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Diplomacy and diplomatic event b/w pak & inda
 

Diplomacy and diplomatic event b/w pak & inda

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what is diplomacy , its types and one diplomatic event between pakistan and india ( indus water treaty ),,,,, Comsats institute of information technology lahore... Chemical Engineers.

what is diplomacy , its types and one diplomatic event between pakistan and india ( indus water treaty ),,,,, Comsats institute of information technology lahore... Chemical Engineers.

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    Diplomacy and diplomatic event b/w pak & inda Diplomacy and diplomatic event b/w pak & inda Presentation Transcript

    • Topic: Diplomacy & Diplomatic event between Pakistan and India
    • Submitted to: Madam Sadia Bhalli Submitted by: M. Atif Rauf Fakhar Hayat Sharjeel Zulafqar
    • • Diplomacy: Diplomacy is broadly described as The art of conducting negotiations, agreements And relations between two or more parties in a Sensitive way. • Origin: The word diplomacy originate from “Diploma” which is a Greek word meaning “tow fold”.
    • The word Diplomacy was1st time introduced in English language By “Edmund Burke” in 1796. The issues on which diplomatic event is conducted: o o o o o Peace-making Culture Economics Trade War
    • Types of diplomacy: • • • • • Appeasement Citizen diplomacy Cultural diplomacy Dollar diplomacy Economic diplomacy • • • • • • Regional diplomacy Science diplomacy Shuttle diplomacy Freelance diplomacy Multi-track diplomacy Public diplomacy
    • Diplomatic event between Pakistan and India
    • Water Dispute Between India & Pakistan
    • Agenda 1. Background 1. Background 2. Role of World Bank 2. Role of World Bank 3. Indus Water Treaty 3. Indus Water Treaty 5. Conclusion
    • Back Ground
    • Back Ground • Came to light on April 1,1948 after partition of Punjab • Cut across the rivers and canals • India cutoff flow of canal water to West Punjab • Stopped the water of the rivers Ravi and Sutlej • India wanted to damage Pakistan economically
    • HOW DID THIS HAPPEN? • Ferozepur and Madhopur head-works given to India. • June 1947, Kashmiris revolted against Maharaja of Kashmir. • Maharaja signed accession with India on 26th October 1947. • Standstill Agreement signed on 18 December 1947. • India cut off supplies from Ferozepur on 1 st April 1948.
    • Effects • It was a grave blow to agriculture of Pakistan • Pakistan’s agriculture vitally and entirely depend on canals drawn from Indus • Rain fall is scanty and undependable • Effected agriculture very badly • Pakistan also purchased water from India to avoid economic disaster.
    • Role of World Bank
    • Role of World Bank • Critical disputes resolution was the intervention of the World Bank • Both countries had applied to W.B. for development loans • WB decided to refuse development loans to India and Pakistan
    • WB Con’t WB would approve loans if 3 conditions were met: • 1)Indus basin had enough water for both countries • 2) The basin was treated as a single unit implying all the rivers were to be discussed • 3) Past grievances put aside and technical rather than a political focus retained
    • WB Plan • Divide Indus Basin into 2 parts • India- 3 eastern rivers i.e. Sutlej, Beas, and Ravi • Pakistan – 3 western rivers i.e. Chenab , Jhelum and the Indus
    • WB con’t • Pakistan – not fully convinced refused to sign until 1958 • Treaty formalized 1960
    • Indus Waters Treaty
    • Indus Waters Treaty • The Indus Waters Treaty is a water sharing treaty between the Republic of India and Islamic republic of Pakistan • The treaty was a result of Pakistani fear that since the source rivers of the Indus basin were in India • It could potentially create droughts and famines in Pakistan, especially at times of war.
    • Con’t • The treaty was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960 • By Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Mohammad Ayub Khan
    • Clauses of Treaty
    • Clauses of Treaty • The Indus System of Rivers comprises three Western Rivers the Indus, the Jhelum and Chenab and three Eastern Rivers - the Sutlej, the Beas and the Ravi; and with minor exceptions • the treaty gives India exclusive use of all of the waters of the Eastern Rivers and their tributaries before the point where the rivers enter Pakistan
    • Con’t • Pakistan has exclusive use of the Western Rivers- the Indus, the Jhelum and Chenab • The agreement set up a commission to adjudicate any future disputes arising over the allocation of waters • The Commission is required to meet regularly to discuss potential disputes as well as cooperative arrangements for the development of the basin
    • Con’t • Either party must notify the other of plans to construct any engineering works which would affect the other party and to provide data about such works • In cases of disagreement, a neutral expert is called in for mediation and arbitration • Commission was created to resolve, the annual inspections and exchange of data continue, unperturbed by tensions on the subcontinent.
    • Conclusion
    • Conclusion • India always want to damage Pakistan economically • The Indus Water Treaty (1960) signed with India under Stress • It was a result of Pakistan’s fear that since the source rivers of the Indus basin were in India
    • Con’t • No interference was agreed by India and Pakistan in the natural flows of the western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab) and eastern rivers (Ravi, Beas and Sutlej), respectively • Pakistan strongly object to the designs of such projects for having potential to change / disrupt flows downstream • It is in the interest of India and Pakistan to follow the treaty in letter and spirit
    • Con’t • Undisturbed flow from the western rivers is must for survival of the country – no one should be allowed to play with it as it is matter of life and death for Pakistan. • We must have a strategy to ensure so. Absence of such strategy could spell disaster for the entire region!!!!