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Hydrogen fuel cell
 

Hydrogen fuel cell

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    Hydrogen fuel cell Hydrogen fuel cell Presentation Transcript

    • POWER PLANT II PRESENTATION :HYDROGEN FUEL CELL Group MembersMohammad Irfan (83)Fakhre Alam (85)Aftab Ahmad (41)University of engg; and technology peshawarfakhrealammm@gmail.com
    • FUEL CELLSA fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy froma fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygenor another oxidizing agent.Hydrogen is the most common fuel, but hydrocarbons suchas natural gas and alcohols like methanol are sometimesused.
    • SOURCES OF HYDROGEN •Oxidation: CH4 + 2 O2 CO2 + 2 H2 Still produces CO2!! •Natural gas: 2 CH4 + O2 2 CO + 4 H2 Produces CO that must be converted to CO2!!
    • BENEFITS OF FUEL CELLSEnvironmental Reasons •Lowered emissionsLess noisy Increased Efficiency •Up to 80% with pure Hydrogen •With reformer about ~24-32% •Gasoline ~20% Flexible Technology •Portable
    • SOME LIMITATIONS Hydrogen: o Not readily available, must use other energy sources to convert o Difficult to store/distribute HighCapital Cost Non-technical barriers o Could have dramatic impact
    • AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY & HYDROGEN Automotive industries such as honda, GM and toyota are investing heavily on hydrogen fuelled cars as a future technology. GM (general motors co.) and others are looking to capitalize on the next generation of cars  After enormous success of rivals like Honda and Toyota with hybrid vehicles Rivals such as Toyota and Honda are already ahead of GM and Ford
    • HYDROGEN FUELED BUS•A 30 ft. Hydrogen Fuel cell powered transit busmade by Ballard Power Systems in Canada.•It has a 275 horsepower engine, and a range of 250miles before requiring refueling.•The only emission from this bus is warm, moist air.
    • HONDA FCX  Honda has also built a hydrogen production and filling station prototype.
    • FORD H2RV H2 Internal Combustion Engine hybrid with electric motor.Driving Range 125 miles.
    • FUTURE2015 – 2025- Substantial markets for hydrogen-powered vehicles likely to start developing 2020: 5 to 10 million hydrogen-powered cars 2030: 50 million hydrogen powered cars 2040: 150 million hydrogen-powered cars