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Vulnerability and typhoon ondoy
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Vulnerability and typhoon ondoy



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  • 1. Vulnerability and Typhoon Ondoy
    By: Sarita, Kotaro, and Hori
  • 2. Demographic Factors:
    Size of Vulnerable Population
    - Population – 92 million
    Population under poverty line – 32.9%
    Vulnerable population
    (92 x (32.9/2)) = Approximately 15 million
    Population Density
    - 307 density km²
  • 3. Socio-economic Factors:
    Level of Development:
    HDI (Human Development Index) – 0.638
    - Life Expectancy at birth (years) – 72.3
    - Adult literacy rate (aged 15 and above) – 93.7%
    - GDP per capita (2008 PPP US$) – 3,601
  • 4. Community Preparedness:
    Recent hazard event
    - June 21, 2011 – Typhoon Falcon
    Early Warning System
    - The Philippines Business for Social Progress (PBSP) has launched an early-warning system for disaster-prone areas in the country. Laptops and Blackberry devices will be hooked to a text message system that will directly alert the public to incoming hazard events
    Building Code
    - The Philippines National Building Code, although mandatory, contains only voluntary standards on energy efficiency concerning building shells, lighting, HVAC, and water heating. The Philippines also relies on training and encouragement of energy efficiency to businesses and residents.
  • 5. A Community’s Ability to deal with Hazard Event
    • The government of the Philippines have had many typhoons in previous years which cost them a lot of money
    • 6. To avoid this they have learned to set up rain gauges all over metro manila to help the local governments to prepare well in advance as well as the whole community.
  • Effective lines of communication
    The government and community make an effort to watch the news and radio to watch when typhoons are going to hit the Philippines.
    Sometimes communications are lost during typhoons which causes distress and discomfort within the community.
  • 7. Emergency personnel
    • The community prepare for the worst by having rural people evacuate from their homes to safer grounds to avoid flooding
    • 8. Also they prepare at least 3 days before hand for food and making their homes secure
    • 9. They also have an evacuation route to prepare for the worst
  • Insurance cover
    • They have a standard insurance company which covers the international insurance companies at a high coverage against total accumulation
    • 10. Controls financial exposure through risk management