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Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2012-2013: Depression, Suicide and Unhealthy Weight Loss Behaviors
 

Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2012-2013: Depression, Suicide and Unhealthy Weight Loss Behaviors

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Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2012-2013: Depression, Suicide and Unhealthy Weight Loss Behaviors

Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2012-2013: Depression, Suicide and Unhealthy Weight Loss Behaviors

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  • The Fairfax County Youth Survey provides DATAto county, school, and community–based organizations to:Assess Youth Strengths and Needs Develop Programs and ServicesMonitor TrendsMeasure Community Indicators andGuide Countywide Planning of Prevention Efforts
  • The survey is Comprehensive and covers many topics. Some examples are alcohol, tobacco and other drug use, depression, bullying, nutrition and physical activity and sexual health. The survey is anonymous. No identifying information for the student is stored with the results. AndIt is Voluntary. Students are instructed that they may decline to answer any of the questions on the survey or may completely opt out of taking the survey.Students are asked questions about their behaviors,experiences, and the risk and protective influences in their lives.
  • Complete results from the survey can be found in the reports on the youth survey website.There are more questions asked on the survey than are covered in this presentation.
  • The 2012 Fairfax County Youth Survey was completed• by almost 47 thousand Fairfax County Public School students,• in grades 6, 8, 10, and 12,• representing 87% of enrolled students in those grades.(*1)6th grade students take a shortened, modified survey. Where available, 6th grade data are referenced in this presentation. More detailed information can be found in the 6th grade report on the Fairfax County Youth Survey webpage.
  • Depressive symptoms were higher in 2012 than in 2011 for every demographic category, but are similar to the data from 2010.
  • Though the overall rate of depressive symptoms in Fairfax County is 31%, a closer look shows that female studentsare affected at a much higher rate than males at every grade level and for all races and ethnicities. This is a pattern we have seen with the national data.Nearly HALF of Hispanic females report depressive symptoms in the past year.
  • Through the Fairfax County Youth Survey, we see that positive influences in students’ lives make a difference in depressive symptoms and suicide.For students who report having all 6 of the protective factors listed, the rate of depressive symptoms is only 13% compared to 60% of those who report depressive symptoms when they have none of the protective factors.We can see that having protective factors in their lives makes a profound difference for our youth.
  • The PATTERN of responses to unhealthy weight loss questions is similar to that of depressive symptoms. Overall, 9% of students have used unhealthy weight loss methods in the past 30 days. This equates to over 5,000 high school students in Fairfax County Public Schools.Female students are affected at a much higher rate than males at every grade level and for all races and ethnicities. Hispanic females are disproportionately affected, with almost one in five reporting use of at least one unhealthy weight loss method.
  • There is a strong correlation between depressive symptoms and other unhealthy experiences. The data results are not meant to imply cause and effect relationships. The data does not indicate whether depressive symptoms make someone more likely to be victimized or if being a victim leads to depressive symptoms. But it is important to note that students who reported depressive symptoms in the past year,are more likely in every case to report being an aggressor with bullying, racial/cultural harassment, or cyberbullying; having sex, or using alcohol, tobacco or other drugs than students who did not report depressive symptoms.
  • The data show us that when we give our teens opportunities to be involved, offer supportive relationships, and recognize their good work and accomplishments, we give them the assets to help them make good decisions and become resilient to risky behaviors.Looking at the assets that specifically address having caring adults in your life (at school, in the community, and at home).Story behind the numbers – Past 30-Day Alcohol Use:With zero assets, 28% have used alcohol in the past 30-days.Having just 1 asset, the percentage drops 5 percentage points to 23%.Having 2 assets, the percentage drops 3 more percentage points to 20%.Having all 3 assets of caring adults (Three to succeed) – the percentage of students using alcohol in the past 30 days dropped to 14% (a 14 percentage point difference from 0 assets).
  • For questions regarding the Fairfax County Youth Survey, contact Sophia Dutton.For questions regarding Intervention and Prevention services in Fairfax County Public Schools, contact Dede Bailer.

Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2012-2013: Depression, Suicide and Unhealthy Weight Loss Behaviors Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2012-2013: Depression, Suicide and Unhealthy Weight Loss Behaviors Presentation Transcript

  • Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2012-2013 Depression, Suicide and Unhealthy Weight Loss Behaviors Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey Updated November 2013
  • About the Fairfax County Youth Survey It provides DATA to county, school, and community–based organizations to: • Assess Youth Strengths and Needs • Develop Programs and Services • Monitor Trends • Measure Community Indicators • Guide Countywide Planning of Prevention Efforts Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 2
  • More About the Fairfax County Youth Survey • Comprehensive • Anonymous • Voluntary It examines the • Behaviors, • Experiences, and • Risk and Protective Factors that influence the well-being of our county’s youth. Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 3
  • Fairfax County Youth Survey Web Page www.fairfaxcounty.gov/youthsurvey Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 4
  • Fairfax County Youth Survey Participation • 46,969 FCPS students • Grades 6, 8, 10, and 12 • Representing 90% of enrolled students 6th grade students take a shortened, modified survey. Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 5
  • Three to Succeed Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey
  • Three to Succeed The Three to Succeed concept is based on the youth survey analysis that shows how just having three assets (or strengths) dramatically reduces risk behaviors and promotes thriving youth. Assets are strengths in young people, their families, schools and communities that help them thrive in health, in school and daily life, and in a safe environment. The more assets an individual has in their lives, the fewer risk behaviors are reported. Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 7
  • Three to Succeed Asset Graph for Fairfax County (Grades 8, 10, 12) Bullied Someone (Year) Sex (Ever) Alcohol Use (30 Days) Marijuana Use (30 Days) Carried a Weapon (Year) Binge Drinking (2 Weeks) Cigarette Use (30 Days) Gang Member (Ever) Percent with Risky Behavior 70 60 Three Assets 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 1 2 3 Number of Assets Having High Personal Integrity Performing Community Service Having Teachers Recognize Good Work 4 5 Having Community Adults to Talk to Participating in Extracurricular Activities Having Parents Available for Help Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 6
  • Mental Health: Depression, Suicide and Unhealthy Weight Loss Survey Questions and Results Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey
  • Fairfax County Youth Survey Questions Students were asked the following question. The next section asks about your feelings and experiences in other parts of your life. Remember, your answers are confidential. During the past 12 months, did you ever feel so sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in a row that you stopped doing some usual activities? Yes/No Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey The question regarding depressive symptoms is asked annually. 10 10
  • Percent Who Experienced Depressive Symptoms in Past Year (Grades 8, 10, 12) 60 50 % Reporting 40 30 20 10 0 Overall FCPS 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Other/ Multiple 31.3 27.7 32.3 33.9 37.1 25.2 26.6 30.8 40.8 30.8 35.6 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 11
  • Percent Who Experienced Depressive Symptoms in Past Year (Grade 6) 60 % Reporting 50 40 30 20 10 0 Overall % Female Male White 20.9 22.5 19.1 17.2 Black Hispanic Asian 25.7 27.1 17.9 Other/ Multiple 24.6 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 12
  • Depressive Symptoms Higher in 2012 60 50 % Reporting 40 30 20 10 0 Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Other/ Multiple FCPS 2011 29.2 24.9 30.7 32.0 35.1 23.0 25.3 28.1 37.6 28.6 34.5 FCPS 2012 31.3 27.7 32.3 33.9 37.1 25.2 26.6 30.8 40.8 30.8 35.6 Note: 6th Grade Prevalence = 22.1% and 20.9% in 2011 and 2012, respectively Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 13
  • A Closer Look at Depressive Symptoms 60 % Reporting 50 40 30 20 10 0 Overall 8th 10th 12th White Black Hispanic Asian Other/ Multiple Male 25.2 22.7 24.3 28.6 21.6 24.4 31.0 26.8 27.6 Female 37.1 32.5 39.7 39.0 31.4 37.6 49.8 34.6 43.9 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 14
  • Fairfax County Youth Survey Questions On the 2011 Fairfax County Youth Survey, students were asked questions regarding suicide. These questions are only asked in odd years to keep the survey at a length that can be completed during one class period and to coincide with the administration of the YRBS to obtain a national comparison. The next section asks about your feelings during the past 12 months. Remember, your answers are confidential. During the past 12 months, did you ever: … seriously consider attempting suicide? Yes/No … actually attempt suicide? Yes/No Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey The questions regarding suicide are asked biennially, and were not asked on the 2012 survey. 15 15
  • Percent Who Considered Suicide in the Past Year (Grades 8, 10, 12) 60 Results from the 2011 Youth Survey % Reporting 50 40 30 20 10 0 Overall FCPS US 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispani c Asian Other/ Multiple 15.8 13.9 17.5 16.1 19.6 11.9 13.8 15.5 18.8 15.7 21.7 16.5 13.6 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 16
  • Percent Who Attempted Suicide in the Past Year (Grades 8, 10, 12) 60 Results from the 2011 Youth Survey 50 % Reporting 40 30 20 10 0 Overall FCPS US 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispani c Asian Other/ Multiple 3.8 3.1 4.3 3.9 4.7 2.8 3.0 3.7 5.9 3.2 5.2 8.2 6.3 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 17
  • Assets and Experiences of Depressive Symptoms and Suicide Percent with Experience 70 60 Results from the 2011 Youth Survey Depressive Symptoms Suicidal Ideation Attempted Suicide 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 1 2 3 Number of Assets Having High Personal Integrity Performing Community Service Having Teachers Recognize Good Work 4 5 6 Having Community Adults to Talk to Participating in Extracurricular Activities Having Parents Available for Help Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 18
  • Fairfax County Youth Survey Questions Students were asked the following questions regarding unhealthy weight loss behaviors: During the past 30 days, did you …go without eating for 24 hours or more(also called fasting) to lose weight or to keep from gaining weight? ...take any diet pills, powders, or liquids without a doctor’s advice to lose weight or to keep from gaining weight? Do not include meal replacement products (such as Slim Fast). ...vomit or take laxatives to lose weight or to keep from gaining weight? Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey Like the questions about suicide, the questions regarding unhealthy weight loss behaviors are asked biennially and were not on the 2012 survey. 19 19
  • A Closer Look at Unhealthy Weight Loss Behavior 60 Results from the 2011 Youth Survey % Reporting 50 40 30 20 10 0 Overall 8th 10th 12th White Black Hispanic Asian Other/ Multiple Male 5.6 5.9 5.4 5.4 4.2 7.5 8.3 5.5 4.8 Female 12.9 11.2 13.9 13.6 11.6 12.9 19.3 9.4 14.7 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 20
  • Substance Use Correlation to Depression Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey
  • Correlation Data • Cross-tabulations are when we look at the way students responded to multiple questions, for example when we look at results by demographics such as symptoms of depression by gender or the cross of two experiences such as symptoms of depression by substance use. Cross-tabulations of data do not imply cause and effect. Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 22 22
  • Correlation Data • The results do not imply that being a certain gender or using substances causes depression. The data indicate there is a correlation of the female gender reporting higher prevalence of reported depressive symptoms. • Similarly, youth who use substances are more likely to report symptoms of depression, but the results do NOT show if substance use causes depression or if depression leads to substance use. Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 23 23
  • Depression (Grades 8, 10, 12) Substance Use Related Factors 60 Comparing Depression and No Depression as Sub-populations % Reporting 50 40 30 20 10 0 30-Day ATOD 30-Day Alcohol Binge Drinking 30-Day Marijuana 30-Day Tobacco 30-Day Painkillers 30-Day Inhalant 30-Day Prescription Experienced Depression 40.0 26.1 12.9 15.7 9.5 9.0 5.5 7.3 No Depression 24.3 17.2 8.0 8.8 3.4 3.6 1.8 2.8 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 24
  • Depression (Grade 6) Substance Use Related Factors 40 Comparing Depression and No Depression as Sub-populations % Reporting 30 20 10 0 30-Day ATOD 30-Day Inhalant 30-Day Alcohol 30-Day Tobacco 30-Day Marijuana Ever Used Inhalant Experienced Depression 10.1 5.8 5.0 0.6 0.6 11.1 No Depression 3.3 1.7 1.4 0.2 0.2 4.3 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 25
  • Aggression and Victimization Correlation to Depression Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey
  • Depression (Grades 8, 10, 12) Aggression & Victimization Related Factors 80 Comparing Depression and No Depression as Sub-populations 70 % Reporting 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Victim Bullying Victim Racial or Cultural Harrassment Victim Cyberbullying at School Bullied Others Racially or Culturally Harrassed Others Cyberbullied Others at School Carried a Weapon Ever Been in a Gang Experienced Depression 68.1 57.3 22.5 49.2 42.6 11.7 16.9 5.0 No Depression 46.4 39.9 7.1 38.0 34.7 5.0 9.2 1.8 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 27
  • Depression (Grade 6) Aggression & Victimization Related Factors 100 Comparing Depression and No Depression as Sub-populations % Reporting 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Victim Bullying Victim Racial or Cultural Harrassment Victim Cyberbullying at School Bullied Others Racially or Culturally Harrassed Others Cyberbullied Others at School Carried a Weapon Experienced Depression 68.8 33.2 25.3 29.2 9.7 10.0 22.0 No Depression 37.9 14.4 9.2 17.1 4.6 3.7 11.7 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 28
  • Health and Well-Being Correlation to Depression Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey
  • % Reporting Depression (Grades 8, 10, 12) Health and Well-Being Related Factors 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Comparing Depression and No Depression as Sub-populations Physical Activity (Less than 1 hr, 5+ days/week) Sleep (Fewer than 8 hrs) Ever Had Sexual Intercourse Ever Had Oral Sex Experienced Depression 64.4 76.8 30.0 32.8 No Depression 55.2 64.8 17.3 20.6 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 30
  • Depression (Grade 6) Health and Well-Being Related Factors 80 70 60 Comparing Depression and No Depression as Sub-populations % Reporting 50 40 30 20 10 0 Physical Activity (Less than 1 hr, 5+ days/week) Experienced Depression 49.0 No Depression 47.3 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 31
  • School Performance Correlation to Depression Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey
  • Depression (Grades 8, 10, 12) School Performance Related Factors % Reporting 60 Comparing Depression and No Depression as Sub-populations 50 40 30 20 10 0 Skipped School Don't Feel Suspended in Safe at School Past Year Poor Grades Low Perceived Ability to Do Well in School Experienced Depression 31.6 20.2 12.3 4.7 2.5 No Depression 18.1 7.5 7.2 1.4 0.8 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 33
  • Depression (Grade 6) School Performance Related Factors % Reporting 60 50 40 Comparing Depression and No Depression as Sub-populations 30 20 10 0 Don't Feel Safe at School Poor Grades Low Perceived Ability to Do Well in School Experienced Depression 16.7 2.1 6.3 No Depression 4.0 0.8 4.6 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 34
  • Risk and Protective Factors Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey
  • Risk and Protective Factors Risk Factors help us explain circumstances that may increase the likelihood of problem behaviors Youth who exhibit increased amounts of a risk factor are considered to be at “high risk” in that category Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 36
  • Risk and Protective Factors Protective Factors can help increase resiliency to substance use and problem behaviors, buffering youth from risk Youth who exhibit increased amounts of a protective factor are considered to have “high protection” in that category Full Glossary of R&P questions can be found in the 2010 Fairfax County Youth Survey Report. Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 37
  • % Reporting Depression (Grades 8, 10, 12) Protective Factors Comparing Depression and No Depression as Sub-populations 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Have Participate in Parents are Community ExtraAvailable for Adults to Talk curricular Help to Activities High Personal Integrity Perform Community Service Teachers Recognize Good Work Experienced Depression 67.6 66.8 55.0 28.9 71.5 61.0 No Depression 79.3 74.3 66.7 44.8 81.0 82.2 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 38
  • % Reporting Depression (Grade 6) Protective Factors Comparing Depression and No Depression as Sub-populations 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Have Feel Safe at Community School Adults to Talk to Participate Parents are in ExtraAvailable for curricular Help Activities High Personal Integrity Perform Community Service Experienced Depression 94.8 43.9 83.3 45.6 69.2 79.3 No Depression 98.0 45.0 96.0 59.3 75.4 92.7 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 39
  • Depressive Symptoms in Past Year Related Factors Bullied Others (Past Year) Racially/ Culturally Harrassed Others (Past… ATOD Sex (Ever) Cyberbullied Others (Past Year) Depression No Depression Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 40
  • Asset Graph for Caring Adults (Grades 8, 10, 12) Percent with Risky Behavior 60 Bullied Someone (Year) Sex (Ever) Alcohol Use (30 Days) Marijuana Use (30 Days) Carried a Weapon (Year) Binge Drinking (2 Weeks) Cigarette Use (30 Days) Gang Member (Ever) 50 40 30 20 10 0 0 1 Number of Assets 2 Having Parents Available for Help Having Teachers Recognize Good Work Having Community Adults to Talk to 3 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 41
  • The Prevention Toolkit The Prevention Toolkit provides access to presentations, videos, fact sheets, links to helpful organizations and resources, and ideas for taking action in your family and community to address Youth Survey related topics. • Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs • Bullying and Cyberbullying • Depression, Suicide and Unhealthy Weight Loss • Nutrition and Physical Activity • Teen Dating Abuse The Prevention Toolkit Website www.fairfaxcounty.gov/ncs/prevention/toolkit.htm Contact Email NCSPrevention@fairfaxcounty.gov Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 42
  • Help and More Information Find these and other organizations in the Prevention Toolkit as resources for help and more information. • Crisislink Suicide Prevention Hotline: (703) 527-4077 • National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: (800) 273-TALK (8255) • Fairfax-Falls Church Community Services Board (CSB) Mental Health Services 24-Hour CSB Emergency Services Phone: 703-383-8500 TTY: 703-207-7737 Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 43
  • Help and More Information from Fairfax County Public Schools Intervention and Prevention Services  School Psychology Services  School Social Work Services  Student Safety and Wellness  School Counseling Services Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey 44
  • Questions? Contact Us! Sophia Dutton Countywide Service Integration and Planning Management Strategic Planning & Communications Sophia.Dutton@fairfaxcounty.gov Dede Bailer Fairfax County Public Schools Office of Intervention and Prevention Services Dede.Bailer@fcps.edu Fairfax County 2012 Youth Survey www.fairfaxcounty.gov/youthsurvey 45