Cell Structures, Functions and
Transport
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells

Animal Cell

Section 7-2

Cytoplasm

Nucleolus
Nucleus

Go to
Section:

Cell Membrane
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
Nucleus

1.




Nickname: “The Control Center”
Function: holds the DNA
Parts:
1...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells

Animal Cell

Section 7-2

Cytoplasm

Nucleolus
Nucleus

Go to
Section:

Ribosomes
Cell ...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
Ribosomes

2.



Function: makes proteins
Found in all cells, prokaryotic and
eu...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)

3.



Nickname: “Roads”
Function: The internal deliv...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells

Animal Cell

Section 7-2

Cytoplasm

Nucleolus
Nucleus

Rough
Endoplasmic
Reticulum

Go...
Endoplasmic Reticulum


2 Types:
1. Rough ER:




2.

Rough appearance because it has
ribosomes
Function: helps make pr...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells

Animal Cell

Section 7-2

Cytoplasm

Nucleolus
Nucleus

Rough Endoplasmic
Reticulum

Go...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
Golgi Complex

4.





Nickname: The shippers
Function: packages, modifies, and...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells

Animal Cell

Section 7-2

Cytoplasm

Nucleolus
Nucleus

Rough Endoplasmic
Reticulum

Go...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
Lysosomes: circular, but bigger than
ribosomes)

5.




Nickname: “Clean-up Crew...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells

Animal Cell

Section 7-2

Cytoplasm

Nucleolus
Nucleus

Ribosomes
Cell Membrane
Mitocho...
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
Mitochondria

6.



Nickname: “The Powerhouse”
Function: Energy formation


Bre...
Animal Cell
Cytoplasm

Nucleolus
Nucleus

Ribosomes
Cell Membrane
Mitochondria

Rough Endoplasmic
Reticulum

Golgi Bodies
...


Now let’s talk about structures only
found in PLANT Cells!!
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells
Section 7-2

Plant Cell

Vacuole

Cell Membrane

Go to
Section:
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
Vacuoles

7.


Function: stores water


This is what makes lettuce crisp


When...
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells

Plant Cell

Section 7-2

Vacuole

Chloroplasts
Cell Membrane

Go to
Section:
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
Chloroplasts

8.




Function: traps energy from the sun to
produce food for the...
Chloroplasts
Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells

Plant Cell

Section 7-2

Vacuole

Chloroplasts
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall

Go to
Section:
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and
Function
Cell Wall

9.




Function: provides support and
protection to the cell membrane...
Plant Cell
Cytoplasm

Vacuole

Smooth ER
Ribosomes

Chloroplasts
Cell Membrane
Cell Wall
Nucleolus

Golgi Bodies

Nucleus
...
Comparing Plant and Animal Cells
Plant

Animal
Animal and Plant Cell Organelles
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Animal and Plant Cell Organelles

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Animal and Plant Cell Organelles

  1. 1. Cell Structures, Functions and Transport
  2. 2. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Section 7-2 Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Go to Section: Cell Membrane
  3. 3. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Nucleus 1.    Nickname: “The Control Center” Function: holds the DNA Parts: 1. Nucleolus: dark spot in the middle of the nucleus that helps make ribosomes
  4. 4. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Section 7-2 Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Go to Section: Ribosomes Cell Membrane
  5. 5. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Ribosomes 2.   Function: makes proteins Found in all cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic
  6. 6. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) 3.   Nickname: “Roads” Function: The internal delivery system of the cell
  7. 7. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Section 7-2 Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Go to Section: Ribosomes Cell Membrane Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
  8. 8. Endoplasmic Reticulum  2 Types: 1. Rough ER:   2. Rough appearance because it has ribosomes Function: helps make proteins, that’s why it has ribosomes Smooth ER:   NO ribosomes Function: makes fats or lipids
  9. 9. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Section 7-2 Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Complex Go to Section: Ribosomes Cell Membrane Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
  10. 10. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Golgi Complex 4.    Nickname: The shippers Function: packages, modifies, and transports materials to different location inside/outside of the cell Appearance: stack of pancakes
  11. 11. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Section 7-2 Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Bodies Go to Section: Ribosomes Cell Membrane Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
  12. 12. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Lysosomes: circular, but bigger than ribosomes) 5.   Nickname: “Clean-up Crews” Function: to break down food into particles the rest of the cell can use and to destroy old cells
  13. 13. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Animal Cell Section 7-2 Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Ribosomes Cell Membrane Mitochondria Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Bodies Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
  14. 14. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Mitochondria 6.   Nickname: “The Powerhouse” Function: Energy formation  Breaks down food to make ATP  ATP: is the major fuel for all cell activities that require energy
  15. 15. Animal Cell Cytoplasm Nucleolus Nucleus Ribosomes Cell Membrane Mitochondria Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Bodies Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
  16. 16.  Now let’s talk about structures only found in PLANT Cells!!
  17. 17. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Section 7-2 Plant Cell Vacuole Cell Membrane Go to Section:
  18. 18. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Vacuoles 7.  Function: stores water  This is what makes lettuce crisp  When there is no water, the plant wilts
  19. 19. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Plant Cell Section 7-2 Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Membrane Go to Section:
  20. 20. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Chloroplasts 8.   Function: traps energy from the sun to produce food for the plant cell Green in color because of chlorophyll, which is a green pigment
  21. 21. Chloroplasts
  22. 22. Figure 7-5 Plant and Animal Cells Plant Cell Section 7-2 Vacuole Chloroplasts Cell Membrane Cell Wall Go to Section:
  23. 23. Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function Cell Wall 9.   Function: provides support and protection to the cell membrane Found outside the cell membrane in plant cells
  24. 24. Plant Cell Cytoplasm Vacuole Smooth ER Ribosomes Chloroplasts Cell Membrane Cell Wall Nucleolus Golgi Bodies Nucleus Mitochondria Rough ER
  25. 25. Comparing Plant and Animal Cells Plant Animal
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