How Do Geographers Think Geographically

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  • 1. How do geographers think geographically? An overview of key concepts and vocabulary
  • 2. Themes in geography:  Human Environmental Interactions  Location  Movement  Place  Region
  • 3. Human/Environmental Interaction  The interactions between human social and economic systems and the earth’s ecosystem.
  • 4. Location: absolute  The definitive location of a place using a recognized coordinate system, such as latitude and longitude.
  • 5. Location: relative  The location of one place relative to another place, in terms of:  Direction  Distance  Landmarks  Relationships  Time
  • 6. Movement  The flow of people, goods, and ideas from one place to another through diffusion:
  • 7. Diffusion: expansion  The outward movement from a hearth (point of origin) through either:  Hierarchical diffusion  Contagious diffusion  Stimulus diffusion
  • 8. Diffusion: relocation  The permanent physical relocation of people from one location to another.
  • 9. Place  The human and/or physical characteristics that give meaning and character to a place (a sense of place) that distinguishes them from other places on earth.
  • 10. Human Characteristics  Cultural landscape  Languages  Religions  Folk or Pop culture  Ethnic groups
  • 11. Physical Characteristics Arid  Landforms (terrain)  Mountains Snowy River Rivers, lakes, seas Cold   Forests Lake Forest  Weather  Climate