The challenges of ukraine

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The challenges of ukraine

  1. 1. 1 THE CHALLENGES OF UKRAINE Fernando Alcoforado * Ukraine faces three major challenges: the first, represented by the fact that there was a coup that overthrew the legitimate government led by President Viktor Yanukovich; the second, represented by the economic deterioration that affects the country; and, the third, concerns the risk of fragmentation of the country. When the rebels overthrew Yanukovych and all his government considered the situation as normal forcibly overthrowing an elected government. Over a hundred members of the Ukrainian parliament, members of the ruling party did not participate in this decision. So there was the deposition of Viktor Yanukovych in the Ukrainian parliament with inspiration of the Western powers (the United States and European Union) and was formed the new government that took office in Kiev. This was the reason why the Russians decided to intervene in Ukraine. It is clear that Russia has no right to use your troops in the territory of another State. But the crimes committed by the Russians against Ukraine of Yanukovich before his deposition should not be used as an alibi for the leaders of the United States and the European Union have encouraged the coup in Ukraine. The state of Ukraine's economy and public finances is catastrophic. Corruption and mismanagement caused the country to become insolvent and unable to meet their most basic obligations, including pension payments and salaries. This situation is exacerbated by the fact that Ukraine relies almost entirely on Russian gas for its energy and is unable to pay its foreign debt. The Ukrainian government faces enormous challenges and a state of war with Russia on the possible disintegration of the country. The threat of a rapid disintegration of the eastern parts of the country is very real. From a geopolitical standpoint, Russia fears losing Ukraine that would be the area of western influence why values the geostrategic position of the country. The Crimea and its naval base is crucial to the plans of Russia and Vladimir Putin of turning it into global superpower. Losing Ukraine would mean the end of the claim of Russian President Vladimir Putin to regain superpower status for Russia and reduce its influence in Eurasia. To keep Ukraine under its sphere of influence, Russia is challenging the legitimacy of the new government implanted after deposition of Viktor Yanukovych recognizing him as the legitimate president of Ukraine. Direct military confrontation cannot be ruled out. Russia is using the pretext of legitimacy to protect the Russian population and is starting with the occupation of the Crimea. The regions of Kharkiv, Donetsk and Odessa probably would follow. The new coalition government of Ukraine installed after the coup d´etat that deposed Viktor Yanukovych seeks broad support in the internal and external levels. But this would require the presence at the helm of the nation of a statesman to balance the overall needs of the country with the wishes and desires of different interest groups. However, it seems likely that Ukraine has little chance of resolving its internal and external problems because it has become a pawn in the middle of powerful interests in the international geopolitical chess.
  2. 2. 2 From the perspective of the interests of Russia, Putin would like to get hold of the whole Ukraine. But it is something totally unlikely because in eastern Ukraine the situations is much more difficult than in the Crimea because many people do not want a union with Russia, or at least have a much greater autonomy from Kiev. Have other regions strenuously oppose it. Therefore, it will be very problematic for Russia to use force to basically bring the eastern provinces Ukrainian to their sphere of influence. Apparently there are already, according to the Russians, more than 100,000 refugees from East Ukrainian reaching Russia. If this number turns into hundreds of thousands, or millions, Putin's calculations can be modified. But this time both your plan as your preference is not to engage in Eastern Ukraine but only in the Crimea. There is no doubt that the United States government helped overthrow the democratically elected president of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych, with the help of ultra- right paramilitary, neo-Nazi gang who raided and burned government offices, killing soldiers in riot gear, and spread chaos and terror across the country [See Mike Whitney article: Ucrânia, o plano mais idiota de Obama (Ukraine, the dumbest Obama plan) posted on the website < http://www.viomundo.com.br/politica/mike-whitney-ucrania-o- plano - more - fool - of - obama.html>] . These are the new United States. allies in the big game to establish a beachhead in Asia, pushing the Russians farther east overthrowing the legitimate government of Ukraine, ensuring vital corridors for oil and gas pipelines, accessing scarce reserves of oil and gas natural and working for disassembly of the Russian Federation, according to geopolitical strategy proposed by Zbigniew Brzezinski in his book the Grand Chessboard: American Primacy and it's geostrategic Imperatives. This book of Brzezinski provides the basic framework for the establishment of military, political and economic hegemony of the United States in the most promising and prosperous region of the XXI century in Asia. The Russian government is aware of this divide and conquer strategy of Washington, but downplayed the issue in order to avoid a confrontation. The coup d´etat supported by the United States and European Union in Ukraine makes Russia to respond to this provocation that threatens both their safety as its vital interests in the region. Early reports indicate that Putin has mobilized troops to the region, according to Reuters, put fighters along its western borders on combat alert. We are therefore experiencing a situation in which the world's only superpower, the United States, behaves irrationally around the world, fueling the creation of a failed state one after another as in Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya, as fomenting riots Syria and Venezuela, creating hatred and spreading misery wherever he goes. The United States has gone off the rails, a completely insane way pushing the world closer to the abyss. The architecture for global security collapsed, while the basic principles of international law were completely jettisoned. * Alcoforado, Fernando, engineer and doctor of Territorial Planning and Regional Development from the University of Barcelona, a university professor and consultant in strategic planning, business planning, regional planning and planning of energy systems, is the author of Globalização (Editora Nobel, São Paulo, 1997), De Collor a FHC- O Brasil e a Nova (Des)ordem Mundial (Editora Nobel, São Paulo, 1998), Um Projeto para o Brasil (Editora Nobel, São Paulo, 2000), Os condicionantes do desenvolvimento do Estado da Bahia (Tese de doutorado. Universidade de Barcelona, http://www.tesisenred.net/handle/10803/1944, 2003), Globalização e Desenvolvimento (Editora Nobel, São Paulo, 2006), Bahia- Desenvolvimento do Século XVI ao Século XX e Objetivos Estratégicos na Era
  3. 3. 3 Contemporânea (EGBA, Salvador, 2008), The Necessary Conditions of the Economic and Social Development-The Case of the State of Bahia (VDM Verlag Dr. Muller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG, Saarbrücken, Germany, 2010), Aquecimento Global e Catástrofe Planetária (P&A Gráfica e Editora, Salvador, 2010), Amazônia Sustentável- Para o progresso do Brasil e combate ao aquecimento global (Viena- Editora e Gráfica, Santa Cruz do Rio Pardo, São Paulo, 2011) and Os Fatores Condicion

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