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Ed Tech. Report-FINAL

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  • 1. LEARNINGCENTERS
  • 2. DEFINITION• A Learning Center is a self-contained environment designed to promote individual or small group learning around a specific task. 2 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 3. TYPES OF LEARNING CENTERS1. SKILL CENTERS2 . INTEREST CENTERS3. REMEDIAL CENTERS 3 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 4. • Learning Centers may also provide other services such as speech therapy or Braille reading that help individuals overcome physical obstacles. 4 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 5. How do Learning Centers differ from schools?• They offer more casual environments and individualized instruction• they are often created with a few core services in mind• their purpose largely is to supplement existing institutions rather than to compete with them 5 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 6. ADVANTAGES• Individualized Instruction• Active Learning• Flexible –Self-paced –Medium of Instruction 6 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 7. DISADVANTAGES• Effectiveness• Cost 7 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 8. PROGAMMED INSTRUCTIONAdd your subtitle or– refers to learning doneby individual usingprinted materials or acomputer
  • 9. ADVANTAGESSelf-pacingPractice and FeedbackReliableEffective 9 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 10. LIMITATIONSProgram designTediousLack of social Interaction
  • 11. PROGRAMMED TUTORING- One –on-one method of instruction in which the tutor’s responses are programmed in advance in the form of carefully structured printed instructions 11 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 12. ADVANTAGESSelf-pacingPractice and FeedbackReliableEffective 12 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 13. LIMITATIONSLabor intensiveDevelopmental Cost 13 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 14. Programmed Teaching 14 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 15. DEFINITION:• also known as “direct instruction”• its first and foremost advocates was B. F. Skinner, Edgar Pierce Professor of Psychology, who has been using its techniques in Natural Sciences 114 since 1957 15 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 16. 16Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 17. • principles of programmed instruction in a large-group setting• groups of 5 to 10 students.• led through a lesson by a teacher, paraprofessional or student peer 17 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 18. Critical Features of these lessoninclude: unisonresponding rapid pacing reinforcementor correction 18 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 19. Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) First described by Fred Keller in GoodAlso known as Bye Teacher - the “Keller Journal of Applied Plan” Behavior Analysis (1968) 19 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 20. Fred Simmons Keller 20 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 21.  Was a pioneer in experimental psychology. He taught at Columbia University for 26 years He died at home, age 97, on February 2, 1996 21 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 22. -- composed of small self-paced modularizedunits of instructions where the study guidesdirect learners-- study guides direct learners through the modules-- Modules-- Unit tests - scoring at least a 90% 22 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 23. PSI steps:• as students complete a unit, they are tested• immediate feedback is provided by proctor with an opportunity to review and re-test• student move on to new units after they master previous, prerequisite units, self- pacing through course 23 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 24. • In PSI units, “live” proctors grade student tests and provide immediate feedback on their performance. This one-to-one support is the key component that makes the model “personalized.” 24 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 25. ADVANTAGES Self-pacing Mastery Effective 25 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 26. LIMITATIONS Development cost Behaviorist commitment Self-discipline 26 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 27. PSI Outcomes: tutored students learn “more” than lectured students favour individual pacing and appreciate individual attention from proctors attention for gifted/special education most common, traditionally viewed as too expensive for average classes 27 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com
  • 28. The EndGroup members: Janice Arriesgado Lovely Grace Gatoc Princess Mae Livera 28 Free powerpoint template: www.brainybetty.com