INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE FICTION GENRE
• It’s based on scientific principles and technology.
(e.g.: technology in Brave New...
• Science fiction includes novels and short
stories that represent an imagined reality that
is radically different in its ...
SETTING
• Often the setting is another
planet, or this earth projected
into the future, or an imagined
parallel universe.
• These stories involve partially true-partially
fictitious laws or theories of science. It
should not be completely unbel...
• Science fiction texts also include a
human element, explaining what
effect new discoveries, happenings
and scientific de...
EXAMPLES
• Some well-known 20th century science
fiction texts include 1984 by George
Orwell, Brave New World by Alduous
Hu...
• Billy and Eliot Rosewater read science fiction
because their own realities no longer make
sense to them.
• They need invented realities that work by
different rules because their own lives have
lost meaning.
• Slaughterhouse-
Five’s main story
deals with Billy
Pilgrim’s memory
of the war
supported by
such unrealistic
elements as...
• These science
fictional
elements are
actually the
lies Billy relies
on in order to
reduce, in his
recollection of
the ai...
• Critics examine how
Vonnegut structured the
book: “he uses the science-
fiction motif of time-travel
to break up not onl...
• Slaughterhouse-Five
uses science fiction the
same way it uses war,
both as a plot point and
as an object of
philosophica...
• The level of self-
consciousness that
Slaughterhouse-Five
brings to the genres of
autobiography, war
drama, and science
...
• The constant confusion
about when – or even
whether – the different
events of the novel
happen mean that
readers are con...
• By using the author as
a character in the
book and by telling
Billy's story out of
order, the novel itself
keeps remindi...
• This manner of
storytelling indicates a
degree of skepticism
about the idea of a
unified self or the
possibility of real...
How Is Slaughterhouse Five
a Postmodernist Text?
• Kurt Vonnegut Jr. is a postmodernist writer
who exhibits this with his adept uses of a non-
linear narrative, metafictio...
• It talks about writing (metafiction).
• Plays with the criteria of time, lack of a linear
narrative (fragmentation).
• E...
Response to Modernism
Slaughterhouse-five is a response to the despair
seen in modernism in that it uses a playful
satiriz...
• The placement of Billy and an adult film star
into a Tralfamadorian zoo provides some
comic relief and starkly contrasts...
• The novel’s strategies of satire clearly
address war but it’s also a postmodernist
piece that attempts to satirize every...
Fragmentation
Kurt Vonnegut uses
fragmentation of time,
structure and character in
order to unify his non-
linear narrativ...
Fragmentation
One minute Billy is marching
through a forest and the next
he is waiting at a public pool
for his father to ...
Narrator/Character
• In addition to being the
narrator, Vonnegut is
present within the text as
the narrative's central
cha...
Paradox
• Paradox is also used is
the story such as “a
blowtorch that did not
warm” or “scalding
rain” [water coming
from ...
THE END
Online Resources:
• M.H. Abrams A Glossary of Literary Terms
• www.eduplace.com/activity/pdf/scifiction.pdf
• http://www.r...
Sci-fi and Postmodernist Elements in Slaughterhouse Five by Kurt Vonnegut- Definition of Sci-fi and Postmodernism in Liter...
Sci-fi and Postmodernist Elements in Slaughterhouse Five by Kurt Vonnegut- Definition of Sci-fi and Postmodernism in Liter...
Sci-fi and Postmodernist Elements in Slaughterhouse Five by Kurt Vonnegut- Definition of Sci-fi and Postmodernism in Liter...
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Sci-fi and Postmodernist Elements in Slaughterhouse Five by Kurt Vonnegut- Definition of Sci-fi and Postmodernism in Literature

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Inspecting elements of science fiction and postmodern genre in the novel, Slaughterhouse Five by Vonnegut. Definition of Science Fiction and Postmodern in Literature.

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Sci-fi and Postmodernist Elements in Slaughterhouse Five by Kurt Vonnegut- Definition of Sci-fi and Postmodernism in Literature

  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO SCIENCE FICTION GENRE • It’s based on scientific principles and technology. (e.g.: technology in Brave New World) • It may make predictions about life in the future. (e.g.: Dystopia predicted in 1984) • It often deals with aliens or with life on other worlds. (e.g.: Billy’s abduction by aliens in Slaughterhouse 5) • It can comment on important issues in society. (e.g.: consequences of war in Slaughterhouse 5)
  2. 2. • Science fiction includes novels and short stories that represent an imagined reality that is radically different in its nature and functioning from the world of our ordinary experience. The plot creates situations different from those of both the present day and the known past.
  3. 3. SETTING • Often the setting is another planet, or this earth projected into the future, or an imagined parallel universe.
  4. 4. • These stories involve partially true-partially fictitious laws or theories of science. It should not be completely unbelievable, because it then ventures into the genre fantasy.
  5. 5. • Science fiction texts also include a human element, explaining what effect new discoveries, happenings and scientific developments will have on us in the future.
  6. 6. EXAMPLES • Some well-known 20th century science fiction texts include 1984 by George Orwell, Brave New World by Alduous Huxley, and The Fountainhead by Ayn Rand.
  7. 7. • Billy and Eliot Rosewater read science fiction because their own realities no longer make sense to them.
  8. 8. • They need invented realities that work by different rules because their own lives have lost meaning.
  9. 9. • Slaughterhouse- Five’s main story deals with Billy Pilgrim’s memory of the war supported by such unrealistic elements as a kind of time warp, extraterrestrials and their four dimensional points of view
  10. 10. • These science fictional elements are actually the lies Billy relies on in order to reduce, in his recollection of the air raid on Dresden.
  11. 11. • Critics examine how Vonnegut structured the book: “he uses the science- fiction motif of time-travel to break up not only the subjective experience but also the objective measurement of time and thereby to spatialize his tale”
  12. 12. • Slaughterhouse-Five uses science fiction the same way it uses war, both as a plot point and as an object of philosophical examination.
  13. 13. • The level of self- consciousness that Slaughterhouse-Five brings to the genres of autobiography, war drama, and science fiction all point to a fourth and final genre: the postmodern novel.
  14. 14. • The constant confusion about when – or even whether – the different events of the novel happen mean that readers are constantly kept at some distance from Billy Pilgrim and his life story.
  15. 15. • By using the author as a character in the book and by telling Billy's story out of order, the novel itself keeps reminding us that Billy's story is fiction
  16. 16. • This manner of storytelling indicates a degree of skepticism about the idea of a unified self or the possibility of realistic narration that characterizes postmodernism.
  17. 17. How Is Slaughterhouse Five a Postmodernist Text?
  18. 18. • Kurt Vonnegut Jr. is a postmodernist writer who exhibits this with his adept uses of a non- linear narrative, metafictional technique, elliptical structure, and irony with touch of playfulness and dark humor. • He created a pastiche of fiction, nonfiction, science fiction, and satire in the novel Slaughterhouse-five
  19. 19. • It talks about writing (metafiction). • Plays with the criteria of time, lack of a linear narrative (fragmentation). • Explores reality and truth. • Plays with the notion of framebreaking: Vonnegut; Narrative; and Vonnegut as the Protagonist (questionable narrator). • Explores two different genres - History and Science-fiction. • A Response to Modernist Literature.
  20. 20. Response to Modernism Slaughterhouse-five is a response to the despair seen in modernism in that it uses a playful satirization of war to ultimately convey its senselessness and painful impacts
  21. 21. • The placement of Billy and an adult film star into a Tralfamadorian zoo provides some comic relief and starkly contrasts the wartime settings. • The dark humor seen as a convention of postmodernism is used almost continually.
  22. 22. • The novel’s strategies of satire clearly address war but it’s also a postmodernist piece that attempts to satirize everything at once, which is almost the same thing as satirizing nothing in particular
  23. 23. Fragmentation Kurt Vonnegut uses fragmentation of time, structure and character in order to unify his non- linear narrative. Vonnegut moves Billy rapidly, having him experience a mere fragment of his life before whisking him off again. This creates a collage effect in the novel, which is made up of bits and pieces of Billy's life.
  24. 24. Fragmentation One minute Billy is marching through a forest and the next he is waiting at a public pool for his father to teach him how to swim. This constant fragmentation of Billy's life serves, ironically, to unify Billy's character for the reader. By going back and forth in Billy's life the reader is able to see a whole picture of what Billy is actually like instead of just one fragment of his personality.
  25. 25. Narrator/Character • In addition to being the narrator, Vonnegut is present within the text as the narrative's central character in the first and last chapters.
  26. 26. Paradox • Paradox is also used is the story such as “a blowtorch that did not warm” or “scalding rain” [water coming from a showerhead is not literally rain].
  27. 27. THE END
  28. 28. Online Resources: • M.H. Abrams A Glossary of Literary Terms • www.eduplace.com/activity/pdf/scifiction.pdf • http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/lesson_images/lesso n927/SciFiDefinition.pdf • www.gradesaver.com › Slaughterhouse Five › Study Guide • www.shmoop.com › Literature › Slaughterhouse-Five › Analysis • en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postmodern_literature • http://www.unask.com/website/work99/bp3/laura/postmodern/In dex.html • https://suite.io/griffin-keedy • http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/metafiction • http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/provide-analyse- examples-key-literary-language-316199 • http://www.cliffsnotes.com/literature/s/slaughterhousefive/critical- essays/the-presence-of-the-narrator-in-slaughterhousefive • http://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=19269
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