Everyday Advocacy                   ©

Domestic Violence Is a
Community Responsibility

       Families & Communities
    ...
It all begins at home…



                           Lifespan




Presenter: Tim Gray, Attorney and longtime domestic viol...
Domestic violence is about…
 Physical                Social & physical
 abuse                       isolation



         ...
Oklahoma Child Abuse & Neglect
           Year         Total              Total          Confirmed       Confirmed        ...
2008 Homicide Data
• Oklahoma ranks fourth
  highest in the nation in homicides of
  women per 100,000 population
• 92% of...
Elder Abuse and Neglect
    Tulsa Lifespan Abuse Information
•    FY 04--1,453 DHS Adult Protective Services confirmed cas...
 




                                          ¥




                                              ¦




                ...
Everyday Advocacy
•   Tell a victim you are wor-
    ried about her and her
    children’s safety.
•   Tell her you believ...
Healthcare and Screening for Domestic Violence




                           Raising Awareness; Inspiring Action



     ...
“…time does not heal some of the
    adverse experiences we found so
    common in the childhoods of a large
    populatio...
This is often what we see…
• Sleep and appetite    • Abdominal and GI
  disturbances            complaints
• Fatigue      ...
Stress-related Chronic Illness
       -
• Stress of living in abusive situation may
  cause or worsen physical symptoms
• ...
Effects of Abuse on Children
• Of the 2-4 million women battered each year , one half live with
  children under 12
•   62...
Health Care Utilization
                   in IPV Victims
 • History of DV predictor of
   hospitalizations, general clini...
Recommendation from American Medical Association


• Physicians should
  routinely screen all
  women patients
  alone, wi...
How Can You Advocate for
        Family Safety?
• Write to your personal physician to
  encourage him/him to learn how to ...
Domestic Violence
      in the Workplace
Domestic violence doesn’t stay at home.




          Families and Communities Em...
7 Reasons Companies Should
           Develop a Workplace Policy
 1. Domestic violence affects many employees.
 2. Domesti...
Costs of IPV
in United States
• Exceeds $5.8 billion per year
  – $4.1 billion in direct medi-
    cal and mental health c...
Education is Prevention
• After participating in domestic violence training at
  a factory, the rate of employees asking f...
What Can You Do?
•   Ask your employer to adopt a policy that will
    include teaching staff and employees basic
    prot...
Domestic Violence
                 and the Law
1. Should every victim of IPV apply for a
   protective order?

2. Is there...
Depend On Advocates to Help
   Victims Get to Safety
1. There is not a one-size-fits-all solution
   to getting safe.
2. A...
Domestic Violence is a
  Community Responsibility
• Arrange a local domestic violence and family safety
  training and inv...
¦




                     




                             




                                 ¥




                 ...
Resources
The Relation Between Adverse Childhood Experience and                      “…time does not heal some of
Adult He...
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Everyday Advocacy - Business & Professional Women 05 09

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Domestic violence and family safety are community responsibilities. Teacher readers to know when violence is present and how best to assist victims.

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Everyday Advocacy - Business & Professional Women 05 09

  1. 1. Everyday Advocacy © Domestic Violence Is a Community Responsibility Families & Communities Empowered for Safety and Business and Professional Women of Oklahoma May 16, 2009
  2. 2. It all begins at home… Lifespan Presenter: Tim Gray, Attorney and longtime domestic violence victim advocate
  3. 3. Domestic violence is about… Physical Social & physical abuse isolation POWER AND CONTROL Sexual Emotional & abuse Economic verbal abuse abuse
  4. 4. Oklahoma Child Abuse & Neglect Year Total Total Confirmed Confirmed Both Deaths Investigations Confirmed Abuse Neglect Abuse & & Assessments Neglect 1994 34,846 10,891 3,913 5,815 1,163 31 1995 39,831 11,700 4,198 6,221 1,281 34 1996 40,916 11,646 3,816 6,797 1,033 29 1997 48,399 13,627 3,748 8,351 1,528 42 1998 61,709 16,710 4,157 10,235 2,318 45 1999 57,026 16,217 3,745 10,054 2,418 47 2000 62,023 14,273 3,063 8,575 2,635 48 2001 50,683 13,394 2,696 8,154 2,544 38 2002 50,728 13,903 1,899 9,816 2,188 35 2003 57,383 12,971 1,572 9,390 2,009 27 2004 60,770 12,347 1,414 8,953 1,980 51 2005 61,926 13,328 1,360 10,094 1,874 40 2006 36,529 13,827 1,219 10,588 2,020 * 2007 36,090 13,191 1,235 10,025 1,931 * Sources: Compiled by The Parent Child Center of Tulsa based on (1) Annual Report of Child Abuse & Neglect Statistics published by the Oklahoma Department of Human Services, Children and Family Services Division, Child Protective Services Programs Office; and (2) Annual Report of the Oklahoma Child Death Review Board.
  5. 5. 2008 Homicide Data • Oklahoma ranks fourth highest in the nation in homicides of women per 100,000 population • 92% of the victims knew their killer and of these 60% were wives or intimate partners of the perpetrator Violence Policy Center report, Washington D.C. Sept. 2008
  6. 6. Elder Abuse and Neglect Tulsa Lifespan Abuse Information • FY 04--1,453 DHS Adult Protective Services confirmed cases in Tulsa • Tulsa -- 8.6% of all state referrals (16,804) 5.6% annual increase fr/ FY 03 116% increase over past 10 years (Source: Adult Protective Services (APS) w/ the Oklahoma Department of Human Services, 2005) To Compare • In FY 04, Tulsa’s child abuse case investigations--1,228 confirmed cases of 16,000 state calls (Source: S. Arnold de Berges. Prioritization of System Issues, Child Protection System of Tulsa County Report, 2005 )
  7. 7.   ¥ ¦ ¨ ¦ © Domestic Violence and Abuse ¡ ¢ £ § ¡ £ § £ £ ¤ ¤ Approximately 1.5 million women are physically assaulted by an intimate partner annually in the United States. National Institute of Justice Centers For Disease Control, National Violence Against Women Survey, 1998 Approximately 90%-95% of domestic violence victims are women. Bureau of Justice Statistics Selected Findings, 1994 A woman is more likely to be assaulted, injured, raped or killed by a male partner than by any other type of assailant. Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Study, 1995 Women are more often victims of domestic violence than victims of burglary, mugging, or other physical crimes combined. First Comprehensive National Health Survey of American Women, Commonwealth Fund, July 1993 Among victims of violence committed by an intimate, the victimization rate of women separated from their husbands was about 3 times higher than that of divorced women and about 25 times higher than that of married women. Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Study, 1995 It is often more dangerous for battered women after they leave a violent relationship. Although divorced and separated women compose only 10% of all women in this country, they account for 75% of all battered women. Divorced and separated women report being physically abused fourteen times as often as women still living with their partners. Raphael, Jody, Saving Bernice: Battered Women, Welfare, and Poverty, 2000, p. 61 Divorced or separated persons had the highest rate of violent crimes committed by relatives. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Criminal Victimization in the United States, 1990, Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, February 1992 One-third to one-half of homeless women are on the street because they are fleeing domestic violence U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary, 1990 3 million children in the United States are exposed to domestic violence in their homes each year. American Psychology Association, Violence in the Family: Report of the American Psychological Association Presidential Task Force on Violence in the Family, 1996
  8. 8. Everyday Advocacy • Tell a victim you are wor- ried about her and her children’s safety. • Tell her you believe her, she is not to blame, and she deserves a peaceful life free of violence and abuse. • Inform her that information and services she may want or need to get safe are available in Oklahoma.* • Help her make a safety plan. • Give her a copy of the 20-risk factors in Jacqueline Campbell Danger Assessment – it will raise her awareness of possible danger. • Advise her to remove guns from the house. * http://www.ocadvsa.org/member_programs.htm
  9. 9. Healthcare and Screening for Domestic Violence Raising Awareness; Inspiring Action Families and Communities Empowered for Safety (918) 519-3698 :: faces.sherry@gmail.com :: www.faces.tulsa.org
  10. 10. “…time does not heal some of the adverse experiences we found so common in the childhoods of a large population of middle-aged, middle-class Americans. One doesn't just get over” some things.” –06/2006 The Relation Between Adverse Childhood Experience and Adult Health: Turning Gold into Lead http://xnet.kp.org/permanentejournal/witer02/goldtolead.html Presenter: Chandina Sharma MD, Gerontologist, University of Oklahoma Community Health
  11. 11. This is often what we see… • Sleep and appetite • Abdominal and GI disturbances complaints • Fatigue – Irritable bowel syndrome • Sexual dysfunction – Dyspepsia • Headaches • Depression • Chronic pelvic pain • Anxiety disorders • Atypical chest pain • Suicide attempts • Somatization
  12. 12. Stress-related Chronic Illness - • Stress of living in abusive situation may cause or worsen physical symptoms • “Thick chart syndrome” — frequent visits, comprehensive exams with extensive testing, no known physical cause for complaints • “Medically Unexplained Symptoms” – MUS common in victims of violence
  13. 13. Effects of Abuse on Children • Of the 2-4 million women battered each year , one half live with children under 12 • 62% of children living in a home with domestic violence are also abused • Boys who witness violence against their mothers are ten times more likely to abuse their female partners as adults • 63% of boys aged 11-20 arrested for murder were arrested for murdering the man assaulting their mother
  14. 14. Health Care Utilization in IPV Victims • History of DV predictor of hospitalizations, general clinic use, mental health services and out-of-plans referrals • Net costs $1775 more annually* • Being an IPV victim associated with 1.6 to 2.3-fold increase in total health care utilization and costs** *Wisner et al J Fam Pract 1999 **Ulrich et al Am J Prev Med 2003
  15. 15. Recommendation from American Medical Association • Physicians should routinely screen all women patients alone, without partner.
  16. 16. How Can You Advocate for Family Safety? • Write to your personal physician to encourage him/him to learn how to screen patients for domestic violence. • Take posters and safety plans for your physician to place in private patient areas. • Call your local domestic violence victim advocacy agency and ask them to co-sponsor a “Screen to Save” seminar for area healthcare practitioners – and volunteer to help.
  17. 17. Domestic Violence in the Workplace Domestic violence doesn’t stay at home. Families and Communities Empowered for Safety (918) 519-3698 :: faces.sherry@gmail.com :: www.faces.tulsa.org
  18. 18. 7 Reasons Companies Should Develop a Workplace Policy 1. Domestic violence affects many employees. 2. Domestic violence is a security and liability concern. 3. Domestic violence is a performance productivity concern. 4. Domestic violence is a health care concern. 5. Domestic violence is a management issue. 6. Taking action in response to domestic violence works. 7. Employers can make a difference. http://endabuse.org/content/features/detail/1013/ Presenter: Jim Holland, Risk Assessment Director, St. John Healthcare Systems, retired
  19. 19. Costs of IPV in United States • Exceeds $5.8 billion per year – $4.1 billion in direct medi- cal and mental health care costs • $900 million from lost productivity from paid work and household chores • $900 million from lifetime earnings lost by victims of IPV homicide
  20. 20. Education is Prevention • After participating in domestic violence training at a factory, the rate of employees asking for workplace counseling services for domestic abuse problems was 14 times what it had been prior to the training. • When a sample group of 40 abused employees at the factory began using the domestic abuse counseling services, their average absence rate was higher than the factory’s average absence rate. After using counseling services, the abused employees reduced their absenteeism rates to normal. Urban, B.Y. (2000). Anonymous Foundation Domestic Abuse Prevention Program Evaluation: Final Client Survey Report. Chicago, IL: The University of Illinois at Chicago. Contact .
  21. 21. What Can You Do? • Ask your employer to adopt a policy that will include teaching staff and employees basic protective steps that can be taken at work, including: – Educate – Refer – Support – Secure • Support your co-worker and let her know she is valued by her colleagues.
  22. 22. Domestic Violence and the Law 1. Should every victim of IPV apply for a protective order? 2. Is there a right time to apply? 3. Is there ever a circumstance when a victim should not file for a PO? Presenter: Judge Deborah Shallcross, Senior Tulsa County District Court Judge
  23. 23. Depend On Advocates to Help Victims Get to Safety 1. There is not a one-size-fits-all solution to getting safe. 2. A trained victim advocate is the best resource a victim of domestic violence can have. 3. Contact your local domestic violence victim advocacy agency and ask for help. http://www.ocadvsa.org/member_programs.htm
  24. 24. Domestic Violence is a Community Responsibility • Arrange a local domestic violence and family safety training and invite your judges, local law enforcement, and prosecutors to attend. • Begin a f.a.c.e.s. Sheila’s Shawls and Hope Blossoms domestic violence awareness campaign in your community. • Start a local domestic violence court watch project. • Call your local domestic violence victim advocacy agency to ask how you can help.
  25. 25. ¦ ¥ ¥ ¦ ¥ She didn’t know what she didn’t know… £ ¡ £ ¡ ¤ ! This presentation is dedicated to the memory of Carrie Tutor who was murdered by her ex-husband in her Tulsa workplace on February 10, 2005. We will always remember Carrie. Domestic violence is a community responsibility.
  26. 26. Resources The Relation Between Adverse Childhood Experience and “…time does not heal some of Adult Health: Turning Gold into Lead the adverse experiences we found so common in the http://xnet.kp.org/permanentejournal/witer02/goldtolead.html childhoods of a large population A Community Checklist: Important Steps to Ending Violence of middle-aged, middle-class Against Women Americans. One doesn't just get http://www.met.police.uk/dv/files/com_checklist.pdf over some things.” –06/2006 Multidisciplinary Responses to Domestic Violence http://www.abanet.org/domviol/mrdv/home.html REFERENCES: DVIS/Call Rape, Inc. Tulsa - www.dvis.org - safety planning information Family Safety Center, Tulsa - emergency protective order application and advocacy www.cityoftulsa.org/PublicSafety/FSC/ Parent Child Center, Tulsa - www.parentchildcenter.org Oklahoma Coalition Against Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault Mailing address: OCADVSA, Oklahoma City - Sherry Clark, Founding President http://www.ocadvsa.org/member_programs.htm 6533 E. 89th Place Hope Blossoms – www.facestulsa.org or contact Sherry Clark at Tulsa, OK 74133 faces.sherry@gmail.com faces.sherry@gmail.com www.facestulsa.org
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