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Fire Operations

Fire Operations






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    Fire Operations Fire Operations Presentation Transcript

    • Fire Operations Faheem Ul Hasan Aviation & Corporate Security
    • Do The Math
      • 43% of businesses that suffer a significant fire never reopen
      • 28% of businesses that do open, close within three years
    • Some Reasons These Businesses Failed
      • Loss of inventory, information, physical plant
      • Loss of market share
      • Loss of customer confidence
      • Decline in employee morale and attitude
      • Negative publicity
    • Keys to a Successful Fire Operations Program
      • Prevention
      • Accountability
      • Testing
      • Control
      • Operatives
    • Keys to a Successful Fire Operations Program
      • Prevention
        • Through education and housekeeping
      • Accountability
        • Someone is responsible and everyone knows it
        • Written plans are updated, accurate and accessible
      • Testing
        • All aspects of your system
        • Realistic drills are conducted
    • Keys to a Successful Fire Operations Program
      • Control
        • Life Safety
        • Damage Control
      • Operatives
        • Trained and Tested Responders
        • Contingency Plans
    • Prevention
      • Develop visible programs and document them
      • Educate employees
      • Everyone is responsible for Good Housekeeping
      • Conduct frequent Fire Safety Inspections
      • Enforce Smoking Policies
    • Prevention During Construction
        • Temporary Heating Units
        • Cutting and Welding
        • Poor Housekeeping
        • Smoking
        • Separate Temporary Combustibles from Equipment
        • Provide Fire Watch during Hot Work
        • Secure Gas Cylinders
      • Approximately 25% of loss during construction is caused by fire
      • Common Exposures:
    • Prevention
      • General Fire Safety
      • All workplaces must have both
        • Emergency Action Plan
        • Fire Prevention Plan
    • Prevention
      • Emergency Action Plan must contain the following elements
        • Procedures for
          • Evacuation and Routes
          • Stay-behind employee
          • Headcount after evacuation
          • Rescue and Medical Duties for applicable employees
          • Reporting fire and emergencies
        • General OSHA Fire Safety
    • Prevention
      • Emergency Action Plan must also contain these elements
        • Emergency contacts— names and titles
        • Sufficient number of employees trained to assist
        • General OSHA Fire Safety
    • Prevention
      • Fire Prevention Plan must contain:
        • List of major workplace hazards as well as:
          • Proper handling, storage, potential ignition sources, control procedures and fire protection equipment to control them
        • Names of personnel responsible for
          • Maintaining fire prevention or control equipment
          • Control of fuel source hazards ( leaks, spills and pressure releases)
        • General OSHA Fire Safety
    • Prevention
      • Fire Prevention Plan must also contain:
        • Written housekeeping procedures for flammable and combustible waste materials
        • Written procedures for maintaining heat producing equipment (boilers, burners, heaters) and their fuel supplies.
        • General OSHA Fire Safety
    • Prevention
      • Employee Training
        • The employee must be told the parts of the plans needed to protect himself upon initial assignment
        • The written plan must be kept in the workplace and made available to the employee for review
        • General OSHA Fire Safety
    • Prevention
      • Employee Training
        • The employee must be told the parts of the plans needed to protect himself upon initial assignment
        • The written plan must be kept in the workplace and made available to the employee for review
        • General OSHA Fire Safety
    • Prevention
      • Proper number of exits to permit the prompt escape of employees
      • Exits must be at least 28” wide
      • At least two exits, remote from each other, if blocking one would result in endangering the safety of the employee
    • Prevention
      • No lock or fastening devices on fire exits
      • Exits can never be behind a room that is subject to locking
      • Route to exit may not be through a High Hazard area unless shielded
    • Prevention: 1910.36 Requirements
      • Exits and routes clearly marked and maintained free of obstructions
      • Adequate and reliable illumination of exits
      • Doors and routes that do not lead outside must be marked “Not and Exit“
      • All fire safety equipment shall be continuously maintained in operable condition
    • Accountability
      • One person designated as the Emergency Coordinator
      • Clear lines of responsibility both up and down from that person
      • Clearly defined roles and responsibilities for departments and individuals
      • Senior management are responsible for the implementation and documentation of a fire safety plan
    • Testing
      • Test all aspects of the plans
        • Evacuation Drills
        • Phone Notifications
        • Paging Systems
        • Medical Response
        • Secondary Power Supplies
    • Control
      • Control is critical to minimizing injury and damage due to panic and confusion
      • Notification and Communication Procedures
        • Must be a centrally coordinated interface between personnel responding to the incident and fire systems
        • All responding personnel must universally understand alarm types, zones, floors, areas, etc.
    • Control
      • Response
        • Properly trained response personnel (Security, Engineering, Wardens, Fire Brigade, etc.)
        • Response equipment working correctly (extinguishers, air packs, containment, etc.)
    • Operatives
      • Representatives from each location, function and shift must be knowledgeable of their particular fire and emergency procedures
      • Building Management
        • Responsible for tenants, systems and possibly operations
    • Operatives
      • Employees
        • Responsible for their own safe environment. Focus on prevention, not protection
        • Contractors must abide by your procedures
      • Equipment
        • Medical supplies, tools and lighting, water, vacuums, portable generators, respiratory protection devices
    • Operatives
      • Facilities
        • Operate building systems, maintain exit routes, label every pipe, fuse box and fire panel closet
      • Fire Wardens
        • Responsible for the safe evacuation, headcount and relocation of peers
      • Managers
        • Accountable for safe work environment for their employees
    • Operatives
      • Public Relations
        • Your interface with the media
      • Security
        • Operate systems
        • Public address
        • ENL
        • Response
    • Operatives
        • Contract Security
        • Sprinkler and Fire Systems Contractors
        • Refrigeration
        • Tool Rental
        • Food
        • Window Glass
        • Roofing
        • Lodging
        • Cleaning and Landscapers ( tree removal )
        • Plumbers, Electricians, Carpenters, etc.
        • Heating Oil and Fuel Supplies
      • Vendors—Establish contractual agreements with some of the following:
    • Top Ten Takeaways
      • 1. Don’t rely on a leased building manager to educate your employees
      • 2. Use the “Not an Exit” system when necessary
      • 3. Never store anything in exit stairwells
      • 4. Don’t number doors on exit stairwells, number the wall instead
      • 5. Educate contractors and enforce policies
    • Top Ten Takeaways
      • 6. Be creative with your evacuation drills
      • 7. Label Exits and Routes near the ground also
      • 8. No dumpsters near the building
      • 9. Educate employees and your personnel upon assignment
      • 10. Document everything, Be an Outspoken Proponent of Fire Safety
    • Thank You All