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Emergency Preparedness

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There are different things to be done at each level of a disaster by people in all areas

There are different things to be done at each level of a disaster by people in all areas

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  • 1. You could be next… EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
  • 2. Please review the CD contents for much more information. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS
  • 3. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS Plan? Why  Stay alive  Avoid injury  Survive in relative comfort  Protect belongings  Be able to assist others  To help remain calm – follow the plan
  • 4. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS Prepare? Why fear and anxiety Reduce Increase odds of survival luck = Good Opportunity (good or bad) + Preparation luck = Bad “fail to plan = plan to fail”
  • 5. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS If you aren‟t at the epicenter, there is a great  chance you can survive in relative comfort There are different things to be done at each  level of a disaster by people in all areas
  • 6. WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY? PERSONAL Personal / Family   Car accident  Heart attack  Stroke  Falling down  Broken bones  Blood loss  Diabetes  Shock from lack of sugar
  • 7. WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY? MAN-MADE Man-Made   Power Outage  Refinery/Chemical Plant Explosion  Nuclear Power Plant Failure  Terrorist Act  War
  • 8. WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY? NATURAL DISASTER I can tell you one thing: The Earth is out to kill  us  Natural Disaster Tornado   Hurricane  Tsunami / Flooding  Earthquake  Public health emergency  Avian Flu  SARS
  • 9. FEMA LIST OF DISASTERS TO PREPARE FOR Chemical  Dam Failure  Earthquake  Fire or Wildfire  Flood  Hazardous Material  Heat  Hurricane  Landslide  Nuclear Power Plant Emergency  Terrorism  Thunderstorm  Tornado  Tsunami  Volcano  Wildfire  Winter Storm  Click on any of the above links to learn more 
  • 10. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS NO matter how you want to classify it, basic  preparation can ensure you are ready for many types of emergency situations. Think of it as camping; what would you  need? Can be as elaborate or simple as you want,  just so long as you have something.
  • 11. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS does it take? What According to FEMA  Getinformed  Make a plan  Make a disaster supply kit  Review your plan and kit
  • 12. PERSONAL EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS Worst case scenario: you are incapacitated  What do the people treating you need?   Medical information  Contact information  Insurance Are you ready? What‟s your plan?   Does it include one of or something like
  • 13. PREPARE YOUR PERSONAL HISTORY PERSONAL EMERGENCY
  • 14. PREPARE YOUR CELL PHONE PERSONAL EMERGENCY “ICE” Your Cell Phone If you can‟t tell paramedics who you are, your cell phone can help emergency responders and healthcare workers to identify you and notify your loved ones. Just program your cell phone‟s telephone book with the codeword “ICE” (In Case of Emergency) Emergency workers look for the codeword ICE when they turn to your phone. Help them save your life. Program your phone today. In Case of Emergency 1. Open your cell phone telephone book to create a new entry. Instead of entering the name of a person, enter the word “ICE”. 2. Enter the phone number of the person you would want contacted in an emergency. To list multiple contacts, name the entries ICE1, ICE2, etc.
  • 15. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS watch a video prepared by Let’s FEMA and the American Red Cross The video is in eight segments There’ll be more specific information supplied in addition to the video And a few side detours
  • 16. FEMA – FEDERAL EMERGENCY MGMT AGENCY
  • 17. FEMA – GET INFORMED
  • 18. FEMA – GET INFORMED Know evacuation routes  Get a GPS / maps  What is your work emergency plan?  Phone number(s) to find out if work is closed?  Have a NOAA weather alert radio  Tone alarm: The National Weather Service will send  a 1050 Hz tone alarm before most warning and many watch messages are broadcast. The tone will activate all the receivers which are equipped to receive it, even if the audio is turned off. Know what emergencies you might face 
  • 19. FEMA – MAKE A PLAN
  • 20. HAVE A PLAN Have an out-of-town contact  Depending on the situation, it may be easier to get a  long–distance telephone line than to call across town.  So, the best emergency contact person for separated family members might be someone who lives out of town.  You still may have trouble getting through, or the whole telephone system may be down, but be patient. Be sure every member of your family knows the  emergency contact person‟s telephone number
  • 21. HAVE A PLAN Choose meeting places   In case family members cannot go home, choose a place to meet near your home.  In case family members must leave the area entirely, choose a meeting place far enough away from your home that it should be safe and reachable.
  • 22. HAVE A PLAN Write down each family member‟s date of  birth and social security number.  Keep a list of their work, school and/or daycare telephone numbers and addresses.  Keep this list in your emergency supply kit.  Keep copies of the list in your wallet.
  • 23. HAVE A PLAN Ask about emergency plans where family  members work or attend daycare and/or school.  Coordinate these plans with your family plan.  Make backup plans for children in case you are unable to get home in an emergency.
  • 24. HAVE A PLAN Talk to neighbors about how you can work  together in an emergency. You will be better prepared if you think ahead and communicate with others in advance. Find out if anyone has specialized equipment, such  as a power generator, or special skills, such as medical knowledge, that might help in a crisis. Decide who will check on elderly or disabled  neighbors. Be sure that your plan includes how you will  care for your pets in an emergency.
  • 25. HAVE A PLAN Is your house protected from floods?   Do you have enough and the right type of insurance?  Have you checked the new rezoned flood plane?  Click here to find out more about your flood map
  • 26. PRACTICE YOUR PLAN You will not know if it will work unless you try  it.
  • 27. FEMA – DISASTER SUPPLIES KIT
  • 28. FEMA – FOOD AND WATER
  • 29. DRINKING WATER ½ gallon per person / day for consumption   Commercial water  Prefilled water bottles  Hot water heater  Toilet tank  Water in pipes  Water bottle with filter  Fill bathtub
  • 30. FOOD MREs (Meals Ready to Eat)   Military (w/heater)  Civilian Freeze Dried   Premade  Premixed Canned goods 
  • 31. HOW TO COOK? MREs (Meals Ready to Eat)   Come with water activated heater to warm the meal  Pre-cooked  Complete meal  Includes other neccessities (small TP, instant coffee, sugar…)
  • 32. HOW TO COOK? Freeze dried food   Mountain House  AlpineAire Foods  Backpacker's Pantry  Adventure Foods Just need boiling water   How to boil water?
  • 33. ULTRA-LIGHT BACKPACKING ANSWER Alcohol stoves   Very cool! Made from soda and beer cans.  Very efficient  Lightweight / compact  Flame can last longer than solid fuel Solid fuel stoves   Very lightweight  Fuel is lightweight compared to alcohol  Compact / lightweight
  • 34. ALCOHOL STOVES MAKE YOUR OWN!
  • 35. ALCOHOL STOVES A COMPARISON
  • 36. ALCOHOL STOVES LONG LASTING - BOIL WATER (AND MORE) WITH ONE OUNCE OF ALCOHOL
  • 37. ALCOHOL STOVES AMAZINGLY HOT
  • 38. ALCOHOL STOVES MAKE BISCUITS (DUTCH OVEN)
  • 39. SOLID FUEL STOVES ULTRALIGHT OUTFITTERS BEER CAN ESBIT STOVE SYSTEM
  • 40. SOLID FUEL STOVES BEER CAN POT TO BOIL WATER AND EAT FOOD
  • 41. SOLID FUEL STOVES Esbit  (Hexamethylenetetramine – yellow flame) Trioxane  (blue flame)
  • 42. SOLID FUEL STOVES ESBIT STOVE WITH TRIOXANE FUEL TABLET
  • 43. SOLID FUEL Esbit (Hexamethylenetetramine – yellow flame)   Trioxane (blue flame)
  • 44. SOLID FUEL Sterno 
  • 45. FEMA – PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
  • 46. FEMA – HELPING CHILDREN COPE
  • 47. FEMA – GET INVOLVED
  • 48. DO IT YOURSELF There is nothing difficult about making your  own kit, you just need to get supplies and something to store it all in Here is a fairly comprehensive look at what  you may want to get and what you would do with it.
  • 49. WHAT TO PACK?  Have emergency bag  At home  At work  In your car(s)  Sling / backpack  Suitcase on wheels  Plastic container  One bag ready-to-go  More bags when you have 15 minutes prep time  Even more supplies with 30+ minutes prep time
  • 50. WHAT TO PACK?  How big and how much?  Mini backpack– 3+ days  Sling pack / Backpack – 1 week  Container / suitcase on wheels – 2 wks-1 month  You decide  Start with one and keep adding complete packs  What you do take could be rationed to last longer
  • 51. WHAT TO PACK? Water Food to eat with Utensils Something to cook or heat your meals with
  • 52. WHAT TO PACK?  Water ½ gallon drinking water  ½ gallon waste water  Something to boil in?  Water bottle with biological filter  Water pouches  Powdered whole milk  Canned baby formula  Gatorade mix  Tea / coffee  Juice
  • 53. BOILS WATER AND CAN DRINK FROM IT Click here to learn more about the beer can Esbit stove
  • 54. WHAT TO PACK? Food  MREs  (Meals Ready to Eat)  Military  Civilian  With and without  heaters Freeze Dried  Premade  Premixed  Nitropak  30 yr cans Energy bars  Beef jerky  PET FOOD 
  • 55. WHAT TO PACK? Food  Non-perishable, dry foods   Mixes / chicken or tuna helper  Canned meat / chicken / tuna  Canned fruits / vegetables  Freeze-dried meals, meat and vegetables  MREs (meals ready to eat)  Energy bars / ration bars  Can opener  Trash bags Can last 5 years, be sure to check labels every year   Throw away dented or bloated cans
  • 56. WHAT TO PACK? If you have to evacuate   What are you going to eat on?  What are you going to drink with  Cups  Utensils  Plates/ bowls  Scrub sponge  Trash bags
  • 57. FIRST AID Always seek medical assistance for severe  injuries (know your route – where is the closest hospital?) Seek CPR training for yourself & others  A first aid kit will not help you deal with severe  trauma
  • 58. WHAT TO PACK? First aid   Medical supplies Analgesics   Ointments  Bandages  Scissors / forceps Prescriptions   Hand sanitizer  Rubber gloves  N95/100 Masks  Hot pack  Cold pack
  • 59. A NOTE ABOUT EPIDEMICS According to the most recent SARS outbreak  report from Ontario  60+% of those infected were hospital workers  Of those infected, the majority, it was found, were most likely infected due to improperly fitted masks “An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of  cure”  Benjamin Franklin
  • 60. HOW TO PROPERLY FIT A FACE MASK
  • 61. PERSONAL ITEMS Be certain you pack and protect the following   People  Pets  Papers (birth certificate, deeds, wills, etc.)  Prescriptions  Plastic (credit cards)  PC – download to usb drive or hard drive
  • 62. WHAT TO PACK? Extra clothes & shoes   Toiletries  Toothpaste / Toothbrush  Razor / shave cream  Toilet paper / paper towels  Soap / shampoo / brush  Feminine hygiene products  Eye care products Towels 
  • 63. WHAT TO PACK? Money  Change   Bills (mostly small)  If someone is selling something you need for $3 and all you have is a $20 and they don‟t have change… Enough to last for 3 days ($300)   Expect price gouging  To report price gouging (800) 337-3928, (800) 621-0508 With power outages, you will not be able to  access an ATM, nor will merchants be able to use credit card machines
  • 64. MY THOUGHTS ON THE MONEY SUPPLY If there are traces of  cocaine on $20 bills…
  • 65. MY THOUGHTS ON THE MONEY SUPPLY And viruses can live on it…  Why couldn‟t there be  traces of…  Anthrax spores  Nerve agents  Other biological agents Keep a supply of „clean‟  money
  • 66. GETTING SERIOUS The following slides will give you an idea of  items you may need at home to live without basic services and utilities. Remember, you could be without  water, electricity and gas for a day to a week or more!
  • 67. KEEP YOURSELF CLEAN Fill bathtub  Can boil/warm water and „bathe‟ in sink  If multiple bathrooms, separate toilet for urine & feces  Use bucket of water to flush toilet Luggable Loo  portable potty  Double Doodie Toilet Liner
  • 68. KEEP IT CLEAN Instant hot shower 
  • 69. POWER OUTAGE - BLACKOUT Generator  Consider the amperage draw of each appliance  Consider how long you expect to be without power  Do you want more than one generator?  Do you need 12v and/or 120v output 
  • 70. WHAT TO PACK?  Gasoline  Metal gas cans / tanks Plastic loses octane   Gas stabilizer For extended storage 
  • 71. APPLIANCE ALTERNATES  Are there alternatives?  12 volt powered appliances Coolers   Heaters  Cookers / microwave  Fans / swamp cooler  120v inverter for law amp appliances
  • 72. HOT WEATHER Air conditioning   Fan / swamp cooler  Cooler / Refrigerator  Ice Doesn‟t take much to make you feel easier   Cool beverage can do wonders for spirit
  • 73. COLD WEATHER Fire   Comfort  Cooking / purifying water  Heat  Safety / signaling for help How to start a fire   Super easy
  • 74. WHAT TO PACK?  Fire starter  Lighter  Waterproof matches  Flint Magnesium   Saw dust  Vaseline cotton ball  Magnifying glass
  • 75. HOW TO START A FIRE MAGNESIUM SHAVINGS AND FLINT
  • 76. HOW TO START A FIRE MAGNESIUM SHAVINGS AND FLINT
  • 77. HOW TO START A FIRE SAW DUST AND FLINT
  • 78. HOW TO START A FIRE STEEL WOOL AND 9V BATTERY
  • 79. A BRIEF INTERMISSION
  • 80. COLD WEATHER Warm/layers of clothes   Blankets  Heaters  Fire  Stove  Hand warmers Doesn‟t take much to make you feel easier   Hot meal can do wonders for spirit
  • 81. COLD WEATHER Catalytic heaters   Heats a radiant element  „Flameless‟ means low, small, non-exposed flame
  • 82. WHAT TO PACK?  Appliances (12v / battery / dynamo / solar powered)  Light  Radio  Cooler  Cell phone
  • 83. WHAT TO PACK?  Long lasting candles always have someone in same room as candle, watching it for safety  Flashlight  Cyalume light sticks  Hands-free lights 115 hour candle
  • 84. WHAT TO PACK?  Multi-tool  Duct tape  Pots and pans  Coleman stove
  • 85. WHAT TO PACK?  Leather palmed gloves  Shovel  Saw  Rope  Rain poncho  Mylar blanket  Duct tape  Super glue  Two-way radios  Whistle / signaling device  Tube tent / pop-up tent
  • 86. WHAT TO PACK?  Seats
  • 87. WHAT TO PACK?  Radiationdetector  Dosimeter  IOSAT tablets $19 eBay Dosimeter
  • 88. WHAT TO PACK?  Entertainment?  Book  Mp3 player  Handheld video game  Important information  Flashdrive Mp3 / flash / SD card reader / combo $20 shipped - eBay  USB hard drive  More batteries  Don‟t store rechargeable products. How would you charge them? Always get battery powered.
  • 89. SURVIVAL KITS 7 day freeze dried food kit Can buy purely vegetarian foods as well, go to websites (click a link) Backpacker's Country Mountain House AlpineAire & others
  • 90. SURVIVAL KITS 20 person Water, food Lights, radios First aid More $290
  • 91. EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS A little wrap up on the family  preparedness, this time from READY.GOV
  • 92. READY.GOV
  • 93. WHAT TO DO DURING A HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENT If you are:  Asked to evacuate Then:  Do so immediately. Stay tuned to a radio or television for information on evacuation routes, temporary shelters, and procedures. Follow the routes recommended by the authorities--shortcuts may not be safe. Leave at once. If you have time, minimize contamination in the house by closing all windows, shutting all vents, and turning off attic fans. Take pre-assembled disaster supplies. Remember to help your neighbors who may require special assistance-- infants, elderly people and people with disabilities.
  • 94. WHAT TO DO… Hopefully you will never be in the wrong  place at the wrong, time, but if you are, the following information could prepare you
  • 95. WHAT TO DO DURING A HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENT If you are:  Caught Outside Then:  Stay upstream, uphill, and upwind! In general, try to go at least one-half mile (usually 8-10 city blocks) from the danger area. Move away from the accident scene and help keep others away. Do not walk into or touch any spilled liquids, airborne mists, or condensed solid chemical deposits. Try not to inhale gases, fumes and smoke. If possible, cover mouth with a cloth while leaving the area. Stay away from accident victims until the hazardous material has been identified. Walk / drive away from the accident and perpendicular to the wind direction, try to get upwind
  • 96. WHAT TO DO DURING A HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENT If you are:  Caught Outside Then:  If you are concerned about chemical precipitation, wear a poncho or raincoat, use an umbrella.  If the chemical can not touch your skin, the chances of a chemical reaction/burn are lessened  Cover your mouth and eyes as best as possible
  • 97. WHAT TO DO DURING A HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENT If you are:  In a motor vehicle Then:  Stop and seek shelter in a permanent building. If you must remain in your car, keep car windows and vents closed and shut off the air conditioner and heater.
  • 98. WHAT TO DO DURING A HAZARDOUS MATERIALS INCIDENT If you are:  Requested to stay indoors Then:  Bring pets inside. Close and lock all exterior doors and windows. Close vents, fireplace dampers, and as many interior doors as possible. Turn off air conditioners and ventilation systems Go into the pre-selected shelter room. This room should be above ground and have the fewest openings to the outside. Seal gaps under doorways and windows with wet towels or plastic sheeting and duct tape. Seal gaps around window and air conditioning units, bathroom and kitchen exhaust fans, and stove and dryer vents with duct tape and plastic sheeting, wax paper or aluminum wrap. Use material to fill cracks and holes in the room, such as those around pipes. If gas or vapors could have entered the building, take shallow breaths through a cloth or a towel. Avoid eating or drinking any food or water that may be contaminated.
  • 99. AMMONIA TANKER WRECKS ON US 59 @ IH-610 HOUSTON, TX - MAY 11, 1976 A shelter in place study A tank truck carrying anhydrous ammonia wrecked on an exit ramp and toppled onto a freeway below. On impact, the tank ruptured and released about 7,500 gallons of ammonia. The ammonia immediately vaporized and formed a thick plume. With winds of about 7 mph, most of the ammonia cloud had dispersed after 5 minutes. The cloud surrounded the nearby Houston Post newspaper building – birds on the roof were killed. For people within 1,000 feet of the release point, 78 were hospitalized for symptoms of ammonia exposure, 100 were treated for less severe injuries, and 4 died as a result of ammonia exposure. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) investigation concluded that people who sheltered and stayed inside buildings (including workers in the Houston Post building) received no harm from the ammonia release. NTSB also concluded that people who stayed in their cars generally received less severe injuries that those who left their cars and tried to escape.
  • 100. Chlorine gas first used in WWI by Germany  After the first German chlorine gas  attacks, Allied troops were supplied with masks of cotton pads that had been soaked in urine. It was found that the ammonia in the pad neutralized the chlorine.  These pads were held over the face until the soldiers could escape from the poisonous fumes.  Other soldiers preferred to use handkerchiefs, a sock, a flannel body-belt, dampened with a
  • 101. WHAT TO DO WHEN A FLOOD WATCH OR WARNING IS ISSUED Flood watch: Flooding is possible in and around the watch area.  This is your clue to be prepared in the event a warning is issued You may wish  to move valuable items, including furniture, to higher ground Flood warning: Flooding is occurring or imminent.  Stay tuned to radio, television outlets for further information Evacuate if told to  do so Flash flood watch: Flash floods are possible in and around the watch area.  This is your clue to be prepared to act quickly in the event a warning is issued  Flash flood warning: Flash flooding is occurring or imminent. Seek higher  ground immediately! Evacuate immediately! Seconds could be the difference between life and death.  Move to higher ground, away from rivers, streams and drainage systems. If your car stalls in rapidly rising water, abandon it and climb to higher ground. Urban and small stream flooding advisory: Flooding is occurring or imminent  in urban areas, but is expected to be more of an inconvenience rather than life- threatening. Flooding of low-lying and poor drainage areas is likely and small streams may reach bank full.
  • 102. WHAT TO DO WHEN HURRICANE, TROPICAL STORM ALERT IS ISSUED Tropical storm watch: Tropical storm conditions with steady winds of 39-73 mph are possible within 36  hours. Tropical storm warning: Tropical storm conditions with steady winds of 39-73 mph are expected within 24  hours. Hurricane watch: Hurricane conditions with winds of at least 74 mph, coastal flooding and heavy rain are  possible within 36 hours. Hurricane warning: Hurricane conditions with winds of at least 74 mph, coastal flooding and heavy rain are  expected within 24 hours. These advisories are issued for counties along the coast. For inland counties, flood and wind advisories are often issued. As tropical systems go ashore, severe weather can occur. Therefore watches and warnings for severe thunderstorms and tornadoes may also be issued. During a watch:  Tip: Try to get some things done before hurricane season.   Stay tuned to future forecasts and possible warnings  Listen to officials regarding evacuations and shelter locations  Stock up on water, batteries, non-perishable food  If along the immediate coast, seek higher ground inland  Bring in or tie down loose outdoor objects  Prepare your house  Check up on the elderly, those who may need assistance During a warning:   Rush to complete any remaining preparations
  • 103. WHAT TO DO DURING A HURRICANE At this stage your main priority is to remain calm and out of  danger. Outside your shelter raging winds are blowing torrential rain  and battering your town. There is no reason, unless in an absolute emergency, that one  would need to venture outdoors. Local officials have the authority to close roads and bridges and  initiate curfews. It is important to your own well being that you obey the laws. Tips:  Stay indoors and away from windows.  Stay tuned to radio (or TV if available) for weather bulletins.  Use flashlights as a source of light.  Candles can easily become a fire hazard 
  • 104. WHAT TO DO DURING A THUNDERSTORM Indoors:  Stay off the phone  Stay away from windows  Use flashlights if the power goes out  Discontinue use of phones and electrical equipment. You may also want to unplug appliances and computers.  Avoid taking a shower or bath. If lightning strikes your house it may send a current of electricity across metal plumbing  throughout the house. While driving:  Reduce your speed  Pull off to the shoulder of the road. Be sure you're away from tall objects, such as trees, which could fall due to wind or lightning  and do not clog highway underpasses. Turn on your emergency flashers  Remain in the car until the storm passes  Do not touch any metal objects in the car  Avoid driving on roads covered by water  Outdoors: Stay low  If possible, find shelter in a building  Keep away from trees, tall objects, metal objects and water  Boaters and swimmer should get to land as a soon as possible  If you're in a group caught outside, spread out.  If you begin to feel your hair stand on end, this indicates lightning is about to strike. You should drop to your knees and bend  forward placing your hands on your knees and crouch down. Do not lie flat on the ground, this will only make you a larger target.
  • 105. TORNADO ALERTS Tornado watch: Atmospheric conditions are favorable for  severe thunderstorms to produce tornadoes. Listen for updated forecasts and possible warnings. Tornado warning: A tornado has been spotted on the ground  or is indicated by radar. Take cover immediately! Warnings are issued by the National Weather Service. If a tornado approaches  your area, forecasters are able to track the storm using advanced weather radar. Trained storm spotters and local officials report tornadoes on the ground to the NWS office. The NWS will issue a tornado warning if either of these indicate a tornado.
  • 106. WHAT TO DO DURING A TORNADO If at work or school:  Go to the basement or to an inside hallway at the lowest level.  Avoid places with wide-span roofs such as auditoriums, cafeterias, large hallways, or shopping  malls. Get under a piece of sturdy furniture such as a workbench or heavy table or desk and hold on  to it. Use your arms to protect your head and neck.  If outdoors:  If possible, get inside a building.  If shelter is not available or there is no time to get indoors, lie in a ditch or low-lying area or  crouch near a strong building. Be aware of the potential for flooding. Use arms to protect head and neck.  If in a car:  Never try to out drive a tornado in a car or truck. Tornadoes can change direction quickly and  can lift up a car or truck and toss it through the air. Get out of the car immediately and take shelter in a nearby building.  If there is no time to get indoors, get out of the car and lie in a ditch or low-lying area away from 
  • 107. TOP SAFETY TIPS FOR A BLACKOUT Only use a flashlight for emergency lighting. Never  use candles! (you can use candles, but someone must be in the same room always watching the candle to avoid any type of accident) Turn off electrical equipment you were using when  the power went out. Avoid opening the refrigerator and freezer.  Do not run a generator inside a home or garage.  If you use a generator, connect the equipment you  want to power directly to the outlets on the generator. Do not connect a generator to a home's electrical  system. Listen to local radio and television for updated  information.
  • 108. MORE TIPS FOR A BLACKOUT If it is hot outside, take steps to remain cool.  Move to the lowest level of your home, as cool air  falls. Wear lightweight, light-colored clothing.  Drink plenty of water, even if you do not feel thirsty.  If the heat is intense and the power may be off for a  long time, consider going to a movie theater, shopping mall, or quot;cooling shelterquot; that may be opened in your community. Listen to local radio or television for more information.  Dampen rag and wave around for 10 seconds  Evaporative cooling will make the rag 10 degrees of more cooler, then use on your face other body parts to cool down some Soak in tub of water / pool / cool stream 
  • 109. THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW Never drive across downed power lines   Never drive thru water you are uncertain of  Never use a portable generator indoors Including garages, basements, crawlspaces and sheds.  Opening doors and windows or using fans will not prevent carbon monoxide in the  home. Always be prepared wherever you may be 
  • 110. JUST DO IT No matter how you want to remember it  Getting Ready – 3 P‟s  Plan  Prepare  Practice  During Emergency - 6 P‟s  People  Pets  Papers (birth certificate, deeds, wills, etc.)  Prescriptions  Plastic (credit cards)  PC – download to hard drive 
  • 111. JUST DO IT To summarize NIKE ads  Starting is the hardest part  Following is a quick review 
  • 112. Food, water Safety gear   Bottled water, purifying tablets  Rain gear - poncho, umbrella  Non-perishable food  Blankets, sleeping bags Hand can opener   Baby food, formula  Hat, sun visor  Vitamins  Work gloves Snacks   Powdered or canned milk  Flashlights, extra batteries  Pet food, if needed (Note: most shelters do not  Boots, shoes with rigid soles allow pets)  Health needs  Weather radio, portable radio and  Prescription refills  extra batteries Bandages, gauze pads  Safety pins Documents:   Scissors  Insurance documents  Tweezers  Personal identification Adhesive tape   Antiseptic spray  Extra money  Soap  Address book Rubbing alcohol   Latex gloves  Reading material, coloring  Baby diapers  activities for kids Eye glasses, contacts, eye care products  Toilet paper Hurricane tracking chart   Sun screen  Bug repellant  ITEMS TO WITHSTAND A DISASTER
  • 113. JUST DO IT No matter how you want to remember it   Make a plan  Make a disaster survival kit  Make time to practice your plan  Make sure you check supplies  Every6 months to 1 year  Replace food / medical items every 5 years  Heed expiration dates
  • 114. JUST DO IT Many additional PDF files in the same  directory as this presentation, please read them  Much more information is available
  • 115. MORE INFORMATION FEMA –  http://www.fema.gov/hazard/index.shtm http://www.fema.gov/areyouready/ Dept. of Homeland Safety  http://www.ready.gov Citizens Corps  http://www.citizencorps.gov/ American Red Cross –  (Be Prepared program) http://www.redcross.org/services/prepare/0,1082,0_239_,00.html Office of Attorney General  (report price gouging) (800) 337-3928, (800) 621-0508 National Flood Insurance Program  www.nfipstat.com KI4U (nuclear disaster preparedness)  http://www.ki4u.com/guide.htm