MOTH N BUTTERFLY
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MOTH N BUTTERFLY

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MOTH N BUTTERFLY MOTH N BUTTERFLY Presentation Transcript

  • Butterfly & Moth
    • Evolution of Butterfly and Moth
    • Anatomy and Morphology of Butterfly and Moth
    • Habitat and Life Cycle
    • Feeding Mode
    • Movement and Migration
    • Protection and Defends
    • Why Butterflies and Moths are Important?
  • Evolution of butterfly and moth
  • How ?? From fossil (Archaeolepis Mane) From Jurassic period (190 million years ago)
  • Similarities
  • 2 other sets of Jurassic Lepidopteran fossils have been found 13 sets from the Cretaceous period
  • Some scientist said that, moth or butterfly did not evulated from any organism, but it contunually exist till now. They undergo adaptation based on the climate changes.
  • Anatomy And Morphology Of Male And Female Butterfly
    • Male Butterfly
    • Female Butterfly
  • Ommatidia Eyes Proboscis Antennae
  • General Feature For Both Butterfly And Moth
    • FORE WING
    • HIND WING
    • ANTENNAE
    • HEAD
    • THORAX
    • ABDOMEN
    • COMPOUND EYE
    • PROBOSCIS
    • FORE LEG
    • MID LEG
    • HIND LEG
  •  
  •  
    • Moths are split into two sub-orders
    • the Macrolepidoptera (larger moths)
    • and the Microlepidoptera (small or micro moths).
    • The life-cycle similar to that of butterflies. T
    • hey are holometabolous insects
  •  
    • Also known as metamorphosis.
    • Some butterflies live only for a couple of weeks
    • While some others live longer up to a couple of months .
  • egg caterpillar adult chrysalis
  • Caterpillars: ~different species eats different plant ~ Do not have to drink water.  They get all the water they need from their food. ~moth larva feeds on protein-based materials of fur, wool, and cotton. Feeding mode
    • Moth : ~ does not eat anything(use nutrient consumed at larval stage) ~ fruit
    • Butterflies
    • ~ nectar
    • ~ tree sap
    • ~ rotting fruit
    • ~ dung
    • ~ decaying flesh
    • ~dissolved minerals in wet sand or dirt
    • ~ need more sodium than provided by nectar, thus attracted to sodium in salt and human sweat.
  • Differences between butterflies and moth
  • Are they migrate ?
  • W hat is migration ?
    • The mass movement of an animal species across many miles in order to escape unfavorable conditions.
    • Some butterflies, such as the monarch, may migrate thousands of miles in order to avoid winter conditions. Other types of butterflies may only migrate a relatively short distance
    • How do they migrate ?
    • Butterflies and moths often seem to flutter or bumble about in a haphazard way, are capable of long-distance migration.
    • Many of our familiar butterflies and moths migrate. Some such as the Red Admiral, Painted Lady and Clouded Yellow butterflies and the Humming-bird Hawk-moth and Silver-Y
    • What make them migrate ?
    • Lepidopteran migration is usually seasonal, moving to
    • escape dry seasons or other disadvantageous conditions
    • Butterflies escape cold weather is by migrating to a warmer region.
    • They may migrate regarding to the disturbance of their living place.
    • Monarchs are considered the long-distance champions of butterfly migration, traveling as many as 4000 miles round trip.
    • For moth, the majority of them immigrants around the world, move in a northerly direction.
    • How do they fly ?
    • Lepidopterans have strong muscles in their thorax which force their wings up and down on a fulcrum basis.
    • They fly mostly by flapping their wings.
    • In some Lepidoptera, there is sometimes a gliding component to their flight.
    • Flight occurs either as hovering, or as forward or backward motion
  • Protection from predators
  • Camouflage I’m here…
  •  
  • Eyespots
  • Poison
  • Why butterflies and moths are important?
    • There are part of nature heritage
    • They have been studied for over 300 years.
    • Butterflies are used by advertisers and illustrators as way of indicating that something that environmental friendly.
    • Butterflies also often portrayed as the essence of nature or even representing freedom, beauty and peace.
    Aesthetic Value
    • Butterflies and moths are indicators of a healthy environment and healthy ecosystem.
    • Provides a wide range of environmental benefits which includes pollination and natural pest control.
    • They are an important element of the food chain and are prey for birds, bats and insectivorous animals.
    Ecosystem Value
    • Butterflies and moths have fascinating life-cycles that are used to teach students about the natural world.
    • The transformation of an egg to caterpillar and chrysalis is one of the wonders of nature.
    • Intricating the wing patterns and iridescence and as examples of insect migration
    Educational Value
    • Every butterflies and moths has developed its own type of chemicals to deter predators and parasites, finding a mate, overcome the chemical defense of its host plant.
    • Each of this chemicals is potentially value and could be exploited economically.
    • Eg: powerful antibiotics has been found in the Meadow Brown.
    Economic value