Definition of Terrorism Terrorism actually comes from the Latin Word “Fear” Is an unlawful act of violence Intimidates governments or societies Goal is to achieve political, religious or ideological objectives
Civil disorders Political terrorism Non Political terrorism Limited political terrorism Official or state terrorism
Terrorist Units and Cells: Training A Functional Approach • Recruitment • Instructors • Sites • Equipment Logistics Funding • Equipment & Operations• Sources: supplies crime, harvesting • Other essentials • One-man• Processing and • Sources • Team management, • Multilateral/•Nation States Intelligence collaborative • Supplied • Gathered • Internet/other open source • Information and politics
Government Response to Training Terrorism: A Functional Approach • Recruitment • Instructors • Sites • Equipment Logistics Funding • Equipment & Operations• Sources: supplies•Federal, State and • Other essentials • One-man•Local Taxes • Sources • Team • Multilateral/ Intelligence collaborative • Supplied • Gathered • Internet/other open source • Information and politics
Common Weapons Fertilizer Bombs Dynamite Automatic and Semi-automatic and Pistols remain the weapons of choice.
Property of Terrorism Terrorism is different from regular crime because of its strong political properties The definition of terrorism can vary from people to people due to the differences in standpoint One person’s terrorist can be another’s fighter
Examples of Terrorist Attacks Hostages Car bombs Assassinations Shootings Hijacking of aircrafts Kidnappings Mail/package bombs Suicide bombers
Prominent Acts of TerrorismProminent Acts of Terrorism on Americans Oklahoma CityBombing Was the worst terrorist attack on United States soilbefore 9/11. September 11, 2001- Attack on US HomelandPentagon, WTC, and hijacked plane killed 3,025 UScitizens and other nationals Declared Osama Bin ladenprime suspect, Global Coalition against Terrorism formed
Prevention of TerrorismPrimary prevention: Education!!! Understand the differences in cultures, religions, beliefs and human behaviors Think of the peace, freedom and equality of all human beings, not just “my group of people” Eliminate the root of terrorism
Prevention of TerrorismSecondary prevention: Establish surveillance and monitoring system on terrorism attack Improve protective system for citizens
Conclusion Terrorism is unlawful act Terrorism has a long history of being used to achieve political, religious and ideological objectives Terrorism can be conducted through firearms, explosive devices and biological, chemical, nuclear materials Even through the events of 2001,the risk of dying from terrorism has remained much lower than that from motor vehicles, smoking, and alcoholic beverage.