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Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
Future Cloud Infrastructure
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Future Cloud Infrastructure

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  • 1. Future Cloud Infrastructure Science, orScience Fiction? Val Bercovici Cloud & Big Data Czar NetApp
  • 2. Val Bercovici @valb00
  • 3. What I hope toaccomplish today... &
  • 4. ...and avoid this.
  • 5. CTO Research Themes Software Defined Networks
  • 6. Cloud – New Infrastructure Control Point
  • 7. CTO Research Themes Software Defined Networks
  • 8. Wither POSIX? Capacity Trends(RAID  Object RAID  Erasure Coding) S3 Swift CDMI
  • 9. CTO Research Themes Software Defined Networks
  • 10. Wither ACID? (Big) Data Trends
  • 11. CTO Research Themes Software Defined Networks
  • 12. Wither OSI? Networking Trends Software Defined Networks
  • 13. “Intel Watching” - Interconnects Intel to Acquire Fulcrum Microsystems Posted by IntelPR in News Stories on Jul 19, 2011 7:55:32 AM SANTA CLARA, Calif., July 19, 2011 – Intel Corporation today announced it signed a definitive agreement to acquire Fulcrum Microsystems Inc., a privately held fabless semiconductor company that designs Ethernet switch silicon for data center network providers. ―Intel is transforming from a leading server technology company to a comprehensive data center provider that offers computing, storage and networking building blocks,‖ said Kirk Skaugen, Intel vice president and general manager, Data Center Group.From EE Times: Cray sells interconnect hardware unit to IntelSylvie Barak 4/24/2012 6:34 PM EDTMOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif.--Supercomputer maker Cray Inc. has signed a definitiveagreement to sell its interconnect hardware development program and relatedintellectual property to Intel Corp. for $140 million in cash. Intel buys Infiniband unit from Qlogic for $125M Associated PressAssociated Press – Mon, Jan 23, 2012 SANTA CLARA, Calif. (AP) — Intel Corp. on Monday said it had agreed to buy Qlogic Corp.s line of Infiniband adapters, used to tie processors together into supercomputing clusters, for $125 million. Intel said the acquisition would help it reach the goal of supplying computers that can perform one exaflop, or a quintillion calculations, per second. The Santa Clara, Calif.-based company expects a "significant number" of Qlogic employees to accept offers to join Intel. NetApp Confidential - Internal Use Only 13
  • 14. Wither InfiniBand? Networking Trends 2001 2010 2014 2017 Ethernet 1Gb/s 10Gb/s 40Gb/s 100Gb/s Infiniband 10Gb/s 40Gb/s 104Gb/s ?? 10x 4x 2.5x
  • 15. Future Networks? EthernetPCIMemory
  • 16. CTO Research Themes Software Defined Networks
  • 17. Performance – Storage Class Memory(SCM)
  • 18. Revolution from Above, not Below 1M100K10K 1K 100 10 1 18
  • 19. Why SCM will need new Interconnects Assume 50ns SCM access time (DRAM speed) PCIe, InfiniBand latency ≈ 1 μsec = 21x latency Read syscall, file in RAM ≈ 260 nsec = 6x latency Speed of light in optical fiber ≈ .65 ft / nsec 5 ft = 15nsec = 1.3x latency 10 ft = 30nsec = 1.6x penalty + 40 ft = 120nsec = 3.4x penalty + 5’ server storage rack appliance 20
  • 20. Replicated Software Transactional Memory (STM) Host Networked Storage Application Replication of transaction log STM library for reliability and D/R transaction manager transaction log transactional processed into memory streaming protocol efficient DRAM/SCM snapshot storagehypervisor/kernel 21
  • 21. SCM Roadmap Speculation TECH 2009-2011 2012-2015 2016-2020 128Mbit 90nm (Omneo) 1Gbit 45nm (Bonelli) 8Gbit 20nm (ISSCC „11) Hynix/IBM 40nm 1GbitPCM 512Mbit 65nm (in mobile handsets) 180nm Evaluator Kit in 2012ReRAM Mass-production in 2013/14 30nm 1Gbit in 2013/14 130nm SRAM replacement 4Gbit chip with LPDDR2 i/f in ‟16 16Mbit 130nm MRAM (SRAM replacement)STT-MRAM Expected to compete with DRAM/Flash 22
  • 22. Historical Contexthttp://antranik.org/using-moores-law-to-predict-future-memory-trends/
  • 23. Science (Fiction?)http://www.singularity.com/charts/page70.html
  • 24. IBM Watson – Circa 2010! (SCM + Fast Interconnect + Hadoop)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watson_(computer)

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