Fairfax County                           Youth Survey                            School Year                            20...
About the Fairfax County Youth SurveyIt provides DATA to county, school, andcommunity–based organizations to:• Assess Yout...
More About the Fairfax County Youth Survey                        • Comprehensive                        • Anonymous      ...
Fairfax County Youth Survey Web Page        www.fairfaxcounty.gov/youthsurvey           Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey  ...
Fairfax County Youth Survey Participation•   45,350 FCPS students•   Grades 6, 8, 10, and 12•   Representing 87% of enroll...
Three to Succeed      Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
Three to SucceedThe Three to Succeed concept is based on the youthsurvey analysis that shows how just having three assets ...
Three to SucceedAsset Graph for Fairfax County (Grades 8, 10, 12)                               80                        ...
Asset Graph for Fairfax County (Grade 6)                                60                                                ...
A Countywide Prevention GoalChildren are Physically Fit with Good Nutritional Habits• Don’t focus solely on weight. Childr...
Childhood Obesity and Adulthood             “It is possible that, given the     increasing prevalence of severe overweight...
CDC Maps Percent of Obese in U.S. Adults          Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey                                        ...
Health Effects of Childhood Obesity  Treating and preventing childhood obesity helps protect the health of                ...
What Causes Childhood Obesity• Limited Knowledge of the benefit of physical activity and   nutrition as well as Limited Sk...
What Causes Childhood Obesity• Cultural Norms and Role Models. Families and other role   models can have an impact on one’...
NutritionSurvey Questions andResults      Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionsStudents were asked nutrition questions with the followinginstruction:The next sectio...
Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionsDuring the past 7 days:• how many times did you eat fruit? (Do not count fruit juice....
Nutrition (Grades 8, 10, 12)Frequency for Eating 5 or More Fruits and Vegetables Daily                                    ...
Nutrition (Grades 8, 10, 12)       Students Who ate 5 or More Fruits and Vegetables Daily             80             70   ...
Physical ActivitySurvey Questions andResults     Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionsThe next section asks about physical activity.During the past 7 days, on how many day...
Physical Activity (Grades 8, 10, 12)Frequency of Physical Activity (Past Week)                                 Overall    ...
Physical Activity (Grades 8, 10, 12)             80                              Percent of youth who were physically acti...
Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionsThe next section asks about screentime.On an average school day, how many hours do yo...
Screentime: 3+ Hours TV (Grades 8, 10, 12)             80             70             60             50Percentage          ...
Screentime: 3+ Hours Video Games/Non-             Academic Computer (Grades 8, 10, 12)              80              70    ...
Screentime (Combined): 3+ Hours per Day      (Grades 8, 10, 12)              80              70              60           ...
Correlations     Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
Correlation Data• Cross-tabulations are when we look at the  way students responded to multiple  questions, for example wh...
Correlation Data• The results do not imply that being a certain gender  or using substances causes depression. The data  i...
Fruits and Vegetables (Grades 8, 10, 12)Self-Care and Depression Related Factors                                80        ...
Physical Activity (Grades 8, 10, 12)Self-Care and Depression Related Factors                               80             ...
Asset Graph for Caring Adults (Grades 8, 10, 12)                                                                          ...
Asset Graph forNutrition and Activity (Grades 8, 10, 12)                                   90 Percent with Unhealthy Behav...
What Families Can Do Adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Children who are raised in active familie...
What Community Groups Can DoAdapted from Northern Virginia Healthy Kids Coalition 9-5-2-1-0• Increase availability of heal...
What Community Groups Can Do - More Ideas• Work with your homeowners association to establish a regular  maintenance and s...
The Prevention ToolkitThe Prevention Toolkit             • Alcohol, Tobacco and Otherprovides presentations,              ...
Help and More InformationFind these and other organizations in the Prevention Toolkit:•   Fairfax County Department of Nei...
Help and More Information (cont.)Find these and other organizations in the Prevention Toolkit:•   Centers for Disease Cont...
Questions? Contact Us!     Sophia Dutton     Countywide Service Integration and Planning Management     Economic, Demograp...
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Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2011-2012: Nutrition and Physical Activity

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Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2011-2012: Nutrition and Physical Activity

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Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2011-2012: Nutrition and Physical Activity

  1. 1. Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2011-2012Nutrition and Physical Activity Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey Updated September 2012
  2. 2. About the Fairfax County Youth SurveyIt provides DATA to county, school, andcommunity–based organizations to:• Assess Youth Strengths and Needs• Develop Programs and Services• Monitor Trends• Measure Community Indicators• Guide Countywide Planning of Prevention Efforts Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 2
  3. 3. More About the Fairfax County Youth Survey • Comprehensive • Anonymous • Voluntary It examines the • Behaviors, • Experiences, and • Risk and Protective Factors that influence the well- being of our county’s youth. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 3
  4. 4. Fairfax County Youth Survey Web Page www.fairfaxcounty.gov/youthsurvey Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 4
  5. 5. Fairfax County Youth Survey Participation• 45,350 FCPS students• Grades 6, 8, 10, and 12• Representing 87% of enrolled students 6th grade students take a shortened, modified survey. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 5
  6. 6. Three to Succeed Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  7. 7. Three to SucceedThe Three to Succeed concept is based on the youthsurvey analysis that shows how just having three assets (orstrengths) dramatically reduces risk behaviors andpromotes thriving youth.Assets are strengths in young people, their families, schoolsand communities that help them thrive in health, in schooland daily life, and in a safe environment. The more assetsan individual has in their lives, the fewer risk behaviors arereported. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 7
  8. 8. Three to SucceedAsset Graph for Fairfax County (Grades 8, 10, 12) 80 Bullied Someone (Year) Sex (Ever) Alcohol Use (30 Days) 70 Marijuana Use (30 Days) Percent with Risky Behavior Carried a Weapon (Year) 60 Binge Drinking (2 Weeks) 0 Assets Cigarette Use (30 Days) 50 Gang Member (Ever) 40 3 Assets 30 6 Assets 20 10 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of Assets Having High Personal Integrity Having Community Adults to Talk to Performing Community Service Participating in Extracurricular Activities Having Teachers Recognize Good Work Having Parents Available for Help Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 8
  9. 9. Asset Graph for Fairfax County (Grade 6) 60 Bullied Someone (year) Carried a Weapon (year) Percent with Risky Behaviors 50 Cyberbullied Someone (year) Inhalant Use (30 days) Alcohol Use (30 days) 40 Cigarettes (30 days) Marijuana Use (30 days) 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of Assets High Personal Integrity Have Community Adults to Talk to Perform Community Service Participate in Extracurricular Activities Feel Safe at School Parents are Available for Help Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 9
  10. 10. A Countywide Prevention GoalChildren are Physically Fit with Good Nutritional Habits• Don’t focus solely on weight. Children who are physically fit with good nutritional habits are likely to be at a healthy weight and have adopted healthy behaviors.• Being a healthy weight does not mean you are fit with good nutritional habits. Behavior is important to life- long good health. Unhealthy behaviors are linked to a variety of chronic diseases, such as cancer, stroke, diabetes, and heart disease. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 10
  11. 11. Childhood Obesity and Adulthood “It is possible that, given the increasing prevalence of severe overweight,some children will live shorter and less healthy lives than their parents.”-- The Center for Health and Health Care in Schools “Children and adolescents who are obese are likely to be obese as adults and are therefore more at risk for adult health problems.” -- CDC Childhood Obesity Facts Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 11
  12. 12. CDC Maps Percent of Obese in U.S. Adults Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 12
  13. 13. Health Effects of Childhood Obesity Treating and preventing childhood obesity helps protect the health of your child now and in the futureImmediate/Long-term Physical Social and Emotional Effects Complications• Risk factors for cardiovascular disease • Low self-esteem and victim – high cholesterol and high blood of bullying pressure • Behavior and learning• Pre-diabetes – high risk for problems development of Type 2 diabetes • Depression• Bone and joint problems• Sleep apnea• Asthma and other breathing problems• Early puberty or menstruation Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey Sources: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, The Mayo Clinic, The National Institutes of Health. 13
  14. 14. What Causes Childhood Obesity• Limited Knowledge of the benefit of physical activity and nutrition as well as Limited Skills to make healthy choices.• Inconvenience and Unaffordability of Nutritious Foods. Multiple barriers including physical, economical, and time constraints can influence an individual’s access to healthy foods.• Limited Access to Physical Activity and Recreation. In some cases, individuals are unaware of the opportunities available to them. But in other cases, issues of safety or the physical space of neighborhoods can have an impact. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 14
  15. 15. What Causes Childhood Obesity• Cultural Norms and Role Models. Families and other role models can have an impact on one’s behaviors, values, and perspectives. Cultural norms and perspectives on food and physical activity can have repercussions for children and their families.• Impact of the Media and Screen Time. Youth spend much of their time using these media while not being physically active and during this time they are confronted with marketing and advertising messages that promote candy, sugary cereals, and fast food. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 15
  16. 16. NutritionSurvey Questions andResults Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  17. 17. Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionsStudents were asked nutrition questions with the followinginstruction:The next section asks about food you ate or drankduring the past 7 days. Think about all the mealsand snacks you had from the time you got up untilyou went to bed. Be sure to include food you ate athome, at school, at restaurants, or anywhere else. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 15 1515 17
  18. 18. Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionsDuring the past 7 days:• how many times did you eat fruit? (Do not count fruit juice.)• how many times did you eat green salad?• how many times did you eat potatoes? (Do not count french fries, fried potatoes, or potato chips.)• how many times did you eat carrots?• how many times did you eat other vegetables? (Do not count green salad, potatoes, or carrots.)• how many times did you drink a can, bottle, or glass of soda or pop, such as Coke, Pepsi, or Sprite? (Do not include diet soda or diet pop.) I did not eat [_] /past 7 days, 1-3 times/past 7 days, 4-6 times/past 7 days 1 time/day, 2 times/day, 3 times/day, 4 or more times/day Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 18
  19. 19. Nutrition (Grades 8, 10, 12)Frequency for Eating 5 or More Fruits and Vegetables Daily Overall No Fruits or Vegetables, 1.3% 5 or More, 26.4% Less Than 5, 72.6% 32.5% of 6th- graders reported eating 5 or more fruits and vegetables daily. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 19
  20. 20. Nutrition (Grades 8, 10, 12) Students Who ate 5 or More Fruits and Vegetables Daily 80 70 60 50Percentage 40 30 20 10 0 Hispani Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Asian c Multiple FCPS 26.4 31.1 25.2 22.9 25.2 27.6 26.3 21.2 25.4 28.6 30.5 US 13.9 14.1 32.5% of 6th- graders reported eating 5 or more fruits and vegetables daily. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 20
  21. 21. Physical ActivitySurvey Questions andResults Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  22. 22. Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionsThe next section asks about physical activity.During the past 7 days, on how many days were you physicallyactive for a total of at least 60 minutes per day? Add up allthe time you spend in any kind of physical activity that increasesyour heart rate and makes you breathe hard some of the time.0 days, 1 day, 2 days, 3 days, 4 days, 5 days, 6 days, 7 days Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 22
  23. 23. Physical Activity (Grades 8, 10, 12)Frequency of Physical Activity (Past Week) Overall 0 days 7 days 12.7% 21.5% 1 - 2 days 18.5% 5 - 6 days 21.4% 3 - 4 days 26.9% Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 23
  24. 24. Physical Activity (Grades 8, 10, 12) 80 Percent of youth who were physically active 70 for at least 60 minutes during 60 at least 5 of the last 7 days. 50Percentage 40 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS 41.9 46.0 43.7 35.9 33.3 51.1 49.3 41.4 34.8 31.4 44.5 US 51.8 44.8 Note: 6th Grade Prevalence = 56.1% Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 24
  25. 25. Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionsThe next section asks about screentime.On an average school day, how many hours do you:• … watch TV?• … play video or computer games or use a computer for something that is not school work? (Include activities such as Xbox, PlayStation, Nintendo DS, iPod Touch, Facebook, and the Internet.)Not at all, Less than 1 hour per day, 1 hour per day, 2 hours perday, 3 hours per day, 4 hours per day, 5 or more hours per day Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 25 25
  26. 26. Screentime: 3+ Hours TV (Grades 8, 10, 12) 80 70 60 50Percentage 40 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS 22.2 27.5 20.6 18.6 22.3 22.2 16.1 38.8 34.3 15.3 24.9 US 33.6 30.4 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 26
  27. 27. Screentime: 3+ Hours Video Games/Non- Academic Computer (Grades 8, 10, 12) 80 70 60 50Percentage 40 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS 37.6 36.9 38.1 38.0 34.7 40.8 30.6 44.0 44.3 42.8 40.8 US 31.6 28.8 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 27
  28. 28. Screentime (Combined): 3+ Hours per Day (Grades 8, 10, 12) 80 70 60 50Percentage 40 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS 52.7 56.1 51.4 50.6 51.3 54.3 47.9 63.5 63.3 47.7 54.1 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 28
  29. 29. Correlations Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  30. 30. Correlation Data• Cross-tabulations are when we look at the way students responded to multiple questions, for example when we look at results by demographics such as symptoms of depression by gender or the cross of two experiences such as symptoms of depression by substance use. Cross-tabulations of data do not imply cause and effect. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 3030
  31. 31. Correlation Data• The results do not imply that being a certain gender or using substances causes depression. The data indicate there is a correlation of the female gender reporting higher prevalence of reported depressive symptoms.• Similarly, youth who use substances are more likely to report symptoms of depression, but the results do NOT show if substance use causes depression or if depression leads to substance use. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 3131
  32. 32. Fruits and Vegetables (Grades 8, 10, 12)Self-Care and Depression Related Factors 80 70 60 50 Percent 40 30 20 10 0 5 Days Physical No Reported 8+ Hours Sleep Activity Depression No Fruits and Vegetables 18.09 26.9 60.8 5 or More Fruits and Vegetables 57.51 38.5 72.2 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 32
  33. 33. Physical Activity (Grades 8, 10, 12)Self-Care and Depression Related Factors 80 70 60 50 Percent 40 30 20 10 0 5 or more Fruits 8+ Hours Sleep No Reported and Vegetables a Night Depression Daily Fewer than 5 Days of Activity 19.3 30.3 67.8 Weekly 5 Days or More of Activity 28.1 37.4 75.3 Weekly Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 33
  34. 34. Asset Graph for Caring Adults (Grades 8, 10, 12) Bullied Someone (Year) Sex (Ever) 70 Alcohol Use (30 Days) Marijuana Use (30 Days) Carried a Weapon (Year) 60 Percent with Risky Behavior Binge Drinking (2 Weeks) Cigarettes (30 Days) 50 Gang Member (Ever) 40 30 20 10 0 0 1 2 3 Number of AssetsTeachers Recognize Good Work Have Community Adults to Talk to Parents are Available for Help Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 34
  35. 35. Asset Graph forNutrition and Activity (Grades 8, 10, 12) 90 Percent with Unhealthy Behavior 80 70 60 50 40 30 Fewer than 5 Fruits & Vegetables Daily 20 Fewer than 5 Days Physical Activity (60 minutes+) 10 in the Past Week 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of Assets Having High Personal Integrity Having Community Adults to Talk to Performing Community Service Participating in Extracurricular Activities Having Teachers Recognize Good Work Having Parents Available for Help Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 35
  36. 36. What Families Can Do Adapted from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Children who are raised in active families tend to stay active as adults.• Eat meals together as a family Parental presence at the evening meal means adolescents eat more fruits, vegetables and dairy foods.• Provide plenty of fruits and vegetables, limit foods high in fat and sugar, and prepare healthier foods at family meals.• Serve your family water instead of sugary drinks.• Make sure your child gets physical activity each day.• Limit media time for kids to no more than 1 to 2 hours of quality programming per day whether at home, school or child care.• Ensure children and adolescents get enough sleep. Lack of sleep is a risk factor for overweight and obesity. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 36
  37. 37. What Community Groups Can DoAdapted from Northern Virginia Healthy Kids Coalition 9-5-2-1-0• Increase availability of healthy drinks/snacks at youth programs, vending machines, and other events.• Increase activities that teach members healthy habits.• Provide educational materials to parents/children and post materials in public areas/meeting rooms.• Educate staff on healthy behaviors and encourage staff to be good role models.• Integrate healthy eating/physical activity into children/youth programs and classes.• Host active family events to promote physical activity that parents and children can enjoy together. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 37
  38. 38. What Community Groups Can Do - More Ideas• Work with your homeowners association to establish a regular maintenance and safety check schedule for playgrounds and tot lots.• Establish a policy in your PTA or house of worship to limit the amount of unhealthy foods served at events, potlucks, and fundraisers.• Form carpooling partnerships to help more kids participate in after-school and athletic activities. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 38
  39. 39. The Prevention ToolkitThe Prevention Toolkit • Alcohol, Tobacco and Otherprovides presentations, Drugsvideos, fact sheets, links to • Bullying and Cyberbullyinghelpful organizations and • Depression, Suicide &resources, and ideas for Unhealthy Weight Losstaking action in your familyand community to address • Nutrition and PhysicalYouth Survey related topics. Activity • Teen Dating Abuse The Prevention Toolkit Website www.fairfaxcounty.gov/ncs/prevention/toolkit.htm Contact Email NCSPrevention@fairfaxcounty.gov Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 39
  40. 40. Help and More InformationFind these and other organizations in the Prevention Toolkit:• Fairfax County Department of Neighborhood and Community Services• Fairfax County Park Authority• Fairfax County Health Department• Fairfax County Public Schools Office of Food and Nutrition Services• Fairfax County Public Schools Health and Physical Education – Resources www.fairfaxcounty.gov/ncs/prevention/toolkit_agencies_orgs.htm Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 40
  41. 41. Help and More Information (cont.)Find these and other organizations in the Prevention Toolkit:• Centers for Disease Control and Prevention• We Can!, National Institutes of Health• Northern Virginia Healthy Kids Coalition 9-5-2-1-0 for Health• Healthy People 2010 (HP2010)• Eating Disorders, National Alliance on Mental Illness www.fairfaxcounty.gov/ncs/prevention/toolkit_agencies_orgs.htm Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 41
  42. 42. Questions? Contact Us! Sophia Dutton Countywide Service Integration and Planning Management Economic, Demographic and Statistical Research Sophia.Dutton@fairfaxcounty.gov Dede Bailer Fairfax County Public Schools Office of Intervention and Prevention Services Dede.Bailer@fcps.edu Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey www.fairfaxcounty.gov/youthsurvey 42

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