Fire Operations


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Fire Operations

  1. 1. Fire Operations Faheem Ul Hasan Aviation & Corporate Security
  2. 2. Do The Math <ul><li>43% of businesses that suffer a significant fire never reopen </li></ul><ul><li>28% of businesses that do open, close within three years </li></ul>
  3. 3. Some Reasons These Businesses Failed <ul><li>Loss of inventory, information, physical plant </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of market share </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of customer confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Decline in employee morale and attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Negative publicity </li></ul>
  4. 4. Keys to a Successful Fire Operations Program <ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><li>Operatives </li></ul>
  5. 5. Keys to a Successful Fire Operations Program <ul><li>Prevention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through education and housekeeping </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Someone is responsible and everyone knows it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Written plans are updated, accurate and accessible </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All aspects of your system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Realistic drills are conducted </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Keys to a Successful Fire Operations Program <ul><li>Control </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage Control </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trained and Tested Responders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contingency Plans </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Prevention <ul><li>Develop visible programs and document them </li></ul><ul><li>Educate employees </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone is responsible for Good Housekeeping </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct frequent Fire Safety Inspections </li></ul><ul><li>Enforce Smoking Policies </li></ul>
  8. 8. Prevention During Construction <ul><ul><li>Temporary Heating Units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cutting and Welding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor Housekeeping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate Temporary Combustibles from Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide Fire Watch during Hot Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure Gas Cylinders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Approximately 25% of loss during construction is caused by fire </li></ul><ul><li>Common Exposures: </li></ul>
  9. 9. Prevention <ul><li>General Fire Safety </li></ul><ul><li>All workplaces must have both </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency Action Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire Prevention Plan </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Prevention <ul><li>Emergency Action Plan must contain the following elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Procedures for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evacuation and Routes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stay-behind employee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Headcount after evacuation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rescue and Medical Duties for applicable employees </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reporting fire and emergencies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General OSHA Fire Safety </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Prevention <ul><li>Emergency Action Plan must also contain these elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency contacts— names and titles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sufficient number of employees trained to assist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General OSHA Fire Safety </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Prevention <ul><li>Fire Prevention Plan must contain: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>List of major workplace hazards as well as: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proper handling, storage, potential ignition sources, control procedures and fire protection equipment to control them </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Names of personnel responsible for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining fire prevention or control equipment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control of fuel source hazards ( leaks, spills and pressure releases) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General OSHA Fire Safety </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Prevention <ul><li>Fire Prevention Plan must also contain: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written housekeeping procedures for flammable and combustible waste materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Written procedures for maintaining heat producing equipment (boilers, burners, heaters) and their fuel supplies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General OSHA Fire Safety </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Prevention <ul><li>Employee Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The employee must be told the parts of the plans needed to protect himself upon initial assignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The written plan must be kept in the workplace and made available to the employee for review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General OSHA Fire Safety </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Prevention <ul><li>Employee Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The employee must be told the parts of the plans needed to protect himself upon initial assignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The written plan must be kept in the workplace and made available to the employee for review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General OSHA Fire Safety </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Prevention <ul><li>Proper number of exits to permit the prompt escape of employees </li></ul><ul><li>Exits must be at least 28” wide </li></ul><ul><li>At least two exits, remote from each other, if blocking one would result in endangering the safety of the employee </li></ul>
  17. 17. Prevention <ul><li>No lock or fastening devices on fire exits </li></ul><ul><li>Exits can never be behind a room that is subject to locking </li></ul><ul><li>Route to exit may not be through a High Hazard area unless shielded </li></ul>
  18. 18. Prevention: 1910.36 Requirements <ul><li>Exits and routes clearly marked and maintained free of obstructions </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate and reliable illumination of exits </li></ul><ul><li>Doors and routes that do not lead outside must be marked “Not and Exit“ </li></ul><ul><li>All fire safety equipment shall be continuously maintained in operable condition </li></ul>
  19. 19. Accountability <ul><li>One person designated as the Emergency Coordinator </li></ul><ul><li>Clear lines of responsibility both up and down from that person </li></ul><ul><li>Clearly defined roles and responsibilities for departments and individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Senior management are responsible for the implementation and documentation of a fire safety plan </li></ul>
  20. 20. Testing <ul><li>Test all aspects of the plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evacuation Drills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone Notifications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paging Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary Power Supplies </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Control <ul><li>Control is critical to minimizing injury and damage due to panic and confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Notification and Communication Procedures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be a centrally coordinated interface between personnel responding to the incident and fire systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All responding personnel must universally understand alarm types, zones, floors, areas, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Control <ul><li>Response </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Properly trained response personnel (Security, Engineering, Wardens, Fire Brigade, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response equipment working correctly (extinguishers, air packs, containment, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Operatives <ul><li>Representatives from each location, function and shift must be knowledgeable of their particular fire and emergency procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Building Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for tenants, systems and possibly operations </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Operatives <ul><li>Employees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for their own safe environment. Focus on prevention, not protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractors must abide by your procedures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical supplies, tools and lighting, water, vacuums, portable generators, respiratory protection devices </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Operatives <ul><li>Facilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operate building systems, maintain exit routes, label every pipe, fuse box and fire panel closet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fire Wardens </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for the safe evacuation, headcount and relocation of peers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Managers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accountable for safe work environment for their employees </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Operatives <ul><li>Public Relations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your interface with the media </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operate systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public address </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ENL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Response </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Operatives <ul><ul><li>Contract Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprinkler and Fire Systems Contractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refrigeration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tool Rental </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Window Glass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roofing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lodging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleaning and Landscapers ( tree removal ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plumbers, Electricians, Carpenters, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heating Oil and Fuel Supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vendors—Establish contractual agreements with some of the following: </li></ul>
  28. 28. Top Ten Takeaways <ul><li>1. Don’t rely on a leased building manager to educate your employees </li></ul><ul><li>2. Use the “Not an Exit” system when necessary </li></ul><ul><li>3. Never store anything in exit stairwells </li></ul><ul><li>4. Don’t number doors on exit stairwells, number the wall instead </li></ul><ul><li>5. Educate contractors and enforce policies </li></ul>
  29. 29. Top Ten Takeaways <ul><li>6. Be creative with your evacuation drills </li></ul><ul><li>7. Label Exits and Routes near the ground also </li></ul><ul><li>8. No dumpsters near the building </li></ul><ul><li>9. Educate employees and your personnel upon assignment </li></ul><ul><li>10. Document everything, Be an Outspoken Proponent of Fire Safety </li></ul>
  30. 30. Thank You All