2009 Fairfax County Youth Survey: Teen Dating Abuse and the Impact of Witnessing Domestic Violence


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2009 Fairfax County Youth Survey: Teen Dating Abuse and the Impact of Witnessing Domestic Violence

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  • Talking Points: The Fairfax County Youth Survey is a comprehensive, anonymous, and voluntary survey that examines the behaviors, experiences, and risk and protective factors that influence the well-being of our county’s youth. The results provide a snapshot of our youth in Fairfax County, and also serve as a barometer of our own effectiveness as a community in fostering healthy choices for our youth. Additional Information Presenters and audience should be careful NOT to draw conclusions on causation from the survey. This survey cannot tell us WHY these things are going on….only that they are. It is appropriate for audience and facilitator to discuss anecdotal experiences and perspectives….but the presenter should be careful not to draw conclusions or make statements that are conclusive other than what the data says.
  • Talking Points: The Youth Survey was first administered in 2001 and then again in 2003, 2005, and 2008. In November 2009, over 42,000 students participated in the Youth Survey. Beginning in 2009, Fairfax County Youth Survey began on an annual cycle. Teen Dating Abuse questions are asked every other year, so no new data is available for 2010. It was also the first year Fairfax County did a census instead of a sample. Achieved an overall response rate of 81%. Additional Information: There may be questions about the years such as “did we skip 2007. The survey was administered in Dec 2005 and Feb 2008. Still basically 2 years apart…but still the same cohort of youth. The size and representation of the survey allows us to extrapolate to the general population. Meaning that we can say with some certainty that the number represent the actual behaviors and perspectives of our youth within 3% points.
  • Talking Points: The list is not all-inclusive Today’s presentation focuses on TDA and Youth who witness DV in the home. Some of this data are in the 2009 YS report (found online), but a significant amount is based on in-depth analysis for this presentation. Additional information: Details about survey instruments and survey administration can be found in the report and the Youth Survey webpage
  • Risk and Protective Factors are measured in 5 domains – individual, peer, family, school, and community Risk Factors help us explain circumstances that may increase the likelihood of problem behaviors Protective Factors (or assets) can help increase resiliency to drug abuse and problem behaviors and are believed to buffer youth from risk The more assets the fewer risk behaviors Involved in Extracurricular activities – Academic Success – student’s perception of their grades High Personal Integrity – not ok to cheat Control of Outcomes – student feels they can solve most of their problems Involved in Community Service May want to explain the graph and use the ever had sex line: Zero assets, approximately 60% have had sex, which is 2.5 times the county average All five assets, 12% have had sex, which is half the county average Youth who engage in one risk behavior are more likely to be engaged in other risk behaviors.
  • Talking Points: Three new questions on Teen Dating Abuse (2 Emotional abuse and 1 Pressured to have sex)
  • Talking Points: The questions related to Teen Dating Abuse and other questions of interest here are only asked of 8 th , 10 th , and 12 th grade students.
  • Talking Points: Overall percentages Data by demographics are coming in later slides N’s: Controlling behavior: Approximately 7,900 Verbal abuse: Over 3,000 Coerced sex: Over 2,400 Physical abuse: Over 1,800 Additional Info: TRU survey of 11-18 yr olds Controlling 36% Verbal abuse 33%
  • Talking Points: This was the only question on both the 2008 and 2009 surveys to provide for trend analysis Half the rate of students nationally YRBS surveys 9 th through 12 th grades Fairfax County surveys grades 8, 10, and 12 4.6% equates to approximately 2,800 high school students
  • Next 5 slides Teen Dating Abuse by Demographics Emotional – combines controlling behavior and verbal abuse
  • Talking Points: Emotional abuse: For verbal abuse, females are at higher risk. 9.5% vs. 5.9% for males Wanting to know whereabouts is about the same. 19.3% for females and 20.9% for males. Females are at higher risk for pressured to have sex while males report higher risk for physical abuse.
  • Talking Points: Non-heterosexual includes students reporting they are gay, bisexual or not sure Over 1,600 female respondents are “non-heterosexual” Non-heterosexual youth are at higher risk of teen dating abuse
  • Talking Points: Similar patterns for males. Over 1,050 male respondents are “non-heterosexual” Approximately 140 non-heterosexual males reported being victims of physical abuse. Additional information: Non-heterosexual includes students reporting they are gay, bisexual or not sure
  • These are related factors. We are noting correlations, not drawing conclusions regarding causality
  • Talking Points: Percentages of those who have witnessed DV in the home who have also reported being victims of Teen dating abuse behaviors Youth who witness DV in the home are 2 to 3.5 times more likely to be a victim of Teen Dating Abuse.
  • Talking Points: Approximately 2,900 respondents reported witnessing DV at home. Little difference by grade level.
  • Talking Points: We see some differences by race/ethnicity.
  • Talking Points: Females reported slightly higher, but not statistically significant.
  • More related factors in Appendix at the end of the presentation
  • Not Teen dating abuse context More detailed demographic slides in the appendix Over 1,900 respondents reported being physically forced to have sex.
  • Additional information for physical abuse if asked: Fairfax 4.8% vs. YRBS 9.6%
  • Talking Points: Teen Dating Abuse PSA and Fact sheet is available on the Youth Survey, DV and Prevention Web Sites PSA has aired on Channel 16 Questions about the Youth Survey itself and the results can be directed to Sophia Dutton
  • Inhalant use of note due to prevalence with younger teens (6 th and 8 th grade)
  • Can’t do well in school is the student’s perception.
  • Not Teen dating abuse context
  • Not Teen dating abuse context
  • Not Teen dating abuse context
  • 2009 Fairfax County Youth Survey: Teen Dating Abuse and the Impact of Witnessing Domestic Violence

    1. 1. 2009 Fairfax County Youth Survey Teen Dating Abuse and the Impact of Witnessing Domestic Violence January 20, 2011
    2. 2. <ul><li>The 2009 Fairfax County Youth Survey was completed… </li></ul>2009 Fairfax Youth Survey Participation Overall, 81% response rate of Fairfax County 6 th , 8 th , 10 th , and 12 th grade students By 42,582 students in… 21 high schools 22 middle schools 4 alternative schools 126 elementary schools 4 secondary schools
    3. 3. Covers a Variety of Topics Including: Alcohol, Tobacco, Drug Use Depression/Suicidality Violence and Delinquency Bullying Gangs Physical Fitness/Nutrition Sexual Health Risk and Protective Factors, limited in 2009 2009 Fairfax Youth Survey Topics
    4. 4. Three to Succeed <ul><li>Involved in Extracurricular Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Success </li></ul><ul><li>High Personal Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Control of Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Involved in Community Service </li></ul>
    5. 5. Teen Dating Abuse Questions <ul><li>Emotional Abuse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlling Behavior- Have you ever had a partner in a dating or serious relationship who always wanted to know your whereabouts? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verbal - Have you ever had a partner in a dating or serious relationship who called you names or put you down verbally? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coerced Sex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have you ever had a partner in a dating or serious relationship who pressured you into having sex (going all the way) when you didn't want to? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical Abuse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>During the past 12 months, did your boyfriend or girlfriend ever hit, slap, or physically hurt you on purpose? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This was the only Teen Dating Abuse Question on the 2008 survey </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Other Questions of Interest <ul><li>Forced Sex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have you ever been physically forced to have sex when you did not want to? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note : The question is not asked in the context of a dating relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sexual Orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which of the following best describes you? Heterosexual (straight), Gay or Lesbian, Bisexual, Not sure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Witness Domestic Violence in the Home </li></ul><ul><ul><li>My parent has had his/her body hurt from actions (such as punching, kicking, choking, shoving, and pulling of hair) by a spouse/partner. </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Teen Dating Abuse Behaviors Percentage
    8. 8. Physical Abuse
    9. 9. Teen Dating Abuse by Grade
    10. 10. Teen Dating Abuse by Race/Ethnicity
    11. 11. Teen Dating Abuse by Gender
    12. 12. Sexual Orientation– Females TDA
    13. 13. Sexual Orientation– Males TDA
    14. 14. Teen Dating Abuse
    15. 15. DV in the Home - Teen Dating Abuse
    16. 16. Witness DV at Home by Grade
    17. 17. Witness DV at Home by Race/Ethnicity
    18. 18. Witness DV at Home by Gender
    19. 19. Witnessed DV at Home
    20. 20. Sexual Violence <ul><li>The question of being physically forced to have sex is not asked in context of a dating relationship or exposure to DV in the home. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The question asked was, “Have you ever been physically forced to have sex when you did not want to?” </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Forced Sex by Gender
    22. 22. In Summary <ul><li>The 2009 survey provides baseline data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional and sexual teen dating abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sexual orientation demographics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Related factors for witnessing DV in the home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physical abuse in Fairfax County is reported at half the rate of the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey and 1.4 percentage points lower than 2008 </li></ul>
    23. 23. In Summary <ul><li>25% of teens in Fairfax County report being the victim of some form of dating abuse </li></ul><ul><li>The LGBQ population reports disproportionally higher for TDA than their heterosexual peers </li></ul><ul><li>Teens witnessing DV at home are disproportionally at risk for problems related to: violence and bullying, TDA, mental and physical health, sex, drugs, and poor school performance </li></ul>
    24. 24. How Do I Learn More? <ul><li>FAQs, Results, PSAs, Fact Sheets </li></ul><ul><li>www.fairfaxcounty.gov/youthsurvey </li></ul>Sophia Dutton Neighborhood and Community Services Fairfax County Youth Survey Project Manager [email_address]
    25. 25. Appendix
    26. 26. Witnessed DV at Home
    27. 27. Witnessed DV at Home
    28. 28. Witnessed DV at Home
    29. 29. Witnessed DV at Home
    30. 30. Witnessed DV at Home
    31. 31. Forced Sex by Grade Percentage
    32. 32. Forced Sex by Race/Ethnicity Percentage
    33. 33. Forced Sex - Sexual Orientation