OUTLOOK FOR OTTO- CYCLE FUELS IN BRAZIL ANP Program for Regulating the Ethanol Market in BrazilRosângela Moreira de Araujo October 25, 2011Superintendent of Biofuels and Product Quality
Evolution of Biofuels in Brazil 1979 1980 1983 1974 1977 1985 1973 Ethanol-run Addition of 15% of Second oil Addition of 4,5% cars represent Percentage of First oil Brazil creates the ethanol to gasoline crisis ethanol to gasoline over 90% ethanol added to crisis Proalcool Program of total sales gasoline reaches 22% 2003 2001 Launch of biofuel cars The 90’s 1989 2005 End of the deregulation 1992 process Ethanol becomes 20 to RIO 92: Signature of Oil prices fall The National 25% of the gasoline Document on climate and gasolineBiodiesel Program is mixture changes. The 90S- Ethanol prices equal launched becomes 20 to 25% of the to ethanol’s gasoline mixture 2007 January Third oil crisis March 2008 2008 July 2009 Mandatory B2 starts Mandatory B3 is January 2010 established by CNPE as Mandatory B4 starts Mandatory B5 starts of July, 2008 September 2011 Law nº 12.490, 2011 establishes the regulation f or the entire ethanol chain
Brazilian Fuel Ethanol Brazilian MarketMore than 30 years of commercial use;Total production around 27,4 bi liters in 2010/11;Increased demand with the flex-fuel technology (E20-E100);Main national fuel for light vehicles in 2008 and 2009;Brazilian fuel ethanol contributes for the mitigation of climatechange classified as advanced fuel; Ethanol plants export bioelectricity (sugarcane bagasse) intothe grid;Other uses: heavy vehicles (SP) and airplanes (test).
Legal Background Law nº 9,478 / 1997 “Petroleum Law” Article 8. ANP duties: Implement the national policy for oil, natural gas and biofuels with an emphasis on: protecting the interests of consumers in price, quality and product supply. specifying the quality of petroleum, natural gas, its derivatives and biofuels.
Law 12,490 of September 16, 2011Adds and gives new wording to the provisions set forth in Law 9.478/1997, and expands the jurisdiction of ANP for the entire biofuels industry. ANP attributions contemplate the regulation and authorization of activities related to production, import, export, warehousing, storage, transportation, transfer, distribution, and marketing of biofuels, as well as assessment and certification of its quality, supervising them directly or through agreements with other organs of the Union, States, Federal District or municipalities.
National Ethanol Supply Before the Law 12,490/2011 Refinery Primary BasePlant Collector Center Retailer Secondary Base Anhydrous/hydrated fuel ethanol Gasoline A ANP Regulation Gasoline C
National Ethanol Supply After the Law 12,490/2011 Refinery Primary BasePlant Collector Center Retailer Secondary Base Ethanol anhydrous/hydrated Gasoline A ANP Regulation Gasoline C
Where ANP Acts in the Plant Raw ANP material FermentationExtraction of sucrose (juice) DistillationTreatment of the juice Production Concentration and storage of ethanol Sugar
Demand EvolutionGasoline A x Fuel Ethanol Ethanol> Gas A Ethanol > Gasol. A Source:ANP/SAB/SIMP 9
ANP Acts Under Public Hearings Establishment of criteria for hiring or direct acquisition of anhydrous fuel ethanol compatible with the purchase of gasoline A (2 public hearings); Formation of anhydrous ethanol stock by the anhydrous ethanol producers and fuel distributors; Establishment of requirements for the registration of the trader by the ANP;Establishment of weekly information sending from ethanol suppliers and distributorsto ANP in order to monitor more accurately the availability of anhydrous ethanol in the domestic market in order to support decision-making of ANP and other competent bodies.
Expected ResultsWithin the implementation of these Acts and ethanol marketmonitoring, ANP considers to obtain the following outcomes: to guarantee the supply of anhydrous fuel ethanol and gasoline C; to boost the competitiveness of hydrated fuel ethanol; to reduce the uncertainties inherent in the market; to contribute to reduce the volatility of prices of fuelethanol and gasoline along the supply chain.
Quality Control ANP Act 7/2011 Ethanol Fuel Producer The fuel ethanol commercialized in the country must be certified with the emission of the Quality Certificate. Custody of a control sample and of the Quality Certificate, that must be available to ANP. The number of the Quality Certificate must appear on all tax documents with its copy. Sending to ANP all the analysis results contained in the Quality Certificates monthly.
Quality Control ANP Act 7/2011 Fuel Distributor The hydrated ethanol distributor must issue an Accordance Bulletin to assure the quality of the fuel before the delivery to the retail market.ETHANOL Custody of the Quality Certificates issued by the fuel ethanol producers. The distributor has the responsibility to blend ethanol to gasoline.
Quality Control ANP Act 7/2011 Retail Quality Control Program in the service stationsfor hydrated fuel ethanol and gasoline (E20). The service station must analyze the fuelethanol and the gasoline C delivered by thedistributor (ANP Act 9/2007). Tests: a) Hydrated Fuel Ethanol: Aspect,density and alcohol content (densimeter method); b) Gasoline C (E20): Aspect, density andanhydrous ethanol content (test-tube method).
Other Regulatory Activities Interlaboratory programs: conduction of 20 rounds and last round with INMETRO using ethanol reference material; International participation in BIOREMA; Standardization: follow-up actions under thetechnical Committees of ABNT, INMETRO, ASTM,ISO (quality and sustainability); International WG: participation with theGovernment to reduce technical barriers, as wellas international fora dealing with the productspecification and sustainability (USA, EU,Mercosur and IBAS).
Fuel Ethanol Specifications Property Unity Anhydrous Hydrated Premium 807.6 to 799.8 toDensity at 20ºC kg/m³ max. 791.5 811.0 802.7 %v/v min. 99.6 95.1 to 96.0 97.1 to 97.8Alcoholic Content at 20°C %m/m min. 99.3 92.6 to 93.8 95.5 to 96.5Ethanol Content, min. (imp) 98.0 94.5Water %v/v max 0.4 4.9Acidity mg/L max. 30Electrical Conductivity µS/m max. 350pH - - - 6.0 to 8.0Copper mg/kg max. 0.07 -Chloride mg/kg max. 1Washed gum mg/100 mL max. 5Appearance - Clear & No ImpuritiesColor - Orange (dye) no dyeMethanol %v/v max. 1Hydrocarcarbons %v/v 3Residue by evap. mg/100 mL max. 5Sodium mg/kg max. 2Sulfate mg/kg max. 4Iron mg/kg max. 5
Program of Fuel Quality Monitoring Regional gas station distribution 5% - North 21% - South 20% - Northeast 9% - Midwest 45% - Southeast 38,000 service stations 245,000 samples/year
Program of Fuel Quality Monitoring Fuels Quality 2005/2011
International Harmonization of BiofuelsBrazil / US / EU: Development of the "White Paper" for biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel) to identify properties and possible limits to be harmonized in the short, medium and long term (January 2008);MERCOSUR: Report on the activities of the working group for technical harmonization of biofuels - last meeting in September 2010;On going: Discussion of proposals and cooperation to promote alignment and mitigation of differences among methods and specifications.
Final RemarksThe expansion of the ANP’s jurisdiction in the fuel ethanol sector, arising from theLaw 12,490/2011, enable ANP to implement actions in order to contribute forstrengthening the production and the market and to the security of supply;Closing of public consultation of the rules for authorization of ethanol producerplant as well as the rules for new tools for regulating market by stock ethanol;The fuel ethanol spec reviewed in 2011 facilitate to reduce the technical barriers;The Program of Fuel Quality Monitoring keeps on being a very important tool tomonitor and inspect the product quality as well as allows to define consistentregulation to protect the consumer.
Outlooks ANP can contribute to the consistent planning of energy under the economicenvironmental and social aspects, in order to define the participation of ethanol,considering its positive externalities and the alternatives in R&D&I (new generationproducts begin to eclipse alternatives in the medium to longer-term); ANP can reduce the asymmetric information: reliability for government actions andmarket and provide transparency data to new investors; It is vital to improve the international cooperation to achieve sustainable biofuels market as well as to ensure the development of fuel ethanol as commodities.
Thank you for your attention! Rosângela M. AraujoSuperintendent of Biofuels and Quality Product phone: + 55 21 2112 8640 firstname.lastname@example.org www.anp.gov.br