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MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
MOTH N BUTTERFLY
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MOTH N BUTTERFLY

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  • 1. Butterfly & Moth
  • 2. <ul><li>Evolution of Butterfly and Moth </li></ul><ul><li>Anatomy and Morphology of Butterfly and Moth </li></ul><ul><li>Habitat and Life Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Feeding Mode </li></ul><ul><li>Movement and Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Protection and Defends </li></ul><ul><li>Why Butterflies and Moths are Important? </li></ul>
  • 3. Evolution of butterfly and moth
  • 4. How ?? From fossil (Archaeolepis Mane) From Jurassic period (190 million years ago)
  • 5. Similarities
  • 6. 2 other sets of Jurassic Lepidopteran fossils have been found 13 sets from the Cretaceous period
  • 7. Some scientist said that, moth or butterfly did not evulated from any organism, but it contunually exist till now. They undergo adaptation based on the climate changes.
  • 8. Anatomy And Morphology Of Male And Female Butterfly
  • 9. <ul><li>Male Butterfly </li></ul><ul><li>Female Butterfly </li></ul>
  • 10. Ommatidia Eyes Proboscis Antennae
  • 11. General Feature For Both Butterfly And Moth <ul><li>FORE WING </li></ul><ul><li>HIND WING </li></ul><ul><li>ANTENNAE </li></ul><ul><li>HEAD </li></ul><ul><li>THORAX </li></ul><ul><li>ABDOMEN </li></ul><ul><li>COMPOUND EYE </li></ul><ul><li>PROBOSCIS </li></ul><ul><li>FORE LEG </li></ul><ul><li>MID LEG </li></ul><ul><li>HIND LEG </li></ul>
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14. <ul><li>Moths are split into two sub-orders </li></ul><ul><li>the Macrolepidoptera (larger moths) </li></ul><ul><li>and the Microlepidoptera (small or micro moths). </li></ul><ul><li>The life-cycle similar to that of butterflies. T </li></ul><ul><li>hey are holometabolous insects </li></ul>
  • 15.  
  • 16. <ul><li>Also known as metamorphosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Some butterflies live only for a couple of weeks </li></ul><ul><li>While some others live longer up to a couple of months . </li></ul>
  • 17. egg caterpillar adult chrysalis
  • 18. Caterpillars: ~different species eats different plant ~ Do not have to drink water.  They get all the water they need from their food. ~moth larva feeds on protein-based materials of fur, wool, and cotton. Feeding mode
  • 19. <ul><li>Moth : ~ does not eat anything(use nutrient consumed at larval stage) ~ fruit </li></ul><ul><li>Butterflies </li></ul><ul><li>~ nectar </li></ul><ul><li>~ tree sap </li></ul><ul><li>~ rotting fruit </li></ul><ul><li>~ dung </li></ul><ul><li>~ decaying flesh </li></ul><ul><li>~dissolved minerals in wet sand or dirt </li></ul><ul><li>~ need more sodium than provided by nectar, thus attracted to sodium in salt and human sweat. </li></ul>
  • 20. Differences between butterflies and moth
  • 21. Are they migrate ?
  • 22. W hat is migration ? <ul><li>The mass movement of an animal species across many miles in order to escape unfavorable conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>Some butterflies, such as the monarch, may migrate thousands of miles in order to avoid winter conditions. Other types of butterflies may only migrate a relatively short distance </li></ul>
  • 23. <ul><li>How do they migrate ? </li></ul><ul><li>Butterflies and moths often seem to flutter or bumble about in a haphazard way, are capable of long-distance migration. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of our familiar butterflies and moths migrate. Some such as the Red Admiral, Painted Lady and Clouded Yellow butterflies and the Humming-bird Hawk-moth and Silver-Y </li></ul>
  • 24. <ul><li>What make them migrate ? </li></ul><ul><li>Lepidopteran migration is usually seasonal, moving to </li></ul><ul><li>escape dry seasons or other disadvantageous conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Butterflies escape cold weather is by migrating to a warmer region. </li></ul><ul><li>They may migrate regarding to the disturbance of their living place. </li></ul><ul><li>Monarchs are considered the long-distance champions of butterfly migration, traveling as many as 4000 miles round trip. </li></ul><ul><li>For moth, the majority of them immigrants around the world, move in a northerly direction. </li></ul>
  • 25. <ul><li>How do they fly ? </li></ul><ul><li>Lepidopterans have strong muscles in their thorax which force their wings up and down on a fulcrum basis. </li></ul><ul><li>They fly mostly by flapping their wings. </li></ul><ul><li>In some Lepidoptera, there is sometimes a gliding component to their flight. </li></ul><ul><li>Flight occurs either as hovering, or as forward or backward motion </li></ul>
  • 26. Protection from predators
  • 27. Camouflage I’m here…
  • 28.  
  • 29. Eyespots
  • 30. Poison
  • 31. Why butterflies and moths are important?
  • 32. <ul><li>There are part of nature heritage </li></ul><ul><li>They have been studied for over 300 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Butterflies are used by advertisers and illustrators as way of indicating that something that environmental friendly. </li></ul><ul><li>Butterflies also often portrayed as the essence of nature or even representing freedom, beauty and peace. </li></ul>Aesthetic Value
  • 33. <ul><li>Butterflies and moths are indicators of a healthy environment and healthy ecosystem. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a wide range of environmental benefits which includes pollination and natural pest control. </li></ul><ul><li>They are an important element of the food chain and are prey for birds, bats and insectivorous animals. </li></ul>Ecosystem Value
  • 34. <ul><li>Butterflies and moths have fascinating life-cycles that are used to teach students about the natural world. </li></ul><ul><li>The transformation of an egg to caterpillar and chrysalis is one of the wonders of nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Intricating the wing patterns and iridescence and as examples of insect migration </li></ul>Educational Value
  • 35. <ul><li>Every butterflies and moths has developed its own type of chemicals to deter predators and parasites, finding a mate, overcome the chemical defense of its host plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Each of this chemicals is potentially value and could be exploited economically. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: powerful antibiotics has been found in the Meadow Brown. </li></ul>Economic value

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