Ecological Cycles
Vocabulary words
Ammonification
Ammonification: Bacteria decomposers break
down amino acids from dead animals and
wastes into nitrogen ammo...
Ammonium
Ammonium
•Form of nitrogen contained in fertilizer
•generated in soil by breakdown of organic
matter
Atmosphere
Atmosphere layer of gasses around the earth
Carbon
carbon A non-metallic element found in coal, petroleum
and natural gas. Major component of life.
Carbon Cycle
Carbon cycle Circulation of carbon through ecosystems
Cellular respiration
Cellular respiration
Process by which organisms create energy from
sugar
Glucose+ Oxygenà CO2+ H20+ E...
Condensation
Condensation
This is where warm and cold air collide and form
ice crystals that condense and form droplets of...
Condense
condense to change from a gas to a liquid
Decomposition
Decomposition breakdown of matter by bacteria and fungi
Denitrification
Denitrification converts nitrates (NO3) in the soil
to atmospheric nitrogen (N2) replenishing the
atmosphe...
Evaporate
Evaporate to change from a liquid to a gas
Evaporation
Evaporation This is a process where the water is heated and
turned into a water vapor. The sun is the main
hea...
Fossil Fuels
Fossil fuels Carbon-rich fuel from ancient animals and
plants
examples: coal, gas, oil
Nitrates
Nitrates different form of nitrogen
•Found in plant nutrient and fertilizer
•Animal feed, manures, and sewage

Ni...
Nitrification
Nitrification Nitrifying bacteria in the ground first combine
ammonia with oxygen to form nitrites. Then
ano...
Nitrogen
nitrogen Nitrogen is a non-metal, gaseous element
Nitrogen Fixation
Nitrogen Fixation is when the nitrogen gets “fixed” and combines
with oxygen or hydrogen
Photosynthesis
Photosynthesis Process by which plants make sugar
Energy (sun)+ Water+ Carbon
dioxide Carbohydrates+ Oxyge...
Precipitation
Precipitation When water droplets in clouds become to heavy
and begin to fall

Precipitation can be rain, ha...
Respiration and decay -:
•Mechanisms in which animal life and bacteria
consume oxygen and release carbon dioxide
Percolation
percolation When water seeps through the soil and ends up
in the water table. It then flows into the
streams, ...
Transpiration
Transpiration the process by which plants lose water through
the stomata of their leaves
Weathering
Weathering Physical and chemical process in which solid
rock exposed at earths surface is changed to
separate s...
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Ecological cycles vocabulary honors 2.04

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Ecological cycles vocabulary honors 2.04

  1. 1. Ecological Cycles Vocabulary words
  2. 2. Ammonification Ammonification: Bacteria decomposers break down amino acids from dead animals and wastes into nitrogen ammonium.
  3. 3. Ammonium Ammonium •Form of nitrogen contained in fertilizer •generated in soil by breakdown of organic matter
  4. 4. Atmosphere Atmosphere layer of gasses around the earth
  5. 5. Carbon carbon A non-metallic element found in coal, petroleum and natural gas. Major component of life.
  6. 6. Carbon Cycle Carbon cycle Circulation of carbon through ecosystems
  7. 7. Cellular respiration Cellular respiration Process by which organisms create energy from sugar Glucose+ Oxygenà CO2+ H20+ Energy (ATP)
  8. 8. Condensation Condensation This is where warm and cold air collide and form ice crystals that condense and form droplets of water. Creates clouds in the air or fog on the ground.
  9. 9. Condense condense to change from a gas to a liquid
  10. 10. Decomposition Decomposition breakdown of matter by bacteria and fungi
  11. 11. Denitrification Denitrification converts nitrates (NO3) in the soil to atmospheric nitrogen (N2) replenishing the atmosphere. - removal of nitrogen or nitrogen compounds –Conversion of nitrogen to gaseous form
  12. 12. Evaporate Evaporate to change from a liquid to a gas
  13. 13. Evaporation Evaporation This is a process where the water is heated and turned into a water vapor. The sun is the main heat source for this process.
  14. 14. Fossil Fuels Fossil fuels Carbon-rich fuel from ancient animals and plants examples: coal, gas, oil
  15. 15. Nitrates Nitrates different form of nitrogen •Found in plant nutrient and fertilizer •Animal feed, manures, and sewage Nitrification:
  16. 16. Nitrification Nitrification Nitrifying bacteria in the ground first combine ammonia with oxygen to form nitrites. Then another group of nitrifying bacteria convert nitrites to nitrates which green plants can absorb and use!
  17. 17. Nitrogen nitrogen Nitrogen is a non-metal, gaseous element
  18. 18. Nitrogen Fixation Nitrogen Fixation is when the nitrogen gets “fixed” and combines with oxygen or hydrogen
  19. 19. Photosynthesis Photosynthesis Process by which plants make sugar Energy (sun)+ Water+ Carbon dioxide Carbohydrates+ Oxygen
  20. 20. Precipitation Precipitation When water droplets in clouds become to heavy and begin to fall Precipitation can be rain, hail, sleet or snow depending on the temperature and wind conditions
  21. 21. Respiration and decay -: •Mechanisms in which animal life and bacteria consume oxygen and release carbon dioxide
  22. 22. Percolation percolation When water seeps through the soil and ends up in the water table. It then flows into the streams, lakes, oceans, and other bodies of water. The process is then repeated again and again.
  23. 23. Transpiration Transpiration the process by which plants lose water through the stomata of their leaves
  24. 24. Weathering Weathering Physical and chemical process in which solid rock exposed at earths surface is changed to separate solid particles and dissolved materials

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