The New England Colonies

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The New England Colonies

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The New England Colonies

  1. 1. The New England Colonies
  2. 2. The New England Colonies <ul><li>New Hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Massachusetts </li></ul><ul><li>Connecticut </li></ul><ul><li>Rhode Island. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The environment of the New England Colonies <ul><li>The climate of the New England Colonies was colder than the other two colonial regions because they were the farthest north. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate was a positive factor for the colonists in the New England Colonies; it prevented the spread of life-threatening diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate was a negative factor for the colonist in the New England Colonies; the severe winters killed many people. </li></ul><ul><li>The geography of New England was mostly hills with rocky soil. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The natural resources of the New England Colonies <ul><li>The natural resources of the New England Colonies included fish, whales, trees and furs. </li></ul><ul><li>The natural resources were more important than agricultural crops to colonists in New England because of poor, rocky soil and the short growing season. </li></ul>
  5. 5. New England Colonies: Economy <ul><li>The long cold winters and the poor soil made farming difficult </li></ul><ul><li>They quickly harnessed water power and established grain mills and sawmills. </li></ul><ul><li>Good stands of timber encouraged shipbuilding. </li></ul><ul><li>Excellent harbors promoted trade, and the sea became a source of great wealth. </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of the colonial period, one-third of all vessels under the British flag were built in New England. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Triangular Trade <ul><li>New England shippers soon discovered, too, that rum and slaves were profitable commodities. One of the most enterprising -- if unsavory -- trading practices of the time was the so-called &quot;triangular trade.&quot; Merchants and shippers would purchase slaves off the coast of Africa for New England rum, then sell the slaves in the West Indies where they would buy molasses to bring home for sale to the local rum producers. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Religion in the New England Colonies <ul><li>The main function of New England towns was to support the religion of the Puritans. Religious freedom in Puritan colonies did not exist. </li></ul><ul><li>The Puritan's world view did not tolerate other religions. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Basic life <ul><li>With the bulk of the early settlers living in villages and towns around the harbors, many New Englanders carried on some kind of trade or business. </li></ul><ul><li>Common pastureland and woodlots served the needs of townspeople, who worked small farms nearby. </li></ul><ul><li>Compactness made possible the village school, the village church and the village or town hall, where citizens met to discuss matters of common interest. </li></ul>

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