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    MOTH N BUTTERFLY MOTH N BUTTERFLY Presentation Transcript

    • Butterfly & Moth
      • Evolution of Butterfly and Moth
      • Anatomy and Morphology of Butterfly and Moth
      • Habitat and Life Cycle
      • Feeding Mode
      • Movement and Migration
      • Protection and Defends
      • Why Butterflies and Moths are Important?
    • Evolution of butterfly and moth
    • How ?? From fossil (Archaeolepis Mane) From Jurassic period (190 million years ago)
    • Similarities
    • 2 other sets of Jurassic Lepidopteran fossils have been found 13 sets from the Cretaceous period
    • Some scientist said that, moth or butterfly did not evulated from any organism, but it contunually exist till now. They undergo adaptation based on the climate changes.
    • Anatomy And Morphology Of Male And Female Butterfly
      • Male Butterfly
      • Female Butterfly
    • Ommatidia Eyes Proboscis Antennae
    • General Feature For Both Butterfly And Moth
      • FORE WING
      • HIND WING
      • ANTENNAE
      • HEAD
      • THORAX
      • ABDOMEN
      • FORE LEG
      • MID LEG
      • HIND LEG
      • Moths are split into two sub-orders
      • the Macrolepidoptera (larger moths)
      • and the Microlepidoptera (small or micro moths).
      • The life-cycle similar to that of butterflies. T
      • hey are holometabolous insects
      • Also known as metamorphosis.
      • Some butterflies live only for a couple of weeks
      • While some others live longer up to a couple of months .
    • egg caterpillar adult chrysalis
    • Caterpillars: ~different species eats different plant ~ Do not have to drink water.  They get all the water they need from their food. ~moth larva feeds on protein-based materials of fur, wool, and cotton. Feeding mode
      • Moth : ~ does not eat anything(use nutrient consumed at larval stage) ~ fruit
      • Butterflies
      • ~ nectar
      • ~ tree sap
      • ~ rotting fruit
      • ~ dung
      • ~ decaying flesh
      • ~dissolved minerals in wet sand or dirt
      • ~ need more sodium than provided by nectar, thus attracted to sodium in salt and human sweat.
    • Differences between butterflies and moth
    • Are they migrate ?
    • W hat is migration ?
      • The mass movement of an animal species across many miles in order to escape unfavorable conditions.
      • Some butterflies, such as the monarch, may migrate thousands of miles in order to avoid winter conditions. Other types of butterflies may only migrate a relatively short distance
      • How do they migrate ?
      • Butterflies and moths often seem to flutter or bumble about in a haphazard way, are capable of long-distance migration.
      • Many of our familiar butterflies and moths migrate. Some such as the Red Admiral, Painted Lady and Clouded Yellow butterflies and the Humming-bird Hawk-moth and Silver-Y
      • What make them migrate ?
      • Lepidopteran migration is usually seasonal, moving to
      • escape dry seasons or other disadvantageous conditions
      • Butterflies escape cold weather is by migrating to a warmer region.
      • They may migrate regarding to the disturbance of their living place.
      • Monarchs are considered the long-distance champions of butterfly migration, traveling as many as 4000 miles round trip.
      • For moth, the majority of them immigrants around the world, move in a northerly direction.
      • How do they fly ?
      • Lepidopterans have strong muscles in their thorax which force their wings up and down on a fulcrum basis.
      • They fly mostly by flapping their wings.
      • In some Lepidoptera, there is sometimes a gliding component to their flight.
      • Flight occurs either as hovering, or as forward or backward motion
    • Protection from predators
    • Camouflage I’m here…
    • Eyespots
    • Poison
    • Why butterflies and moths are important?
      • There are part of nature heritage
      • They have been studied for over 300 years.
      • Butterflies are used by advertisers and illustrators as way of indicating that something that environmental friendly.
      • Butterflies also often portrayed as the essence of nature or even representing freedom, beauty and peace.
      Aesthetic Value
      • Butterflies and moths are indicators of a healthy environment and healthy ecosystem.
      • Provides a wide range of environmental benefits which includes pollination and natural pest control.
      • They are an important element of the food chain and are prey for birds, bats and insectivorous animals.
      Ecosystem Value
      • Butterflies and moths have fascinating life-cycles that are used to teach students about the natural world.
      • The transformation of an egg to caterpillar and chrysalis is one of the wonders of nature.
      • Intricating the wing patterns and iridescence and as examples of insect migration
      Educational Value
      • Every butterflies and moths has developed its own type of chemicals to deter predators and parasites, finding a mate, overcome the chemical defense of its host plant.
      • Each of this chemicals is potentially value and could be exploited economically.
      • Eg: powerful antibiotics has been found in the Meadow Brown.
      Economic value