Golbal history of e voting and future in pakistan

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Golbal history of e voting and future in pakistan

Golbal history of e voting and future in pakistan

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  • 1. Faisal Imran Department of Computer Science, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • 2. Electronic voting is often seen as a tool for making the electoral process more efficient . e-voting solutions can increase the security of the ballot, speed up the processing of results and make voting easier
  • 3. Direct Recording Electronics (DRE) E-voting which is physically supervised by representatives of governmental or independent electoral authorities (e.g. electronic voting machines located at polling stations) Remote e-Voting voting is performed within the voter's sole influence, and is not physically supervised by representatives of governmental authorities (e.g. voting from one's personal computer, mobile phone, television via the internet (also called i-voting or Remote E-Voting)
  • 4. Controlled Environments Seen as the electronic equivalent of traditional paper-based voting in polling stations Uncontrolled Environments happens without any supervision and from voting devices that cannot be controlled by the election administration
  • 5. • Brazil • India • Belgium • Australia • Italy • Argentina • United Kingdom • Costa Rica • Panama • Spain
  • 6. • Faster vote count and tabulation • More accurate results as human error is excluded • Efficient handling of complicated electoral systems • Improved presentation of complicated ballot papers • Increased convenience for voters • Potentially increased participation and turnout • More attuned to the needs of an increasingly mobile society
  • 7. • Prevention of fraud in polling stations and during the transmission and tabulation of results by reducing human intervention. • Increased accessibility • Possibility of multilingual user interfaces that can serve a multilingual electorate better than paper ballots • Potential long-term cost savings through savings in poll worker time
  • 8. • Lack of Transparency • Limited openness and understanding of the system for non-experts • Lack of agreed standards for e-voting systems • Potential violation of the secrecy of the vote • Increased infrastructure and environmental requirements • Increased security requirements for protecting the voting system • Reduced level of control by the election administration • Limited recount possibilities • Limited support for disable voters • Need for additional voter education campaigns. • Possible conflict with the existing legal framework
  • 9. Future in Pakistan • Facing an issue of having real democracy • Pakistan’s first step towards e-voting is to authenticate the voters • NADRA done 86.1 million registration for election 2013 • ECP done door to door verification • World’s largest voter verification is introduced through SMS
  • 10. Future in Pakistan 37 million unverified voters identified during this process • Phase1 • Phase2 • Phase3
  • 11. Future in Pakistan • The system aims at ensuring transparency and rigging free elections • Electronic thumb verification of each voter shall be done at the respective polling station EVM Structure • Voter Identification Unit • Vote Casting Unit • Result Management Unit
  • 12. Future in Pakistan Lack of transparency Lack of agreed standards for e-voting systems No Paper audit trails Reduced level of control by the election administration because of high vendor- and/or technology-dependence Missing support for disable voters Need for additional voter education campaigns Possible conflict with the existing legal framework