Evaluate the geographic
impact of HIV/AIDS at the
local, national and
international scales. (SOUTH
AFRICA)
By: Alex, Manny...
HIV
● Human Immunodeficiency Virus
● RetroViral AIDS
● Progressive failure of the immune system
● Allows infections and ca...
AIDS
● (AIDS) Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
● With no treatment, around 50% people who have HIV
develop AIDS within t...
Spread of disease
● Relocation
● Expansion
Local Impact
● effects of Apartheid
● lack of education (improving)
● sexual violence
● Poverty, and lack of aid/facilitie...
Map showing poverty levels of regions in
South Africa & % affected by HIV
KwaZulu-Natal:
25.8%
Western Cape: 5.3%
Free Sta...
National Impact
● Overall Life Expectancy Falling (from ~60 in 1997 to
~50 in 2007)
● Around 10% of Population are HIV-pos...
International Impact
How big is the issue?
● Number 6 in the Millennium Development Goal
● Decrease in life expectancy in some countries
(espec...
Socio-Economic impacts
● 15000 new are infected
each day
○ Majority infected are at working age (huge decline in
workforce...
● Major global awareness campaigns (such as world
AIDS day)
● UNAIDS was formed
● many nations have had successful prevent...
●
●
●
●
Sources
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Evaluate the geographic impact of HIV/AIDS at the local, national and international scales in South Africa

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Evaluate the geographic impact of HIV/AIDS at the local, national and international scales in South Africa

  1. 1. Evaluate the geographic impact of HIV/AIDS at the local, national and international scales. (SOUTH AFRICA) By: Alex, Manny, Michael, Rene, Tae Eun
  2. 2. HIV ● Human Immunodeficiency Virus ● RetroViral AIDS ● Progressive failure of the immune system ● Allows infections and cancers to thrive http://www.rkm.com.au/VIRUS/HIV/HIV-images/HIV-virus.jpg
  3. 3. AIDS ● (AIDS) Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ● With no treatment, around 50% people who have HIV develop AIDS within ten years. ● Most common initial conditions showing presence of AIDS are pneumocystis pneumonia and esophageal candidiasis. ● Other common signs include recurring respiratory tract infections. http://topnews.in/health/files/hiv-aids_3.jpg
  4. 4. Spread of disease ● Relocation ● Expansion
  5. 5. Local Impact ● effects of Apartheid ● lack of education (improving) ● sexual violence ● Poverty, and lack of aid/facilities in poor regions ● Disparity between races (majority affected are black) ● Poorer northern regions affected more
  6. 6. Map showing poverty levels of regions in South Africa & % affected by HIV KwaZulu-Natal: 25.8% Western Cape: 5.3% Free State: 18.5% Northern Cape: 9.2% Limpopo:13.7% Mpumalanga: 25.3% Northwest: 17.7% Gauteng: 15.2% Eastern Cape: 15.2%
  7. 7. National Impact ● Overall Life Expectancy Falling (from ~60 in 1997 to ~50 in 2007) ● Around 10% of Population are HIV-positive ● Requires significant government funds to treat the HIV prevalence in South Africa. ■ Deaths of people due to HIV/AIDS reduces the taxable population ● GDP fell 0.7% per year from 1990-1997
  8. 8. International Impact
  9. 9. How big is the issue? ● Number 6 in the Millennium Development Goal ● Decrease in life expectancy in some countries (especially in Africa) ● estimated 36 million people infected with HIV in world (more than population of Australia: 22.4 million) ● 95% of infected are found in developing nations ● 4th leading cause of death
  10. 10. Socio-Economic impacts ● 15000 new are infected each day ○ Majority infected are at working age (huge decline in workforce ● Costs for healthcare are steadily rising ● Prevention and treatment costs over developing nation’s medical budgets ● Destabilising the various nations demographics
  11. 11. ● Major global awareness campaigns (such as world AIDS day) ● UNAIDS was formed ● many nations have had successful prevention/treatment programs ○ Uganda has managed to greatly Response
  12. 12. ● ● ● ● Sources

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