Pengurusan Kesihatan Wanita & HIVPresentation Transcript
Pengurusan Kesihatan Wanita & HIV/AIDS
Are we spared from HIV/AIDS? NO !!!
How Is HIV Transmitted?• Unprotected Sex ( Male – Female, Male-Male )• Sharing needles ( IVDU )• Blood transfusion• Mother Child transmission
Sex & Drugs• Inner Factor – Try something “interesting”, not knowing the danger and consequences• Outer Factor – Influence from family & friends – Money – Love
Challenges• Women can transmit HIV to their babies• Women are 2x more likely to get HIV from vaginal sex ( large exposure area )• Women lack control in relationship – Scared to say no to sex – Scared to insist their partner use condom – Ignorance of their spouse “outside activity”
We can definitely do something! PREVENTION
Prevention• Good parentage – Be a good example ( role model ) for your children – Take time to talk and listen to them – Educate them – what’s right & wrong from young – Know their friends
Prevention• Remain single
Prevention• Good education
Prevention• Sex education • HIV testing – Taboo ???
High Risk Male Occupation Group• Army personnel• Logging camp workers• Offshore workers• Job that requires “travel overseas” frequently• Lorry driver ( long distance )
Prevention• Condom Usage • Female condom
Prevention• PMTCT Programme
HIV & Pregnancy• Risk of transmission highest during delivery• No intervention ( HAART, LSCS, Baby ARV, Intrapartum Zidovudine , Formula Feed ) : 40%• With Intervention : < 1%