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Book 35 pertaining to the remembrance of allah, (supplication, repentance and seeking forgiveness (kitab
 

Book 35 pertaining to the remembrance of allah, (supplication, repentance and seeking forgiveness (kitab

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    Book 35 pertaining to the remembrance of allah, (supplication, repentance and seeking forgiveness (kitab Book 35 pertaining to the remembrance of allah, (supplication, repentance and seeking forgiveness (kitab Document Transcript

    • Bk 35 Pertaining to the Remembrance of Allah,Supplication, Repentance and Seeking Forgiveness (KitabAl−Dhikr)INTRODUCTIONSupplication is in fact not only the spontaneous outpouringsof mans heart before his Lord, but it is an expression of hissense of nearness to Him, of His Might and Power, of hisconfidence in His mercy, grace and blessings. If one were toknow how much a man supplicates, and what he supplicatesabout, and how he supplicates, one would be able to see howmuch spirituality is there in his soul. When a man without anywitness speaks with Allah, the soul stands unveiled before itsCreator. The higher the note he strikes in his outpouring, thehigher is the quality of the faith that is imprinted upon hissoul, and serves as a background to all his thought andactivity. Thus to understand the spirit of any religion andappraise its value to life and society, supplications serve asthe key. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) was a greatbeliever in supplication and prayer. He made supplications tohis Lord with zeal and fervour, rarely to be found in thereligious literature of the world. One who cares to read themcannot but be overwhelmed with the depth of feelings withwhich the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) approaches hisLord, his intense love for the Great Master, his deep faith inHis unbounded Favours, his unshakeable confidence in HisDivine Mercy and unflinching faith in His Might and Power, andhis sense of deep humility before Him. These are in fact themulti−coloured threads with which is woven the delicatepattern of the Prophets (may peace be upon him)supplications. In Islam the supplication which a Muslim hasbeen instructed to make whether singly or in congregation,whether at the appointed hour of ritual prayer or at anysudden call or urge to His Lord, reflects the one singleattitude of submission, humility and closeness to God.
    • Whatever is the state of spiritual elevation of thesupplication he is made to keep this fact constantly in hismind that he is a humble servant of the Lord. That is thereason why most of the supplications in Islam open with aninvocation of the Divine Being; either the personal name ofGod, i. e. Allah, is used or the descriptive title of HisAttributes are called out in order to make the worshipperconscious of his own weak and dependent self before hisMaster. In Islam man seeks to move God to help and grant himwhat he desires, and at the same time he seeks unconsciouslyto work upon himself through the realisation of what God meansto him, to strengthen, to renew and to refresh his own innerlife. While the expression of dependence and trust is inreality a prerequisite of supplication in Islam, it covers thewhole range of human life with all its needs, longings andproblems. Supplication finds expression in a deep and urgentlonging for self preservation and deliverance from theoppressive situation, forgiveness of sins, elevation of thesoul, goodness of the worldly life and that of the Hereafter.This consciousness of ones absolute dependence upon Him,which pervades the entire stock of the Prophets (may peace beupon him) supplications, shows mans attitude of perfectresignation before the Mighty Will of the Master, but thisresignation has nothing of the spirit of despondence anddespair in it; it rather illuminates hope out of convictionthat the Being Who is the Lord of mans fate can also help himand save him even in the most trying circumstances. Thesupplications of Muhammad (may peace be upon him) eminentlycombine in themselves the mystical and the religious traits.While the Muslim supplicates, he, like a mystic, beholdsundisturbed with concentrated gaze one Supreme SpiritualReality Who is the Embodiment and Repository of all values.But, unlike mystics, he, in the hour of contemplation insupplication, does not lose himself but realises himself to bea humble servant of God and therein lies his spiritualstrength and unwavering confidence in God. The one moredistinguishing feature of the supplications taught by Muhammad(may peace be upon him) is that these are all permeated with
    • the spirit of social fellowship. They do not urge man to standface to face with God in absolute loneliness, isolated fromall other human beings. Herein the suppliant begs his Lordwith the full consciousness of human brotherhood and with afeeling that the distress which vexes him is not his only, itis that of his brethren. The graces of God and the salvationfor which he longs are also the longings of all believers,nay, of the entire humanity. There is no doubt a deep touch ofintimate personal and individual contact with God in thesesupplications, but this contact is not of the nature of anon−Muslim mystic in which the soul is supposed to be unifiedwith God losing all its individual identity. Here the soul hasa communion with Allah with full consciousness of mans ownself, his social surroundings and responsibilities. That iswhy most of the supplications have been expressed in the form"We" and Us".Chapter 1: EXHORTATION FOR THE REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH, THEEXALTEDBk 35, Number 6471:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, thus stated: Iam near to the thought of My servant as he thinks about Me,and I am with him as he remembers Me. And if he remembers Mein his heart, I also remember him in My Heart, and if heremembers Me in assembly I remember him in assembly, betterthan his (remembrance), and if he draws near Me by the span ofa palm, I draw near him by the cubit, and if he draws near Meby the cubit I draw near him by the space (covered by) twohands. And if he walks towards Me, I rush towards him.Bk 35, Number 6472:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Amash withthe same chain of transmitters, but there is no mention ofthese words:" He draws near Me by the space of a hand, I drawnear him by the space (covered) by two hands."Bk 35, Number 6473:Hammam b. Munabbih reported so many ahadith from Abu Hurairaand one out of them is this that Allahs Messenger (may peacebe upon him) said that Allah thus stated: When My servant
    • draws close to me by the span of a palm, I draw close to himby the space of a cubit, and when he draws close to Me by thespace of a cubit, I draw close to him by the space (covered)by two hands, and when he draws close to Me by the space(covered by) two hands, I go in hurry towards him.Bk 35, Number 6474:Abu Huraira reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) was travelling along the path leading to Mecca that hehappened to pass by a mountain called Jumdan. He said: Proceedon, it is Jumdan, Mufarradun have gone ahead. They (theCompanions of the Holy Prophet) said: Allahs Messenger, whoare Mufarradun? He said: They are those males and females whoremember Allah much.Chapter 2: THE NAMES OF ALLAH, THE EXALTED, AND THE MERIT OFONE WHO ENUMERATES THEMBk 35, Number 6475:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: There are ninety−nine names of Allah; he whocommits them to memory would get into Paradise. Verily, Allahis Odd (He is one, and it is an odd number) and He loves oddnumber. And in the narration of Ibn Umar (the words are):" Hewho enumerated them."Bk 35, Number 6476:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him)as saying: Verily, there are ninety−nine names for Allah, i.e. hundred excepting one. He who enumerates them would getinto Paradise. And Hammam has made this addition on theauthority of Abu Huraira who reported it from Allahs Apostle(may peace be upon him) that he said:" He is Odd (one) andloves odd number."Chapter 3: SUPPLICATION SHOULD BE MADE WITH CONVICTION ANDWILLBk 35, Number 6477:Anas reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) assaying: When one of you makes supplication, he shouldsupplicate with a will and should not say: O Allah, conferupon me if Thou likest, for there is none to coerce Allah.Bk 35, Number 6478:
    • Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: When one of you makes a supplication (to his Lord)one should not say: O Allah, grant me pardon, if Thou solikest, but one should beg ones (Lord) with a will and fulldevotion, for there is nothing so great in the eye of Allahwhich He cannot grant.Bk 35, Number 6479:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: None of you should say to Allah (like this): OAllah, grant me mercy, if thou so likest. The supplication (ofhis) should (be permeated with) conviction (that it would beaccepted by the Lord), for Allah is the Doer of (everything)He likes to do, and there is none to force Him (to do or notto do this or that).Chapter 4: IT IS NOT SOMETHING APPRECIABLE TO MAKE REQUEST FORDEATH FROM THE LORD WHEN ONE IS IN TROUBLEBk 35, Number 6480:Anas (b. Malik) reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) as saying. None of you should make a request for deathbecause of the trouble in which he is involved, but if thereis no other help to it, then say: O Allah, keep me alive aslong as there is goodness in life for me and bring death to mewhen there is goodness in death for me.Bk 35, Number 6481:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Anas throughanother chain of transmitters, but with a small variation ofwording.Bk 35, Number 6482:Nadr b. Anas reported, as when Anas was alive, that he said:Had Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) not statedthis.." None should make a request for death," I would havedefinitely done that.Bk 35, Number 6483:Abu Hazim reported: I visited Khabbab who bad seven cauterieson his stomach and he s aid: Had Allahs Messenger (may peacebe upon him) not forbidden us to call for death, I would havedone so.Bk 35, Number 6484:
    • This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Ismailthrough other chains of narrators.Bk 35, Number 6485:Hammam b. Munabbih said: Abu Huraira narrated to us ahadithfrom Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) and out ofthese one is that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)said: None amongst you should make a request for death, and donot call for it before it comes, for when any one of you dies,he ceases (to do good) deeds and the life of a believer is notprolonged but for goodness.Chapter 5: HE WHO LOVES TO MEET ALLAH, ALLAH ALSO LOVES TOMEET HIM, AND HE WHO DISLIKES TO MEET ALLAH, ALLAH ALSO ABHORSTO MEET HIMBk 35, Number 6486:Ubida b. Samit reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) as saying: He who loves to meet Allah, Allah also lovesto meet him, and he who dislikes to meet Allah, Allah alsoabhors to meet him.Bk 35, Number 6487:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ubada b.Samit through another chain of transmitters.Bk 35, Number 6488:Aisha reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)said: He who loves to meet Allah, Allah loves to meet him, andhe who dislikes to meet Allah, Allah abhors to meet him. I(Aisha) said: Allahs Apostle, so far as the feeling ofaversion against death is concerned, we all have this feeling.Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: It is not that (whichyou construe), but (this) that when a believer (at the time ofdeath) is given the glad tidings of the mercy of Allah, HisPleasure, and of Paradise, he loves to meet Allah, and Allahalso loves to meet him, and when an unbeliever is given thenews of the torment at the Hand of Allah, and Hardship to beimposed by Him, he dislikes to meet Allah and Allah alsoabhors to meet him.Bk 35, Number 6489:This hadith has been reported on the authority of Qatida withthe same chain of transmitters.
    • Bk 35, Number 6490:Aisha reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) assaying: He who loves to meet Allah, Allah also loves to meethim, and who dislikes to meet Allah, Allah abhors to meet him.There is death before (one is able to) meet Allah.Bk 35, Number 6491:A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority ofAisha through another chain of transmitters.Bk 35, Number 6492:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: He who loves meeting Allah, Allah loves to meethim, and he who dislikes to meet Allah, Allah abhors to meethim. I (Shuraih b. Hani, one of the narrators) came to Aishaand said to her: Mother of the faithful, I heard Abu Hurairanarrate from Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) which,if it is actually so, is a destruction to us. Thereupon shesaid: Those are in fact ruined who are ruined at the words ofAllahs Messenger (may peace be upon him). What are (the wordswhich in your opinion would cause your destruction)? He saidthat Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) had stated: Hewho loves to meet Allah, Allah too loves to meet him, and hewho dislikes to meet Allah, Allah too abhors to meet him, andthere is none amongst us who dons not hate death. Thereuponshe said: Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) has infact stated this, but it does not mean what you construe, butit implies (the time) when one loses the lustre of the eye,and there is rattling in the throat, shudder in the body andconvulsion in fingers (at the time of death). (It is aboutthis time) that it has been said: He who loves to meet Allah,Allah would love to meet him, and he who dislikes to meetAllah, Allah would abhor to meet himBk 35, Number 6493:This hadith has been reported on the authority of Mutarrifwith the same chain of transmitters.Bk 35, Number 6494:Abu Musa reported Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him) assaying: He who loves to meet Allah, Allah too loves to meethim, and he who dislikes to meet Allah, Allah abhors to meet
    • him.Chapter 6: MERIT OF REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH AND CALLING HIM, ANDNEARNESS TO ALLAH, THE EXALTEDBk 35, Number 6495:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon himas saying that Allah thus stated: I live in the thought of Myservant as he thinks of Me and with him as he calls Me.Bk 35, Number 6596:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him)as saying that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: When Myservant draws close to Me by the span of a palm, I draw closeto him by the cubit and when he draws close to Me by thecubit, I draw close to him by the space (covered) by twohands, and when he draws close to Me by the space (covered) bytwo hands, I go in hurry towards him.Bk 35, Number 6597:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Mutamarfrom his father with the same chain of transmitters, with aslight variation of wording.Bk 35, Number 6498:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, thus stated: Ilive in the thought of My servant as he thinks about Me, and Iam with him, as he remembers Me And if he remembers Me in hisheart, I also remember him in My Heart, and if he remembers Mein assembly I remember him in the assembly, better than he(does that), and if he draws near Me by the span of a palm Idraw near him by the cubit, and if he draws near Me by thecubit I draw near him by the space (covered by) two hands. Andit he walks towards Me, I rush towards him.Bk 35, Number 6499:Abu Dharr reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, stated:" Hewho comes with goodness, there are in store for him ten likethose and even more than those: And he who comes with vice, it is only for that that he is called to account. I evenforgive him (as I like) and he who draws close to Me by thespan of a palm I draw close to him by the cubit, and he who
    • draws close to Me by the cubit I draw close to him by thespace (covered) by two hands, and he who walks towards Me Irush towards him, and he who meets Me in the state that hissins fill the earth, but not associating anything with Me, Iwould meet Him with the same (vastness) of pardon (on Mybehalf)." This hadith has been transmitted on the authority ofWaki.Bk 35, Number 6500:A hadith like this has been transmitted on the authority ofAmash with the same chain of transmitters and he (further)said: There is for him ten like that (the good he performed)or more than that.Chapter 7: THE DISAPPROVAL OF SUPPLICATION IN WHICH A REQUESTIS MADE TO ALLAH FOR PUNISHMENT OF ONES (MISDEEDS) IN THEWORLDBk 35, Number 6501:Anas reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)visited a person from amongst the Muslims in order to inquire(about his health) who had grown feeble like the chicken.Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Did yousupplicate for anything or beg of Him about that? He said:Yes. I used to utter (these words): Impose punishment upon meearlier in this world, what Thou art going to impose upon mein the Hereafter. Thereupon Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) said: Hallowed be Allah, you have neither the powernor forbearance to take upon yourself (the burden of HisPunishment). Why did you not say this: O Allah, grant us goodin the world and good in the Hereafter, and save us from thetorment of Fire. He (the Holy Prophet) made this supplication(for him) and he was all right.Bk 35, Number 6502:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Humaid withthe same chain of transmitters, but with a slight variation ofwording.Bk 35, Number 6503:Anas reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)visited a person from amongst his Companions who had grown asfeeble as the chicken. The rest of the hadith is the same, but
    • with this variation that he (the Holy Prophet) said: You havenot power enough to undergo the torment imposed by Allah. Andthere is no mention of: He supplicated Allah for him and Hecured him.Bk 35, Number 6504:This hadith had been transmitted on the authority of Anasthrough another chain of narrators.Chapter 8: MERITS OF THE ASSEMBLIES IN WHICH ALLAH ISREMEMBEREDBk 35, Number 6505:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him)as saying Allah has mobile (squads) of angels, who have noother work (to attend to but) to follow the assemblies ofDhikr and when they find such assemblies in which there isDhikr (of Allah) they sit in them and some of them surroundthe others with their wings till the space between them andthe sky of the world is fully covered, and when they disperse(after the assembly of Dhikr is adjourned) they go upward tothe heaven and Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, asks themalthough He is best informed about them: Where have you comefrom? They say: We come from Thine servants upon the earth whohad been glorifying Thee (reciting Subhan Allah), utteringThine Greatness (saying Allah o−Akbar) and uttering ThineOneness (La ilaha ill Allah) and praising Thee (utteringal−Hamdu Lillah) and begging of Thee. Be would say: What dothey beg of Me? They would say: They beg of Thee the Paradiseof Thine. He (God) would say: Have they seen My Paradise? Theysaid: No, our Lord. He would say: (What it would be then) ifthey were to see Mine Paradise? They (the angels) said: Theyseek Thine protection. He (the Lord) would say: Against whatdo they seek protection of Mine? They (the angels) would say:Our Lord, from the Hell−Fire. He (the Lord) would say: Havethey seen My Fire? They would say: No. He (the Lord) wouldsay: What it would be if they were to see My Fire? They wouldsay: They beg of Thee forgiveness. He would say: I grantpardon to them, and confer upon them what they ask for andgrant them protection against which they seek protection. They(the angels) would again say: Our Lord, there is one amongst
    • them such and such simple servant who happened to pass by(that assembly) and sat there along with them (who had beenparticipating in that assembly). He (the Lord) would say: Ialso grant him pardon, for they are a people the seat−fellowsof whom are in no way unfortunate.Chapter 9: THE MERIT OF THIS (SUPPLICATION):" O ALLAH, GRANTUS THE GOOD IN THE WORLD AND GOOD IN THE HEREAFTER AND SAVE USFROM THE TORMENT OF HELL"Bk 35, Number 6506:Qatada asked Anas which Supplication Allahs Apostle (maypeace be upon him) frequently made. He said: The supplicationthat he (the Holy Prophet made very frequently is this:" OAllah, grant us the good in this world and the good in theHereafter and save us from the torment of Hell−Fire." He(Qatada) said that whenever Anas had to supplicate he madethis very supplication, and whenever he (intended) to makeanother supplication he (inserted) this very supplication inthat.Bk 35, Number 6507:Anas reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)used to supplicate (in these words):" Our Lord, grant us thegood in this world and the good in the Hereafter and save usfrom the torment of Hell Fire."Chapter 10: THE MERIT OF PRONOUNCING TAHLIL, TASBIH ANDSUPPLICATIONBk 35, Number 6508:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: He who uttered these words:" There is no god butAllah, the One, having no partner with Him. Sovereigntybelongs to Him and all the praise is due to Him, and He isPotent over everything" one hundred times every day there is areward of emancipating ten slaves for him, and there arerecorded hundred virtues to his credit, and hundred vices areblotted out from his scroll, and that is a safeguard for himagainst the Satan on that day till evening and no one bringsanything more excellent than this, except one who has donemore than this (who utters these words more than one hundredtimes and does more good acts) and he who utters:" Hallowed be
    • Allah, and all praise is due to Him," one hundred times a day,his sins are obliterated even if they are equal to the extentof the foam of the ocean.Bk 35, Number 6509:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: He who recites in the morning and in the evening(these words):" Hallowed be Allah and all praise is due toHim" one hundred times, he would not bring on the Day ofResurrection anything excellent than this except one whoutters these words or utters more than these words.Bk 35, Number 6510:Amr b. Maimun reported: He who uttered:" There is no god butAllah, the One, having no partner with Him, His is theSovereignty and all praise is due to Him and He is Potent overeverything" ten times, he is like one who emancipated fourslaves from the progeny of Ismail. Rabi b. Khuthaim narrateda hadith like this. Shabi reported: I said to Rabi: Fromwhom did you hear it? He said: From Amr b. Maimun. I came toAmr b. Maimun and said to him: From whom did you hear thishadith? He said: from Ibn Abi Laila. I came to Ibn Abi Lailaand said to him: From whom did you hear this hadith? He said:From Abu Ayyub Ansari, who narrated from Allahs Messenger(may peace be upon him).Bk 35, Number 6511:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: Two are the expressions which are light on thetongue, but heavy in scale, dear to the Compassionate One:"Hallowed be Allah and praise is due to Him" ;" Hallowed beAllah, the Great."Bk 35, Number 6512:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: The uttering of (these words):" Hallowed be Allah;all praise is due to Allah, there is no god but Allah andAllah is the Greatest," is dearer to me than anything overwhich the sun rises.Bk 35, Number 6513:Musab b. Sad reported on the authority of his father that adesert Arab came to Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)
    • and said to him: Teach me the words which I should (often)utter. He said: Utter," There is no god but Allah, the One,having no partner with Him. Allah is the Greatest of the greatand all praise is due to Him. Hallowed be Allah, the Lord ofthe worlds, there is no Might and Power but that of Allah, theAll−Powerful and the Wise." He (that desert Arab) said: Theseall (glorify) my Lord. But what about me? Thereupon he (theHoly Prophet) said: You should say:" O Allah, grant me pardon,have mercy upon me, direct me to righteousness and provide mesustenance." Musa (one of the narrators) said: I think he alsosaid:" Grant me safety." But I cannot say for certain whetherhe said this or not. Ibn Abi Shaiba has not made a mention ofthe words of Musa in his narration.Bk 35, Number 6514:Abu Malik Ashajai reported on the authority of his fatherthat whenever a person embraced Islam, Allahs Messenger (maypeace be upon him) instructed him to recilte:" O Allah, grantme pardon, have mercy upon me, direct me to the path ofrighteousness and provide me sustenance."Bk 35, Number 6515:Abu Malik reported on the authority of his father that when aperson embraced Islam, Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) used to teach him how to observe prayer and thencommanded him to supplicate in these words:" O Allah, grant mepardon, have mercy upon me, direct me to the path ofrighteousness, grant me protection and provide me sustenance."Bk 35, Number 6516:Abu Malik reported on the authority Of his father that heheard Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying tothe person who bad come to him and asked him as to how heshould beg his Lord, that he should utter these words:" OAllah, grant me pardon, have mercy upon me, protect me,provide me sustenance," and he collected his fingers togetherexcept his thumb and said: It is in these words (that there issupplication) which sums up for you (the good) of this worldand that of the Hereafter.Bk 35, Number 6517:Musab b. Sad reported that his father told him that he had
    • been in the company of Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) that he said: Is one amongst you powerless to get onethousand virtues every day. Amongst those who had been sittingthere, one asked: How one amongst us can get one thousandvirtues every day? He said: Recite:" Hallowed be Allah" onehundred times for (by reciting them) one thousand virtues arerecorded (to your credit) and one tbousand vices are blottedout.Chapter 11: THE MERIT OF AN ASSEMBLY FOR THE RECITATION OF THEQURAN OR FOR TIIE DHIKR (REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAH)Bk 35, Number 6518:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: He who alleviates the suffering of a brother out ofthe sufferings of the world, Allah would alleviate hissuffering from the sufferings of the Day of Resurrection, andhe who finds relief for one who is hard pressed, Allah wouldmake things easy for him in the Hereafter, and he who conceals(the faults) of a Muslim, Allah would conceal his faults inthe world and in the Hereafter. Allah is at the back of aservant so long as the servant is at the back of his brother,and he who treads the path in search of know− ledge, Allahwould make that path easy, leading to Paradise for him andthose persons who assemble in the house among the houses ofAllah (mosques) and recite the Book of Allah and they learnand teach the Quran (among themselves) there would descendupon them the tranquillity and mercy would cover them and theangels would surround them and Allah makes a mention of themin the presence of those near Him, and he who is slow−paced indoing good deeds, his (high) descent does not make him goahead.Bk 35, Number 6519:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairathrough another chain of transmitters but with a slightvariation of wording.Bk 35, Number 6520:Agharr Abi Muslim reported: I bear witness to the fact thatboth Abu Huraira and Abu Said Khudri were present whenAllahs Messenger may peace be upon him) said: The people do
    • not sit but they are surrounded by angels and covered byMercy, and there descends upon them tranquillity as theyremember Allah, and Allah makes a mention of them to those whoare near Him. This hadith has been narrated on the authorityof Shuba with the same chain of transmitters.Bk 35, Number 6521:Abu Said Khudri reported that Muawiya went to a circle inthe mosque and said: What makes you sit here? They said: Weare sitting here in order to re− member Allah. He said: Iadjure you by Allah (to tell me whether you are sitting herefor this very purpose)? They said: By Allah, we are sittinghere for this very purpose. Thereupon, he said: I have notdemanded you to take an oath, because of any allegationagainst you and none of my rank in the eye of AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) is the narrator of so fewahadith as I am. The fact is that Allahs Messenger (may peacebe upon him) went out to the circle of his Companions andsaid: What makes you sit? They said: We are sitting here inorder to remember Allah and to praise Him for He guided us tothe path of Islam and He conferred favours upgn us. Thereuponhe adjured by Allah and asked if that only was the purpose oftheir sitting there. They said: By Allah, we are not sittinghere but for this very purpose, whereupon he (the Messenger)said: I am not asking you to take an oath because of anyallegation against you but for the fact that Gabriel came tome and he informed me that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious,was talking to the angels about your magnificence.Chapter 12: EXCELLENCE OF SEEKING FORGIVENESS FROM ALLAH ANDSEEKING THAT VERY MUCHBk 35, Number 6522:Al−Agharr al−Muzani, who was one amongst the Companions (ofthe Holy Prophet) reported that Allahs Messenger (may peacebe upon him) said: There is (at times) some sort of shade uponmy heart, and I seek forgiveness from Allah a hundred times aday.Bk 35, Number 6523:Al−Agharr al−Muzani who was from amongst the Companions ofAllahs Apostle (may peace be upon him) reported that Ibn
    • Umar stated to him that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) said: O people, seek repentance from Allah. Verily, Iseek repentance from Him a hundred times a day.Bk 35, Number 6524:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shuba withthe same chain of transmitters.Bk 35, Number 6525:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as say− ing: He who seeks repentance (from the Lord) beforethe rising of the sun from the west (before the Day ofResurrection), Allah turns to him with Mercy.Chapter 13: EXCELLENCE OF REMEMBERING ALLAH IN A LOW VOICEBk 35, Number 6526:Abu Musa reported: We were along with Allahs Apostle (maypeace be upon him) on a journey when the people began topronounce Allah−o−Akbar in a loud voice. Thereupon AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) said: O people, sh mercy toyourselves for you are not calling One Who is deaf or absent.Verily, you are calling One Who is All−Hearing (and) Near toyou and is with you. Abu Musa told that he had been behind him(the Holy Prophet) and reciting:" There is neither might norpower but that of Allah." He (the Holy Prophet), whileaddressing Abdullah b. Qais, said: Should I not direct you toa treasure from amongst the treasurers of Para− dise? I(Abdullah b. Qais) said: Allahs Messenger, do it, of course.Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Then recite:" There isno might and no power but that of Allah."Bk 35, Number 6527:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Asim withthe same chain of transmitters.Bk 35, Number 6528:Abu Musa reported that he (and his other companions) wereclimbing upon the hillock along with Allahs Messenger (maypeace be upon him) and when any person climbed up, hepronounced (loudly):" There is no god but Allah, Allah is theGreatest." Thereupon Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him)said: Verily, you are not supplicating One Who is deaf orabsent. He said: Abu Musa or Abdullah b Qais, should I not
    • direct you to the words (which form) the treasure of Paradise?I said: Allahs Messenger, what are these? He said:" There isno might and no power but that of Allah."Bk 35, Number 6529:This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Musawith a slight variation of wording.Bk 35, Number 6530:Abu Musa reported: We were along with Allahs Apostle (maypeace be upon him) on a journey; the rest of the hadith is thesame as transmitted by Asim.Bk 35, Number 6531:Abu Musa, reported. We were along with Allahs Messenger (maypeace be upon him) in an expedition. The rest of the hadith isthe same (and there is an addi− tion of these words in that):"He (the Holy Prophet) said: He Whom you are sup− plicating isnearer to every one of you than the neck of his camel." Andthere is no mention of these words:" There is no might and nopower but that of Allah."Bk 35, Number 6532:Abu Musa Ashari reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) said to him: Should I not direct you to the wordsfrom the treasures of Paradise, or he said: Like a treasurefrom the treasures of Paradise? I said: Of course, do that.Thereupon he said:" There is no might and no power but that ofAllah."Bk 35, Number 6533:Abu Bakr reported that he said to Allahs Messenger (may peacebe upon him): Teach me a supplication which I should recite inmy prayer. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Recite:" OAllah, I have done great wrong to myself." According toQutaiba (the words were: ) much (wrong) −there is none toforgive the sins but Thou only, say:" Grant me pardon fromThyself, have mercy upon me for Thou art much Forgiving andCompassionate." This hadith has been transmitted on theauthority of Amr b. al−As that Abu Bakr Siddiq said toAllahs Messenger (may peace be upon him): Allahs Messenger.teach me a supplication which I should make in my prayer andin my house. The rest of the hadith is the same except with
    • this variation that he said: Much wrong (Zulman Kathira).Chapter 14: SUPPLICATION FOR THE SAFEGUARD OF ONES SELFAGAINST THE EVIL OF THE TURMOILBk 35, Number 6534:Aisha reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) used to make these supplications:" O Allah, I seek refugein Thee from the trial of Hell−Fire; and from the torment ofHell−Fire; and from the trial of the grave and torment of thegrave; and from the evil of the trial of the affluence andfrom the evil of the trial of poverty and I seek refuge inThee from the evil of the turmoil of the Dajjal. O Allah, washaway my sins with snow and hail water, purify my heart fromthe sins as is purified the white garment from the dirt, andkeep away at a distance the sins from me as yawns the distancebetween the East and the West; O Allah, I seek refuge in Theefrom sloth, from senility, from sin, and from debt."Bk 35, Number 6535:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Hisham withthe same chain of transmitters.Bk 35, Number 6536:Anas b. Malik reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) used to say:" O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee fromincapacity, from indolence, from cowardice, from senility,from miserliness, and I seek refuge in Thee from the tormentof the grave and from trial of the life and death."Bk 35, Number 6537:Anas reported from Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)(this suppli− cation) but with this variation that these wordsare not found in that supplication:" From the trial of lifeand death."Bk 35, Number 6538:Anas b. Malik reported that Allahs Apostle (may peace be uponhim) used to seek refuge in Allah from such things asmentioned in the above−mentioned hadith and from miserliness"too.Bk 35, Number 6539:Anas reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace he upon him)wed to make this supplication:" O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee
    • from miserliness, from sloth and from decrepitude."Chapter 15: SEEKING OF REFUGE IN ALLAH FROM THE EVIL OFDESTINY AND FROM THE SEVERITY OF CALAMITYBk 35, Number 6540:Abu Huraira reported that Allahs Apostle (may peace be uponhim) used to seek refuge (in Allah) from the evil of destinyand from falling into the hand of calamity and from themockery of (triumphant) enemies and from the hardship ofmisery. Abu Sufyan reported: I am in doubt that I have made anaddition of one word in this supplication.Bk 35, Number 6541:Khaula bint Hakim Sulamiyya reported: I heard AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When anyone landsat a place, and then says:" I seek refuge in the Perfect Wordof Allah from the evil of what He has created," nothing wouldharm him until he marches from that stopping place.Bk 35, Number 6542:Khaula bint Hakim Sulamiyya reported: I heard AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When any one ofyou stays at a place, he should say:" I seek refuge in thePerfect Word of Allah from the evil of that He created."Nothing would then do him any harm until he moves from thatplace. Abu Huraira reported that a person came to AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) and said:" AllahsMessenger, I was stung by a scorpion during the night.Thereupon he said: Had you recited these words in theevening:" I seek refuge in the Perfect Word of Allah from theevil of what He created," it would not have done any harm toyou.Bk 35, Number 6543:This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of AbuHuraira with a slight variation of wording.Chapter 16: SUPPLICATION AT THE TIME OF SLEEPING AND GOING TOBEDBk 35, Number 6544:Al−Bara b. Azib reported that Allahs, Messenger (may peacebe upon said: When you go to bed, perform ablution as is donefor prayer; then lie down pn the right side and recite:" O
    • Allah, I turn my face towards Thee and entrust my affair toThee. I retreat unto Thee for protection with hope in Thee andfear of Thee. There is no resort and no deliverer (fromhardship) but Thou only. I affirm my faith in Thine bookswhich Thou revealed and in Thine Apostles whom Thou sent."Make this as the last word of yours (when you go to sleep) andin case you die during that night, you would die upon Fitra(upon Islam). And as I repeated these words in order to committhem to memory, I said:" I affirm my faith in Thy Messenger(Rasul) whom Thou sent." He said: Say:" I affirm my faith inthe Apostle (Nabi) whom Thou sent."Bk 35, Number 6545:This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of al−Barab. Azib with a slight variation of wording and there is thisaddition in the hadith transmitted on the authority ofHusain:" In case you get up in the morning, you will get upwith bliss."Bk 35, Number 6546:Al−Bara b. Azib reported that Allahs Messenger (in maypeace be upon him) commanded a person (in these words): Whenyou go to bed during night, you should say:" O Allah, Isurrender myself to Thee and entrust my affair to Thee, withhope in Thee and fear of Thee. There is no resort and nodeliverer (from hardship but Thou). I affirm my faith in theBook which Thou revealed and in the Messengers whom Thousent." If you die in this state you would die on Fitra, andIbn Bashshdr did not make a mention of" night" in this hadith.Bk 35, Number 6547:This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of al−Barab. Azib that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) saidto a person: O, so and so, as you go to your bed; the rest ofthe hadith is the same but with this variation of wording thathe said:" Thine Apostle whom Thou sent." If you die that nightyou would die on Fitra and if you get up in the morning youwould get up with a bliss.Bk 35, Number 6548:This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of al−Barab. Azib that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)
    • commanded a person (in these words) and there is no mention ofthis:" if you get up in the morning you would get up with abliss."Bk 35, Number 6549:Al−Bara reported that whenever Allahs Messenger (may peacebe upon him) went to bed, he said:" O Allah, it is with ThineName that I live and it is with Thine Name that I die." Andwhen he got up he used to say:" Praise is due to Allah, Whogave us life after our death (sleep) and unto Thee isresurrection."Bk 35, Number 6550:Abdullah b. Umar commanded a person that as he went to bed,he should say:" O Allah, Thou created my being and it is forThee to take it to its ultimate goal. And its death and lifeis due to Thee, and if Thou givest it life, safeguard it; andif Thou bringst death, grant it pardon. O Allah, I beg of Theesafety." A person said to him: Did you hear it from Umar?Thereupon he said: (I have heard from one) who is better thanUmar, viz. from Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him). IbnNafi, reported this on the authority of Abdullah b. Harith buthe did not make mention of this" that he heard it himself".Bk 35, Number 6551:Suhail reported that Abu Salih used to command us (in thesewords): When any one of you intends to go to sleep, he shouldlie on the bed on his right side and then say:" O Allah. theLord of the Heavens and the Lord of the Earth and Lord of theMagnificent Throne, our Lord, and the Lord of evervthina, theSplitter of the grain of corn and the datestone (or fruitkernal), the Revealer of Torah and Injil (Bible) and Criterion(the Holy Quran), I seek refuge in Thee from the evil ofevery− thing Thou art to sieze by the forelock (Thou hastperfect control over it). O Allah, Thou art the First, thereis naught before Thee, and Thou art the Last and there isnaught after Thee, and Thou art Evident and there is nothingabove Thee, and Thou art Innermost and there is nothing beyondThee. Remove the burden of debt from us and relieve us fromwant." Abu Salih used to narrate it from Abu Huraira whonarrated it from Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him).
    • Bk 35, Number 6552:Abu Huraira reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) used to command us that as we go to our bedo, we shouldutter the words (as mention− ed above) and he also said (thesewords):" From the evil of every animal, Thou hast hold uponits forelock (Thou bast full control over it)."Bk 35, Number 6553:Abu Huraira reported that Fatima (the daughter of the HolyProphet) came to Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him) andasked for a servant. He said to her: Say:" O Allah, the Lordof the seven heavens" ; the rest of the hadith is the same.Bk 35, Number 6554:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as say− ing: When any one of you goes to bed, he should takehold of the hem of his lower garment and then should clean(his bed) with the help of that and then should recite thename of Allah for he himself does tiot know what he leftbehind him on his bed, and when he intends to lie on bed, heshould lie on his right side and utter these words:" Hallowedbe Allah, my Lord. It is with Thine (grace) that I place myside (upon the bed) and it is with Thee that I take it up(after sleep), and in case Thou withholdst my being (if thoucausest me to die), then grant pardon to my being, and if Thoukeepst (this process of breathing on), then protect it withthat with which Thou protected Thine pious servants."Bk 35, Number 6555:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ubaidullahb. Umar with the same chain of transmitters and he said: Thenutter:" My Lord. with Thine name I place my side and if Thoukeepest me alive have mercy upon myself"Bk 35, Number 6556:Anas reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) assaying: When you go to bed, say:" Praise is due to Allab Whofed us, provided us drink, sufficed us and provided us withshelter, for many a people there is none to suffice and noneto provide shelter."Chapter 17: REFUGE FROM THE EVIL OF WHAT ONE HAS DONE AND WHATONE HAS NOT DONE
    • Bk 35, Number 6557:Farwa b. Naufal Ashjai reported: I asked: Aisha, in whatwords did Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him) supplicateAllah? She said that he used to utter:" I seek refuge in Theefrom the evil of what I did and from the evil of what I didnot."Bk 35, Number 6558:Farwa b. Naufal reported: I asked Aisha about thesupplication that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)made. She said that he used to say:" O Allah, I seek refuge inThee from the evil of what I have done and from the evil ofwhat I have not done."Bk 35, Number 6559:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Muhammad b.jafar through another chain of transmitters.Bk 35, Number 6560:Farwa b. Naufal reported on the authority of Aisha thatAllahs Mes− senger (may peace be upon him) used to supplicate(in these words):" O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from theevil of what I did and from the evil of what I did not."Bk 35, Number 6561:Ibn Abbas reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) used to say:" O Allah, it is unto Thee that I surrendermyself. I affirm my faith in Thee and repose my trust in Theeand turn to Thee in repentance and with Thy help fought myadversaries. O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee with Thine Power;there is no god but Thou, lest Thou leadest me astray. Thouart ever−living that dieth not, while the Jinn and mankinddie."Bk 35, Number 6562:Abu Huraira reported that when Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) set out on a journey in the morning, he used tosay:" A listener listened to our praising Allah (for) Hisgoodly trial of us. Our Lord! acompany us, guard us and bestowupon us Thy grace. I am seeker of refuge in Allah from theFire."Bk 35, Number 6563:Abu Musa Ashari reported on the authority of his father that
    • Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him) used to supplicate inthese words:" O Allah, forgive me my faults, my ignorance, myimmoderation in my concerns. And Thou art better aware (of myaffairs) than myself. O Allah, grant me forgiveness (of thefaults which I committed) seriously or otherwise (and which Icommitted inadvertently and de− liberately. All these(failings) are in me. O Allah, grant me forgiveness from thefault which I did in haste or deferred, which I committed inprivacy or in public and Thou art better aware of (them) thanmyself. Thou art the First and the Last and over all thingsThou art Omnipotent."Bk 35, Number 6564:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shuba withthe same chain of transmitters.Bk 35, Number 6565:Abu Huraira reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) used to supplicate (in these words):" O Allah, set rightfor me my religion which is the safeguard of my affairs. Andset right for me the affairs of my world wherein is my living.And set right for me my Hereafter on which depends myafter−life. And make the life for me (a source) of abundancefor every good and make my death a source of comfort for meprotecting me against every evil."Bk 35, Number 6566:Abdullah reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) used to supplicate (in these words):" O Allah. I beg ofThee the right guidance, safeguard against evils, chastity andfreedom from want."Bk 35, Number 6567:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Ishaqwith the same chain of transmitters but with a slightvariation of wording.Bk 35, Number 6568:Zaid b. Alqam reported: I am not going to say anything butonly that which Allahs Messenger (may peace be upgn him) usedto say. He used to supplicate:" O Allah, I seek refuge in Theefrom incapacity, from sloth, from cowardice, from miserliness,decrepitude and from torment of the grave. O Allah, grant to
    • my soul the sense of righteousness and purify it, for Thou artthe Best Purifier thereof. Thou art the Protecting Friendthereof, and Guardian thereof. O Allah, I seek refuge in Theefrom the knowledge which does not benefit, from the heart thatdoes not entertain the fear (of Allah), from the soul thatdoes not feel contented and the supplication that is notresponded."Bk 35, Number 6569:Abdullah b. Masud reported that when it was evening AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) used to supplicate:" Weentered upon evening and the whole Kingdom of Allah alsoentered upon evening and praise is due to Allah. There is nogod but Allah, the One Who has no partner with Him." Hasansaid that Zubaid reported to him that he memorised it fromIbrahim in these very words." His is the Sovereignty andPraise is due to Him, and He is Potent over everything. OAllah, I beg of Thee the good of this night and I seek refugein Thee from the evil of this night and the evil which followsit. O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from sloth, from the evilof vanity. O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from torment in theHell−Fire and from torment in the grave."Bk 35, Number 6570:Abdullah reported that when it was evening Allahs Messenger(may peace be upon him) used to supplicate:" We have enteredupon evening and so, too, the whole Kingdom of Allah hasentered upon evening. Praise is due to Allah. There is no godbut Allah, the One having no partner with Him." He (thenarrator) said: I think that he also uttered (in thissupplication these words):" His is tne Sovercignty and to Himis praise due and He is Potent over everything. My Lord, I begof Thee good that lies in this night and good that follows itand I seek refuge in Thee from the evil that lies in thisnight and from the evil of that which follows it. My Lord, Iseek refuge in Thee from sloth, from the evil of vanity. MyLord, I seek refuge in Thee from torment of the Hell−Fire andfrom torment of the grave." And when it was morning he saidlike this:" We entered upon morning and the whole Kingdom ofAllah enter ed upon morning."
    • Bk 35, Number 6571:Abdullah reported that when it was evening Allahs Messenger(may peace be upon him) used to supplicate:" We have enteredupon evening and so has the Kingdom of Allah entere d uponevening; praise is due to Allah, there is no god but Allah theOne, and there is no partner with Him. O Allah, I beg of Theethe blessing of this night and the blessing of that which liesin it. I seek refuge in Thee from the evil of it and what liesin it. O Allah, I seek refuge in Thee from sloth, fromdecrepitude, from the evil of vanity, from trial of the world,and from torment of the grave." Zubaid, through another chainof transmitters, has narrated on the authority of Abdullahdirectly this addition:" There is no god but Allah, the One,there is no partner with Him, His is the Sovereignty and toHim is praise due and He is Potent over everything."Bk 35, Number 6572:This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of AbuHuraira that Allahs Messenge; (may peace be upon him) used tosupplicate thus:" There is no god but Allah, the One Whoconferred upon His armies the honour of victory and helped Hisservant rout the clans; there is nothing after that."Bk 35, Number 6573:Ali reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)said to him: Say," O Allah, direct me to the right path andmake me adhere to the straight path," and when you make amention of right guidance, keep in mind the right path andwhen you consider of the straight (path), keep in mind thestraightness of the arrow.Bk 35, Number 6574:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Asim b.Kulaib with the same chain of transmitters that AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) said to me: Say:" O Allah, Ibeg of Thee righteousness and adhering to the straight path."Chapter 18: THE RECITING OF SUBHAN ALLAH IN THE MORNING AND ATTHE TIME OF SLEEPINGBk 35, Number 6575:Juwairiya reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) came out from (her apartment) in the morning as she was
    • busy in observing her dawn prayer in her place of worship. Hecame back in the forenoon and she was still sitting there. He(the Holy Prophet) said to her: You have been in the same seatsince I left you. She said: Yes. Thereupon Allahs Apostle(may peace be upon him) said: I recited four words three timesafter I left you and if these are to be weighed against whatyou have recited since morning these would outweigh them and(these words) are:" Hallowed be Allah and praise is due to Himaccording to the number of His creation and according to thepleasure of His Self and according to the weight of His Throneand according to the ink (used in recording) words (for HisPraise)."Bk 35, Number 6576:Juwairiya reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) happened to pass by her as she was observing her dawnprayer; or after she had observed her dawn prayer. The rest ofthe hadith is the same but with this variation that he said:"Hallowed be Allah according to the number of His creation,hallowed be Allah according to the pleasure of His Self,hallowed be Allah according to the weight of His Throne,hallowed be Allah according to the ink used in recording Hiswords."Bk 35, Number 6577:It is reported on the authority of Ali that Fatima had cornsin her hand because of working at the hand−mill. There hadfallen to the lot of Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him)some prisoners of war. She (Fatima) came to the Holy Prophet(may peace be upon him) but she did not find him (in thehouse). She met Aisha and informed her (about her hardship).When Allahs Apostle (may peace be upon him) came, she (Aisha) informed him about the visit of Fatima. ABahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) came to them (Fitima and herfamily). They had gone to their beds. Ali further (reported):We tried to stand up (as a mark of respect) but AllahsMessenger (may peace be upon him) said: Keep to your beds, andhe sat amongst us and I felt coldness of his feet upon mychest. He then said: May I not direct you to something betterthan what you have asked for? When you go to your bed, you
    • should recite Takbir (Allah−o−Akbar) thirty−four times andTasbih (Subhdn Allah) thirty−three times and Tahmid (al−Hamduli−Allah) thirty−three times, and that is better than theservant for you.Bk 35, Number 6578:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shuba withthe same chain of transmitters but. with a slight variation ofwording.Bk 35, Number 6579:This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Ibn AbiLaili but with this addition:" Ali said: Ever since I heardthis (supplication) from Allahs Apostle (may peace be uponhim), I never abandoned it. It was said to him, Not even inthe night of Siffin (battle of Siffin)? He sad: Yes, not evenin the night of Siffin,"Bk 35, Number 6580:Abu Huraira reported that Fatima came to Allahs Apostle (maypeace be upon him) and asked for a servant and told him of thehardship of household work. He said: You would not be able toget a servant from us. May I not direct you to what is betterthan the servant for you? Recite Subhaana Allah thirty−threetimes, al− Hamdu li−Allah thirty−three times and Allah−o−Akbarthirty−four times as you go to bed. This hadith has beennarrated on the authority of Suhail with the same chain oftransmitters.Chapter 19: THE EXCELLENCE OF SUPPLICATING AT THE TIME OF THECROWING OF THE COCK IN THE MORNINGBk 35, Number 6581:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as say− ing. When you listen to the crowing of the cock, askAllah for His favour as it sees Angels and when you listen tothe braying of the donkey, seek refuge in Allah from the Satanfor it sees Satan.Chapter 20: SUPPLICATION DURING THE TIME OF TROUBLEBk 35, Number 6582:Ibn Abbas reported that Allahs Apostle (may peace be uponhim) used to supplicate during the time of trouble (in thesewords):" There is no god but Allah, the Great, the Tolerant,
    • there is no god but Allah, the Lord of the Magnificent ThroneThere is no god but Allah, the Lord of the Heaven and theearth, the Lord of the Edifying Throne."Bk 35, Number 6583:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Hisham withthe same chain of transmitters.Bk 35, Number 6584:Ibn Abbas reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) used to supplicate (with these words) and he (utteredthese words) at the time of trouble; the rest of the hadith isthe same except with this difference that insted of saying:"The Lord of heaven and the earth," he said:" The Lord of theheaven and that of the earth."Bk 35, Number 6585:Ibn Abbas reported this hadith through another chain oftransmitters with a sliglit variation of wording.Chapter 21: THE MERIT OF SUBHAN ALLAH WA BI HAMDIHIBk 35, Number 6586:Abu Dharr reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) was asked as to which words were the best. He said: Thosefor which Allah made a choice for His Angels and His servants(and the words are):" Hallowed be Allah and praise is due toHim."Bk 35, Number 6587:Abu Dharr reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) said: Should I not inform you about the words liked mostby Allah? I said: Allahs Mes− senger, do inform me about thewords liked most by Allah. He said: Verily, the words likedmost by Allah are:" hallowed be Allah and praise is due toHim."Chapter 22: EXCELLENCE OF SUPPLICATING FOR THE MUSLIMS BEHINDTHEIR BACK (IN THEIR ABSENCE)Bk 35, Number 6588:Abu Dharr reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) said: There is no believing servant who supplicates forhis brother behind his back (in his absence) that the Angelsdo not say: The same be for you too.Bk 35, Number 6589:
    • Umm Darda reported: My husband reported that he heard AllahsMes− senger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He whosupplicates for his brother behind his back (in his absence),the Angel commissioned (for carrying supplication to his Lord)says: Amen, and it is for you also.Bk 35, Number 6590:Safwan (and he was Ibn Abdullah b. Safwan, and he had beenmarried to Umm Darda) reported: I visited Abu Dardas housein Syria. I did not find him there but Umm Darda (was presentat the house). She said: Do you intend to perform Hajj duringthis year? I said: Yes. She said: Do supplicate Allah forblessings upon us, for Allahs Apostle (may peace be uponhiin) used to say: The supplication of a Muslim for hisbrother at his back (in his absence) is responded so long ashe makes a supplica− tion for blessings for his brother andthe commissioned Angel says: Amen, and says: May it be for youtoo I I went to the bazar and met Abfi Dardi and he narratedlike this from Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him).Bk 35, Number 6591:This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Safwan b.Abdullah b. Safwan with the same chain of transmitters.Chapter 23: EXCELLENCE OF RECITING AL−HAMDU LI−ALLAH AFTEREATING AND DRINKINGBk 35, Number 6592:Anas b. Malik reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace beupon him) said: Allah is pleased with His servant who says:Al−Hamdu lillah While taking a morsel of food tnd whiledrinking.Chapter 24: SUPPLICATION IS GRANTED IF THE SUPPLICANT DOES NOTSHOW IMPATIENCEBk 35, Number 6593:Abu Huraira reported that Allahs Messenger (may peace be uponhim) said: The supplication of every one of you is granted ifhe does not grow impatient and says: I supplicated but it wasnot granted.Bk 35, Number 6594:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: The supplication of one of you is granted if he
    • does not grow impatient and say− I supplicated my Lord but itwas not granted.Bk 35, Number 6595:Abu Huraira reported Allahs Messenger (may peace be upon him)as saying: The supplication of the servant is granted in casehe does not supplicate for sin or for severing the ties ofblood, or he does not become impatient. It was said: AllahsMessenger, what does:" If he does not grow impatient" imply?He said: That he should say like this: I supplicated and Isupplicated but I did not find it being responded. and theu hebecomes frustrated and abandons supplication.