1.
CUTTING SPEED
Introduction
I M P O R TAN T O F C U T T I N G S P E E D
C O R R E C T V S A V E T I M E & C O S T.
C O N T R I B U T E TO Q U A L I T Y & S U R FA C E F I N I S H .
2.
CUTTING SPEED
- KEEP THE CUTTING TOOL LAST LONGER
( W I T H O U T S H A R P E N I N G R E P E AT E D LY ) .
- MAXIMIZE THE MACHINING PROCESS WITHOUT
DAMAGING THE TOOL, WP & MACHINE.
3.
CUTTING SPEED
Basic factor in Turning
THE FACTORS:
V = CUTTING SPEED IN METRE PER MINUTE
[M/MIN]
N = SPEED OF WORK (SPINDLE SPEED) IN
REVOLUTION PER MINUTE [REV/MIN]
D
Π
= DIAMETER OF THE WP IN MILLIMETRE [MM]
= C O N S TA N T 3 . 1 4 2
R E L AT I O N B E T W E E N T H E FA C T O R S :
5.
CUTTING SPEED
Spindle speed diagram / rpm
graph
EXAMPLE :
GIVEN
V
= 25 M/MIN
D
= 100 MM
Π
N
= C O N S TA N T 3 . 1 4 2
= ?
Solution:
N =
=
=
=
1000 X V
dXπ
1000 X 25
100 X 3.142
25000
3.142
79.6 rev/min
6.
CUTTING SPEED
THE FACTORS :
-DIAMETER TO BE WORK.
- D E P T H O F C U T.
-FEED.
-TYPE OF WORK.
- T Y P E O F T O O L M AT E R I A L .
7.
CUTTING SPEED
D E P T H O F C U T.
F E E D R AT E .
8.
CUTTING SPEED
Machining Time
D0 = Original / initial diameter [mm]
l = Length of tool travelled
D1 = New / final diameter [mm]
F = Feed [mm/rev]
d = Depth of cut [mm]
Fr = Feed rate [m/min]
N = Spindle speed [rev/min]
V = Cutting speed [m/min]
L = Length of the workpiece
T = Time taken by the tool [min]
9.
CUTTING SPEED
Machining Time
The turning operation reduces the diameter of the workpiece
from D0 to the final diameter D1. The Change in diameter is
determined by the depth of cut, d:
D0 - D1 = d [mm]
The feed in turning can be converted to a linear travel rate in
mm/min by the formula:
Fr = N · F [mm/min]
The time to machine from one end to required length is
given by:
T = l / Fr [min]
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