C1 -moral_ethics_ethical_dilemma

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C1 -moral_ethics_ethical_dilemma

  1. 1. MORAL, ETHICS, AND ETHICAL DILEMMA
  2. 2. Topic Learning Outcomes At the end of this module, students will able to: 1) explain ethical/moral dilemma through own experience sharing and how their personal values guide their ethical decision making. 2) explain the interactive relationship between business and society.
  3. 3. MY MORAL DILEMMA Write an essay no longer than two pagesWrite an essay no longer than two pages regarding your personal moral dilemma that youregarding your personal moral dilemma that you have encountered in your personal life.have encountered in your personal life. (Be sure(Be sure that you have moral dilemma rather than simplythat you have moral dilemma rather than simply a social issue. A moral dilemma is not alwaysa social issue. A moral dilemma is not always the same as a moral issue. Something may be athe same as a moral issue. Something may be a moral issue for society but not a moral dilemmamoral issue for society but not a moral dilemma or issue for you, or vice versa.) Then, how youor issue for you, or vice versa.) Then, how you deal with the moral dilemma.deal with the moral dilemma. Explain yourExplain your personal values which have guided you inpersonal values which have guided you in dealing with the dilemma.dealing with the dilemma.
  4. 4. Based from your own experience on Moral Dilemma, what influent your personal moral standards? •• Moral standards are principles based onMoral standards are principles based on religious, cultural, or philosophical beliefs byreligious, cultural, or philosophical beliefs by which judgement are made about good or badwhich judgement are made about good or bad behaviour. These beliefs can come from manybehaviour. These beliefs can come from many different sources:different sources: Religion Moral Compass Family Friends Education Ethnic B’ground Role Model/ Mentor Media
  5. 5. HYPOTHETICAL CASE: MORAL DILEMMA Assuming that you are the Dean of UniKL MIAT.Assuming that you are the Dean of UniKL MIAT. One day, a single mother come to you crying inOne day, a single mother come to you crying in tears appealing for her son who has beentears appealing for her son who has been suspended for 1 semester after got caughtsuspended for 1 semester after got caught (unintentionally) bringing notes inside(unintentionally) bringing notes inside examination halls. The suspension decisionexamination halls. The suspension decision was justified after due investigation accordingwas justified after due investigation according to the University Rules and Regulations. But theto the University Rules and Regulations. But the single mother claimed that her boy was a verysingle mother claimed that her boy was a very good boy (citing an example that he was willinggood boy (citing an example that he was willing to go home during examination weeks to helpto go home during examination weeks to help his mother packing things for moving to newhis mother packing things for moving to new house). WHAT YOU WILL DO NEXT?house). WHAT YOU WILL DO NEXT?
  6. 6. Fundamental Questions of Individual Human Being • Can we do “anything” and “everything” what we want to “anybody” in this world? • How people live their lives according to a standard of “right” or “wrong”? Where do people look for guidance in deciding what is right or wrong or bad? • How do people then interact with other members of their community or society as a whole who may or may not share the same ethical principal? NOW….change all the words in RED font above with this word….BUSINESS..and re-answer the questions!
  7. 7. Fundamental Questions of Business Entities • Can a business do anything what we want to anybody in this world? • How businesses live its lives according to a standard of “right” or “wrong”? Where do businesses look for guidance in deciding what is right or wrong or bad? • How do businesses then interact with other members of the business community or public society as a whole who may or may not share the same ethical principal? You may find similar scenario in both as individual human being and as business entity since they lives in this same world! So, whatever career you will be in the future, you cannot run away from this dilemma.
  8. 8. Golden Rules of Morality and Ethics “Speak the truth even though it is bitter” “Speak the truth even though infront of a cruel kings ”
  9. 9. Definition: Moral & Ethics Find the definition of Ethics from the research article by Khalidah, Rohani, and Mashitah (2010). From those definition, infer the meaning of “Business Ethics”. Tips: Look for 1) Nikel et. al. (2008) @ INTRODUCTION 2) Lilie (1971) @ INTRODUCTION 3) Mauro et. al. (1999) @ INTRODUCTION 4) Crane & Matten (2007) @ INTRODUCTION 5) Wiley (1995) @ LITERATURE REVIEW [Find what are the “same” and what are “similar” among those definitions].
  10. 10. Definition: Moral & Ethics Find the definition of Ethics from the research article by Khalidah, Rohani, and Mashitah (2010). From those definition, infer the meaning of “Business Ethics”. Definition: Value Values can be defined as those things that are important to or valued by someone/org. Example UniKL's core values - in this case, commitment, integrity, teamwork, innovativeness and excellence.
  11. 11. Difference between Moral & Ethics Morals define personal character, while ethics stress a social system in which those morals are applied. In other words, ethics point to standards or codes of behaviours expected by the group to which the individual belongs. This could be national ethics, social ethics, company ethics, professional ethics, or even family ethics. So while a person’s moral code is usually unchanging, the ethics he or she practices can be other-dependent.
  12. 12. Diff. between Moral & Ethics (con.) Example: A criminal defense lawyer. Though the lawyer’s personal moral code likely finds murder immoral and reprehensible, ethics demand the accused client be defended as vigorously as possible, even when the lawyer knows the party is guilty and that a freed defendant would potentially lead to more crime. Legal ethics must override personal morals for the greater good of upholding a justice system in which the accused are given a fair trial and the prosecution must prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.
  13. 13. Cases • Cases 1.1 : The Overcrowded Lifeboat • Cases 1.2 : Sophie’s Choice • Cases 1.3 : Husband’s Choice Instructions: 1)Split into 6 groups. Two groups will take one case. 2)Answer the questions given.

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