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Ok so this is my 22th PPT of the series dedicated to the Human Anatomy. The humor is mine. So just change it to fit your needs. Hope this helps.

Ok so this is my 22th PPT of the series dedicated to the Human Anatomy. The humor is mine. So just change it to fit your needs. Hope this helps.

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Transcript

  • 1. Chapter 11 Blood
  • 2. Disclaimer: Included in this presentation are pictures and or images you will not find in your book, make note of the information and move on. Working smarter is not working harder.
  • 3. This lecture was brought to you today by our sponsors. Things that will out last a Nuclear Fallout Snuggie Cults Manwich
  • 4. Bloods Main Components Plasma = 55% Contains: Water Salts: Na, Cl, Mg, K, & Bicarbonate Plasma proteins: Albumin: pH buffering Fibrinogen: Blood Clotting Globulins: Lipid transport and antibodies Cells [Formed Elements] = 45% Contains: Erythrocytes (Red Blood cells): Carry Oxygen throughout the body Leukocytes (White Blood Cells): Basophils, Eosinophils, Lymphocytes, Neutrophils and Monocytes Platelets: Aide in Blood Clotting
  • 5. Blood can be separated into 4 layers Via use of a centrifuge Wait what’s a centrifuge? A centrifuge is a machine that spins objects placed in them rapidly so there is separation of layers via density Whole blood is placed into tubes and then spun for a certain amount of time until layers remain.
  • 6. Blood after centrifuging Like so…
  • 7. Plasma
    • 90% Water
    • Plasma proteins:
      • Albumin: create a pH buffering normal range is [7.35-7.45]
      • Fibrinogen: Seriously needed for clotting (well go into that more later)
      • Globulins: good for lipid transport
  • 8. Cellular components of Blood Erythrocytes (RBC’s)
    • Red Blood Cells : Are the workhorses of the circulatory system DELIVERING OXYGEN!!
    • They are:
    • Bi-concaved (smooshed in the middle)
    • Anucleated (No Nucleus)
    • And stuffed to the gills with HEMOGLOBIN
  • 9. Hemoglobin a closer look There about 5 million RBC’s per cubic mm of blood. A Single RBC = 250 million Hemoglobin Molecules 1 Hemoglobin Molecule = 4 Oxygen Molecule Do the Math…
  • 10. The Balance O2 level Low O2 level normal
  • 11. Leukocytes: Most  Least common
    • Neutrophils(40-70%): Active phagocytes
    • Lymphocytes(20-45%): one group produces anti-bodies, the other are involved in graft rejections, viruses, and tumor attack.
    • Monocytes (4-8%): Active phagocytes, Play clean up crew when things turn south in the long term chronic infections Ex: Tuberculosis
    • Eosinophils (1-4%): Attack worms, allergens, and inactivate some inflammatory chemicals
    • Basophils: (0-1%) Contain histamine which causes general inflammation at sites.
  • 12. How in the world are you suppose to remember that?!?!?! “ Never Let Men Eat Beasts” Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Eosinophils, Basophils Gotta better one? Use it…
  • 13. Blood Typing: Simple Terms AB – Can receive from anyone (Universal receiver) B – Can only receive from B or O A – Can only receive from A or O O – Can only receive from O (Universal Donor)
  • 14. Blood Typing: Simple Terms AB – Can receive from anyone (Universal receiver) B – Can only receive from B or O A – Can only receive from A or O O – Can only receive from O (Universal Donor)
  • 15. Blood Typing: Simple Terms AB – Can receive from anyone (Universal receiver) B – Can only receive from B or O A – Can only receive from A or O O – Can only receive from O (Universal Donor) So what is positive and negative mean?
  • 16. Positive and Negative Blood Types Or Rh Groups: Simple like The Rh comes from the Rhesus monkey they performed experiments on as to how they found this little antigen. It is a separate set from Blood Type and most people are POSITIVE. But there are those that are Negative. When the NEGATIVE people receive a transfusion from a positive it takes alittle while for the body to react. (Like on transfusion) Once it does, HEMOLYSIS (Cell bursting) occurs of all non-Rh complying cells. Now imagine a Rh negative Mother with a Rh positive Baby in the womb? *See a problem?*
  • 17. Lets put in perspective Ave human has around 6 liters of blood inside them. When you donate blood you give a pint away. 3 pints (roughly) = 1 liter Hypovolemic shock = Type of shock occurring when loss of 1.5 liters is lost somewhere from the body. Feel alittle lightheaded now?
  • 18. Ok Lets See what Blood Type you are!!!! Next Time Blood Clotting, Blood Diseases & Sutures