Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2011-2012: Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs

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Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2011-2012: Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs

Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2011-2012: Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs

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  • 1. Fairfax County Youth Survey School Year 2011-2012Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drugs Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey Updated September 2012
  • 2. About the Fairfax County Youth SurveyIt provides DATA to county, school, andcommunity–based organizations to:• Assess Youth Strengths and Needs• Develop Programs and Services• Monitor Trends• Measure Community Indicators• Guide Countywide Planning of Prevention Efforts Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 2
  • 3. More About the Fairfax County Youth Survey • Comprehensive • Anonymous • Voluntary It examines the • Behaviors, • Experiences, and • Risk and Protective Factors that influence the well- being of our county’s youth. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 3
  • 4. Fairfax County Youth Survey Web Page www.fairfaxcounty.gov/youthsurvey Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 4
  • 5. Fairfax County Youth Survey Participation• 45,350 FCPS students• Grades 6, 8, 10, and 12• Representing 87% of enrolled students 6th grade students take a shortened, modified survey. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 5
  • 6. Three to Succeed Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  • 7. Three to SucceedThe Three to Succeed concept is based on the youthsurvey analysis that shows how just having three assets (orstrengths) dramatically reduces risk behaviors andpromotes thriving youth.Assets are strengths in young people, their families, schoolsand communities that help them thrive in health, in schooland daily life, and in a safe environment. The more assetsan individual has in their lives, the fewer risk behaviors arereported. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 7
  • 8. Three to SucceedAsset Graph for Fairfax County (Grades 8, 10, 12) 80 Bullied Someone (Year) Sex (Ever) Alcohol Use (30 Days) 70 Marijuana Use (30 Days) Percent with Risky Behavior Carried a Weapon (Year) 60 Binge Drinking (2 Weeks) 0 Assets Cigarette Use (30 Days) 50 Gang Member (Ever) 40 3 Assets 30 6 Assets 20 10 0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of Assets Having High Personal Integrity Having Community Adults to Talk to Performing Community Service Participating in Extracurricular Activities Having Teachers Recognize Good Work Having Parents Available for Help Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 8
  • 9. Asset Graph for Fairfax County (Grade 6) 60 Bullied Someone (year) Carried a Weapon (year) Percent with Risky Behaviors 50 Cyberbullied Someone (year) Inhalant Use (30 days) Alcohol Use (30 days) 40 Cigarettes (30 days) Marijuana Use (30 days) 30 20 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Number of Assets High Personal Integrity Have Community Adults to Talk to Perform Community Service Participate in Extracurricular Activities Feel Safe at School Parents are Available for Help Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 9
  • 10. Alcohol, Tobacco andOther Drugs:Survey Questions andResults Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  • 11. Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionStudents were asked the following…The next section asks about your thoughts aboutand experiences with tobacco, alcohol, and otherdrugs. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 1111
  • 12. Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionALCOHOL - On how many occasions (if any) haveyou had beer, wine, or hard liquor duringthe past 30 days?• 0 occasions• 1-2 occasions• 3-5 occasions• 6-9 occasions• 10-19 occasions• 20-39 occasions• 40 or more occasions Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 1212
  • 13. Percent Who Drank Alcohol in Last 30 Days (Grades 8, 10, 12) 60 50 40% Reporting 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS 21.8 7.7 21.1 37.1 21.7 21.8 26.1 18.5 24.0 11.1 24.0 US 25.5 12.7 27.2 40.0 Note: 6th Grade Prevalence = 2.4% Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 13
  • 14. Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionBINGE DRINKING - Think back over the last twoweeks. How many times have you had five ormore alcoholic drinks in a row?• None• Once• Twice• 3-5 times• 6-9 times• 10 or more times Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 1414
  • 15. Percent Reporting Binge Drinking (Grades 8, 10, 12) (Five or More Drinks in a Row, past 2 weeks) 60 50 40% Reporting 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS 10.9 2.7 9.9 20.7 10.2 11.7 13.5 8.9 12.1 4.8 12.4 US 13.6 6.4 14.7 21.6 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 15
  • 16. Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionTOBACCO - How often have you smokedcigarettes during the past 30 days?• Not at all• Less than one cigarette per day• One to five cigarettes per day• About one-half pack per day• About one pack per day• About one and one half packs per day• Two or more packs per day Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 1616
  • 17. Percent Who Smoked Cigarettes in Last 30 Days (Grades 8, 10, 12) 60 50 40% Reporting 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS 7.5 2.7 6.9 13.2 6.4 8.6 7.9 7.1 9.8 4.2 8.9 US 11.7 6.1 11.8 18.7 Note: 6th Grade Prevalence = 0.4% Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 17
  • 18. Fairfax County Youth Survey QuestionsOTHER DRUGS - On how many occasions (if any) have you:• used marijuana,• LSD or other hallucinogens (acid, angel dust, special k, shrooms)• used cocaine or crack• sniffed glue, breathed (huffed) the contents of an aerosol spray can, or inhaled other gases or sprays in order to get high• used methamphetamine (speed, crystal, crank, or ice)• used Ecstasy• taken steroids without a doctor’s order• used heroin• taken painkillers (such as Oxycontin, Vicodin, Percoset, Codeine, and Opium) without a doctor’s order• taken a prescription drug other than painkillers (such as Ritalin, Adderal, or Xanax) without a doctor’s order• taken over-the-counter drugs to get high 0, 1-2, 3-5, 6-9, 10-19,20-39, 40 or more occasions Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey Rates of use by selected demographics can be found in the appendix of this presentation. 1818
  • 19. Percent Who Used Marijuana in Last 30 Days (Grades 8, 10, 12) 60 50 40% Reporting 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS 11.8 3.0 12.7 20.0 9.5 14.3 12.6 15.5 13.4 5.9 14.4 US 15.2 7.2 17.6 22.6 Note: 6th Grade Prevalence = 0.3% Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 19
  • 20. Percent Who Used Inhalants in Last 30 Days (Grades 8, 10, 12) 60 The rate of inhalants use in Fairfax County is 50 higher than the rate reported nationally.% Reporting 40 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS 2.5 4.0 2.1 1.2 2.6 2.3 1.8 2.9 4.3 1.8 3.6 US 2.1 3.2 1.7 1.0 Note: 6th Grade Prevalence = 3.6% Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 20
  • 21. Percent Who Used ATOD in the Past 30-Days (Grades 8, 10, 12) 60 50 40% Reporting 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall 8th 10th 12th Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS % 29.9 14.7 29.5 45.3 28.9 31.0 32.7 30.1 34.4 17.8 34.2 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 21
  • 22. Percent Who Used ATOD in the Past 30-Days(Grade 6) 60% Reporting 50 40 30 20 10 0 Other/ Overall Female Male White Black Hispanic Asian Multiple FCPS % 6.0 5.2 6.7 4.9 7.7 7.8 5.0 8.2 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 22
  • 23. Violence and AggressionCorrelation to ATOD Use Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  • 24. Correlation Data• Cross-tabulations are when we look at the way students responded to multiple questions, for example when we look at results by demographics such as symptoms of depression by gender or the cross of two experiences such as symptoms of depression by substance use. Cross-tabulations of data do not imply cause and effect. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 2424
  • 25. Correlation Data• The results do not imply that being a certain gender or using substances causes depression. The data indicate there is a correlation of the female gender reporting higher prevalence of reported depressive symptoms.• Similarly, youth who use substances are more likely to report symptoms of depression, but the results do NOT show if substance use causes depression or if depression leads to substance use. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 2525
  • 26. ATOD (Grades 8, 10, 12)Violence and Aggression Related Factors 80Percent – Comparing ATOD Use and 70 No ATOD Use as sub-populations 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Victim Victim Racially or Cyber- Racial or Victim Cyber- Bullied Culturally bullied Carried a Ever Been Cultural Bullying bullying at Others Harrassed Others at Weapon in a Gang Harrass- School Others School ment Used 57.6 49.4 22.6 65.0 57.0 19.9 24.9 7.5 ATOD No ATOD 50.5 39.6 11.9 45.5 33.6 6.6 7.1 1.0 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 26
  • 27. ATOD (Grade 6)Violence and Aggression Related Factors 100Percent – Comparing ATOD Use and 90 No ATOD Use as sub-populations 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Victim Victim Racially or Cyber- Racial or Victim Cyber- Bullied Culturally bullied Carried a Cultural Bullying bullying at Others Harrassed Others at Weapon Harrass- School Others School ment Used ATOD 56.7 33.6 26.0 37.8 19.1 8.6 37.9 No ATOD 44.9 17.8 12.2 20.6 5.8 1.1 14.0 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 27
  • 28. Health and Well-BeingCorrelation to ATOD Use Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  • 29. ATOD (Grades 8, 10, 12) Health and Well-Being Related Factors 80Percent – Comparing ATOD Use and 70 No ATOD Use as sub-populations 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Sleep (Fewer than 8 Ever Had Sexual Depression Ever Had Oral Sex hrs) Intercourse ATOD Use 42.3 77.9 52.2 56.4 No ATOD 23.7 62.7 10.6 12.0 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 29
  • 30. School PerformanceCorrelation to ATOD Use Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  • 31. ATOD (Grades 8, 10, 12) School Performance Related Factors 60Percent – Comparing ATOD use and No ATOD Use as sub-populations 50 40 30 20 10 0 Low Perceived Dont Feel Safe Suspended in Skipped School* Poor Grades Ability to Do Well at School Past Year in School Used ATOD 52.2 17.9 15.6 5.1 7.9 No ATOD 21.1 11.0 5.3 1.4 1.4 *Data are from the 2010 Fairfax County Youth Survey Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 31
  • 32. ATOD(Grade 6)School Performance Related Factors 60 Percent – Comparing ATOD use and No ATOD Use as sub-populations 50 40 30 20 10 0 Low Perceived Dont Feel Poor Ability to Safe At Grades Do Well in School School ATOD Use 3.0 8.1 20.0 No ATOD 1.1 5.2 6.1 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 32
  • 33. Risk and ProtectiveFactors Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  • 34. Risk and Protective FactorsRisk Factors help us explain circumstances that may increase the likelihood of problem behaviors Youth who exhibit increased amounts of a risk factor are considered to be at “high risk” in that category Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 34
  • 35. Risk and Protective FactorsProtective Factors can help increase resiliency to substance use and problem behaviors, buffering youth from risk Youth who exhibit increased amounts of a protective factor are considered to have “high protection” in that category Full Glossary of R&P questions can be found in the 2010 Fairfax County Youth Survey Report.. Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 35
  • 36. Perceived Parental Acceptance of Alcohol Useand Self-Reported Past 30-Day Alcohol Use How wrong do your parents feel it would be for you to drink beer, wine, or hard liquor? 100 11 32 80 55 % Reporting 60 64 Alcohol use 40 No Alcohol 20 0 Very Wrong Wrong A Little Bit Not Wrong Wrong Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 36
  • 37. Perceived Parental Acceptance of Cigarette Use andSelf-Reported Past 30-Day Cigarette Use How wrong do your parents feel it would be for you to smoke cigarettes? 4 100 18 80 41 % Reporting 52 60 Cigarette use 40 No Cigarette 20 0 Very Wrong A Little Bit Not Wrong Wrong Wrong Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 37
  • 38. Perceived Parental Acceptance of Marijuana Use andSelf-Reported Past 30-Day Marijuana Use How wrong do your parents feel it would be for you to smoke marijuana? 100 7 26 80 50 % Reporting 60 65 Marijuana use 40 No Marijuana 20 0 Very Wrong A Little Bit Not Wrong Wrong Wrong Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 38
  • 39. Protective FactorsCorrelation to ATOD Use Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  • 40. ATOD (Grades 8, 10, 12)Protective Factors 100 90Percent – Comparing ATOD Use and No ATOD Use as Sub-populations 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Have Participate High Perform Teachers Parents are Community in Extra- Personal Community Recognize Available for Adults to curricular Integrity Service Good Work Help Talk to Activities ATOD Use 53.9 62.1 55.7 27.3 72.6 69.7 No ATOD 84.4 71.9 66.8 41.1 74.6 81.8 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 40
  • 41. ATOD (Grade 6)Protective Factors 100Percent – Comparing ATOD Use and No ATOD use as Sub-populations 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 Participate Have High Perform Parents are in Extra- Feel Safe at Community Personal Community Available for curricular School Adults to Integrity Service Help Activities Talk to ATOD Use 88.8 71.8 80.0 48.6 42.6 74.1 No ATOD 97.2 75.1 94.0 56.3 47.3 90.4 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 41
  • 42. Asset Graph for Caring Adults (Grades 8, 10, 12) Bullied Someone (Year) Sex (Ever) 70 Alcohol Use (30 Days) Marijuana Use (30 Days) Carried a Weapon (Year) 60 Percent with Risky Behavior Binge Drinking (2 Weeks) Cigarettes (30 Days) 50 Gang Member (Ever) 40 30 20 10 0 0 1 2 3 Number of AssetsTeachers Recognize Good Work Have Community Adults to Talk to Parents are Available for Help Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 42
  • 43. The Prevention ToolkitThe Prevention Toolkit • Alcohol, Tobacco and Otherprovides presentations, Drugsvideos, fact sheets, links to • Bullying and Cyberbullyinghelpful organizations and • Depression, Suicide &resources, and ideas for Unhealthy Weight Losstaking action in your familyand community to address • Nutrition and PhysicalYouth Survey related topics. Activity • Teen Dating Abuse The Prevention Toolkit Website www.fairfaxcounty.gov/ncs/prevention/toolkit.htm Contact Email NCSPrevention@fairfaxcounty.gov Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 43
  • 44. Help and More InformationFind this and other organizations in the Prevention Toolkitas resources for help and more information.• Fairfax-Falls Church Community Services Board (CSB) 24-Hour CSB Emergency Services Phone: 703-383-8500 | TTY: 703-207-7737• Substance Abuse and Mental Health Service Administration• NIDA for Teens, National Institute on Drug Abuse• Parents, the Anti-Drug• The Partnership for a Drug-Free Americawww.fairfaxcounty.gov/ncs/prevention/toolkit_agencies_orgs.htm#atod Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 44
  • 45. Help and More Information fromFairfax County Public SchoolsIntervention and Prevention Services  School Psychology Services  School Social Work Services  Student Safety and Wellness • Programs and Services  School Counseling Services Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 45
  • 46. Questions? Contact Us! Sophia Dutton Countywide Service Integration and Planning Management Economic, Demographic and Statistical Research Sophia.Dutton@fairfaxcounty.gov Dede Bailer Fairfax County Public Schools Office of Intervention and Prevention Services Dede.Bailer@fcps.edu Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey www.fairfaxcounty.gov/youthsurvey 46
  • 47. Appendix Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey
  • 48. Other Drug Use in the Past 30 Days By Selected Demographics Overall Grade Gender Race/Ethnicitya Female Other/Substance FCPS 8th 10th 12th Males White Black Hispanic Asian s MultipleAlcohol 21.8 7.7 21.1 37.1 21.7 21.8 26.1 18.5 24.0 11.1 24.0 Binge Drinking 10.9 2.7 9.9 20.7 10.2 11.7 13.5 8.9 12.1 4.8 12.4Marijuana 11.8 3.0 12.7 20.0 9.5 14.3 12.6 15.5 13.4 5.9 14.4Cigarettes 7.5 2.7 6.9 13.2 6.4 8.6 7.9 7.1 9.8 4.2 8.9Painkillers without a 4.7 2.5 4.9 6.8 3.6 5.9 4.4 5.7 7.1 2.9 4.9doctor’s orderPrescription drugs otherthan painkillers without a 4.2 2.9 4.4 5.3 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.8 4.6 2.4 6.6doctor’s orderInhalants 3.1 1.6 2.9 5.1 2.9 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.1 1.7 4.0Over-the-counter drugs 2.5 4.0 2.1 1.2 2.6 2.3 1.8 2.9 4.3 1.8 3.6to get highLSD or other 1.5 1.0 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.9 2.2 0.6 2.7hallucinogensEcstasy 1.5 0.8 1.6 2.1 0.9 2.1 1.5 1.4 2.0 0.8 2.3Cocaine or crack 1.2 0.6 1.3 1.6 0.7 1.6 1.1 1.5 1.4 0.7 1.8Methamphetamine 0.9 0.6 1.0 1.1 0.6 1.2 0.7 1.1 1.3 0.5 1.7Heroin 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.5 1.1 0.5 1.2 1.0 0.4 1.6Steroids 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.7 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.3 1.0 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 48
  • 49. Other Drug Use in Lifetime By Selected Demographics Overall Grade Gender Race/Ethnicitya Female Other/Substance FCPS 8th 10th 12th Males White Black Hispanic Asian s MultipleAlcohol 45.5 25.8 46.9 64.6 45.1 46.0 48.1 41.8 55.3 31.6 49.1Marijuana 22.0 6.2 22.6 37.8 18.9 25.2 23.0 27.0 27.1 11.3 24.9Cigarettes 20.6 9.7 20.7 32.0 18.8 22.6 19.0 22.2 30.9 13.3 22.6Painkillers without a 10.5 6.8 10.4 14.4 10.3 10.7 11.1 10.1 11.8 6.6 15.3doctor’s orderPrescription drugs otherthan painkillers without a 7.9 4.2 7.0 12.8 7.9 8.0 9.0 6.5 8.0 5.3 10.1doctor’s orderInhalants 8.9 12.8 7.7 6.2 9.2 8.6 7.2 10.1 13.7 6.5 11.6Over-the-counter drugs 4.6 2.4 5.0 6.7 4.4 4.9 4.7 4.6 6.8 1.8 6.9to get highLSD or other 4.1 2.0 4.1 6.4 2.8 5.5 4.4 3.6 5.2 2.0 6.5hallucinogensEcstasy 3.3 1.4 3.3 5.4 2.6 4.1 3.2 3.5 4.7 1.7 5.2Cocaine or crack 2.6 1.7 2.5 3.5 1.9 3.3 2.2 2.8 4.1 1.5 3.7Methamphetamine 1.7 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.3 2.2 1.4 2.1 2.3 1.2 3.3Steroids 1.2 1.2 1.4 0.9 0.8 1.5 1.0 1.3 1.7 0.8 1.6Heroin 1.1 0.7 1.2 1.4 0.8 1.5 1.0 1.2 1.6 0.6 1.9 Fairfax County 2011 Youth Survey 49