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Ppt 43 Ppt 43 Presentation Transcript

  • Breast Cancer
  • This Presentation provided by
    • The American Cancer Society
    • The University of Georgia Cooperative Extension Service
    • The Department of Human Resources
  • What Is Cancer? Cancer is the name given to a large number of diseases.
  • Breast Structure
        • 2 nd leading cause of death
        • 2 nd most common cancer
        • Incidence increases with age
        • All women are at risk
    Breast Cancer Facts
  • Breast Cancer in USA One out of eight American women will be diagnosed with breast cancer
  • Breast Cancer in Georgia
    • It is the most common cancer in Georgia women.
    • It is the second cause of death .
    • Every year in Georgia over 5,200 women are diagnosed with this disease
    • Every year over 1,100 died of breast cancer
    • _________________________________________________________
    • Sources: Georgia Comprehensive Cancer Registry, 2003
  • Breast Cancer in Georgia Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality Rates by Race, US (1996-2000) and GA (1999-2000; 1997-2001)
  • Breast Cancer in Georgia Georgia Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Age Group Georgia Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality by Age Group Rates are age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population.
  • GENDER - All women are at risk Age Family/Personal History Reproductive History Menstrual History Race Genetic Factors Breast Cancer Risk Factors that cannot be changed Radiation Treatment with DES
  • All women are at risk Obesity Breastfeeding Not having children Birth Control Pills Alcohol Hormone Replacement Therapy Exercise All women are at risk Obesity Breastfeeding Not having children Birth Control Pills Alcohol Hormone Replacement Therapy Breast Cancer Risk Factors that can be controlled Exercise
  • A Good Breast Health Plan
    • Mammograms
    • Clinical Breast Examination (CBE)
    • Self Awareness (Monthly Self Exams) (BSE)
  • Mammography Average-size lump found by woman practicing occasional breast self-exam (BSE) Average-size lump found by woman practicing regular breast self-exam (BSE) Average-size lump found by first mammogram Average-size lump found by getting regular mammograms
    • Warning signs and symptoms :
    • Painless lump or thickening
    • Thickening or swelling that persist
    • Nipple pain or retraction
    • Breast skin irritation or dimpling
    • Spontaneous discharge
    Early breast cancer may not have symptoms. Warning Signs
  • American Cancer Society Screening Recommendations
    • Annual mammograms , starting at age 40
    • Clinical breast exams
      • every year starting at age 40
      • every 3 years for women age
      • 20-39
    • Self-breast exams monthly, starting at age 20
  • Mammogram: Things to Consider .
        • Cost.
        • What to wear?
        • Who will perform the mammogram?
        • Time for procedure.
        • You may feel some discomfort.
        • When to expect the results?
        • 1 or 2 mammograms out of every 1,000 lead to a diagnosis of cancer.
        • How often should I get a mammogram?
  • Breast Cancer Treatments
    • Surgery
    • Chemotheraphy
    • Radiation Therapy
    • Hormone Theraphy
    • Immunotherapy
  • Nutrition Guidelines
    • Eat a variety of healthful foods, with an emphasis on plant sources.
    • Adopt a physically active lifestyle.
    • Maintain a healthful weight throughout life.
    • If you drink alcoholic beverages, limit consumptions.
  • Resources Low income and uninsured women could have their clinical breast exam and mammogram throught the BreasTEST & MORE at low or not cost to them . For more information please call 1-800-227-2345 and ask for the closest center to you place of residence.
  • For more information 1-800-ACS-2345 www.cancer.org