Design for disassembly iraldo
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Design for disassembly iraldo

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Design for disassembly iraldo Design for disassembly iraldo Presentation Transcript

  • Design for disassembly Prof. Fabio Iraldo SUM – Istituto di Management, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna e IEFE – Università Bocconi
  • Design for Disassembly (DfD) is an important contributor to Design for Environment. It is a comprehensive consideration of design related to environmental and human health impacts over the life-cycle of a product and intends to maximize materials conservation. (Hamer Center for Community Design - The Pennsylvania State University) What is Design for disassembly ? Disassembly plays an important role not only in enabling parts and materials to be removed for recycling but also enabling reconditioning, refurbishment, re-manufacture, repair and service of the product and components extending their useful life. (University of Manchester) A design strategy that considers the costs and future need to disassemble a product for repair, refurbish or recycle.
  • Life cycle of materials and component for improved sustainability Cradle to Grave method, it is not the only model of life cycle: “Cradle to Cradle” could be even more effective! Materials and components can be reused, remanufactured, recycled and reconfigured. If we add an alternative act of disassembly, a new model of a closed-circuit cyclical system can be created. This new model incorporates a number of more environmentally attractive options that should reduce the quantity of waste and pollution generation, and reduce the loss of embodied energy, while extending the service life of materials and components. (Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane).
  • A closed-loop cyclical system Natural resources extraction Processing into material and components Assembly procedure Product End of life Materials for recycling Disassembly Sorting Component for reuse Remanufacture Waste for disposal Waste for disposal Waste for disposal Revised model of a closed-circuit cyclical system (Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane)
  • The selection and use of materials: •Reduce number of material types •Choose recycling-compatible materials •Avoid mixing of component and piece part materials which reduce the efficiency of recycling, e.g. metal inserts in plastic parts. •Avoid composite materials employing adhesives •Avoid secondary finishing such as painting, coating or plating which may contaminate materials and components. •Avoid corrosive materials •Select materials with similar component life How to Design for Disassembly ? Georgia Institute of Technology – Systems Realization Laboratory Brunel Univeristy West London
  • The design of components and product architecture: •Use as few components and component types as possible •Maximize standardization of component variations. •Separate working components into modular sub-assemblies •Use a minimum number of connections to allow easy and quick disconnection •Code or otherwise identify parts and materials to facilitate recycling and audit trails to production data. •Provide clear identification of replacement/repair modules. The selection and use of fasteners: •Minimize the number and types of fasteners used •Standardize the use of fasteners – use commonly available parts and maintain consistency within the design •Use joining technologies and methods which enable easy separation of components and materials Georgia Institute of Technology – Systems Realization Laboratory Brunel Univeristy West London How to Design for Disassembly ?
  • Case study Achille Castiglioni's tool-less method of replacing a watchband on the AL6021 watch. Xandy Peters Design - By placing the arch support into the soft sock, and that into the galosh-like base, the 'Designed for Deconstruction' shoe is easily fixed together with a long shoelace string.
  • Rui Alves Industrial Design Case studies Cross Trainer built from a breathable encapsulated foam wrap midsole then wrapped with cellulose fiber based fabric with a plastic stiffening rib. The sole wraps around the shoe for easy recycling and lateral support.
  • Thanks! Email: f.iraldo@sssup.it Mobile: +393386812402 Linkedin account: Fabio Iraldo
  • Thanks! Email: f.iraldo@sssup.it Mobile: +393386812402 Linkedin account: Fabio Iraldo