Fairfax County Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning:<br />Community-wide Project <br />Launch<br />August 4, <br />2010<br />
Agenda<br />Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Workshop<br /><ul><li>Project Purpose and Introduction
Recovery Overview
Facilitated Discussion of Disaster Scenario and Recovery Issues
How do we compare nationally? 
Timeline and Next Steps
Vision and Goals for “Disaster Recovery”
Wrap-up and Q&A</li></li></ul><li>Fairfax Co. Pre-Disaster Recovery Plan: 	<br />	Project Purpose and Introduction<br />
Purpose and Introduction<br />Project History<br /><ul><li>Project DHS grant-funded by the Urban Areas Security Initiative...
Project Kick-off (internal): December 2009
Expansion of planning to include private sector, non-profits, neighboring jurisdictions, and interested members of the pub...
Approximate Project Completion Date: Fall 2011</li></li></ul><li>Purpose and Introduction<br />Project Purpose<br /><ul><l...
Solidify four-phase emergency management approach (mitigation, preparation, response, and recovery)
Support the NCR in recovery planning efforts</li></li></ul><li>Recovery Overview<br />
Recovery Overview<br />Definitions<br /><ul><li>Response: how we manage a disaster
Continuity: what we do despite a disaster
Recovery: how we return to normal (or arrive at a “new normal”) after a disaster</li></li></ul><li>Recovery Overview<br />...
Need to use many sources, often not designed for recovery
Few trained personnel, new roles, resource strain, no established management structures</li></li></ul><li>Recovery Overvie...
Different and more Stakeholders
Limited resources, less clarity on benefits
Substantial political issues</li></li></ul><li>Recovery Overview<br />A disaster (or catastrophe) is not just <br />“Busin...
Recovery Overview<br />Disaster recovery is not just <br />“Response, only more of it.”<br />
Recovery Overview<br />Disaster recovery is not just <br />“Business as usual, only after a disaster.”<br />
Recovery Overview<br />Not every hazard needs disaster recovery planning …<br />
Recovery Overview<br />Getting it done right <br />vs. <br />Getting it done fast <br />Reduces the fundamental tension of...
Recovery Overview<br />Flexibility to improvise + Structure to let it work <br />
Discussion Scenario: <br />Radiological Dispersion Device (“Dirty Bomb”)<br />
Discussion Scenario<br />Incident<br />A medium-sized explosion observed from a van parked in front of the National Geospa...
No deaths or injuries
Driver quickly apprehended</li></ul>No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enoug...
Discussion Scenario<br />Incident + 1 to 4 hours<br />Hazmat team establishes hot zone and exclusion zone based on EPA sta...
Discussion Scenario<br />Hot zone<br />Exclusion zone<br />Shelter in place<br />
Discussion Scenario<br /><ul><li>Rings show increase in cancer rate: </li></ul>5% (1 in 100)<br />0.5% (1 in 1000)<br />0....
Discussion Scenario<br />
Discussion Scenario<br /><ul><li>Evacuations, mass care and sheltering take place smoothly
Many people check themselves into hospitals</li></ul>The day after<br />All citizens evacuate from exclusion zone<br />Som...
Discussion Scenario<br /><ul><li>What if county or regional parks are needed for debris?
How would the public weigh in on these issues? </li></ul>Recovery Issues<br />Where does temporary housing get set up, if ...
Discussion Scenario<br />Recovery Issues<br />Who will determine “how clean is clean,” and by what process? Whose data wil...
Discussion Scenario<br />The weeks after<br />Repopulation is OK’d for lowest-impacted areas, but exclusion zone are perma...
Uncertainty grows for neighborhoods nearby
Contributions of housing labor and material pour in</li></ul>.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br ...
Discussion Scenario<br />Recovery Issues<br />How will major land-use impacts be managed<br />relocation of infrastructure...
Discussion Scenario<br />The months after<br />“Fairfax,” “dirty bomb,” “radiation,” and “Chernobyl” are constantly linked...
Discussion Scenario<br />Recovery Issues<br />Will there be a business retention strategy? Who will define and manage it?<...
Discussion Scenario<br />The months after<br />Where repopulation is in doubt, developers propose large-scale warehousing ...
Pressure builds for recovery planning to change the Comp Plan,zoning, and transportation and infrastructure priorities</li...
Discussion Scenario<br />Recovery Issues<br />How will conflicting community interests in the redevelopment be mediated? <...
Discussion Scenario<br />We deliberately went “small” for this scenario, but what if it were BIG? …<br />What if supply ch...
National Context & Comparison<br />
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Fairfax County Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning: Project Launch

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Fairfax County has begun development of a Pre-Disaster Recovery Plan supported by a Department of Homeland Security Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI) grant. The county and area businesses, nonprofits and faith-based organizations will play a part in this important planning effort.

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Fairfax County Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning: Project Launch

  1. 1. Fairfax County Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning:<br />Community-wide Project <br />Launch<br />August 4, <br />2010<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br />Pre-Disaster Recovery Planning Workshop<br /><ul><li>Project Purpose and Introduction
  3. 3. Recovery Overview
  4. 4. Facilitated Discussion of Disaster Scenario and Recovery Issues
  5. 5. How do we compare nationally? 
  6. 6. Timeline and Next Steps
  7. 7. Vision and Goals for “Disaster Recovery”
  8. 8. Wrap-up and Q&A</li></li></ul><li>Fairfax Co. Pre-Disaster Recovery Plan: <br /> Project Purpose and Introduction<br />
  9. 9. Purpose and Introduction<br />Project History<br /><ul><li>Project DHS grant-funded by the Urban Areas Security Initiative (UASI)
  10. 10. Project Kick-off (internal): December 2009
  11. 11. Expansion of planning to include private sector, non-profits, neighboring jurisdictions, and interested members of the public: today
  12. 12. Approximate Project Completion Date: Fall 2011</li></li></ul><li>Purpose and Introduction<br />Project Purpose<br /><ul><li>Streamline Fairfax County’s recovery from disaster
  13. 13. Solidify four-phase emergency management approach (mitigation, preparation, response, and recovery)
  14. 14. Support the NCR in recovery planning efforts</li></li></ul><li>Recovery Overview<br />
  15. 15. Recovery Overview<br />Definitions<br /><ul><li>Response: how we manage a disaster
  16. 16. Continuity: what we do despite a disaster
  17. 17. Recovery: how we return to normal (or arrive at a “new normal”) after a disaster</li></li></ul><li>Recovery Overview<br />Emergency Response<br />Short-term<br />Established funding sources with clear utility<br />Trained personnel available (Fire/EMS, public works)<br />Long-Term Recovery<br /><ul><li>Can last years
  18. 18. Need to use many sources, often not designed for recovery
  19. 19. Few trained personnel, new roles, resource strain, no established management structures</li></li></ul><li>Recovery Overview<br />Emergency Response<br />Operational goals fairly obvious<br />Limited number of players<br />Few question resource needs<br />Limited political issues (at least until later!)<br />Long-Term Recovery<br /><ul><li>Needs are subjective and agenda-driven
  20. 20. Different and more Stakeholders
  21. 21. Limited resources, less clarity on benefits
  22. 22. Substantial political issues</li></li></ul><li>Recovery Overview<br />A disaster (or catastrophe) is not just <br />“Business as usual, but more of it.”<br />
  23. 23. Recovery Overview<br />Disaster recovery is not just <br />“Response, only more of it.”<br />
  24. 24. Recovery Overview<br />Disaster recovery is not just <br />“Business as usual, only after a disaster.”<br />
  25. 25. Recovery Overview<br />Not every hazard needs disaster recovery planning …<br />
  26. 26. Recovery Overview<br />Getting it done right <br />vs. <br />Getting it done fast <br />Reduces the fundamental tension of disaster recovery:<br />
  27. 27. Recovery Overview<br />Flexibility to improvise + Structure to let it work <br />
  28. 28. Discussion Scenario: <br />Radiological Dispersion Device (“Dirty Bomb”)<br />
  29. 29. Discussion Scenario<br />Incident<br />A medium-sized explosion observed from a van parked in front of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency’s (NGA) New Campus East facility, in Springfield<br /><ul><li>Radiation identified; scene turned over to hazmat team
  30. 30. No deaths or injuries
  31. 31. Driver quickly apprehended</li></ul>No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  32. 32. Discussion Scenario<br />Incident + 1 to 4 hours<br />Hazmat team establishes hot zone and exclusion zone based on EPA standards<br />Multiple state and federal partners arrive<br />Evacuation and shelter-in-place guidance issued<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  33. 33. Discussion Scenario<br />Hot zone<br />Exclusion zone<br />Shelter in place<br />
  34. 34. Discussion Scenario<br /><ul><li>Rings show increase in cancer rate: </li></ul>5% (1 in 100)<br />0.5% (1 in 1000)<br />0.05% (1 in 10,000)<br />(Journal of the Federation of American Scientists, April 2002)<br />Realty Check:<br />Americium (typical source amount from oil surveying equipment) detonated via 1 lb. of TNT<br />3<br />2<br />1<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  35. 35. Discussion Scenario<br />
  36. 36. Discussion Scenario<br /><ul><li>Evacuations, mass care and sheltering take place smoothly
  37. 37. Many people check themselves into hospitals</li></ul>The day after<br />All citizens evacuate from exclusion zone<br />Some evacuate from shelter-in-place zone as well, others from even further away<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  38. 38. Discussion Scenario<br /><ul><li>What if county or regional parks are needed for debris?
  39. 39. How would the public weigh in on these issues? </li></ul>Recovery Issues<br />Where does temporary housing get set up, if needed?<br />Where do students who had attended impacted schools go?<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  40. 40. Discussion Scenario<br />Recovery Issues<br />Who will determine “how clean is clean,” and by what process? Whose data will be used?<br />Will thresholds be the same all uses (residential, commercial, infrastructure)<br />When can repopulation begin? Where will repopulation be allowed? <br />What are the implications of declaring areas to be “permanently closed”? <br />How do federal and state partners plug in? <br />How are stakeholders and the public heard?<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  41. 41. Discussion Scenario<br />The weeks after<br />Repopulation is OK’d for lowest-impacted areas, but exclusion zone are permanently closed<br /><ul><li>Buy-outs set up for within exclusion zone
  42. 42. Uncertainty grows for neighborhoods nearby
  43. 43. Contributions of housing labor and material pour in</li></ul>.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />.<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  44. 44. Discussion Scenario<br />Recovery Issues<br />How will major land-use impacts be managed<br />relocation of infrastructure or housing<br />the “jack-o-lantern” effect<br />land acquisition<br />How are stakeholders/ the public plugged in?<br />How will contributions of time, personnel, and materials be coordinated?<br />Need to ensure continuity over time<br />Need to prevent gaps and overlaps<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  45. 45. Discussion Scenario<br />The months after<br />“Fairfax,” “dirty bomb,” “radiation,” and “Chernobyl” are constantly linked in print, internet, TV, social media<br /><ul><li>Although Springfield Mall, Lee Center, etc. are mostly beyond the exclusion zone, several large companies announce they will leave the county</li></ul>No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  46. 46. Discussion Scenario<br />Recovery Issues<br />Will there be a business retention strategy? Who will define and manage it?<br />How will Fairfax County regain its reputation as place to live and do business?<br />How will Fairfax County convince residents and businesses that the event is over?<br />What role does the private sector play in this?<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  47. 47. Discussion Scenario<br />The months after<br />Where repopulation is in doubt, developers propose large-scale warehousing and light industrial projects<br /><ul><li>Others argue for open space or community facilities
  48. 48. Pressure builds for recovery planning to change the Comp Plan,zoning, and transportation and infrastructure priorities</li></ul>SPRINGFIELD REDEVELOPMENT <br />MASTER PLAN<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  49. 49. Discussion Scenario<br />Recovery Issues<br />How will conflicting community interests in the redevelopment be mediated? <br />Will mitigation be applied to rebuilt/ relocated housing, infrastructure, and other facilities?<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  50. 50. Discussion Scenario<br />We deliberately went “small” for this scenario, but what if it were BIG? …<br />What if supply chains were compromised county- or region-wide?<br />What if recovery-critical firms (Home Depot, Wal-Mart, gas stations) couldn’t reopen?<br />What if childcare, salaries, benefits were held up for weeks?<br />What if construction labor was unavailable?<br />What if personal decisions were overwhelming or impossible to make?<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  51. 51. National Context & Comparison<br />
  52. 52. National Context<br />DHS “National Disaster Recovery Framework” (Draft Feb. 5, 2010)<br /><ul><li>Establishes six “Recovery Support Functions” (RSFs) at the federal level
  53. 53. Establishes federal and state leads and defines responsibilities across agencies
  54. 54. Reinforces role of local leads
  55. 55. Fairfax will be among the first to do a local plan that is designed to coordinate with the emerging federal framework</li></li></ul><li>National Context<br />There are currently a handful of disaster recovery plans (or “reconstruction plans”) in the US<br /><ul><li>Mainly in coastal cities and resort areas
  56. 56. Hurricane
  57. 57. Tsunami
  58. 58. Earthquake
  59. 59. No federal mandate; only draft federal guidance to-date</li></ul>Fairfax is way ahead of the curve<br />
  60. 60. National Context<br />(Note that this survey was not exhaustive – there may be additional Disaster Recovery/Reconstruction Plans)<br />
  61. 61. Timeline and Next Steps<br />
  62. 62. Timeline and Next Steps<br />Kick-off & document research (12/09-3/10)<br /><ul><li>Preliminary work with OEM, deputy county execs
  63. 63. Research (best practices, EOP, HMP, NCR HIRA, etc., etc.)
  64. 64. County Agency orientation event</li></ul>County AgencyInterviews (3/10-6/10):<br /><ul><li>Identifying planning issues
  65. 65. Existing resources and capabilities
  66. 66. Beginning to think about goals and objectives</li></ul>No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  67. 67. Timeline and Next Steps<br />Expanding/ Establishing the planning groups (now):<br />Working with private and non-profit sectors, regional partners<br />Additional interviews<br />Roles<br />Recovery Planning Working Group:<br />Steering Committee<br />Subject Matter/ Technical Experts<br />Reviewers<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  68. 68. Timeline and Next Steps<br />Reviewers<br />Working Group<br />Steering Committee<br />Technical Expertise<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  69. 69. Timeline and Next Steps<br />Working Group will utilize existing organizational relationships<br />Intent is to provide conduits for information flow<br />The process needs representation of technical and subject-matter expertise<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  70. 70. Timeline and Next Steps<br />Further out (now through summer ‘11):<br />Internet Survey<br />Working Group Meetings to Develop the Plan<br />Apply our experience, national best practices<br />Apply your local knowledge and understanding of how Fairfax works<br />Open to public whenever appropriate<br />Review and revise Plan <br />Tabletop Exercise<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  71. 71. Timeline and Next Steps<br />(Draft) Recovery Support Functions<br /><ul><li>Command and Coordination
  72. 72. Economic Development
  73. 73. Health, Social, and Community Services
  74. 74. Housing
  75. 75. Infrastructure and Capital Repairs
  76. 76. Natural and Cultural Resources</li></li></ul><li>Vision and Goals for a Pre-Disaster Recovery Plan<br />No text smaller than 18-pt, please – if we can’t fit it on the slide in text big enough to read, we’re trying to put too many words up ...<br />
  77. 77. Recovery Vision & Goals<br />Vision: <br /> What would Fairfax be aiming for after a disaster?<br />Goals: <br /> How will Fairfax achieve that?<br />
  78. 78. Recovery Vision & Goals<br />Vision: Getting back to “regular” life, but Safer, Stronger, Smarter<br />Maximize long-term benefits<br />Recognize new risks/ realities<br />Leverage “catalyst” projects with recovery, social, and economic development benefits<br />Holistic approach: Economic, Social, Cultural, Environmental<br />Mitigation, risk-reduction, and resiliency<br />
  79. 79. Recovery Vision & Goals<br />Goals: Be Prepared/ Be Proactive<br />Inventory resources (agencies, entities, funds)<br />Set up for local lead role, while being able to work with your neighbors<br /><ul><li>Set up streamlined </li></ul>procedures and <br /> rules – and <br /> triggers to activate <br /> them<br /><ul><li>Keeping it “close to </li></ul>normal”<br />
  80. 80. Recovery Vision & Goals<br />Goals: Be Prepared/ Be Proactive<br />Clear out obstacles in advance by pre-establishing ... <br />Leadership structures, potentially outside of normal governance<br />Priorities and direction to guide difficult decisions<br />Decision-making processes<br />Legal authorities<br />Includes NGOs<br />
  81. 81. Recovery Vision & Goals<br />Goal: Ensure Legitimacy and Credibility through Stakeholder Outreach and Community Participation <br /><ul><li>Work with private, non-profit sectors and other jurisdictions
  82. 82. Balance interests
  83. 83. Safeguard equity
  84. 84. Long-term community gains and short-term individual wellbeing</li></li></ul><li>Recovery Vision & Goals<br />Goal: Recognize Key Roles of the Private- and Non-Profit Sectors<br /><ul><li>Unlike during emergency management …
  85. 85. Non-government sectors do the “heavy lifting” of disaster recovery
  86. 86. Government participates as a “facilitating stakeholder”</li></li></ul><li>Recovery Vision & Goals<br />Goal: Build on Existing Deliberative Planning and Organizational Relationships<br /><ul><li>Comprehensive Plan
  87. 87. Area and Neighborhood Plans
  88. 88. Mitigation and Flood Management Plans
  89. 89. Economic Development Strategies
  90. 90. Transportation and Capital </li></ul> Improvement Plans<br /><ul><li>VOAD Planning
  91. 91. Volunteer/ Donations Mgt. </li></ul> Planning <br />
  92. 92. Closing thoughts <br />and Q&A<br />

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