Q (g) social sustainability


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Q (g) social sustainability

  1. 1. Do you think that the lifestyle of the inhabitants of your town or city reflects behavior that is in line with the concept of sustainable development? In your opinion, what should be improved? University IE Prepared by: Fadi Ghanem Date: 19/Aug/2013
  2. 2. Sustainable Societies Sustainable development can rotate around three main factors : Social , Economical , and Environmental . All the three factors should be balanced in a way to improve the living condition and lifestyle of the individual at present and in the future . Sustainable Development EnvironmentalSocial Economical
  3. 3. Lebanon’s Map
  4. 4. Social Development In Lebanon In Lebanon, large segment of the society is surviving under tough living conditions. Quarter of the population is considered as relatively poor and can’t afford to secure the basic human needs (food , shelter….) and lack access to basic services such as education and health specially in the North of Lebanon and the Bekaa area .  Immigration is increasing due to the economic instability and the security incidents which limits the population growth rate in Lebanon and results into aggressive immigration of brain drain . Unemployment rate is alarming among youth (34% ) woman (18%) and educated workers (14%).
  5. 5. Social Development In Lebanon Cont’d General Facts reflecting unsustainable inhabitant Development 24% of the population lives near or under the poverty line. Large majority of unemployed are under 35 years old. The Inflation rate in 2013 is of 5.7%, most of which attributed to the rising cost of transportation , education &health.  Lack of quality control on the imported food and medications is a common practice.  Lebanese women married to foreigners cannot pass their citizenship to their children. Persons with disability can’t access public education systems due to lack of equipped facilities . Persons with disability are rarely hired by employers knowing that the law 220/2000 urge at least 3% of publics jobs to be set aside for disabilities.  Living conditions inside Lebanese prisons are bad which leads to grave human rights violations. Unstable political situation & high level of corruption in the ministries and public sectors became obvious.  Absence of well functioning public land transportation has increased the level of pollution due to the large number of individuals owned vehicles.  Unplanned infrastructure (roads, sanitary , electricity cables ) increased the cost of living .  Expensive & poor telecommunication tools (such as internet and mobile services…)
  6. 6. Economical Facts Indicators reflecting negative impact on the Inhabitants  Debt 32.64 Billion dollars  GNP per capita 9,100 $  Population 4.4 M & workforce 1.4M  Population growth rate (PGR) 0.75 %  GDP growth 2%  Inflation 5.7%  Import 20.73 $ billion dollars  Export 5.48 $ billion dollars  Tourist arrivals decreased by 18%  Total payments of salaries & wages and end of service indemnities are 196% more what the government gains in income tax from both public and private sectors Sustainable development in Lebanon Inhabitants lifestyle in Lebanon
  7. 7. Environmental Facts Indicators reflecting negative impact on the Inhabitants  Transport sector is the main source of urban air pollution in the country which contributes by 59% of national Nox emission , Co2 emission (metric Ton per capita) is 4.9.  Trucks and buses run on Diesel oil without proper inspection of fuel quality and exhaust emissions.  Water sector faces great challenges including unsustainable water management practices, population growth, urbanization, and pollution.  Lack of urban planning regulations is eroding Lebanon agricultural land areas and forests in addition to the forest fires, wood harvesting , and charcoal production .  Lebanon’s energy industries (7 thermal power plants) degrade air quality, emit large smoke plumes and contributed by 39% of the country’s Co2 emissions  Lack of waste management & Uncontrolled Dumps .
  8. 8. Lebanon’s Future If Lebanon aims to be promoted as a sustainable country having sustainable societies , serious and immediate action plans and mechanisms should be developed by the government, tackling crucial areas to improve . Moreover, Individuals , Universities and private sector should support the Lebanese government by inserting high effort during the implementation and the execution process for an efficient outcome. Currently , the government lacks expertise, researchers , and professionals specially when it comes to renewable energy . The below table is a sample how job vacancies are created while sustainable activities are applied Investing in Green Jobs created by 2020 12% in Renewable energy & Solar heater 4,000 Waste Management 2,500 Reforestation / organic production 15,000/1,600 Green buildings 900
  9. 9. Sustainable Actions Considerable list of changes  Shifting from brown economic system towards Green economy  Improving solid waste management  Balancing water supply and demand  Investing and shifting to Renewable energy sources  Mastering urban development moving toward green buildings  Investing heavily on land transportation, roads and technology  Encouraging organic agriculture and increasing reforestation activities  Implementing and /or reconsidering existing laws related to human needs and rights as medication, schooling , wages & pension plans With the above mentioned, Lebanon can become a sustainable country , with low carbon emission and green economy encouraged and applied in public and private sectors. Inhabitants lifestyle will reflects behavior that will be in alignment with the sustainable development concept, which gives the ability for the future generation to meet their own needs.
  10. 10. Resources UN http://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/index.php?menu=1511 UNDP http://www.undp.org.lb/FastFactSheets/Poverty_social.pdf World Bank http://www.worldbank.org/en/about Ministry of Lebanese environment www.moe.gov.lb Index Mundi http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?v=21000&c=le&l=en