SOUTH ASIA INTELLIGENCE REVIEW Weekly Assessments & Briefings January 31, 2011Assessment: IndiaThe Jharkhand Director General of Police (DGP) Neyaz Ahmed, on January 13, 2011, stated that thePolice had decided to change its strategy to combat Left Wing Extremism (LWE), with more actionfocused on inter-State borders: "We expect more success in 2011 and we will change the strategyslightly, like moving Security Forces to new places and launching operations on border areas, andhaving more cooperation with Bihar, Odisha and Bengal." Earlier, on January 11, the former BiharDirector General of Police, Devki Nandan Gautam, was appointed security advisor to the JharkhandGovernment, to advise the State Government on strategy to tackle Communist Party of India-Maoist(CPI-Maoist), and on matters of general law and order. Following quickly thereafter, nine CPI-Maoistcadres, including ‘sub-zonal commander’ Basant Yadav, were killed in an encounter with the SecurityForces (SFs) in the Luhur Forest in Latehar District in the early hours of January 28, 2011. Apart fromthe June 13, 2010, encounter in which the SFs had managed to kill 10 Left Wing Extremists (LWEs) ina single day, near Bandgaon in West Singhbhum District, there had been no single incident through2010 in which three or more extremists were killed. [The SFs, however, killed 13 LWEs in the Sarandaforest of West Singhbhum District in an operation between September 25 and 27, 2010.] In 2009,there had been five incidents in which three or more Maoists were killed.The SFs’ engagement with the LWEs had clearly weakened as a result of the manifest infirmity of theState’s policy. On January 2, 2010, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) leader and then-Chief MinisterShibu Soren had declared, "If they keep quiet, we too won’t harass them unnecessarily. Anti-Naxalite[Left Wing Extremist] operations in the State have virtually been suspended. Our Government is readyfor talks with top ultra leaders at any time and accept their justified demands." Only six Maoists werekilled in first five months of 2010, under Soren’s leadership. The State has witnessed a change ofpolitical fortunes twice since then. Soren lost his majority in the State Assembly and had to resign. TheState was put under President Rule on June 1, 2010. On September 11, 2010, however, the ArjunMunda-led Bharatiya Janta Party-JMM alliance Government was formed. The State’s orientationtowards the Maoists, however, did not change significantly through these political realignments.According to the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) database, 76 rebels were killed in 2009, but thenumber declined considerably, to 49 in 2010. Similarly, while 67 were SF personnel were killed in2009, SF fatalities fell to 27 in 2010, clearly demonstrating an unwillingness on the part of the state toengage with the extremists. The number of civilians killed by the Maoists remained almost unchanged,at 71 in 2010, as against 74 in 2009. The State was clearly attempting to buy ‘peace’ with the Maoistsat the cost of civilian’s suffering. Fatalities in Left-Wing Extremism: 2005-2010 Civilians SFs LWE Total 2005 49 27 20 96 2006 18 47 29 94 2007 69 6 45 120 2008 74 39 50 163 2009 74 67 76 217 2010 71 27 49 147296 incidents of Maoist violence were recorded in the State through 2010, of which 84 were incidentsof killing. 40 incidents involved arson and the blowing up of private and Government properties. Othercrimes included lesser acts of violence, abduction, extortion and widespread intimidation. Telephoneintercepts in September 2010 established that the CPI-Maoist formed a company of 100-odd armed
cadres who moved in a single group, carrying sophisticated weapons and explosives, to target SFpersonnel scouring Saranda Forest in the West Singhbhum District. The intercepts indicated that theMaoists had designated Tirulposi in Manoharpur, West Singhbhum, about 50 kilometres from Rourkelain Odisha, as a ‘headquarters’, where cadres from Odisha and Bihar would gather regularly to chalkout strategy. The Naxalites continued to make their presence felt in 20 out of Jharkhand’s 24 Districts.The worst affected among these included Ranchi (44), East Singhbhum (34), Latehar (29), Khunti(23), Bokaro (22), Gumla (21) and West Singhbhum (20). In 2009, the Latehar District had registeredthe highest number of incidents (43), followed by Ranchi (40), Palamu (31), Chatra (30) and EastSinghbhum (27). 23 Districts were listed as LWE-affected in 2009.Significantly, at least 10 LWE factions operate within Jharkhand. While the People’s Liberation Front ofIndia (PLFI) was involved in 15 incidents of violence, the Tritiya Prastuti Committee (TPC) wasinvolved in 11, and the Jharkhand Prastuti Committee (JPC) in four incidents through 2010. Some ofthese splinter groups have managed to build wide influence, eroding the CPI-Maoist’s base, as wasevident in the fact that the JPC celebrated Republic Day (January 26, 2011) in the Adga village of theKatkumsandi forest, which had been dominated by the Maoists for decades. After hoisting thetricolour, JPC cadres displayed a large number of arms in their possession to prove that they werestrong enough to fight against both the Maoists and the SFs. The internal frictions of these variousLWE outfits, most of which have split from the CPI-Maoist, are an obvious concern for the Maoistleadership. Paramjeet, spokesman for the Maoists Central Zonal Committee, thus declared, onJanuary 28, 2011, "We want factions like Jharkhand Liberation Tigers [JLT], TPC, JPC and PLFI tounderstand the politics being played by State Forces... The Security Forces use these groups toweaken our organisation and then kill them calling them Maoists. Incidents reflecting the internecineconflicts among the LWEs through 2010 prominently included: • December 27: A Jharkhand Janmukti Parishad (JJP, a CPI-Maoist splinter) cadre, was killed in a gun battle with the Bharatiya Communist Party (BCP, another Maoist splinter) in Palamu District. • October 17: Maoists killed a youth, identified as Puna Khadia, a resident of Chhapartoli under Murkunda panchayat (village level local self Government institution) in Gumla District. Claiming responsibility for killing, CPI-Maoist ‘area commander’ Jogi Bhagat alleged that Khadia was killed as he was the ‘right hand’ man of Patrick Toppo, who heads the PLFI, and engaged in extortion and road robbery activities in the area. • October 8: Two cadres of the PLFI, a breakaway faction of the CPI-Maoist, were killed by CPI- Maoist cadres in an internecine clash at Hessadih in Khunti District. • July 7: Four LWEs were killed in a gun battle between cadres of the TPC and a newly formed extremist group headed by Pramod Yadav in the vicinity of a forest in Rabda in the Palamu District of Jharkhand. Pramod Yadav was formerly associated with the TPC, before setting up his own faction. • The internal rivalries are also affecting the Maoists’ recruitment drive, particularly with the TPC and JPC trying to contain Maoist activities in Palamu.State Police Data indicates that 569 Maoists, including 47 Maoists above the rank of ‘areacommander’, were arrested across the State through 2010. Significantly, the prosecution of 64 LWEson various charges has resulted in their conviction in 2009-10.The SFs have also recorded significant recoveries of arms and ammunition, and have neutralizedseveral LWE hideouts. In a major breakthrough, the SFs raided a well-equipped chemical laboratoryrun by the CPI-Maoist in the Chandrapur Industrial Area in Bokaro District on December 21, 2010,recovering three kilograms of RDX and 10 kilograms of other chemicals, including two litres each ofsulphuric acid and acetone, one kilogram of nitric acid and five kilograms of sulphur powder. 14wireless sets made in China and some other materials, including Maoist literature, were also seizedfrom the lab. Given the political environment and the abysmal condition of State Forces, the verylimited achievements of the SFs are, nevertheless, significant. An audit report released in Ranchi on
August 20, 2010, by the States Principal Accountant General, described the appalling conditions ofthe Police in five LWE-affected Districts – Palamu, Ranchi, East Singhbhum, West Singhbhum andHazaribagh. According to the report, these Districts have shortfalls of main strike weapons rangingbetween 29 and 64 per cent. While Ranchi, one of the Districts worst hit by CPI-Maoist activities, hasshortfall of 64 per cent, East Singhbhum and West Singhbhum have shortfalls of 42 and 47 per centrespectively. In Ranchi, the total requirement was 4,895, while the number of main strike weapons andarea weapons available was just 1,773. Similarly, East Singhbhum and West Singhbhum Districts hadshortfalls of 969 and 1,016 weapons, 42 and 47 per cent, respectively, below the requirement. Palamuand Hazaribagh had weapons’ shortfalls of 29 and 45 per cent, respectively. "Though two units ofJharkhand Armed Police (JAP) – JAP One and JAP Five – were found to be over armed by 77 and 81per cent, respectively; the newly formed and centrally-funded India Reserve Battalion (IRB-2), one ofthe main combat forces of the State Police, was found to be under-armed to the extent of 49 per cent,"the audit report noted. IRB-2 had a shortfall of 463 weapons. Only 12 per cent of Police personneldeployed in these LWE-hit Districts had bullet-proof jackets and bullet proof helmets. DGP Ahmadrecognizes the shortfalls, but claims, "Efforts are underway to purchase more strike weapons andbullet proof jackets for the States constabulary. We have already placed orders for supply of suchgadgets under the Police modernization programme. The State Government has also announcedseveral measures intended to meet the challenge. The three Districts worst affected by LWE, Latehar,Garhwa and Palamu, have been asked to recruit 850 Police personnel. On January 12, the StateGovernment approved 73 posts for four proposed jungle warfare schools, which will provide training toPolice personnel to combat the Maoists in the State. Two schools are to be established in Latehar, andone each in Jamshedpur and Hazaribagh. In addition, the Jharkhand Police introduced 3D mappingtechnologies to take to plot out Maoist activities in the State. Central Reserve Police Force AdditionalSuperintendent of Police for anti-Maoist operations, Apoorva, disclosed, on January 16, 2011, "The 3Dmapping is helping us in getting familiar with the terrain, forests, hills and other places. It helps theSecurity Forces involved in anti-Maoist operations." Police personnel working in Maoist-affected areashave, however, been asked to sharpen their personal observation instincts, rather than relyingcompletely on the modern gadgetry, to detect and neutralize landmines.On July 31, 2010, the State Government had announced a surrender policy. Under President’s Rule atthat time, the Government announced the scheme, Nai Disha (New Direction), according to whichextremists who surrendered with rocket launchers or machine guns would receive INR 100,000, andthose who surrendered with an AK-series rifle would get INR 75,000. Similarly, between INR 15,000and INR 2,000 would be paid for IED or explosive materials, wireless sets, remote control devices,grenades, pistols, revolvers and rifles. Surrendered Maoists would be provided security and theirfamilies would be relocated to a safe place, while employment could also be provided. Talking aboutthe scheme, the DGP Ahmed, on January 13, 2011, claimed that some LWEs had evinced interest inlaying down arms. He, however, did not divulge the number of extremists who had alreadysurrendered since the launch of the scheme. SATP records a meagre 20 surrenders since January 1,2010. While limited schemes for capacity augmentation in the Police have been announced, there islittle evidence of a coherent strategy to tackle the Maoists in Jharkhand, even as the widerenvironment in and around the State has become more vulnerable to extremist mobilisation over thepast years. In the absence of an extraordinary mobilisation of will and resources, there is little hopethat any enduring gains will be registered against the Naxalites in Jharkhand in the proximate future.In contrast to the almost continuous diminution in trends in militant violence since 2003, Meghalayaregistered a spike in 2010, with 20 fatalities, including three civilians and 17 militants. There were justfive fatalities in 2009, including one civilian and four militants. For two consecutive years the staterecorded no Security Forces (SFs) casualty. Militancy-related Fatalities in Meghalaya: 2001-10 Incidents Civilians SFs Militants Total 2001 70 29 15 07 51
2002 84 28 14 24 66 2003 85 35 07 37 79 2004 47 17 08 22 47 2005 37 01 00 23 24 2006 38 06 00 20 26 2007 28 09 01 14 24 2008 79 00 01 11 12 2009 50 1 0 4 5 2010 73 3 0 17 20Source: Data 2001-2007: Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of IndiaData 2008-2010. Militancy related incidents were reported from six of Meghalayas seven Districts in2010. While the East Khasi Hills District was worst affected, with 24 recorded incidents, East GaroHills reported 23; West Garo Hills, 10; Jaintia Hills, six; West Khasi Hills and South Garo Hills, fiveincidents each. Ri-Bhoi District did not record any militancy-related incident. Militants suffered majorloses in the State, though the militancy related incidents increased to 73 in 2010 from 50 in 2009. OnDecember 10, 2010, four militants of the breakaway faction of the Garo National Liberation Army(GNLA), including its leader, Jokin Momin, were killed during an encounter with Police in East GaroHills District. The breakaway faction was yet to give itself a name. Further, the ‘Chief’ of the Garo hills-based Liberation of Achik Elite Force (LAEF), Nikseng G. Momin, was killed on December 2, 2010,along with another cadre, in an encounter with the Police at Darugre Reserve Forest in the sameDistrict. Of the 17 militants killed in the State in 2010, LAEF accounted for six; GNLA, two; thebreakaway faction of GNLA, four; the Assam-based United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA), three;and the Hynniewtrep Liberation Front (HLF), two.The SFs also made some key arrests. Shembhalang Dkhar and Roy Kupar Marbaniang, thecommander-in-chief and chairman, respectively, of the newly formed HLF, were arrested from theirrespective residences at Demthring and Madanriting localities in capital Shillong on January 13, 2010.Joplin Pohtam alias Jop, a sergeant major of the Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)and a key aide to the outfits commander-in-chief Bobby Marwein, was arrested by the BorderSecurity Force (BSF) near Umngot River in Dawki of East Khasi Hills District on July 18, 2010 GNLA‘finance secretaries’, Solte Marak and Martin, were arrested by the SFs from Williamnagar, East GaroHills District, on May 15, 2010. Earlier on the same day, the ‘general secretary’ of the outfit,Novembirth Ch. Marak, was also arrested from New Jalpaiguri railway station in West Bengal. Monthslater, the alleged "chief recruiting agent" of the GNLA, Dikseng M. Sangma and two of his close aides,Wallen Ch. Marak and Stingson Ch. Marak, were arrested from the East Garo Hills District on October23, 2010. A total of 71 militants were arrested in the State through 2010, including 18 from HNLC; 12from GNLA; five from the Assam-based National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB); four fromULFA: four from HLF; three from Hmar Peoples Convention – Democracy (HPC-D); three from thePeople’s Liberation Army (PLA); three from Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP); and one each fromthe Nagaland-based National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM) and the, KangleiYawol Kanna Lup (KYKL). The affiliation of 17 arrested militants was unspecified.The pressure maintained by the SFs also resulted in some surrenders. The LAEF ‘chairman’, DimrimN. Sangma alias Ramen, surrendered at Williamnagar in the East Garo Hills District along with fourcadres, on December 16, 2010. GNLA accounted for five surrenders; LAEF, 4; NDFB, 3; HNLC, 2;ULFA, 2; and HLF, 1. The HNLC, the principal militant grouping in earlier years, with its strengthconsiderably reduced due to rapid attrition, kept activities at a low level, barring some reports ofextortion in the coal belt areas, especially in the Khasi and Jaintia Hills. Significantly, HNLC ‘area
commander’ Alex Hahshah, who has been active in the coal belt for the past five years and wasinstrumental in recruitment in that area, was arrested along with eight new recruits from a house atParmowda village in the West Khasi Hills District on January 27, 2010. The group’s capacities havebeen so reduced that is was said to be borrowing arms from other groups, and returning these afterafter doing the "job" (extortion) with the "instrument". This was revealed after the arrest an HNLCcadre, identified as Aibor alias Saddam Hussein, from Pynthorsale village in Jaintia Hills District onAugust 29, 2010. However, some top HNLC leaders, including "chairman" Cheristerfield Thangkhiew,are still believed to be operating from Bangladesh. The Ministry of Home Affairs, on December 16,2010, extended its ban on the HNLC.Another prominent militant group, the ANVC, which claims to represent the Garo tribe, has enteredinto a process of talks with the Union Government, and the ceasefire between the ANVC and theUnion Government was extended without any time frame on September 30, 2010.The vacuum left by major outfits has, however, been filled by a number of smaller groups. The newlyformed Garo faction, GNLA, has been the most active in killing, abduction, extortion, bomb blasts andattacks on SFs. The outfit was floated by a former Deputy Superintendent of Police, Meghalaya,Pakchara R. Sangma alias Champion R. Sangma, after deserting the Police force. Sangma had gone"missing" for several months until it was discovered, in March 2010, that he was leading the GNLA. Heissued a press statement ‘confirming’ his position as the "chairman" of the GNLA. Media reportssuggest that Sohan D. Shira, former ANVC ‘area Commander’ for the East Garo Hills, was the‘Commander-in-Chief’ of the GNLA. The cadre base of the outfit is mainly formed by deserters fromANVC, LAEF and NDFB. The outfit is believed to be behind the killing of two non-local coal miners inSouth Garo Hills on November 17, 2010, and a bomb blast in Tura on October 9, 2010, in which ninepersons were injured. GNLA is also engaged in extortion from coal-traders, petrol tank owners andlocal businessmen. There are several instances persons working under the Union Governmentsflagship programme, the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS), in the East andSouth Garo Hills Districts, cuting short their work to leave the area due to fear of the GNLA militants.The Government initially dismissed the GNLA as a "bunch of criminals", but on December 12, 2010,invited the group for talks to "facilitate their surrender". Chief Minister Mukul Sangma’s offer, however,did not evoke any response from the outfit. Another new militant formation, Hynniewtrep TigerNational Front (HTNF), was formed on May 19, 2010. The new group’s ‘chairman’ Nathan Kshiar, in astatement to the Press, claimed that the HTNF’s main objective was to "safeguard and protect theinterests of the Khasi and Jaintia people." However, the SFs quickly arrested key leaders of the outfitfrom Shillong on May 23, 2010, including the ‘chairman’, Nathan Kshiar, ‘commander-in-chief’ Khrawalias Kitbok Kyndiah, and ‘publicity secretary’ Jonas alias Vincent Kharir. Meghalaya has also beenwitnessing the overflow of militancy from neighbouring States. Myanmarese rebels and arms’ dealershave made Shillong their "rendezvous point" for weapons’ transactions with Northeast militants. Acentral intelligence agency recently alerted the Meghalaya Police regarding a former captain of theMyanmar-based Chin National Army (CNA), Tialkulhtang, smuggling in arms and ammunition fromMandalay in Myanmar. BSF Inspector General R.C. Saxena confirmed that some "elements of CNA"were hiding in Shillong.Assam-based ULFA also has hideouts in the State and, on March 14, 2010, its cadres shot dead a 65-year-old person, Tomen N. Marak, at his residence at Rongrong Apal village under the Resubelparasub-division in East Garo Hills District. Groups such as ULFA and NDFB in Assam are known to haveused the Garo Hills to travel between Assam and their base areas in Bangladesh. There are alsocredible reports about GNLA links with the Nagaland-based NSCN-IM and ULFA. Former MeghalayaChief Minister D.D. Lapang, on February 7, 2010, stated that insurgent outfits like ULFA, NSCN-IM,NDFB and United Peoples Democratic Solidarity (UPDS) were not only supporting groups like LAEF,but also providing them arms, ammunition and training. Militant groups in the State also fuel conflictamong different tribes. The clashes between Rabhas and Garos along the Assam-Meghalaya border,which ensued on New Year’s Day in 2011, left at least 10 persons dead and some 50,000 displacedfrom the East Garo Hills District of Meghalaya and the Goalpara District of Assam. A visiting officialof
the Union Ministry of Home Affairs, Shambhu Singh, on January 10, 2011, stated that the clashesappeared "well-planned" and did not rule out the hand of "underground groups. Meghalaya hasrecorded significant gains against militant violence over the past years. However, new groups areconstantly being created within the vacuum left behind by older formations, and the environment ofpolitical uncertainty – the State has witnessed a leadership change on eight occasions over the pastfive years – creates wide spaces for continuous militant mobilisation. Much of this is now devoid evenof a fig-leaf of ideology, and its principal motivations appears to be extortion. Nevertheless, the harmthese groups are doing to Meghalaya and its people will persist, unless a regime of some politicalstability and administrative efficiency is established across the State.News Briefs: Weekly Fatalities: Major Conflicts in South Asia January 17-23, 2011 Security Force Civilians Terrorists/Insurgents Total Personnel BANGLADESH Left-wing 0 0 1 1 Extremism INDIA Assam 1 0 0 1 Meghalaya 0 0 1 1 Left-wing Extremism Bihar 1 0 0 1 Chhattisgarh 0 1 0 1 Jharkhand 0 0 9 9 Odisha 1 0 0 1 West Bengal 2 0 0 2 Total (INDIA) 5 1 10 16 PAKISTAN Balochistan 4 0 0 4 FATA 14 1 118 133 Khyber 4 1 2 5 Pakhtunkhwa Punjab 10 0 1 11 Sindh 1 3 0 4 Total (PAKISTAN) 33 5 119 157 Provisional data compiled from English language media sources.
BANGLADESH • HuJI-B used grenades sent by LeT to carry out terror attacks in 2004-2005, says investigation report: An investigation report revealed that most of the 32 Arges grenades sent to Harkat-ul-Jihad-al Islami-Bangladesh (HuJI-B) by Pakistan-based militant outfit Lashkar-e- Toiba (LeT) were used in at least seven major terror attacks in 2004-05. Of the attacks, six targeted the leaders of the then opposition Awami League (AL), and the other was on the British High Commissioner Anwar Choudhury. In carrying out the blasts, HuJI-B had been aided by a powerful quarter, some of who were in State power. Investigators unearthed these while trying to get to the source of the grenade used in the killing of AL leader and former Finance Minister S.A.M.S Kibria. The Daily Star, January 28, 2011.INDIA • ISI sent Hawala money for stone-pelters in J&K via Delhi, reveals interrogation: The three hawala (illegal money transfer) conduits, including Ghulam Mohammad Bhat, a close associate of the All Party Hurriyat Conference-Geelani (APHC-G) chairman Syed Ali Shah Geelani, who were arrested on January 23 by Srinagar Police and Delhi Polices special cell from Srinagar along with INR 21 lakh made a revelation that this money was being sent to Jammu & Kashmir (Jammu and Kashmir) via Delhi by the Inter Services Intelligence (ISI), Pakistan’s external intelligence agency, for stone-pelters, to deliberately create unrest in the valley. The money is being routed to J&K from Pakistan through a Delhi-based hawala dealer, who is yet to be arrested. Times of India, January 28, 2011. • No question of troop cut in Jammu and Kashmir, asserts Army Chief V K Singh: Army Chief General V K Singh describing the prevailing security situation in Jammu and Kashmir said though the scenario has improved, there was no question of withdrawing Army troops from there. "The day the 42 terror camps on the other side are wound up and Pakistan stops its proxy war that would be the time to withdraw. At the moment, we don’t think there is a need for troop reductions," the Army chief said in an interview with Headlines Today. Daily Excelsior, January 28, 2011. • No arms recovered from CPI-M camps in West Bengal, says CRPF official: The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) on January 29 said it has not been able to recover any arms from the camps allegedly run by the ruling Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) in Lalgarh in West Midnapore District and its adjoining Districts. Inspector General T. B. Rao said, "… The raids were being conducted for a week or so but so far there has not been any positive result," Rao said, adding that by "positive result", he meant that no weapons have been recovered from the camps. The Hindu, January 22, 2011. • Government offers 29-point proposal to NSCN-IM: The Union Home Ministry offered a 29- point proposal to the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM), said the outfit’s ‘Minister for Religious affairs’ P. Mor on January 24. The proposal included financial sops, facilities and accommodating the "Kilonsers" (Ministers) of the NSCN-IM as members of parliament and the "Tatars" (members) as ministers in the State. Nagaland Post, January 27, 2011. • ‘Commander-in-Chief’ Paresh Baruah’s video clip creates confusion over peace talks, claims ULFA ‘secretary’ Jiten Dutta: The United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) ‘secretary’ Jiten Dutta said on January 28 that at a time when the ULFA’s Central Committee is making an effort to hold talks with the Union Government, videos released by ‘commander-in-chief’ Paresh Baruah on January 21 created confusion over peace talks. Dutta said, "They are trying to pressurize the executive committee of ULFA who are in Nalbari District (where the executive
council meeting is going on). Paresh Barua’s threatening will not affect anyone from taking a decision in favour of the public of Assam." Nagaland Post, January 29, 2011.NEPAL • PLA gets a final shape of monitoring mechanism: After the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) was handed over to the Special Committee (for supervision, integration and rehabilitation of Maoist combatants), the Supreme Court (SC) gave final shape to its monitoring mechanism. A meeting of SC named members of the monitoring mechanism that comprises four representatives each from SC and its Secretariat and one from PLA combatants. Barsha Man Pun of the Unified Communist party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M), Ram Sharan Mahat of Nepali Congress (NC), Ishwor Pokharel of Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist Leninist (CPN- UML) and Jitendra Dev of Madheshi Janadhikar Forum-Democratic (MJF-D) will represent SC in the nine-member monitoring mechanism. Balananda Sharma of NC, Chandra Prakash Khanal of UCPN-M, Gopal Singh Bohara of CPN-UML and Mahesh B Karki of the Nepali Army will join the mechanism from the Secretariat. In addition, PLA ‘commander’ Nanda Kishor Pun will represent the UCPN-M. Himalayan Times, January 25, 2011. • Parliamentary Panel approves changes to end deadlock over PM election: A top Parliamentary Panel in Nepal on January 25 approved key changes in the rules for electing a Prime Minister (PM) that would make it mandatory to vote for a new leader in the House. The five-member parliamentary committee headed by Ek Raj Bhandari recommended making it mandatory to vote in a multi-cornered Prime Ministerial poll in the House. Times of India, January 26, 2011.PAKISTAN • 118 militants and 12 civilians among 133 persons killed during the week in FATA: At least 46 terrorists were killed by the Security Forces (SFs) in separate incidents in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) on January 30. 20 Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) militants and six Turi Bangash tribesmen were killed and two TTP militants were injured in Kurram Agency. In addition, the SFs backed by gunship helicopters and artillery, pounded terrorists’ suspected positions in Pandiali, Safi, Banizai and Ambar tehsils (revenue units) of Mohmand Agency and killed 16 terrorists. Separately, the SFs killed 10 TTP terrorists in Orakzai Agency. • Security Forces (SFs), in an air strike, killed nine militants belonging to the TTP on January 29 in Saafi tehsil (revenue unit) of Mohmand Agency FATA, near Afghan border. • SFs bombed terrorist hideouts in a tribal region near the Afghan border on January 28, killing 28 terrorists. In addition, five terrorists, including a ‘commander’, were killed by SFs in different areas of Mohmand. • At least 11 terrorists, including one suicide bomber, were killed on January 27 in separate incidents in the Tribal Areas bordering Afghanistan. Separately, in Mohmand Agency, six people, including three women and two children, were killed in Swezai area of Pandyali tehsil when stray shells hit their houses. • At least 18 suspected militants were killed and 22 others were injured when gunship helicopters and fighter jets bombed militant hideouts in different parts of Mohmand Agency on January. Dawn; Daily Times;Tribune; The News; Tribune, January 25-31, 2011 . • Spain arrests Pakistani national for terror links: Spanish Police on January 27 arrested a
Pakistani national, Malik Imtanan Sarwar, suspected to be linked to a cell that forges passports for al Qaeda-linked outfits. Police had been looking for the suspect since seven members of the cell were arrested in Spain in December 2010 and three more in Thailand. Daily Times, January 29, 2011.• Al Qaeda’s safe havens along Pakistan-Afghanistan border shrinking, says US President Barack Obama: United States (US) President Barack Obama adhering to his plan to begin drawdown of some American troops from Afghanistan in 2011 said on January 25 that al Qaeda havens along Pakistan-Afghanistan border are shrinking and fewer Afghans live under the Taliban control. "Their leaders and operatives are being removed from the battlefield. Their safe havens are shrinking," Obama said of al Qaeda in Pakistan. Daily Times, January 27, 2011.• Al Qaeda leader admits facing challenges from US drones, reveal intelligence reports: An al Qaeda leader, Ustadh Ahmad Farooq, in Pakistan on January 27 said the terror network is losing territory and fighters amid a United States (US) drone strike campaign. Speaking about the challenges facing al Qaeda Farooq in a speech said, "There were many areas where we once had freedom, but now they have been lost," he said, adding, "We are the ones that are losing people, we are the ones facing shortages of resources. Our land is shrinking and drones are flying in the sky." The US-based SITE Intelligence group, which tracks militant websites and other media, described Farooq as al Qaeda’s head of media and preaching in Pakistan. Daily Times, January 28, 2011. SRI LANKA• Arrest warrants issued against six LTTE cadres: A Sri Lankan court on January 28 issued open arrest warrants against six prominent cadres of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) believed to be living overseas. The court order will be implemented through the Interpol. Colombo Page, January 29, 2011.