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A presentation about the Journal of Medical Internet Research, a founding member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) - A contribution to Open Access Week 2010!

A presentation about the Journal of Medical Internet Research, a founding member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) - A contribution to Open Access Week 2010!

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Open Access Publishing - The Journal of Medical Internet Research Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Pioneering Open Access Publishing in Health Informatics
    The Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR)
    1998-2010
    Gunther Eysenbach MD MPH
    Gunther Eysenbach MD MPH
    Editor/Publisher, J Med Internet Reswww.jmir.org
    Associate Professor Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto;
    Senior Scientist, Centre for Global eHealth Innovation,Division of Medical Decision Making and Health Care Research;
    Epublishing and Open Access Research Group 
    Toronto General Research Institute of the UHN, Toronto General Hospital, Canada
  • 2. Gunther Eysenbach MD MPH
    Editor/Publisher,
    J Med Internet Reswww.jmir.org
    Associate Professor Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto;
    Senior Scientist, Centre for Global eHealth Innovation,Division of Medical Decision Making and Health Care Research;
    Epublishing and Open Access Research Group 
    PI, Consumer Health Informatics & Public Health Informatics Lab
    Toronto General Research Institute of the UHN, Toronto General Hospital, Canada
  • 3. This talk focuses on 7 Publishing Innovations of JMIR
    First Open Access journal in health informatics / health services research (* 1999)
    Impact, Article Level Metrics
    XML Copyediting and Typesetting Scripts
    WebCite: Archiving cited webpages / grey reports
    Innovative business model
    Open Peer-Review
    iJMR (interactive Journal of Medical Research) - knol-based (wiki-like) peer-reviewed journal (spin-off)
  • 4. www.jmir.org
  • 5. www.jmir.org
  • 6.
  • 7. Background: Knowledge Transfer in Health Informatics
    Journals remain the most important KT activity
    Traditional medical informatics journals are poorly cited and the visibility and uptake beyond a relatively small medical informatics community remains limited
    Disruptive technology (Internet) allows for experiments with new publishing models (incl bypassing traditional publishers and leaving publishing in the hands of scientists) and new business models (OPEN ACCESS)
  • 8. Why the world needed JMIR in 1998
    No openly accessible high-impact journals in health informatics / health service research
    Health informatics researchers know the value of information and knowledge buried in the medical literature (often inaccessible for textmining)
    No journal devoted to the burgeoning areas of “Internet medicine”, consumer health informatics, participatory medicine
    Most medical informatics journals paper-based, slow review processes
  • 9. JMIR: An OA pioneer
    1998. JMIR assembles editorial board
    1999. First JMIR issue published
    May 5, 1999. E-Biomed proposed by Harold Varmus
    October 22, 1999. Sante Fe Convention (OAI) issued.
    February 2000. PubMed Central (free full-text articles) launched
    July 19, 2000. BioMed Central published its first free online article.
    March 23, 2001. Open Letter launched by the Public Library of Science (PLoS)
    February 14, 2002. Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI) launched
    October 13, 2003. The Public Library of Science launched its first open-access journal, PLoS Biology
    October 2004. PloS Medicine launched
    Innovation #1: Open Access
    http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/timeline.htm
  • 10. http://www.webcitation.org/5kihtiutz
    JMIR is a founding member of OASPA
  • 11. Achievements
    Now indexed in Medline, CINAHL, Information Science Abstracts, INSPEC, Communication Abstracts, The Informed Librarian Online, LISA, EMBASE, Scopus, Current Contents/Clinical Medicine (CC/CM) and Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), PsycINFO, Google Scholar, LISTA, …
    Impact Factor: 3.9 (2009)
    top ranked in medical informatics category (with JAMIA) (among 21 journals)
    and health sciences & health services research category (#2 after Health Techn Assessment review journal) (among 62 journals)
  • 12. JMIR milestones
    1999: Launch
    2001: NLM/Medline indexing
    2002: Introduction of Article Processing Fee [APF] ($500)
    Dec 2002: named Official Journal of IHCC
    Aug 2003: named Official Journal of SIM (Society for Internet in Medicine), abandons Medical Informatics and the Internet (Taylor & Francis) as Official Journal
    Aug 2003: Fast-Track Fee [FTF] ($150), guarantees an editorial decision within 2 weeks after submission, and publication of the article within 4 wks after acceptance.
    Nov 2003: Use of OJS 1.0
    2003: Institutional Membership Scheme introduced
    Nov 2004: Major site relaunch: PDFs available, all articles available as XML
    2005: ISI begins monitoring JMIR
    2006: JMIR in PubMed Central
    2007: First Impact Factor (2006) published by ISI: 2.9 (#2/20 in Medical Informatics [MI], #6/56 in Health Care Sciences & Services [HCSS])
    2007: Upgrade to OJS 2.0
    2007: 30k SSHRC grant for open access journals
    2008: Impact Factor (2007): 3.0 (almost the same as the #1 JAMIA: 3.1)
    2008: 90k SSHRC grant for 3 years
    2008: OASPA (OA Scholarly Publishers Assoc) founded, JMIR founding member
    2009: Impact Factor (2008): 3.6 (now ranked #1 in Med Informatics and #2 in Health Sciences & Health Services Research categories [with #1 being a review journal])
    2010: iJMIR, eProceedings launch (spin-off journals)
    2010: Impact Factor (2009): 3.9
  • 13. JMIR Impact Factor
    Top Medical Informatics Journals
  • 14. Beyond citations: Article-level metrics
    Indicators for end-user uptake
    Innovation #2: Article-level metrics (incl. tweets)
  • 15. Article Level Metrics
    Top cited (top articles got >100 citations)
    Top viewed (top articles get >1000 views per month)
    Top tweeted (top articles get >50 tweets per month), Tweets Influence Factor
    Top purchased (PDF purchases)
  • 16. Manuscript Management Software
    Early adopter of Open Journal Systems (OJS) (open source manuscript management system)
    Development work in the area of XML workflow, subscription/member administration plugins, payment modules etc. (now contributed to OJS 2.x)
    XML typesetting scripts (now branded as Lemon8/PKP product, originally developed by the JMIR team*)
    Unique web-based reference checking & correction workflow for copyeditor (“OrangeX”)
    Innovation #3: Open Source ContributionsXML Workflows
    * MJ Suhonos, Juan Alperin
  • 17. JMIR Production Workflow
    NLM-DTD
    compliant
    XML
    e.g. for PubMedCentral submissions
    Word
    File
  • 18. XML Typesetting Scripts Citations parser, Online Form
  • 19. WebCite®(www.webcitation.org)
    Archiving of cited Internet Resources
    Innovation #4: Archiving System for Webpages
  • 20. In one study published in the journal Science, 13% of Internet references in scholarly articles were inactive after only 27 months.
    Dellavalle RP, Hester EJ, Heilig LF, Drake AL, Kuntzman JW, Graber M, et al. Information science. Going, going, gone: lost Internet references. Science 2003 Oct 31;302(5646):787-788. DOI:10.1126/science.1088234
  • 21.
  • 22. Innovative Business Model
    Authors keep ©, published under Creative Commons Attribution License
    “Author-pays” model:
    $90 submission fee
    Optional: Fast-track fee $450 (3 wk turnaround)
    Article Processing Fee [APF] currently US$1900, payable on acceptance only
    Institutional members (medical informatics departments etc.) ($900 p.a.): APF waived
    Personal membership: Downloading PDF
    Innovation #5: Business Model
  • 23. jmir-revenues-pie2007-recalc2.xls
  • 24. Expenses
    Technical developer (1-2 analysts)
    Copyeditor (formerly in-house, now freelancer pool)
    (minimal) investment in software licenses (mostly open source),
    memberships in publisher associations (CrossRef, ALPSP, OASPA etc.)
    Academic Editors paid a nominal per-article honorarium beginning in 2010
  • 25. Open Peer Review @ JMIR
    Innovation #6: Open Peer-Review
  • 26. Semantics of “Openess” in peer-review
    Transparent: Disclosing reviewer names, perhaps even reviews
    Participatory: Open for anybody to join, collaborative
  • 27. Open peer-review - solution for peer-review challenges
    “After 30 years of practicing peer review and 15 years of studying it experimentally, I’m unconvinced of its value” (Richard Smith)
    A lot of reviewers’ time is wasted (authors just submit to another journal, w/o making changes)
    Reviewers do a poor job spotting errors (9 maj errors, each spotted by 10-50% - J R Soc Med. 2008;101: 507-14)
    Possible future: Publish first into a moderated collection, solicit broad input, publish/index “version of record”
  • 28. iJMR on knol.google.com
    http://tinyurl.com/ijmr-submit
  • 29. www.medicine20congress.com
  • 30. Conclusions
    Open Access was clearly a success factor in making JMIR a leading scholarly journal
    The JMIR example shows that with creativity and a lean publishing model sustainable OA is possible
    Resource constraints and non-profit model lead to innovation
    Small journals face uphill battles
  • 31. Future Prospects
    JMIR has to focus on quality, not quantity, to preserve high impact factor, making publishing expensive
    In the process becoming a multi-journal publisher (economies of scale)
    Spin-off, “second-tier” journal(s), e.g. iJMR, to enable publication of submissions not suitable for JMIR
    Eproceedings journal(s)
  • 32. Please cite as:Eysenbach G. 10 years experience with pioneering open access publishing in health informatics: the Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR).Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;160(Pt 2):1329-3
    (cc-by) can be freely distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
  • 33. Thank you!
    Dr G. Eysenbach, Email: geysenba at uhnres.utoronto.ca or @gmail.com,
    My peer-reviewed Journal: http://www.jmir.org
    My Blog: http://gunther-eysenbach.blogspot.com
    My Conferences: http://www.medicine20congress.com
    http://www.ehealthcongresss.org
    My Slides: http://www.slideshare.net/eysen
    Funding
    Change Foundation, Canadian Institutes for Health Research, NSERC, European Union, SSHRC