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Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp
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Issues and Trends in HBI Ch08 pp

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  • 1. Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals Fifth Edition CHAPTER 8 Selecting a Healthcare Information System Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 2. Learning Outcomes1. Define the term life cycle as it relates to information systems.2. List the phases of the life cycle of an information system.3. Recognize the purpose of the needs assessment.4. Identify the typical member composition of the system selection steering committee. Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 3. Learning Outcomes5. Explain the importance of using the mission statement in determining the organization’s information needs.6. Identify several methods for analyzing the current system.7. Discuss the value of using a weighted scoring tool during the selection phase. Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 4. Learning Outcomes8. Review the system criteria that should be addressed during the selection process.9. Describe the request for information and request for proposal (RFP) documents. Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 5. Learning Outcomes10.Evaluate RFP responses from vendors.11.Formulate a list of contract demands for a vendor once a system has been chosen. Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 6. Some Thoughts• The competitive advantages associated with health information systems are contingent upon the technology, the degree to which technology meets the organization’s needs, the strength of the information services staff, and the speed and method by which the system is implemented. There is a movement for meaningful use. Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 7. Some Thoughts• There is no “right” choice but the best place to start when selecting a healthcare information system is with the strategic plan because it sets goals and determines technology needs. Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 8. Life Cycle• The process for the selection and implementation of an information• Ongoing process of developing and maintaining an information system• Four main phases that cover the life span of information systems Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 9. Life Cycle Phases1. Needs assessment2. System selection3. Implementation4. Maintenance Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 10. FIGURE 8–1 The life cycle of an information system Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 11. Needs Assessment• Initiated by someone with a vision of the future• Analyzes the organization’s needs• Looks at segments in the organization• Identifies deficits and issues• The selection committee uses data to generate a list of possible solutions Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 12. Steering Committee Members• Key to process• Membership – Board members (ensure congruence with organizational strategic plan) – Representatives from all departments affected (decrease possibility of missing potential problems) – Must include end users – Chair should be a member of administration Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 13. Steering Committee Structure• Large enough to make a good decision but small enough to be effective and efficient• Who will make the final decisions? – Multilevel committee  Upper level makes final decisions  Lower level makes recommendations Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 14. Committee Considerations• Steering Committee members must receive release time from other responsibilities• Want users with functional expertise, good communication, and ideally a computing background• May use input from consultants Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 15. Consultants• May be used for any part of the selection or implementation processes• Effective use requires clear definition of the contractual relationship and expected outcomes• May be used to analyze all available information and make recommendations Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 16. Analysis of Current System• Thorough understanding is essential• Must determine what information is used, who uses it, and how it is used• May use questionnaires, observation, and interviews• Must weigh strengths and weaknesses Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 17. System Requirements• User needs—“musts” and “wants”• Technical criteria• Administrative criteria• Registration criteria• Medical records criteria• Order entry/results reporting• Accounting criteria Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 18. “Musts” and “Wants”• Determination of system requirements from what end users identify as essential or “nice” to have to do their work• Selection committee develops and uses a weighting system to rank criteria identified by workers Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 19. Technical Criteria• Hardware and software needed for the desired level of system performance• Type of architecture (does it work with other systems)• Response time• Downtime• Test and training environments• Support for other technology Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 20. Administrative Criteria• Compliance with regulatory and legal requirements• Report capabilities• Ease of use• Purging and restoring data Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 21. System Selection• Second phase of the life cycle• Phase begins once decision made to purchase a new system• Critical to the success of the project• Requires the collection of additional information and awareness of funds available for the project Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 22. Sources of Information• Trade shows and conferences• Publications – Professional organizations – Trade journals – User groups• Internet and World Wide Web• Site visits• Request for information/proposal/quote Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 23. Request for Information (RFI)• Brief document sent to vendors that states plans to purchase and install a system• Asks the vendor for a description of the system, its capabilities, and perhaps: – About the company – Number of installed sites – Technical capabilities – Updates Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 24. Request for Proposal (RFP)• Formal document sent to vendors that describes system requirements sought• Detailed• Solicits proposals from vendors that describe their capabilities to meet the “wants” and “needs”• Responses are used to narrow the choices Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 25. Analysis of RFP Responses• Receipt of RFP responses is the beginning of the “evaluation” phase• Consider: – Was it submitted by the deadline date? – Is it a professional effort? – Were the vendor representatives responsive? – Does the proposal address the RFP or is it a standard bid? Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 26. Request for Quote (RFQ)• Statement of need that focuses upon pricing, service levels, and contract terms• Skips marketing hype often received in response to RFP Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 27. Request for Quote (RFQ)• After the system selection and recommendations negotiations are done through legal and purchasing representatives Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar
  • 28. Future Directions• The system life cycle is ongoing.• Each repetition of the system life cycle process increases the body of knowledge that will help organizations with future choices.• Increased knowledge will also help to shorten the selection process. Handbook of Informatics for Nurses & Healthcare Professionals, Fifth Edition Toni Hebda • Patricia Czar

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