folders, and Printers (cont.)
      • Combining NTFS and Share Permissions
        • Authentication (logon)
        • Share authorization
        • NTFS authorization
  • 70. Accessing an NTFS file or folder through a network share
  • 71. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Applying Security to Files, Folders, and Printers (cont.)
      • NTFS File and Folder Encryption
        • Encrypting File System (EFS)
        • Encrypting a File or Folder
        • Decrypting Files and Folders
  • 72. Accepting the default will encrypt the current and future contents of a folder
  • 73. The warning message when encrypting a file
  • 74. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Applying Security to Files, Folders, and Printers (cont.)
      • Securing a Local Printer
        • Printer permissions
          • Print — Permission to send documents to the printer.
          • Manage Printer — This permission includes the print permission plus permission to pause and restart the printer, change spooler settings, share the printer, assign printer permissions, and change printer properties
          • Manage Documents — Permission to pause, resume, restart, cancel, and rearrange the order of documents submitted by all users. This permission does not include the print or manage printer permission
  • 75. Securing Windows XP Professional
    • Applying Security to Files, Folders, and Printers (cont.)
      • Securing a Local Printer
        • Default permissions
          • Everyone can print
          • Creator Owner has Manage Documents permission
          • Power Users and Administrators are assigned all of the permissions
        • Administrator can assign more restrictive permissions
  • 76. Figure 5-21 The Advanced button on the printer properties page shows printer permission details
  • 77. Troubleshooting Common Windows XP Problems
    • Where to Find Help
      • The Windows XP Help and Support program
      • Microsoft’s TechNet site at www.microsoft.com/technet
      • The broader Microsoft site at www.microsoft.com
      • An Internet search engine, such as www.google.com
  • 78. The Help and Support Center should be the first place you look for answers
  • 79. Troubleshooting Common Windows XP Problems
    • Perform Proactive Maintenance Tasks
      • Create Backups and Automated System Recovery Disks
        • Do it often
        • Do it right
        • Use Backup Utility to backup files
        • Use Backup Utility to create ASR disks
  • 80. Figure 5-22 The Automated System Recovery wizard will walk you through the creation of an ASR disk set
  • 81. Step-by-Step 5.05 Explore the Backup Program (NTBACKUP) Managing Windows XP Professional
  • 82. Troubleshooting Common Windows XP Problems
    • Perform Proactive Maintenance Tasks (cont.)
      • Create Restore Points for System Restore
        • Preserves OS and program settings at points in time
        • Some restore points are created automatically
        • User may create one at any time using System Restore
        • To restore to a restore point, select Restore My Computer to An Earlier Time
        • Manage System Restore in the System Restore page of the System Properties dialog box
  • 83. Figure 5-23 Selecting a restore point
  • 84. System Restore settings
  • 85. Troubleshooting Common Windows XP Problems
    • The Blue Screen of Death (BSOD)
      • Preparing for Stop Errors in Windows XP
        • Write an Event to the System Log
        • Send an Administrative Alert
        • Automatically Restart
        • Writing Debugging Information
  • 86. The default System Failure settings on the Startup and Recovery page
  • 87. Troubleshooting Common Windows XP Problems
    • Troubleshooting a Stop Error
      • Record the Stop error message from the screen or from the System log
      • Select a string from the error message and use this in a search of support.microsoft.com
      • Read information on how to discover the cause and apply suggested solutions
      • Apply solutions
  • 88. Troubleshooting Common Windows XP Problems
    • An Old Application Will Not Run
      • Worked OK in older Windows
      • Does not perform correctly in Windows XP
      • Experiment with setting compatibility options
  • 89. The Program Compatibility wizard walks you through assigning settings to allow an older program to run under Windows XP
  • 90. Figure 5-24 Use the Compatibility page to make manual settings
  • 91. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.1 Windows XP Overview
      • The Windows XP editions include: Windows XP Professional Windows XP Home Edition Windows XP Media Center Edition Windows XP Tablet PC Edition Windows XP Embedded Windows XP 64-bit Edition
  • 92. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.1 Windows XP Overview (cont.)
      • Windows XP Professional features and benefits include
        • Security, including the required logon, and security features in the NTFS file system
        • Stability and compatibility
        • Automatic updates
        • File-system support of NTFS, FAT32, and FAT16 on hard drives
        • Recovery tools, including Last Known Good Configuration startup option; Task Manager; Recovery Console; Safe Mode startup-options; Device Manager; System Restore; and Automated System Recovery
  • 93. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.2 Installing Windows XP
      • No Setup start-up floppy disks are included with Windows XP. If you need to make them, you must connect to the Microsoft Web site and create them from a program available there
  • 94. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.2 Installing Windows XP (cont.)
      • To combat software piracy, Microsoft requires that you activate Windows XP within 30 days of installation. Registration is still optional
      • Soon after installing Windows XP, you should verify network access and install new updates
  • 95. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.3 Managing Windows XP Professional
      • To create and manage disk partitions, use Disk Management in the Computer Management console
      • When you install new programs in Windows, you will often use an installation program that comes with the new application
      • To uninstall a program, use the Add Or Remove Programs applet in Control Panel
  • 96. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.3 Managing Windows XP Professional
      • Programs should be removed correctly using an uninstall program
      • To add or remove a Windows component, use the Windows Components wizard from the Add or Remove Programs applet in Control Panel
      • Use the Display applet in Control Panel to ensure that that the screen resolution is set properly
  • 97. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.3 Managing Windows XP Professional
      • Save data files in folders you create below the My Documents folder
      • Windows XP supports both plug-and-play and non-plug-and-play printers
  • 98. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.04 Securing Windows XP Professional
      • Windows XP Professional security features include required logon, the security features of the NTFS file system, code signing/driver signing, and security accounts
      • Use the User Accounts Control Panel applet for simple account management at home or in a very small business that has low security requirements
  • 99. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.04 Securing Windows XP Professional
      • Use the Local Users and Groups node of the Computer Management console for more advanced account management
      • Windows XP Professional allows the currently logged-on user to create a Password Reset disk to use in case of a forgotten password
  • 100. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.05 Troubleshooting Common Windows XP Problems
      • Help and Support Center is the Windows XP help program containing a large menu of options
      • Proactive tasks include creating backups and automated system recovery disks plus creating restore points for System Restore
  • 101. Chapter 5 Summary
    • LO 5.05 Troubleshooting Common Windows XP Problems (cont.)
      • If an old application will not run, or causes problems with the display, locate the executable file for the application, and select options in the Compatibility page of the file’s properties dialog box