Fungi
FungiFungal Characteristics    1)Cell wall made of Chitin    2) Heterotrophs and major Decomposers    3) Body is made of L...
Bread Mold – aZygomycete Fungi
Kingdom Fungi – you must know 5 Major Phyla1. Phylum Zygomycota = the Bread Molds       Rhizopus – black bread mold2. Phyl...
Zygomycota (Rhizopus) the Common Molds -are primarily decomposers -asexual spores may be produced in sporangia -sexual rep...
Zygomycota – common moldsThe fungal mass ofhyphae, known as theMYCELIUM penetratesthe bread and producesthe fruiting bodie...
Rhizoids = root-like hyphaeThe zhizoids meet underground and mating occurs between hyphaeof different molds (SEXUAL REPROD...
Kingdom FungiFungi are a eukaryotic, heterotrophic, usually      multicellular group having nuclei enclosed      in cells ...
The Kingdom Fungi• Fungi are the principle decomposers that keep the biosphere          supplied withnutrients essential f...
Simplified Life Cycle Common to All Fungi    spore -producing structures release        spores during reproduction
Fungi
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Fungi

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Fungi

  1. 1. Fungi
  2. 2. FungiFungal Characteristics 1)Cell wall made of Chitin 2) Heterotrophs and major Decomposers 3) Body is made of Long filaments ofhyphae which form a mycelium 4)Reproduce sexually and asexually Asexually by spores Sexually by mating of hyphae filaments
  3. 3. Bread Mold – aZygomycete Fungi
  4. 4. Kingdom Fungi – you must know 5 Major Phyla1. Phylum Zygomycota = the Bread Molds Rhizopus – black bread mold2. Phylum Oomycota = the Water Molds Water mold, potato blight, mildew3. Phylum Ascomycota = the Sac Fungi Yeast, morels, truffles4. Phylum Basidiomycota = the Club Fungi Mushrooms, puffballs, bracket fungi, rusts, smuts, toadstools5. Phylum Deuteromycota = the Fungi Imperfecti
  5. 5. Zygomycota (Rhizopus) the Common Molds -are primarily decomposers -asexual spores may be produced in sporangia -sexual reproduction occurs between + and – strains forming a 2n zygote; a zygospore develops and may lie dormant for a long period of time; -only the zygote is diploid; all hyphae and asexual spores are haploid meiosis occurs just before germination
  6. 6. Zygomycota – common moldsThe fungal mass ofhyphae, known as theMYCELIUM penetratesthe bread and producesthe fruiting bodies on topof the stalks Mycelia = a mass of hyphae or filaments
  7. 7. Rhizoids = root-like hyphaeThe zhizoids meet underground and mating occurs between hyphaeof different molds (SEXUAL REPRODUCTION)
  8. 8. Kingdom FungiFungi are a eukaryotic, heterotrophic, usually multicellular group having nuclei enclosed in cells with cell walls; they are mostly saprophytic and aerobicThey obtain their energy by decomposing dead anddying organisms and absorbing their nutrients from thoseorganismsSome fungi also cause disease (yeast infections, rusts,and smuts), while others are useful in baking,brewing, as foods, drugs and sources for antibiotics Yeasts, Molds, Mushrooms
  9. 9. The Kingdom Fungi• Fungi are the principle decomposers that keep the biosphere supplied withnutrients essential for plant growth. Such organisms, make essential chemicalelements available in organic material to be cycled in the ecosystem• As important decomposers of organic matter, fungi penetrate the tissues andcells of dead plant and animal material by secreting exoenzymes that break uppolymers• Some fungi reproduce only asexually while others do so solely sexually, fungiare all common in that they contain spore - producing structures and release sporesduring reproduction• In addition, fungi are distinguished by a cell wall of glucans and chitin, thecombination of which is found in no other organism
  10. 10. Simplified Life Cycle Common to All Fungi spore -producing structures release spores during reproduction

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