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Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship
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Careers in Federal Libraries - The Road to Federal Librarianship

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Did you know the average annual salary for all librarians in the Federal Government was $74,630 in 2005? Want to find an exciting career where you can serve citizens in a meaningful way? Joins us at …

Did you know the average annual salary for all librarians in the Federal Government was $74,630 in 2005? Want to find an exciting career where you can serve citizens in a meaningful way? Joins us at this pre-conference event to learn the acronyms, gather tips on applying for a federal job, and network with federal librarians over lunch. Then work with resume and interview experts to improve your "game" and your chances to land that federal job! Co-sponsors: FLICC, LSU School of Library and Information Science, Library Associates Inc., NMRT, and the ALA Placement Office. Presented on June 27, 2008 at ALA Annual Conference in Anaheim, CA.

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  • 1. 2008 Careers in Federal Libraries ALA Annual Pre-Conference Event June 27, 2008 The Road to Federal Librarianship Helen Q. Sherman
  • 2. Do you want to be a Fed? <ul><li>Welcome! You are on the right path! </li></ul><ul><li>Federal libraries & information centers need talented, enthusiastic librarians </li></ul><ul><li>Prediction that 1/3 of federal employees are eligible to retire by 2012 </li></ul>Federal Civilian Workforce Statistics: The Fact Book, 2005 ed. http://www.opm.gov/feddata/factbook/2005/factbook2005.pdf
  • 3. Roles of Federal Librarians <ul><li>Reference </li></ul><ul><li>Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Database Development </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisitions </li></ul><ul><li>Cataloging </li></ul><ul><li>Indexing </li></ul><ul><li>Web page Development </li></ul><ul><li>Systems </li></ul><ul><li>In-House Library Services for Agency Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Management and Administration </li></ul><ul><li>… and that’s just at one agency! </li></ul>
  • 4. Main Types of Federal Libraries <ul><li>Academic Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Family “Public” Type Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>School Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Special Libraries </li></ul>
  • 5. Variety of Federal Locations <ul><li>Academic Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academies (4-year Degrees) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Universities (Graduate Degrees) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Family Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., Air Force, Army, Navy, Marine Corps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School Libraries (Department of Defense) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overseas and limited areas in U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Special Libraries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agency and Foreign Service Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Museums & Historical Centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific & Technical Libraries & Information Centers </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Goal of Federal Job Process Federal Employee Employer Applicant
  • 7. Agency’s Typical Path to Federal Recruitment <ul><li>Establishment of Appropriate Series for Job </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs) Required for Job </li></ul><ul><li>Determination of Position Level and Salary Range </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment with Public Announcement of Position </li></ul><ul><li>Screening of Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Referral List to Selecting Official </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Queries to References </li></ul><ul><li>Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Patience! </li></ul>
  • 8. Establishment of Appropriate Series for Job <ul><li>Series: Four-digit code that represents a particular job function </li></ul><ul><li>Grade: Level of employment that determines General Services (GS) salary (along with work location and step) </li></ul><ul><li>General Services (GS) Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GS-1410-09 (straight 09) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GS-1410-09/11 (promotion potential) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GS-1412-15 (highest GS level) </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. Position Classification Standards for Each Series <ul><li>GS Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>*1410 – Librarian Series </li></ul><ul><li>1411 – Library Technician Series </li></ul><ul><li>1412 – Technical Information Specialist Series </li></ul><ul><li>1420 – Archivist Series </li></ul><ul><li>1421 – Archives Technician Series </li></ul><ul><li>1499 – Library & Archives Student Trainee </li></ul><ul><li>Other possibilities, depending on individual’s related education and work experience for a series </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: Review the job requirements to determine if you are qualified before applying. </li></ul>
  • 10. Position Classification Standard for Librarian Series, GS-1410
  • 11. Librarian or Supervisory Librarian or Reference Librarian, etc.
  • 12. Position Description (PD) Tip: The Position Description (PD) summarized in a job announcement is based on factor levels for the position.
  • 13. Differences in Factor Levels from Entry Level to Experienced Librarian <ul><li>Factor 1, Knowledge Required by Position </li></ul><ul><li>Level 1-6 950 Points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The librarian provides reference services where needs are relatively easy to determine from client interviews or written requests, and the bibliographic source materials are readily accessible…” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Level 1-8 1550 Points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The librarian serves as an expert…;” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“… an interagency or federal expert…” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“… a senior staff librarian for a library system…” </li></ul></ul>
  • 14. Differences in Levels for Supervisory Experience <ul><li>Factor 2, Supervisory Controls </li></ul><ul><li>Level 2-3 275 Points: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The supervisor defines the librarian's scope of responsibility and the objectives, priorities, and deadlines.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Level 2-5 650 Points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The supervisor and higher-level authorities consider the work as technically authoritative and normally accept the librarian’s recommendations without significant change.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tip: Do not submit the same resume for all of your job applications. Review each announcement carefully; prepare an application to highlight your qualifications for the job. </li></ul>
  • 15. KSAs <ul><li>Knowledge: Organized body of information, usually of factual or procedural nature, which, if applied, makes adequate performance on the job possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Skills: Proficient manual, verbal, or mental manipulation of data, people, or things. Observable, quantifiable, measurable . </li></ul><ul><li>Abilities: Power to perform an activity at the present time. </li></ul>
  • 16. Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs) Required - Essays <ul><li>Sample Essay Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Knowledge of principles, concepts, and techniques of library science.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Ability to plan and manage a program for a library’s _______(Reference Services, Document Delivery, Cataloging, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Ability to lead and supervise a diverse workforce.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Ability to communicate effectively in writing.” “Ability to communicate effectively other than in writing.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tip: Submit well-written, truthful essays with specific and relevant examples. </li></ul>
  • 17. Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs) Required – Questionnaire <ul><li>Multiple Choice Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g.; ‘I have performed the job of ______________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Never </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occasionally </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As a regular part of my job with supervision </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As a major part of my job, usually independently and without review by supervisor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To review the work of personnel under my supervision </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>As a recognized expert in the field, to train other divisions or the federal community </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Combination of Questions & Essays </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: Answer the questions honestly. They may be used as the basis for your interview or queries to your references. </li></ul>
  • 18. Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs) Required –Announcement <ul><li>Expected Coverage of KSAs in Application & Resume </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Note Job Description & Specific Duties in Announcement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note Qualifications and Evaluations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Education Requirement </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specialized Experience </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g.; “Specialized experience is experience in information management/sciences; evaluation of technologies to acquire, apply, search, communicate, generate, and utilize information resources; and program/project management and supervisory experience.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Tip: Use relevant terminology in your resume. It will be reviewed by a personnel specialist or computer. </li></ul>
  • 19. KSA Guidelines <ul><li>Suggested Method for KSA Answers: </li></ul><ul><li>Context: Describe the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Challenge: Describe what needed to be done. </li></ul><ul><li>Action: Describe your role & specifically what you did. </li></ul><ul><li>Results: Describe outcome in concrete, verifiable terms. </li></ul><ul><li>Tips: </li></ul><ul><li>Use concrete, action verbs, and specific nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Use numbers, statistics, and specific time periods. </li></ul><ul><li>Quote relevant phrases from awards. </li></ul><ul><li>Use relevant terms from job announcement. </li></ul>
  • 20. Determination of Position Level and Salary Range <ul><li>General Schedule (GS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., GS-1410-09 </li></ul></ul>
  • 21. General Schedule (GS) & Locality Pay Tables http://www.opm.gov/oca/08tables/
  • 22. GS Base Pay S howing Steps for Each Grade
  • 23. Steps <ul><li>Within-Grade Increases (WGIs) or Step Increases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Periodic increases in General Schedule (GS) employee's rate of basic pay from one step of the grade of the position to the next higher step of that grade; e.g., GS-11-01 to GS-11-02 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Required Waiting Period for WGI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>52 calendar weeks of acceptable performance </li></ul></ul>
  • 24. Future Possibility <ul><li>Quality Step Increase (QSI) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster-than-normal WGI may be used to reward employees who demonstrate sustained performance of highest quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Management decision per employee; not standard award </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not apply to incoming personnel </li></ul></ul>
  • 25. GS Salary Table with Locality Pay
  • 26. Determination of Position Level and Salary Range <ul><li>General Schedule (GS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., GS-1410-09 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pay Banding or Performance Based Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Accountability Office (GAO) – E.g., PT-2210-03/03 </li></ul></ul>
  • 27. GAO-08-ISTS-2210-18 Information Systems & Technology Services (ISTS)
  • 28. Determination of Position Level and Salary Range <ul><li>General Schedule (GS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., GS-1410-09 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pay Banding or Performance Based Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Accountability Office (GAO) – E.g., PT-2210-03/03 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) E.g.,  ZP-2210-01/05 </li></ul></ul>
  • 29. NIST: ZP-2210-01/05 Information Technology Specialist
  • 30. Determination of Position Level and Salary Range <ul><li>General Schedule (GS) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., GS-1410-09 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pay Banding or Performance Based Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Accountability Office (GAO) – E.g., PT-2210-03/03 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST) E.g.,  ZP-2210-01/05 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Defense (DoD): National Security Personnel System (NSPS) – E.g., YA-1410-02 </li></ul></ul>
  • 31. DoD NSPS Worldwide Pay Table http://www.cpms.osd.mil/nsps/
  • 32. Recruitment with Public Announcement of Position <ul><li>* USAJOBS http://www. usajobs . opm . gov / </li></ul><ul><li>Other Example Sites </li></ul><ul><li>Army: http://www. cpol .army.mil/ </li></ul><ul><li>DOT: http://careers.dot. gov / js _apply.html </li></ul><ul><li>DTIC: http://www. dtic .mil/ dtic / joas /index.html </li></ul><ul><li>FBI: https://jobs1. quickhire .com/scripts/ fbi .exe </li></ul><ul><li>GAO: http://www. gao . gov /careers/apply.html </li></ul><ul><li>GPO: http://www. gpo . gov /careers/jobs. htm </li></ul><ul><li>LC: https://www. avuecentral .com/ </li></ul><ul><li>NIST: http://www. nist . gov / hrmd /index. htm </li></ul>
  • 33. USAJOBS
  • 34. Bookmark and Check Agency Sites for New Announcements Tip: Some USAJOBS announcements appear on agency sites before they are searchable on USAJOBS.
  • 35. Key Requirements of Position <ul><li>U.S. Citizenship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required for most federal jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specified on announcement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proof of Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required official transcript – sometimes as attachment, mailed separately, or requested later </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Announcement will specify level of degree for series and instructions </li></ul></ul>
  • 36. Other Requirements of Position <ul><li>Other Possible Application Requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Security Investigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secret or Top Secret Clearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drug Test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polygraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mandatory Emergency Essential Status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Travel </li></ul></ul>
  • 37. Location of Position <ul><li>Announcement specifies location of job </li></ul><ul><li>Moving expenses usually NOT provided </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: If you can be flexible and mobile, you could expand your opportunities and have an interesting career. </li></ul>
  • 38. Status <ul><li>Check Eligibility for Position </li></ul><ul><li>Check “Yes” or “No” for Applicant Eligibility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are you a current or former Federal civilian employee who holds or held a non-temporary appointment? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Announcement Designations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Status (current or former career or career-conditional Federal employees) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Citizens and Status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All Sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tip: If you have no prior federal service, look for Public, U.S. Citizen, or All Sources. </li></ul>
  • 39. Search by Applicant Eligibility
  • 40. Status Candidate Defined
  • 41. Terms <ul><li>WHO MAY BE CONSIDERED:   Federal Career/Career-Conditional employees, Transfer, Reinstatement Eligibles, 30% Disabled Veterans, Veterans Employment Opportunities Act (VEOA) and other individuals eligible under special appointment authorities. </li></ul>
  • 42. Career & Career-Conditional http://www.usajobs.gov/EI38.asp
  • 43. Transfer http://www.usajobs.gov/EI5.asp
  • 44. Reinstatement http://www.usajobs.gov/EI2.asp
  • 45. Veterans’ Preference http://www.usajobs.gov/ei3.asp
  • 46. Summary: Who May Apply
  • 47. Overview: Who May Be Considered
  • 48. Other Terms <ul><li>Competitive Service: classified service, classified competitive service, or classified civil service </li></ul><ul><li>Excepted Service: Unclassified service, unclassified civil service, or positions outside the competitive service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g., Career fields with unique skills, i.e., lawyers, doctors, or engineers </li></ul></ul>
  • 49. Permanent: Full Time
  • 50. Multiple: Pool of Applicants
  • 51. Librarian & Supervisory Librarian
  • 52. Technical Information Specialist
  • 53. Open Period (Important!) Tip: Observe the closing date and allow time for system failures with the online resume.
  • 54. Screening of Applications <ul><li>Evaluation of your application against the position’s qualification requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Review by Agency Human Resources Specialist and/or Automated System (NOT a Career Librarian) </li></ul><ul><li>Ranking relative to the other candidates (for some agencies) </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: Use specific, relevant language to explain your KSAs. Avoid acronyms, abbreviations, special characters, and library jargon. Do not assume a person (or machine) will understand your experiences. </li></ul>
  • 55. Referral List to Selecting Official <ul><li>List of Highly Qualified Candidates or Most Highly Qualified Candidates issued by Human Resources Office to Selecting Official </li></ul><ul><li>Agency Review by Panel or Selecting Official </li></ul><ul><li>TIP: Remember that there is competition for the position. Being Qualified does not guarantee that you will be interviewed or selected for the job. </li></ul>
  • 56. Interview <ul><li>Most agencies conduct interviews of top candidates only </li></ul><ul><li>Interview by panel or selecting official </li></ul><ul><li>Interview in person or by telephone (Trip not provided) </li></ul><ul><li>One or two rounds of interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Writing samples of relevant work may be required </li></ul><ul><li>Same questions for ALL applicants - to be fair & equal </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe a thought-provoking or situational question </li></ul><ul><li>Officials take notes and evaluate the responses </li></ul><ul><li>Usually, opportunity provided for candidate to ask question(s) about the job at the end </li></ul>
  • 57. Queries to References <ul><li>Usually by telephone and/or email </li></ul><ul><li>Standard questions for all candidates from the group </li></ul><ul><li>Reference sometimes offers to send additional material </li></ul>
  • 58. Selection <ul><li>Selecting official submits first (and possibly alternate choice) to Human Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Human Resources (NOT Selecting Official) contacts selectee with job offer and salary </li></ul><ul><li>Specific time designated for response </li></ul><ul><li>Many positions dependent upon Security Clearance </li></ul><ul><li>Report date determined by agency </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: Do not quit your other job while waiting for a clearance. A Security Clearance can take a year (or more). </li></ul>
  • 59. Agency’s Typical Path to Federal Recruitment <ul><li>Establishment of Appropriate Series for Job </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs) Required for Job </li></ul><ul><li>Determination of Position Level and Salary Range </li></ul><ul><li>Recruitment with Public Announcement of Position </li></ul><ul><li>Screening of Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Referral List to Selecting Official </li></ul><ul><li>Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Queries to References </li></ul><ul><li>Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Patience! </li></ul>
  • 60. Applicant’s Road Map to Federal Job <ul><li>Agency Job Announcements </li></ul><ul><li>Eligibility for Position </li></ul><ul><li>Qualifications for Targeted Position </li></ul><ul><li>Winning Application and Resume </li></ul><ul><li>Verifiable Education and Experience </li></ul><ul><li>Successful Interview </li></ul><ul><li>Positive References </li></ul><ul><li>Job Offer </li></ul><ul><li>Patience! </li></ul>
  • 61. Agency Job Announcements <ul><li>Check USAJOBS and agency Web sites </li></ul><ul><li>Set up email alerts for new jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Join professional organizations (at student rate, if applicable) </li></ul><ul><li>Join professional listservs (as allowed) </li></ul><ul><li>Check campus bulletins </li></ul><ul><li>Investigate intern programs </li></ul><ul><li>Consider positions with contractors </li></ul><ul><li>Network with other librarians </li></ul>
  • 62. Eligibility for Position <ul><li>Review complete announcement </li></ul><ul><li>Determine if Status, Public, Veteran, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider mobility for a different location </li></ul><ul><li>Contact the Human Resource person listed if you have questions about your eligibility </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: When you are eligible, start applying. You should expect to apply for more than one job. </li></ul>
  • 63. Qualifications for Targeted Position <ul><li>Complete your degree; relate your education and projects to the qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>Consider an internship or practicum for practical experience in a library or information center </li></ul><ul><li>Take additional training or attend seminars in your field when possible </li></ul><ul><li>Joint professional organizations and attend their programs </li></ul><ul><li>Read current literature about librarianship </li></ul><ul><li>Determine and explain which skills from your former job(s) pertain to the library position; e.g., teaching, managing projects, writing, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Be marketable </li></ul>
  • 64. Winning Application and Resume <ul><li>Create an account on USAJOBS and build your resume. </li></ul><ul><li>Write information in advance and save separate text files according to required sections for future editing. </li></ul><ul><li>Check the word count before copying and pasting sections to your resume. </li></ul><ul><li>Include awards, certifications, and special skills that pertain to this career field. </li></ul><ul><li>Be specific about computer training, systems, and databases. (Do NOT use a generic statement, such as “Proficient in computer skills.”) </li></ul>
  • 65. Required Personal Information
  • 66. Required Work Experience
  • 67. Multiple Applications and Resumes <ul><li>Always update your information as appropriate and use relevant details when creating a new resume. </li></ul><ul><li>Include ALL required information, e.g., dates, degrees, references, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Save each resume according to the application you submitted. </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: Track your deadlines and allow lots of time to prepare an online application! Your time ends at midnight (Eastern) prior to the closing date. </li></ul>
  • 68. USAJOBS Resume Tip: Create a USAJOBS account & receive automated job alerts.
  • 69. Create Resumes on Sites with Other Online Systems Tip: Use your saved files to create new resumes.
  • 70.  
  • 71. Keyword Search
  • 72. Job Category Search
  • 73. Agency Search
  • 74. Department/Agency Name
  • 75. Check Status
  • 76. Job Summary
  • 77. Tabs for Navigation Through Announcement
  • 78. Verifiable Education and Experience <ul><li>Proof of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Required official transcript – sometimes as attachment, mailed separately, or requested later </li></ul><ul><li>Applicant’s responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Specific instructions on announcement </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: Do NOT send attachments unless they are specified. Announcement will specify if additional documentation should be submitted with the resume or if applicants will be contacted for additional documentation. </li></ul>
  • 79. Successful Interview <ul><li>Prepare. </li></ul><ul><li>Review your printed copy of the job announcement and your submitted application. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down building, room #, & time. </li></ul><ul><li>Check directions to the location in advance. </li></ul><ul><li>Be on time. </li></ul><ul><li>Have the contact number with you in case of an emergency. </li></ul><ul><li>Dress professionally. </li></ul><ul><li>Relax! You are considered a highly qualified candidate. </li></ul><ul><li>Send brief thank-you message - nice gesture & memorable. </li></ul>
  • 80. Positive References <ul><li>Notify your references in advance so that they will expect queries about you. </li></ul><ul><li>You may request that agencies should not notify your current employer unless you are a final candidate. </li></ul>
  • 81. Job Offer <ul><li>Call from agency’s HR office </li></ul><ul><li>Job offer with salary and starting date </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: If starting salary is lower than existing salary, you may request consideration of a higher step prior to acceptance. (Not guaranteed. Any variation requires justification and approval by agency.) </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent Change of Station (PCS) paid by new employee (unless advertised otherwise) </li></ul><ul><li>Position subject to probationary period (usually one year) </li></ul>
  • 82. Patience! <ul><li>Don’t give up. </li></ul><ul><li>Apply for more than one job. </li></ul><ul><li>Process may take months. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many opportunities for qualified librarians. </li></ul><ul><li>Good luck with your job search! </li></ul>
  • 83. Disclaimer <ul><li>This overview is only meant to provide a starting point for your job search. Since personnel systems vary by agency and are constantly changing, always read each job announcement carefully and print it for future reference. The information will not be available after the closing date. Call the Point of Contact listed on the job announcement if you have any questions about the application process. </li></ul>
  • 84. The Road to Federal Librarianship <ul><li>Helen Q. Sherman </li></ul><ul><li>Director, User Services </li></ul><ul><li>Defense Technical Information Center </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>

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