5.05 classification and scientific names

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5.05 classification and scientific names

  1. 1. Classification
  2. 2. Word Classification Definition Putting things into groups based on how they are the same Picture
  3. 3. Word Taxonomy Definition The study of identifying, classifying, and naming living things Picture
  4. 4. Classify these items into different tortillas Italian bread groups spaghetti Fried rice Fried chicken soybeans Iceberg lettuce Pita bread Kale Green beans sausage Sweet peas wheat bread
  5. 5. Complex food: Vegetables: Meat: Bread:
  6. 6. History of Classification 1. Aristotle – ancient Greek, 1st to develop a system of classification • Created Kingdoms: - Plant and animal • Plants: divided by size and structure • Animals: divided on where they lived
  7. 7. Word Definition * 18th century Swedish scientist Carolus Linnaeus classified plants and animals according to similarities in form. He gave organisms two names using Latin - Genus and species Picture
  8. 8. Word Definition 1. Binomial Nomenclature Picture two word naming system (LATIN) 2. First word – Genus – a group of similar organisms that have different characteristics 3. Second word: Species – smallest, most precise classification category Panthera leo
  9. 9. Examples of Binomial Nomenclature 1. Canis familiaris – domesticated dog 2. Canis latrans – coyote 3. Canis lupus – gray wolf
  10. 10. Writing Scientific Names Genus – always CAPITALIZED species – always lowercase **Italicized or Underlined**
  11. 11. Practice by writing down the scientific name Genus: Felis Common Name Species Chinese Mountain Cat bieti Jungle Cat chaus Wild Cat silvestris Scientific Name?
  12. 12. Try again! What’s the scientific name? Genus: Betta Common Name Species Striped Fighting Fish signata Penang Mouthbrooding Fighting Fish fasciata Siamese Fighting Fish spendens Scientific Name?

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