Copyright: Regional Campuses and Distance Education
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Copyright: Regional Campuses and Distance Education Copyright: Regional Campuses and Distance Education Presentation Transcript

  • Copyright Issues for Regional Campuses and Distance Education
    Britt Fagerheim
    Coordinator of Library Services for Regional Campuses and Distance Education
  • What is Covered by Copyright?
    Copyright is automatically granted at the time a new work is created, including works of literature, music, photography and images, and other creative works.
    Registration or attaching a copyright notice to a work is not required.
    Copyright grants the exclusive rights to (or authorizes others to) reproduce the work, display the work, and create derivative works.
  • What is Covered by Copyright
    A work is under copyright for 70 years after the death of the author.
    Exception: Works created or published before 1923 (in the U.S.) are in the public domain.
    Exception: Works produced by the U.S. government are not under copyright.
    Luckily, copyright law includes the principal of “fair use”.
  • Fair Use
    Limited use of copyrighted material without permission of holder, for limited purposes.
    Typically fair use covers using selections of copyrighted material in the classroom for educational purposes.
    Four factors to consider:
    Purpose and character of the use (commercial use or nonprofit/educational use)
    Nature of the copyrighted work, i.e. fiction or non-fiction, published or unpublished
  • Fair Use
    Four factors cont:
    Amount and substantiality of the portion of the work used in relation to work as a whole
    Effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work
    See Fair Use checklists (i.e.
  • TEACH Act
    Update to copyright law to cover transmission and displays of copyrighted material.
    Applies to online courses and distance education.
    Materials covered under the TEACH act must be:
    an integral part of the class experience (not supplemental materials such as textbooks or course packets)
    controlled by or under the supervision of the instructor
    analogous to the type of performance or display that would take place in a live classroom setting.
  • TEACH Act
    Specific requirements of the TEACH act include:
    “reasonable” efforts must be made to prevent retention and dissemination of copyrighted works
    Materials should only be available to currently enrolled students
    Students must be informed that the materials they access are protected by copyright.
    The educational institution must have a policy on the use of copyrighted materials and provide copyright resources for faculty.
    Covers digital copies of print or video
  • Library E-Journals
    Library e-journals and database content: okay to link directly to content in the database or journal, but typically cannot place material into Blackboard or course site.
    Look for “durable link” or “permanent link” on the record in the database.
    See or ask a librarian if you have any questions.
  • Course Readers
    USU Bookstore Academic Publishing takes care of copyright clearance and binding for course packets.
    Cost of course packs covers copyright fees.
    Students can have course packs sent to them.
    For information: 435-797-2742 or or (435.797.1671)
  • Course Reserves
    Staff will scan photocopies of previous tests, course notes, print journal articles, book chapters, and other materials.
    Instructor is responsible for copyright clearance.
    Guide for Course Reserves.
    Contact Cindy Sherman:, 435-797-6998
  • Author’s Rights and Open Access
    Learn more about movements in scholarly communications for author’s rights and open access:
    SPARC: Resources for Authors
    Create Change (Assoc. of Research Libraries)
    USU Digital Commons
  • Images
    Assume all images are under copyright.
    It is not sufficient to merely provide an acknowledgement for a photo or image.
    Look for a “terms of use” or copyright information on the site and suggested credit information (i.e.
    For classroom use, apply fair use rules.
  • Images on Websites
    Size and resolution of image is a factor, i.e. small or thumbnail images.
    Use public domain material.
    Obtain written permission to use image
    Use images with a statement of permissible use or open license (Creative Commons).
  • Creative Commons
    A way for creators to specify the copyright restrictions for their works.
    Most often found on websites and images online.
    Licenses include Attribution, Share Alike, and/or Noncommercial, with or without allowing Derivatives.
  • Sources
    Getting Permission: How to License and Clear Copyrighted Materials Online and Off (e-book from Merrill-Cazier Library)
    BYU Copyright Licensing Office
    Copyright Basics (2007). University of Michigan.
  • Sources
    TEACH Act, Penn State (2009).
    Hoon, P. (2007). Know Your Copy Rights FAQ. Association of Research Libraries.
  • Specific Questions?
    Contact a librarian
    Library Research Guide: Copyright
    Contact USU General Council