Book 39 giving description of the day of judgement

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Book 39 giving description of the day of judgement

Book 39 giving description of the day of judgement

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  • 1. Bk 39 Giving Description of the Day ofJudgement,Paradise and Hell (Kitab Sifat Al−Qiyamah wal Janna wan−Nar)Chapter 1: DESCRIPTION OF THE DAY OF JUDGMENT, PARADISE ANDHELLBk 39, Number 6698:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: A bulky person would be brought on the Day ofjudgment and he would not carry the weight to the eye of Allahequal even to that of a gnat. Nor shall We set up a balancefor them on the Day of Resurrection" (xviii. 105).Bk 39, Number 6699:Abdullah b. Masud reported that a Jew scholar came to AllahsApostle (may peace he upon him) and said. Muhammad, or Abual−Qasim, verify, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious. would carrythe Heavens on the Day of Judgment upon one finger and earthsupon one finger and the mountains and trees upor one fingerand the ocean and moist earth upon one finger−in fact thewhole of the creation upon one finger, and then He would stirthem and say: I am your Lord, I am your Lord. ThereuponAllahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) smiled testifyingwhat that scholar had said. He then recited this verse:" Andthey honour not Allah with the honour due to Him; and thewhole earth will be in His grip on the Day of Resurrection andthe heaven* r*Utd up in His right hand. Glory be to Him I andhighly Exalted is Re above what they associate (with Him)"(xxxix. 67).Bk 39, Number 6700:This hadlth has been narrated on the authority of Mansur withthe same chain of truemittm (and the words are): A Jew scholarcame to Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him). The rest ofthe hadith is the same, but there is no mention of" then Hewould stir them." But there is this addition:" I saw AllahsMessengcr (may peace be upon him) smiling so much that his
  • 2. front teeth appeared and testifying him (th Jew scholar) ;then Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) recited theverse:" And they honour not Allah with the honour due to Him"(xxxix. 67).Bk 39, Number 6701:Abdullah reported that a person from the People of the Bookcame to Allahs Apostle (may peace he upon him) and said: Abual−Qasim, verify, Allah would carry tho Reavmo upon one fingerand the earths upon one finger and the trees and moist earthupon one finger and in fact the whole of the creation upon onefinger and then say: I am your Lord. I an your Lord. And he(the narrator) further said: I saw Allahs Massenger (maypeace be upon him) fooling so much hppy that his front teethbecame visible and then he recited the Yeife:" And they honournot Allah with the honour due to Him" (xxxix. 67).Bk 39, Number 6702:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Amash withthe same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation ofwording.Bk 39, Number 6703:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him)as saying: Allan, the Exalted and Glorious, will take in Hisgrip the earth ou the Day of Judgment and He would roll up thesky in His right hand and would say: I am the Lord; wbere arethe sovereigns of the world?Bk 39, Number 6704:Abdullah b. Umar reported Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, would foldthe Heavens on the Day of Judgment and then He would placethem on His tight hand and say: I am the Lord; where are thehaughty and where are the proud (today)? He would fold theearth (placing it) on the lef t hand and say: I am the Lord;where are the haughty and where are the proud (today)?Bk 39, Number 6705:Abdullah b. Miqsam reported that he saw Abdullah b. Umar as henarrated Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying:Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, would take in His hand HisHeavens and His Earth, and would say: I am Allah. And He would
  • 3. clench His fingers and then would open them (and say): I amyour Lord. I saw the pulpit in commotion from underneathbecause of something (vib−ating) there. And (I felt thiscommotion so much) that I said (to myself): It may not fallwith Allahs Massenger (may peace be upon him) upon it.Bk 39, Number 6706:Abdullah b. Miqsam reported that Abdullah b. Umar reported:I saw Allahh Messenger (may peace be upon him) upon thepulpit and he was saying that the Mighty Lord, the Exalted andGlorious would take hold of the Heavens and earth in His hand.The rest of the hadith is the same,Chapter 2: THE BEGINNING OF THE CREATION AND THE CREATION OFADAM (PEACE BE UPON HIM)Bk 39, Number 6707:Abu Haraira reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) took hold of my hands and said: Allah, the Exalted andGlorious, created the clay on Saturday and He created themountains on Sunday and He created the trees on Monday and Hecreated the things entailing labour on Tuesday and createdlight on Wednesday and lie caused the animals to spread onThursday and created Adam (peace be upon him) after Asr onFriday;the last creation at the last hour of the hours ofFriday, i. e. between afternoon and night.Chapter 3: PERTAINING TO RE−BIRTH, ASSEMBLING ANDCHARACTERISTICS OF THE EARTH ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTIONBk 39, Number 6708:Sahl b. Sad reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) said: The people will be assembled on tee Day ofResurrection on a white plain with a reddish tinge like theloaf of white bread with no marks set up for anyone.Bk 39, Number 6709:Aisha reported: I asked Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) about the words of Allah, the Exalted and Glorious:" Theday when the earth would be changed for another earth andHeaven would be changed for another Heaven (XiV. 48), (andinquired: ) (Allahs Messenger), where would the people be ontnat day? He said: They would be on the Sirit.Chapter 4: THE FEAST FOR THE INHABITANTS OF PARADISE
  • 4. Bk 39, Number 6710:Abu al−Said Khudri reported Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) as saying that the earth would turn to be one singlebread on the Day of Resurrection and the Almighty would turnit in His hand as one of you turns a loaf while on a journey.It would be a feast arranged in the honour of the people ofParadise. He (the narrator) further narrated that a personfrom among the Jews came and he said: Abu al−Qasim, may theCompassionate Lord be pleased with you! May I inform you aboutthe feast arranged in honour of the people of Paradise on theDay of Resurrection? He said: Do it, of course. He said: Theearth would become one single bread. Then Allahs Messenger(may peace be upon him) looked towards us and laughed untilhis molar teeth became visible. He then again said: May Iinform you about that with which they would season it? Hesaid: Do it, of course. He said: Their seasoning would bebalim and fish. The Companions of the Holy Prophet (may peacebe upon him) said: What is this balam? He said: Ox and fishfrom whose excessive livers seventy thousand people would beable to eat.Bk 39, Number 6711:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: If ten scholars of the Jews would follow me, no Jewwould be left upon the surface of the earth who would notembrace Islam.Chapter 5: THE QUESTION OF A JEW FROM ALLAHS MESSENGER (MAYPEACE BE UPON HIM) ABOUT SOUL AND HIS WORDS." THEY ASK THEEABOUT THE SOUL"Bk 39, Number 6712:Abdullah (b. Masud) reported: As I was going aloog withAllahs Apostle (may peace be upon him) in a cultivable landand he (the Holy Prophet) was walking with the support of awood, a group of Jews happened to meet him. Some of them saidto the others: Ask him about the Soul. They said: Wbat is yourdoubt about it? There is a possibility that you may ask himabout anything (the answer of) which you may not like. Theysaid: Ask him. So one amongst them asked him about the Soul.Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) kept quiet and he
  • 5. gave no reply and I came to know that revelation was beingsent to him, so I stood at my place and thus this revelationdescended upon him:" They ask thee about Soul. Say: The Soulis by the Commandment of my Lord, and of Knowledge you aregiven but a little" (xvii. 58).Bk 39, Number 6713:Abdullah reported: I was walking along with Allahs Apostle(may peace be upon him) in a field of Medina. The rest of thehadith is the same, but there is a slight variation ofwording.Bk 39, Number 6714:Abdullah reported that Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him)was reclining against a tree in the garden. The rest of thehadith is the same. but there is a slight variation ofwording.Bk 39, Number 6715:Khabbab reported that al−As b. Wail owed debt to me. I cameto him in order to demand that. He said: I will never repayyou unless you belie Mubammad. I said: I would never belieMubammad until you die and you are again raised up. He said:When I would be raised up after death, I would repay your debtwhen I would get my property and children back. Waki said:This is how Almash has narrated and it was on this occasionthat this verse was revealed:" Hast thou seen him who dis.believes in Our message and says: I shall certainly be givenwealth and children (xis, 77) up to" he would come to Usalone" (xiX. 80).Bk 39, Number 6716:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Khabbibthrough another chain of transmitters and the words are. I inthe pre−Islamic days used to work as an iron−smith. I did somework for As b. Wail and came to him for getting theremuneration of my wages.Chapter 6: PERTAINING TO THE WORDS OF ALLAIIH: ALLAH WOULDNEVER PUNISH THEM SO LONG AS YOU ARE AMONGST THEM"Bk 39, Number 6717:Anas b. Malik reported that Abu Jahl said: O Allah, if he istrue, then shower upon us the volley of stones from the sky or
  • 6. inflict upon us a grievous torment, and it was on thisoccasion that this verse was revealed:" Allah would nevertorment them so long as you are amongst them. And Allah is notgoing to torment them as long as they seek forgiveness. Andwhy is it that Allah should not torment them and they preventpeople from coming to the sacred mosque...." (viii. 34) to theend.Chapter 7: PERTAINING TO THE WORDS OF ALLAH:" NAY, BUT VERILYMAN IS INORDINATE, BECAUSE HE LOOKS UPON HIMSELF ASSELF−SUFFICIENT"Bk 39, Number 6718:Abu Huraira reported that Abu Jahl asked (people) whetherMubammad placed his face (on the ground) in their presence. Itwas said to him: Yes. He said: By Lit and Uzza. If I were tosee him do that, I would trample his neck, or I would beamearhis face with dust. He came to Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) as he was engaged in prayer and thought of tramplinghis neck (and the people say) that he came near him but turnedupon his heels and tried to repulse something with his hands.It was said to him: What is the matter with you? He said:There is between me and him a ditch of fire and terror andwings. Thereupon Allahs Messenger (may peace he upon him)said: If he were to come near me the angels would have tornhim to pieces. Then Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, revealedthis verse− (the narrator) said: We do not whether it is thehadith transmitted te Abu Huraira or something conveyed to himfrom another source:" Nay, man is surely inordinate, becausehe looks upon himself as self−sufficient. Surely to thy Lordis the return. Hast thou seen him who forbids a servant whenhe prays? Seest thou if he is on the right way, or enjoinsobservance of piety? Seest thou if he [Abu Jah]] denies andturns away? Knowest he not that Allah sees? Nay. if he desistsnot, We will seize him by the forelock−a lying, sinfulforelock. Then let him summon his council. We will summon theguards of the Hell. Nay! Obey not thou him" (Icvi. 6−19).(Rather prostrate thyself.) Ubaidullah made this addition: Itwas after this that (prostration) was enjoined upon and IbnAbd al−Ala made this addition that by Nadia he meant his
  • 7. people.Bk 39, Number 6719:Masruq reported: We were sitting in the company of Abdullahand he was lying on the bed that a person came and said: AbdAbd al−Rabmin, a story−teller at the gates of Kinda says thatthe verse (of the Quran) which deals with the" smoke" impliesthat which is about to come and it would hold the breath ofthe infidels and would inflict the believers with cold.Thereupon Abdullah got up and said in anger. O people, fearAllah and say only that which one knows amongst you and do notsay which he does not know and he should simply say: Allah hasthe best knowledge for He has the best knowledge amongst allof you. It does not behove him to say that which he does notknow. Allah has the best knowledge of it. Verily Allah, theExalted and Glorious, said to His Prophet (may peace be uponhim) to state:" I do not ask from you any remuneration and Iam not the one to put you in trouble," and when AllahsMesqenger (may peace be upon him) saw people turning back(from religion) he said: O Allah, afflict thern with sevenfamines as was done in the case of Yusuf, so they wereafflicted with famine by which they were forced to eateverything until they were obliged to eat the hides and thedead bodies because of hunger, and every one of them lookedtowards the sky and he found a smoke. And Abu Sufyan came andhe said: Muhammad, you have come to command us to obey Allahand cement the ties of blood− relation whereas your people areundone; supplicate Allah for tlicm. Thereupon Allah, theExalted and Glorious, said:" Wait for the day when there wouldbe clear smoke from the sky which would envelop people andthat would be grievous torivent" up to the words:" you aregoing to return to (evil)." (if this verse implied the tormentof the next life) could the chastisement of the next (life) beaverted (as the Quran states): On the day when We seize(them) with the most violent seizing; surely We shall exactretribution" (xliv. 16)? The seizing (in the hadith) impliesthat of the Day of Badr. And so far as the sign of smoke,seizing, inevitability and signs of Rome are concern− ed, theyhave become things of the past now.
  • 8. Bk 39, Number 6720:Masruq reported that there came to Abdullah a person and said:I have left behind in the mosque a man who explains the Quranaccording to his personal discretion and he explained thisverse:" So wait for the day when the Heaven brings a clearsmoke." He says that a smoke would come to the people on theDay of Resurrection anl it will withhold breath and they wouldbe inflicted with cold. Abdullah said: He who has knowledgeshould say something and he who has no knowledge should simplysay: Allah is best aware. This reflects the understanding of aperson that he should say about that which he does not knowthat it is Allah who knows best. The fact is that when theQuraish disobeyed Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him) hesupplicated Allah that they should be afflicted with famineand starvation as was done in case of Yusuf. And they were somuch hard pressed that a person would ace the sky and he wouldsee between him and the sky something like smoke and they wereso much hard pressed that they began to cat the bones, and aperson came to Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him) andsaid: Allahs Messenger. seek forgiveness for the tribe ofMudar for (its people) have been undone. The Messenger (maypeace be upon him) said: For Mudar? You are overbold, but hesupplicated Allah for them. It was upon this that this versewas revealed:" We shall remove the chastisement a little, butthey will surely return to evil" (xliv. 15). lie (thenarrator) said: There was a downpoor of rain upon them. Whenthere was some relief for them they returned to the sameposition as they had been before, and Allah, the Exalted andGlorious, revealed this verse:" So wait for the day when theheaven brings a clear smoke enveloping people. This is agrievous torment on the day when We seize them with the mostviolent seizing; surely, We shall exact retribution." And this(seizing) implied (Battle) of Badr.Bk 39, Number 6721:Abdullah said that five signs have (become things) of the past(and have proved the truth of the Holy Prophet): (Enveloping)by the smoke, inevitable (punishment to the Meccans at Badr),(the victory of) Rome, (violent) seizing (of the Meccans at
  • 9. Badr) and (the splitting up of) the Moon.Bk 39, Number 6772:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Amash withthe same chain of transmitters.Bk 39, Number 6723:Ubayy b. Kab reported that the words of Allah, the Exaltedand Glorious:" We will, surely, make them taste the lesserpunishment before the severer punishment (that haply they mayreturn)" (xxxii. 21) imply the torments of the world. (victoryof) Rome, seizing (of the Meccans), or smoke. And Shalba wasin doubt about seizing or smoke.Chapter 8: THE SPLITTING UP OF THE MOON (A GREAT MIRACLE)Bk 39, Number 6724:Abu Mamar reported on the authority of Abdullah that the moonwas split up during lifetime by Allahs Messenger (may peacebe upon him) in two parts and Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) said: Bear testimony to this.Bk 39, Number 6725:This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abdullahb. Masud (who said): We were along with Allahs Messenger(may peace be upon him) at Mina, that moon was split up intotwo. One of its parts was behind the mountain and the otherone was on this side of the mountain. Allahs Messenger (maypeace be upbn him) said to us: Bear witness to this.Bk 39, Number 6723:Abdullah b. Masud reported that the moon was split up in twoparts during the lifetime of Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him). The mountain covered one of its parts and one partof it was above the mountain and Allahs Messenger (may peacebe upon him) said: Bear witness to this.Bk 39, Number 6727:This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Shubawith a slight variation of wording.Bk 39, Number 6728:Anas reported that the people of Mecca demanded from AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) that he should show them(some) signs (miracles) and he showed tlicin the splitting ofthe moon. This hadlth has been narrated on the authority of
  • 10. Anas through another chain of transmitters.Bk 39, Number 6729:Anas reported that the moon was split up in two parts and inthe hadith recorded in Abu Dawud, the words are:" The moon wassplit up into two parts during the life of Allahs Messenger(may peace be upon him)."Bk 39, Number 6730:Ibn Abbas reported that the moon was split up during thelifetime of Allahs Messenger (may peace he upon him).Chapter 9: THERE IS NONE TO SHOW MORE PATIENCE THAN ALLAH, THEEXALTED AND GLORIOUS, ON ATTRIBUTING WRONG THINGS TO HIMBk 39, Number 6731:AbU Musa reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) said: There is none to show more patience at listening tothe most irksome things than Allah, the Exalted and Glorious. Partnership is associated to Him (polytheism). and(fatherhood) of a child is attributed to HiM, but in spite ofthis He protects them (people) and provides them sustenance.This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Muaswith a slight variation of wording.Bk 39, Number 6732:Abdullah b. Qais reported from Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) that none is more forbearing in listening to themost irksome things than Allah, the Exalted. They associaterivals with him, attribute sonhood to Him, but in spite ofthis He provides them sustenance, grants them safety, confersupon them so many things.Bk 39, Number 6733:Anas b. Malik reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and High, would say to onewho shall have to undergo the least torture (on the Day ofResurrection): Would you like to go as ransom if you had allworldly riches; he would say: Yes. Allah would say to him:When you were in the loins of Adam, I demadded from yousomething easier than this that you should not associateanything with Me. (The narrator says): I think He also said: Iwould not cause you to enter Hell−Fire but you defied andattributed Divinity (to others besides Me).
  • 11. Bk 39, Number 6734:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Anas b.Malik through another chain of transmitters, but with a slightvariation of wording (and the words are): I shall cause him toenter Hell." (The words subsequent to these) have not beenmentioned.Bk 39, Number 6735:Anas b. Malik reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be un him) said: It would be said to the non−believers on the Dayof Resurrection: If you were to possess gold, filling thewhole earth, would you like to secure your freedom by payingthat? He would say: Yes. Thereupon it would be said to him:Something easier (than this) was demanded from you (but youpaid no heed to it).Bk 39, Number 6736:Anas reported this hadlth through another chain oftransmitters and the words are:" It would be said to him: Youhave told a lie; what had been demanded from you was quiteeasier than this (the belief in the Oneness of Allah)."Chapter 10: THE NON−BELIEVERS WOULD BE MADE TO CRAWL ON THEIRFACESBk 39, Number 6737:Anas b. Malik reported that a person said: Allahs Messenger,how the non−believers would be made to assemble on the Day ofResurrection (by crawling) on their faces? Thereupon he said:Is He Who is powerfnl to make them walk on their feet is notpowerful enough to make them (crawl) upon their faces on theDay of Resurrection? Qatada said: Of conrse, it is so. (Headjured): By the might of our Lord.Chapter 11: DIPPING OF THE MOST AFFLUENT PEOPLE OF THE WORLDIN THE HELL−FIRE AND DIPPING OF THE MOST (WORLDLY) MISERABLEIN PARADISEBk 39, Number 6738:Anas b. Malik reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) said that one amongst the denizens of Hell who hadled a life of ease and plenty amongst the people of the worldwould be made to dip in Fire only once on the Day ofResurrection and then it would be said to him: O, son of Adam,
  • 12. did you find any comfort, did you happen to get any materialblessing? He would say: By Allah, no, my Lord. And then thatperson from amongst the persons of the world be brought whohad led the most miserable life (in the world) from amongstthe inmates of Paradise. and he would be made to dip once inParadise and it would be said to him. 0, son of Adam, did youface, any hardship? Or had any distress fallen to your lot?And he would say: By Allah, no,0 my Lord, never did I face anyhardship or experience any distress.Bk 39, Number 6739:Anas b. Malik reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) said: Verily, Allah does nut treat a believerunjustly in regard to his virtues. He would confer upon him(His blessing) in this world and would give him reward in theHereafter. And as regards a non−believer. he would be made totaste the reward (of virtue in this world) what as has donefor himself so much that when it would be the Hereafter. hewould find no virtue for which he should be rewarded.Bk 39, Number 6740:Anas b. Malik reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) thus told him: When a non−believer does good he ismade to taste Its reward in this world. And so far as thebeliever is concerned, Allah stores (the reward) of hisvirtues for the Hereafter and provides him sustenance inaccordance with his obedience to Him.Bk 39, Number 6741:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Anas b.Malik through another chain of transmitters.Chapter 12: THE SIMILITUDE OF A BELIEVER AND A NON−BELIEVERBk 39, Number 6742:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: The Similitude of a believer is that of (astanding) crop which the air continues to toss from one sideto another; in the same way a believer always (receives thestrokes) of misfortune. The similitude of a hypocrite is thatof a cypress tree which does not move until it is uprooted.Bk 39, Number 6743:This badith has been narrated on the authority of Zuhri with
  • 13. the same chain of transmitters, but with a slight variation ofwording.Bk 39, Number 6744:Kab reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)said that the similitude of a believer is that of a standingcrop in a field which is shaken by wind and then it comes toits original position but it stands at its roots. Thesimilitude of a non−believer is that of a cypress tree whichstands on its roots and nothing shakes it but it is uprooted(with) one (violent stroke).Bk 39, Number 6745:Kab b. Malik reported on the authority of his father that thesimilitude of a believer is that of a standing crop. The windsometimes shakes it and sometimes raises it up and then itcomes to its destined end. And the similitude of a hypocriteis that of a cypress tree which is not affected by anythingbut is uprooted once for all. This badith has been narratedthrough another chain, of transmitters also.Bk 39, Number 6746:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Kabthrough another chain of transmitters but with a slightvariation of wording.Chapter 13: THE BELIEVER IS LIKENED TO THE DATE−PALM TREEBk 39, Number 6747:Abdullah b. Umar reported that Allahs Messenger (may peacebe upon him) said: There is a tree amongst trees, the leavesof which do not wither and that is like a Muslim; tell mewhich that (tree) can be? The people began to think of thetrees of the forest. Abdullah said: I thought that it could bethe date−palm tree, but I felt hesitant (to say that). They(the Companions) then said: Allahs Messenger, (kindly) tellus which that can be? Thereupon he said: It is the date−palmtree. I made a mention of that to Umar, whereupon he said:Had you said that it meant the date−palin tree, this statementof yours (would have been dearer to me) than such and suchthings.Bk 39, Number 6748:Ibn Umar reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon
  • 14. him) one day said to his Companions: Tell me about a treewhich has resemblance with a believer. The people began tomention (different) trees of the forest. Ibn Umar said: Itwas instilled in my mind or in my heart and it stuck thereinthat it implied the date− palm tree. I made up my mind to makea mention of that but could not do that because of thepresence of the elderly people there. When there was a hushamongst them (after they had expressed their views), AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) said: It Is the date−palmtree.Bk 39, Number 6749:Mujahid said: (I have had the privilege) of accompanying IbnUmar up to Medina but I did not hear him narrate anythingfrom Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) except onehadith. And he said: We were in the presence of AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) that there was brought tohim the kernel of a date. The rest of the hadith is the same.Bk 39, Number 6750:Mujahid reported: I heard Ibn Umar as saying: There wasbrought to Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) thekernel. The rest of the hadith is tile same.Bk 39, Number 6751:Ibn Umar reported: We werein the company of Allahs Messenger(may peace be upon him) that he said: Tell me of a tree whichhas resemblance to a Muslim and the leaves of which do notwither. Ibrahim said that perhaps Imam Muslim had stated likethis: It constantly bears fruit but I have, however, seen [Itdoes not bear fruit constantly]. Ibn Umar said: It crossed mymind that it could be the date−palm tree, but as I saw AbaBakr and Umar observe silence, I did not deem it fit that Ishould speak or I should say something. Umar said: Had yousaid so, it would have been dearer to me than such and suchthing.Chapter 14: THE MISCHIEF OF SATAN IN THE MUSLIM SOCIETY ANDSENDING HIS DETACHMENTS FOR THE CREATION OF TURMOIL, AND THEREIS A DEVIL ATTACHED TO EVERY PERSONBk 39, Number 6752:Jabir reported: I heard Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon
  • 15. him) as saying: Verily, the Satan has lost all hopes that theworshippers would ever worship (him) in the peninsula ofArabia, but he (is hopeful) that he would sow the seed ofdissension amongst them.Bk 39, Number 6753:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Amash withthe same chain of transmitters.Bk 39, Number 6754:Jabir reported: I heard Allahs Messenger (way peace be uponhim) as saying: The throne of Iblis is upon the ocean and hesends detachments (to different parts) inorder to put peopleto trial and the most important figure in his eyes is one whois most notorious in sowing the seed of dissension.Bk 39, Number 6755:Jabir reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)said: Iblis places his throne upon water; he then sendsdetachments (for creating dissension) ; the nearer to him intank are those who are most notorious in creating dissension.One of them comes and says: I did so and so. And he says: Youhave done nothing. Then one amongst them comes and says: I didnot spare so and so until I sowed the seed of discord betweena husband and a wife. The Satan goes near him and says: Youhave done well. Amash said: He then embraces him.Bk 39, Number 6756:Jabir reported that Allahs Apostle (may peace be upqn him)said: The Satan sends detachments of his own in order to putpeople to trial and the highest in rank, in his eyes, is onewho is most notorious in sowing the seed of dissension.Bk 39, Number 6757:Abdullah b. Masud reported that Allahs Messenger (may peacebe upon him) said: There is none amongst you with whom is notan attache from amongst the jinn (devil). They (theCompanions) said: Allahs Messenger, with you too? Thereuponhe said: Yes, but Allah helps me against him and so I am safefrom his hand and he does not command me but for good.Bk 39, Number 6758:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Mansiir withthe same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of
  • 16. wording.Bk 39, Number 6759:Aisha the wife of Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him),reported that one day Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) came out of her (apartment) during the night and she feltjealous. Then he came and he saw me (in what agitated state ofmind) I was. He said: Aisha, what has happened to you? Do youfeel jealous? Thereupon she said: How can it he (that a womanlike me) should not feel jealous in regard to a husband likeyou. Thereupon Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) said:It was your devil who had come to you, and she said: AllahsMes− senger, is there along with me a devil? He said: Yes. Isaid: Is devil attached to everyone? He said: Yes. I (Aisha)again said: Allahs Messenger, is it with you also? He said:Yes, but my Lord has helped me against him and as such I am absolutely safe from his mischief.Chapter 15: NONE WOULD ATTAIN SALVATION BECAUSE OF HIS DEEDSBUT IT IS THROUGH LORDS MERCY (THAT HE WOULD ATTIAN THAT)Bk 39, Number 6760:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: None amongst you would attain salvation purelybecause of his deeds. A person said: Allahs Messenger, evenyou also. Thereupon he said: Yes. Not even I, but that Allahwraps me in Mercy, but you should act with moderation. Thisbadith has been transmitted on the authority of Bukair b.al−Ashajj with a slight variation of wording.Bk 39, Number 6761:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: There is none whose deeds alone would entitle himto get into Paradise. It was said to him: And, AllahsMessenger, not even you? Thereupon he said: Not even I, butthat my Lord wraps me in Mercy.Bk 39, Number 6762:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: There is none amongst you whose deeds alone wouldattain salvation for him. They (the Companions) said: AllahsMessenger, not even you? He (the Holy Prophet) said: Not evenI, but that Allah wraps me in Mercy and He grants me pardon.
  • 17. Ibn Aun pointed towards his head with his hand saying: Noteven I, but that Allah wraps me in His Forgiveness and Mercy.Bk 39, Number 6763:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: There is none whose deeds alone cansecuresalvation for him. They said: Allahs Messenger, not even you?Thereupon he said: Not even I, but that, the Mercy of Allahshould take hold of me.Bk 39, Number 6764:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: None amongst you can get. into Paradise by virtueof his deeds alone. They said: Allahs Messenger, not evenyou? Thereupon he said: Not even I, but that Allah should wrapme in His Grace and Mercy.Bk 39, Number 6765:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: Observe moderation in deeds (and if it is notpossible, try to be near moderation) and understand that noneamongst you can attain salvation because of his deeds alone.They said: Allahs Messenger, not even you? Thereupon he said:Not even I, but that Allah should wrap me in His Mercy andGrace.Bk 39, Number 6766:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Jabirthrough another chain of transmitters.Bk 39, Number 6767:A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority ofAmash through two other chains of transmitters. The wordingis, however, the same.Bk 39, Number 6768:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairathrough another chain of transmitters with this addition:"Give them glad tidings".Bk 39, Number 6769:Jabir reported: I heard Allahs Apoetle (may peace be uponhim) as saying: None of you would get into Paradise because ofhis good deeds alone, and he would not be rescued from Fire,not even I, but because of the Mercy of Allah.
  • 18. Bk 39, Number 6770:Aisha, the wife of Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him),reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) usedto say: Observe moderation (in doing deeds), and if yciu failto observe it perfectly, try to do as much as you can do (tolive up to this ideal of moderation) and be happy for nonewould be able to get into Paradise because of his deeds alone.They (the Companions of the Holy Prophet) said: AllahsMessenger, not even thou? Thereupon he said: Not even I, butthat Allah wraps me in His Mercy, and bear this in mind thatthe deed loved most by Allah is one which is done constantlyeven though it is insignificant.Bk 39, Number 6771:This badith has been narrated on the authority of Musa b.Uqba with the same chain of transmitters and he did not makea mention of:" Be happy".Chapter 16: THE DOING OF GOOD DEEDS VERY FREQUENTLY ANDPUTTING ONES BEST EFFORTS IN DEVOTION TO ALLAHBk 39, Number 6772:Mughira b. Shuba reported that Allahs Apostle (may peace beupon him) worshipped so much that his feet were swollen. Itwas said to him: (Why do you undergo so much hardship despitethe fact that) Allah has pardoned for you your earlier andlater sins? Thereupon he said: May I not (prove myself) to bea grateful servant (of Allah)?Bk 39, Number 6773:This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Mughirab. Shuba and the words are: Allahs Apostle (may peace beupon him) kept standing in prayer (for such long hours) thathis feet were swollen. They (his Companions) said: Verily,Allah has pardoned for thee the earlier and the later of thinesins. Thereupon he said: Should I not prove myself to be agrateful servant (of Allah)?Bk 39, Number 6774:Aisha reported that when Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) occupied himself in prayer, he observed such a (long)qiylm (posture of standing in prayer) that his feet wereswollen. Aisha said: Allahs Messenger you do this (in spite
  • 19. of the fact) that your earlier and later sins have beenpardoned for you? Thereupon, he said. Aisha should I notprove myself to be a thanksgiving servant (of Allah)?Chapter 17: MODERATION IN GIVING SERMONBk 39, Number 6775:Shaqiq reported: We were sitting at the door of Abdullah (b.Masud) waiting for him (to come out and deliver a sermon tous). It was at this time that there happened to pass by usYazid b. Muawiya an−Nakhai. We said: Inform him (Abdullahb. Masud) of our presence here. He went in and Abdullah b.Masud lost no time in coming out to us and said: I wasinformed of your presence here but nothing hindered me to comeout to you but the fact that I did not like to bore you (bystuffing your minds with sermons) as Allahs Messenger (maypeace be upon him) did not deliver us sermon on certain daysfearing that it might prove to be boring for us.Bk 39, Number 6776:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abdullahthrough other chains of transmitters.Bk 39, Number 6777:Shaqiq b. Wiil reported that Abdullah used to give us sermonon every Thursday. A person said: Abu Abd al−Rahman, we loveyour talk and so we yearn (to listen to you) and earnestlydesire that you should deliver us lecture every day. Thereuponhe said: There is nothing to hinder me in giving you talk(every day) but the fact that you may be bored. AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) did not deliver sermons oncertain days (fearing that we might be bored).